Presentation on Communication Disorders
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  • 1. Communication Disorders By: Melissa Diamond & Taylor Charles Communication “is the interactive exchange of information, ideas, feelings, needs, and desires,” (47) Language “is a formalized code used by a group of people to communicate with one another,” (47)  Speech is the oral component Speech Disorders Articulation  Distortions  Substitutions  Omissions  Additions  Motor speech Phonological Voice  Phonation  Resonance Fluency  Stuttering 1
  • 2. Classroom Accommodations  Build a Positive Classroom Climate  Help Students Learn to Monitor Their Own Speech  Modify Instruction & Materials  Help Students Help Themselves  Work with Peers or Parents Language DisordersAbsence of verbal Child does not show Early acquired deafness,language indications of understanding brain damage, severe or spontaneously using emotional disturbance language by age 3Quantitatively Child’s language is different Emotional disturbance,Different Language from that of non disabled hearing loss, mental children at any stage of retardation/developmenta development l disabilitiesDelayed Language Language follows normal (Same as above) No one isDevelopment course of development, but trying to help them learn behind children of same ageInterrupted Language Normal language Illness, accident, or otherDevelopment development begins, but is trauma interrupted 2
  • 3. Classroom Accommodations1. Improve Students’ Comprehension in the Classroom2. Give Students Opportunities for Facilitative Play3. Use Naturalistic Techniques & Stimulated Real-Life Activities to Increase Language Use4. Develop Students’ Conversational Skills through Story Reading5. Use Music and Play Games to Improve Language6. Arrange Your Classroom for Effective Interactions7. Modify Strategies to Develop Students’ Learning Tools8. Work Collaboratively with the Speech-Language Pathologist9. Use Storytelling and Process Writing Assessment Focus on what the child can do rather than can’t Consider procedural modifications Be flexible Give options 3
  • 4. Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC)  Augmentative Communication  Ways (other than speech) that are used to send a message from one person to another  Alternative Communication  Techniques that supplement or enhance communication by complementing whatever vocal skills the individual already has Summary Quiz  Communication result in difficulties in even simple ______  Speech disorders include impairments of____, ____, _____, or phronology  What are the TWO modes of communication?  What are some accommodations teachers can make for students with language disorders? BibliographySmith, Polloway, Patton, Dowdy, Heath, McIntyre, and Francis. (2006). Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Toronto, ON: Pearson Education. Pages 47 - 76. 4