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School of Landscape
Architecture – SoLA
Silvia Garcia Tavares, MArch
Supervisors: Simon Swaffield and Emma Stewart
Christc...
..: Motivation :..
Microclimate
thermal comfort,
adaptive comfort and
cultural adaptation
urban life
expectations and
pref...
..: Outdoor culture and climate perception :..
3
..: Main concept – URBAN COMFORT :..
4
1. Use of microclimatic design to enhance liveability in the city
2. Activity in outdoors spaces dependent upon thermal co...
..: Methods of inquiry :..
Research
strategies
Part 1. Interviews
Part 2. Design experiments
Recommendations for
Landscape...
..: Established urban settings :..
7
..: Emerging urban settings :..
8
..: Interviews :..
A. Personal background
B. Value of outdoor settings
C. The Garden City ideology
D. Climate shaping choi...
..: Current stage of the research :..
Urban setting Number of
interviews
Windmill Centre 10
Rotherham St 14
Cashel Mall 6
...
..: Preliminary findings and design strategy :..
Codes Design strategies and challenges
Frequent user of outdoor spaces Wa...
..: Variables for design experiments :..
• Wind
• Sun
• Vegetation
• Traffic
12
..: Modules, samples and interviews :..
Modules
Sample
A. Personal background
B. Value of outdoor settings
C. The Garden C...
..: Relationship between research and Transitional City projects:..
• Perception of place caused by traffic
presence and w...
Thank you!
silviagarcia.tavares@lincolnuni.ac.nz
Landscape Architecture School
Faculty of Environment, Society and Design
...
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Climate, culture and design in a changing city

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Pecha Kucha presentation at Christchurch Ciy Council. This presentation aimed to relate my research with the Transitional City Projects that were being developed at that stage. The presented findings were the very preliminary results of my doctoral research (Presentation date: June 2012)

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Transcript of "Climate, culture and design in a changing city "

  1. 1. School of Landscape Architecture – SoLA Silvia Garcia Tavares, MArch Supervisors: Simon Swaffield and Emma Stewart Christchurch, NZ - June 5th, 2012 ..: Climate, culture and design in a changing city :.. 1
  2. 2. ..: Motivation :.. Microclimate thermal comfort, adaptive comfort and cultural adaptation urban life expectations and preferences + Urban comfort Sustainability Rebuilding Christchurch 2
  3. 3. ..: Outdoor culture and climate perception :.. 3
  4. 4. ..: Main concept – URBAN COMFORT :.. 4
  5. 5. 1. Use of microclimatic design to enhance liveability in the city 2. Activity in outdoors spaces dependent upon thermal comfort 3. Climate is one factor that shapes culture through adaptation Explore possible relationships between landscape and urban form that maximize use of public spaces in respect to the urban comfort ..: Focus of the research :.. 5
  6. 6. ..: Methods of inquiry :.. Research strategies Part 1. Interviews Part 2. Design experiments Recommendations for Landscape Bioclimatic Design Established urban settings Emerging urban settings Research design Part 1. Observation and interviews Part 2. Design experiments – variation of design strategies indicated in the interviews Research methods Results 6
  7. 7. ..: Established urban settings :.. 7
  8. 8. ..: Emerging urban settings :.. 8
  9. 9. ..: Interviews :.. A. Personal background B. Value of outdoor settings C. The Garden City ideology D. Climate shaping choices E. Thermal comfort during the interview F. Choice for the area G. Map H. Urban setting I. Future of the Central City J. Personal profile 9
  10. 10. ..: Current stage of the research :.. Urban setting Number of interviews Windmill Centre 10 Rotherham St 14 Cashel Mall 6 Rangiora 2 TOTAL 32 Gender 16-20 20’s 30’s 40’s 50’s 60’s 70’s Men --- 2 3 2 4 2 2 Women 4 5 2 2 3 1 --- 10
  11. 11. ..: Preliminary findings and design strategy :.. Codes Design strategies and challenges Frequent user of outdoor spaces Warm in winter, pleasant in the summer Outdoor preference Warm in winter, pleasant in the summer Preference for low rise buildings Perception of high density and human scale Choice because of the microclimate or the open area Warm in winter, pleasant in the summer Importance of the green areas in the CBD Use greenery to amend microclimate More green and open areas in the CBD are needed Use greenery to amend microclimate Seeing people, having people around Privacy – see x be seen Dislike crowded places or prefer quiet places Privacy – see x be seen Christchurch weather does not prevent outdoor life Reason for amending microclimatic conditions Do not change activities because of the climate Reason for amending microclimatic conditions Christchurch is not always windy, but… How to block cold winds Adapt easier to the climate because of the landscape Greenery needed Traffic and perception of security Hedge as a buffer Frequent user of the CBD 11
  12. 12. ..: Variables for design experiments :.. • Wind • Sun • Vegetation • Traffic 12
  13. 13. ..: Modules, samples and interviews :.. Modules Sample A. Personal background B. Value of outdoor settings C. The Garden City ideology D. Climate shaping choices E. Thermal comfort during the interview F. Choice for the area G. Map H. Urban setting I. Future of the Central City J. Personal profile 13
  14. 14. ..: Relationship between research and Transitional City projects:.. • Perception of place caused by traffic presence and ways of providing “perception of security” • Cultural requirements related to the outdoor life and urban expectations • Adaptation of microclimate in a local and applicable scale to enhance urban liveability • Extend the use of open spaces along the year • Focus on urban landscape to amend local microclimate and increase urban comfort • Explore relationships between urban design strategies and urban comfort ResearchTransitional City • Traffic calming and streetscape improvements: using temporary traffic measures and tree planters • Reflect the city’s unique culture and identity and to involve the community as much as possible • Attract people to the Central City • Support existing or emerging recovery area clusters • Increased foot traffic • Increased public confidence in an area as a result of energy and activity • Help residents and the wider community connect with the Central City and its recovery Variations of microclimate in the Transitional City project 14
  15. 15. Thank you! silviagarcia.tavares@lincolnuni.ac.nz Landscape Architecture School Faculty of Environment, Society and Design Lincoln University – Christchurch, New Zealand 15

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