Was a… Physicist Mathematician Astronomer Unorthodox Christian Natural Philosopher Alchemist Theologian
Early Upbringing Born on January 4, 1643 Born in England For a period of time lived with his maternal grandparents Isaac Newton had a bad relationship with his mother and stepfather From the age of 12 to 17 he attended King's School
Later Years June 1661 Isaac was admitted to Trinity College Created the binomial theorem, that later turned into infinitesimal calculus Attained his degree in the year August 1665 His college temporarily closed down due to the Great Plague Studied at home for two years where his most important discoveries took place
Major Discoveries Gravity Infinitesimal Calculus Reflecting Telescope Universal Gravitation Three Laws of Motion Spectrum of White Light
3 Laws of Motion 1st law- Every object in a state of rest or uniform motion remains in that state unless an external force is applied to it 2nd law- The rate of change of momentum of an object is directly proportional to force acting on it 3rd law- For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction
Major Books Opticks- Isaac Newton’s theory of light Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica- regarding universal gravitation, 3 laws of motion, and the distinction between Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and gravity, and with the use of calculus
Significance of Isaac Newton’s Discoveries Helped us better understand gravity and how it works. The addition of calculus helped from an educational standpoint. Mirrored lens produced a clear image through a telescope Laws of motion helped understand the action of forces being applied to an object, and what are the reactions to the forces being applied to the object.