Highland games - festival,which is held during thewhole of the calendar yearanywhere in Scotland and inmany other countries, as atribute to the Celtic andScottish cultures and theirgreat heritage. Manyelements of this annualfestival has already movedinto the category of nationalsymbols, so it happenedwith bagpipes, kilts.
In numerous Chronicles, it was noted that approximately in XI century, the kingMalcolm Third Scottish introduced competition, the participants of which shouldhave been a race climb the mountain. Many historians see in this event the mainpreconditions of the appearance of Highland games. In the document 1703, itwas mentioned that the representatives of the clan Grants profit on the game inthe armor and armed to the teeth, which spoke for itself that the game hasevolved.
Since 1780, people began to try and revive the life Highland tradition, they were the timid attempts, which resulted in the emergence of Highland games as we know them now. The popularity of games in the new era can be timed to the visit of king George IV to Scotland in 1822, although, up to that similar events have already taken place. For example, in 1819, the community of the Holy Phileas organized a full-scale game with playing the bagpipes, dancing, and athletic competitions.
Athletic competitions, associated with the movement of large scales. As many centuries ago highland of the game centered around sports competitions, and all the other events, like the songs, music and dances served more for entertainment, and accounted for but a single whole with the sports part of the holiday. One of such competitions, namely rolling logs became a real symbol of the games. In spite of the fact that often the list of sports competitions may vary, some of them already firmly in his hold.
Throwing the stone. This contest is very similar to the kernel, which we can see at the Olympic games, only here instead of steel kernel throw a huge stone, from the Olympic games Scottish throwing stone is different and the two valid techniques: «throwing stone» and «open throwing».
Throwing the hammer. This contest is also very similar to what can be seen in the modern Olympic games, but still there are some differences. In the Scottish version of the round metal ball is attached to a wooden stick 4 feet long. The participant becomes a bar and a hammer over the head and tosses it over the right or left shoulder.
Throwing a sheaf. A handful ofstraw weighing 20 pounds (9kg) wrapped in cloth and putvertically upwards with the useof the fork, the winning party,which has succeeded in aboveall throw his sheaf.
For many of the audience, who visited Highland game the most memorable was a game of hundreds of bagpipes. According to the tradition of more than 20 groups take part in the closing and opening of the games, marching on the field and playing the bagpipes. As a result above the rumble of traditionally favorite Scottish melodies. Play bagpipes also become a peculiar symbol of the games, there are regular competitions to play the bagpipes and drums, pass performances of the small groups. However, bagpipe and drum are not the only sounds that can be heard on games, music acquires the different forms, here is the sound of the violin, the flute.
There are two fundamentally different kind of dance, practiced in games. The first type is more like ballroom dancing, the second - it is very technical, highly competitive dancing. They again are divided into two categories. The first category of traditional Highland dance: the Dance of swords, Drum, etc., the second category is more known as the national dance, the most famous of which are the Scottish Lilt, blue berets and etc. Highland dances require long workouts. Rather, they have more in common with ballet, than with ballroom dances, in addition unlike simple dance Highland dances usually performed solo and are measured at the individual indicators.