Plagiarism Presentation


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Plagiarism Presentation

  1. 1. What is plagiarism? (And why you should care!) 1
  2. 2. Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, images, sounds, or the creative expression of others as your own. 2 Definition:
  3. 3. Two types of plagiarism: 3 Intentional Copying a friend’s work. Doing your friend’s homework. Buying or borrowing papers. Cutting and pasting blocks of text from electronic sources without documenting them. Media “borrowing” without documentation. Web publishing without permissions of creators Reusing papers from other classes Unintentional Careless paraphrasing Poor documentation Quoting excessively Failure to use your own “voice”
  4. 4. Historians: Plaigarism damaged the reputation of two prominent historians, Stephen Ambrose and Doris Kearns Goodwin. Kearns left television position and stepped down as Pulitzer Prize judge for “lifting” 50 passages for her 1987 book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys. Politicians: Senator Joseph Biden dropped his 1987 campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination. Copied in law school and borrowed from campaign speeches of Robert Kennedy. Journalists: Boston Globe journalist Mike Barnicle forced to resign for plagiarism in his columns (“Boston Columnist . . .”) Probe of plagiarism at University of Virginia--45 students dismissed, 3 graduate degrees revoked 4 Real life consequences:
  5. 5. New York Times senior reporter Jayson Blair forced to resign after being accused of plagiarism and fraud. “The newspaper said at least 36 of the 73 articles he had written had problems with accuracy, calling the deception a "low point" in the newspaper's history.” 5 Consequences (cont’d)
  6. 6. Controversial New Jersey high school valedictorian denied her seat as a Harvard freshman when it discovered she plagiarized in a local newspaper. 6 Consequences (cont’d)
  7. 7. What if… Your architect cheated his way through math class. Will your new home be safe? Your lawyer paid for a copy of the bar exam to study. Will the contract she wrote for you stand up in court? The accountant who does your taxes hired someone to write his papers and paid a stand-in to take his major tests? Does he know enough to complete your tax forms properly? 7 Is this important?
  8. 8.  Plagiarism is theft of intellectual property.  Plagiarism is cheating.  Plagiarism may result in receiving a failing grade or zero for the assignment.  Plagiarism could result in a disciplinary referral. Students caught plagiarizing may be denied admittance to or removal from the National Honor Society. 8 What Does This Mean?
  9. 9. I was too busy to do the assignment. My parents expect A’s. I have to have good grades to… (work, play sports, etc.) This assignment was boring. The assignment was too hard. Teachers expect too much. John, Adam, Miranda, Stephanie, whoever did it! Everyone does it. Where is your bridge? 9 Don’t Fool Yourself
  10. 10. Putting the information in YOUR OWN WORDS! List of works cited Matches the sources you used and your in-text citations. In-text citations (you don’t have to do this now, but in the future you will.) Right after you give some information that you learned or got from a source, name the source in parenthesis. 10 This is what you need!
  11. 11. 11 Do I have to cite everything?
  12. 12. If you are doing in-text citations, you don’t have to cite: Facts that are widely known, or Information or judgments considered “common knowledge” Do NOT have to be documented. 12 Nope! Hooray for common knowledge!
  13. 13. John Adams was our second president The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 13 Examples of common knowledge If you see a fact in three or more sources, and you are fairly certain your readers already know this information, it is likely to be “common knowledge.” But when in doubt, cite!
  14. 14. You are discussing your own experiences, observations, or reactions Compiling the results of original research, from science experiments, etc. You are using common knowledge 14 No need to document when:
  15. 15. What’s the big deal? 15
  16. 16. You can “borrow” from the works of others in your own work! Just do it correctly! 16
  17. 17. Quoting Paraphrasing Summarizing To blend source materials in with your own, making sure your own voice is heard. 17 Use these three strategies
  18. 18. Quotations are the exact words of an author, copied directly from a source, word for word. Quotations must be cited! Use quotations when: You want to add the power of an author’s words to support your argument You want to disagree with an author’s argument You want to highlight particularly eloquent or powerful phrases or passages You are comparing and contrasting specific points of view You want to note the important research that precedes your own 18 Quoting
  19. 19. Paraphrasing means rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own words. When you paraphrase, you rework the source’s ideas, words, phrases, and sentence structures with your own. Like quotations, paraphrased material must be followed with in-text documentation and cited on your Works-Cited page. Paraphrase when: You plan to use information on your note cards/fact sheet and wish to avoid plagiarizing You want to avoid overusing quotations You want to use your own voice to present information 19 Paraphrasing
  20. 20. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) of one or several writers into your own words, including only the main point(s). Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to their original sources. Summarize when: You want to establish background or offer an overview of a topic You want to describe knowledge (from several sources) about a topic You want to determine the main ideas of a single source 20 Summarizing
  21. 21. 3 Word Rule: Do not copy more than three consecutive words from a source. Restating in YOUR Words: If you really like the way a paragraph is written, read the paragraph again for the information; noting things like dates, times, etc. and then explain it in your own words. Being Knowledgeable: Really know your topic well. The more you can explain it and understand it, the less likely you are to unintentionally plagiarize. 21 Helpful Suggestions:
  22. 22. “Boston Columnist Resigns Amid New Plagiarism Charges.” 19 Aug. 1998 3 March 2003 <> Fain, Margaret. “Internet Paper Mills.” Kimbal Library. 12 Feb. 2003. <> Lathrop, Ann and Kathleen Foss. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000. Lewis, Mark. “Doris Kearns Goodwin And The Credibility Gap.” 2 Feb. 2002. <> “New York Times Exposes Fraud of own Reporter.” ABC News Online. 12 May, 2003. <> Sabato, Larry J. “Joseph Biden's Plagiarism; Michael Dukakis's 'Attack Video' – 1988.” Washington Post Online. 1998. 3 March 2002. < srv/politics/special/clinton/frenzy/biden.htm> 22 Works Cited
  23. 23. “What is Plagiarism”. Montgomery County Intermediate Unit 3 Sept. 03 2 Dec 04. < plagiarism.ppt> 23 This presentation has been brought to you by:
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