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Learn the how, when, why, where and what if’s of butterfly releases for weddings & special events.

Learn the how, when, why, where and what if’s of butterfly releases for weddings & special events.

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    wedding - 1 wedding - 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Butterfly Release Course for Event Planners Day One (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 1
    • Table of Contents 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Welcome Other Options Sunlight Temperature Raining, Misting USDA Laws & Permits Shipping Regulations in Other Countries 10. Advantages & Disadvantages of each species for release 20. Blue Butterflies 21. Shipping Within & Across State Lines 22. Charts showing which butterflies can be shipped into which states (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 2
    • Welcome! Congratulations! You have taken the first step to learning more about an ever-expanding way to celebrate any occasion. We hope you enjoy the class. Releasing butterflies is truly a magical experience and is becoming increasingly popular. Informing your customers about this growing practice will impress them and they will know that you are staying on top of current trends. By taking this course, you will learn what is correct and what can and what cannot be done releasing butterflies. This will enable you to have a successful butterfly release for your customers. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 3
    • Other (less desirable) Release Options Many places will no longer allow rice or bird seed to be thrown at a wedding or other event. Throwing either of these can cause slippery conditions on sidewalks. Sometimes, the seeds will sprout, causing weeds to grow where they are not wanted. Balloons that are released pollute the environment. Not only does a butterfly release make a very memorable impression, but it raises peoples’ awareness of butterflies. Butterflies are affected by pollution, pesticides, too much land development, climate change, etc. As one releases butterflies, it actually helps the population by providing a venue for them to breed, thereby increasing their numbers. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 4
    • Sunlight Butterflies naturally fly in sunlight. A butterfly release should take place at least 1 hour before sunset. Sunlight allows butterflies to find a safe place to spend the night away from ants and other predators that stay in, on, or near the ground. Their body temperature lowers at night and they become inactive. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 5
    • Temperature Butterflies cannot fly well in cold weather. The temperature at the time of the release should be at least 60 degrees, preferably warmer to hold a successful release. If you are not sure of your expected weather, visit http://www.wunderground.com. Type in appropriate zip code under find forecast, scroll down to, “weather history for this location” and insert date of the event to find your weather forecast. If you are releasing Painted Ladies, be aware that temperatures of at least 70 degrees are recommended. Cooler temperatures do not harm them; they simply are not as eager to fly. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 6
    • Raining, Misting Raining, Misting Butterflies should not be released when it is raining. If it is misting however, you will still be able to release them. Although they will not fly as vigorously as if it was a hot, sunny day, your release will still be breathtaking. THE RULE OF THUMB: If you would not want to stand in the rain to release butterflies, the butterflies will not be eager to fly. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org 7
    • USDA Laws & Permits for the butterfly farmer in the United States In the United States, shipping butterflies across state lines is regulated by the USDA. We will discuss what is involved so you will know which butterflies can be shipped to you and the differences between each species. USDA Laws and Permits for the Farmer ~ The USDA has control over transportation of butterflies across state lines. Since butterfly caterpillars eat plants, they are considered by the USDA to be “plant pests”. Nine different species of butterflies are allowed to be shipped. Not all of those 9 species can be shipped to all states or raised in all states. See http://www.forbutterflies.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/USDA-butterfly-release-chart7.pdf for a chart that indicates which butterfly species are allowed to be shipped into which states for release. Butterfly farmers are allowed to raise local butterflies (other than the 9 approved species) and release them within their own state. Contact your local farmer to determine if they raise others than the 9 species. Monarchs are not allowed to be shipped across the Continental Divide, either way. Some butterfly farmers raise butterflies for the west coast and vice versa. This enables them to fill orders from across the Rocky Mountains and not break the law by working with farmers on the opposite side of the Divide, shipping Monarchs to each other’s customers. New York limits the number of Monarchs shipped into the state to 50 for release purposes. If customers wish to release more than 50 Monarchs, they must apply for a permit through the state of New York. To obtain your permit application or more information about New York’s conditions, call Kathy O’Brien’s office: 518.402.8990 NYSDEC Special Licenses Unit 625 Broadway Albany, NY 12233 (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Shipping Regulations in other Countries When ordering butterflies outside of the United States, you will want to find a farmer that is in your own country. Since there can be delays when crossing borders, this would not be good for the butterflies. Some countries require special permits that must be applied for in advance by the receiver. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Advantages & Disadvantages of each species for releases http://www.forbutterflies.org/choosing-butterflies-for-release/ In the United States, when you are searching for butterflies, you will find that there are nine species allowed to be shipped across state lines: Monarch Painted Lady American Painted Lady Black Swallowtail Giant Swallowtail Gulf Fritillary Mourning Cloak Red Admiral Zebra Longwing (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Monarch Monarchs are the most popular butterfly for releases. They are also the most – recognized butterfly. You will discover that most farmers raise Monarchs. It is a lovely butterfly with vivid orange and black markings. Although they are more expensive than Painted Lady butterflies, they are larger, with a wingspan of 3 3/8” to 4 7/8”. A Monarch release is spectacular. When released, they tend to soar and glide gracefully through the air. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Painted Lady These butterflies are the second most popular release butterflies. Their colors are orange and brown, with black and white markings on the upper wings. The underside of the wings features a bright pink spot. They are not as expensive as Monarchs, since they are smaller with a wingspan of 2” – 2 7/8”. The do work well in displays because of their size and they seem to be happy in smaller areas. They tend to fly away quickly when released. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • American Painted Lady The American Painted Lady looks very similar to the Painted Lady. They have fewer white markings on their upper wings than the Painted Ladies. They tend to found in cooler climates than the Painted Ladies. Not as many farmers raise this species, and you may have a more difficult time locating American Painted Ladies. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Black Swallowtail Black Swallowtails are beautiful butterflies. They have a wingspan of approximately 3 ¼ “ – 4 ¼ “. They are primarily black with the males having a yellow band near the edge of their wings. Females have a row of yellow spots and an iridescent blue band. If handled too much, a few of their scales may rub off, but it does not affect the butterfly’s ability to fly. They are common to the eastern states. These butterflies flutter when nectaring on flowers. Only a few farmers raise Black Swallowtails. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Giant Swallowtail The Giant Swallowtail is the largest of the North American swallowtails, with a wingspan of 5 inches or more. They are brownish black with yellow stripes. Their underside is yellow with black. Since they rest with their wings open, they are lovely in displays. When released, they exhibit a slow flight pattern. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Gulf Fritillary The Gulf Fritillary is a medium size butterfly, with a wingspan of 2 ½” to 4 ¾”. It has an orange and black palette, with an iridescent underside composed of silver spots. The silver glistens in the sunlight. The Gulf flies quickly from flower to flower, taking a long time to nectar on each bloom. They are more common to southern states, but can be found sometimes in more northerly states. These butterflies are raised only by a few farmers. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Mourning Cloak The Mourning Cloak appears to be a black butterfly, but is actually a dark maroon with a cream-colored border and violet-blue row of spots on its lower wings. It has a wingspan of about 2 ¼ “ to 4 “. Mourning Cloaks can be found in most states throughout the country. This is a lovely butterfly, but caution needs to be taken when doing releases with this butterfly. They like to play dead when touched and may not be the most suitable for releases. Only a few farmers raise this species. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Red Admiral The Red Admiral is a cheerful-looking butterfly. It is black with a reddish-orange band along the hind wings and upper wings. There are white spots on the apex of the wing. It varies in size, anywhere from 1 ¾ “ to a 3” wingspan. When released, it has an erratic flight. This butterfly is only raised by a few farmers. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Zebra Longwing Zebra Longwings are a medium-sized butterfly. They have a 2” to 4” wingspan. Their coloring is mostly black with yellow horizontal stripes that run from wingtip to wingtip. When flying, it is slow and graceful. They tend to hover in flight, moving from flower to flower. Zebras are only indigenous to the southern states and are raised by only a few farmers in the south. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Blue Butterflies Many brides request blue butterflies. The butterfly they most often request is the Blue Morpho. Blue Morpho butterflies are not native to the United States or Canada and cannot be imported without a special containment facility that is inspected by the USDA. Laws for imported butterflies are so strict that even in secure butterfly exhibits, deceased imported butterflies must be incinerated or frozen at sub-zero temperatures for many hours before disposal of their bodies. This is to prevent importation of butterfly diseases, parasites, and parasitoids. NOTE: If a customer wants to release blue butterflies they may be disappointed. Black Swallowtail females have blue on their lower wings, though remember Black Swallowtails are difficult to locate. If the customer lives outside the US, contact butterfly farmers in your country to discover if any blue butterflies are available for your clients. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Shipping Within & Across State Lines In the United States, when you are searching for butterflies, you will find that there are nine different species that the government allows to be shipped across state lines. http://www.forbutterflies.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/USDA-butterfly-release-chart7.pdf If you happen to order butterflies from a farmer in your state, they may raise different butterfly species other than those listed below. Farmers do not need a permit to ship within their own state. The nine species of butterflies which are allowed to be shipped across state lines are Monarchs (M), Black Swallowtails (BST), Giant Swallowtails (GST), Painted Ladies (PL), American Painted Ladies (AL), Mourning Cloaks (MC), Red Admirals (RA), Zebra Longwings (ZL), and Gulf Fritillaries (GF). Please study the following list in the next three slides. (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Chart of 9 Species by State (which butterflies can be shipped into each state) Alabama: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL Alaska: MC, RA, PL, AL Arizona: GF, GST, MC, RA, PL, AL Arkansas: GF, M, GST, MC, RA, PL, AL California: GF, M, MC, RA, PL, AL Colorado: M,MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Connecticut: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Delaware: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Florida: GF, M, ZL, BST, RA, PL, AL Georgia: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL Hawaii: None (you must purchase from a butterfly farm in Hawaii) Idaho: M, MC, RA, PL, AL Illinois: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Indiana: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Iowa: GF,M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Kansas: GF, M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Kentucky: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Louisiana: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Chart of 9 Species by State (which butterflies can be shipped into each state) Maine: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Maryland: GF, M, MC, RA, PL, AL Massachusetts: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Michigan: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Minnesota: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Mississippi: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL Missouri: GF, M, GST, MC, RA, PL, AL Montana: MC, RA, PL, AL Nebraska: GF, M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Nevada: MC, RA, PL, AL New Hampshire: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL New Jersey: M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL New Mexico: GF, M, PL, GST, MC, BST, RA, AL New York: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL North Carolina: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL North Dakota: M, MC, RA, PL, AL Ohio: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Oklahoma: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Oregon: M, MC, RA, PL, AL (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Chart of 9 Species by State (which butterflies can be shipped into each state) Pennsylvania: M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Puerto Rico: None (a farmer must be located in Puerto Rico) Rhode Island: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL South Carolina: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL South Dakota: M, MC, GST, RA, PL, AL Tennessee: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Texas: GF, M, ZL, GST, BST, RA, PL, AL Utah: M, MC, RA, PL, AL Vermont: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Virginia: GF, M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Washington: M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL West Virginia: M, GST, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Wisconsin: M, MC, BST, RA, PL, AL Wyoming: M, MC, RA, PL, AL Washington DC: GF, M, MC, RA, PL, AL Virgin Islands: None (a farmer must be located in the Virgin Islands) Guam: None (a farmer must be located in Guam) (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org
    • Coming Tomorrow Where do your butterflies come from? When & How to place an order How are butterflies shipped? What do you do when your butterflies arrive? Release Options – Mass or Individual Release Containers & Envelopes Photography Handling Butterflies (c) Association for Butterflies; Research, Conservation, Farming, and Gardening 2007 www.forbutterflies.org