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Indonesia Country Report on Science,Technology, and Innovation Policy by Tatang A Taufik

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Presented in ISTIC-KISTEP S&T Policy Training Program for High Level Policy Makers 2012, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5-9 November 2012

Presented in ISTIC-KISTEP S&T Policy Training Program for High Level Policy Makers 2012, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5-9 November 2012

Published in: Technology, News & Politics

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  • Endorsed by national gathering where all S&T stakeholders gathered in Palembang, reps from R&D regional institutue, LPNK< LPK followed by consistent support from the top eaders
  • In undertaking development the country has allocated national budget this year amounted at 120 Bio US $, some 38 % is allocated to regional governments which you can see many too many.. UU 32/2004 law on regional autonomy
  • Transcript

    • 1. COUNTRY REPORT : STI Indonesia Dr. Tatang A. Taufik Deputy Chairman Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) - Indonesia ISTIC-KISTEP S&T Policy Training Program for High Level Policy Makers 2012 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 5-9 November 2012
    • 2. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 3. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 4. 1.0 INTRODUCTION • I hold an engineer degree in Industrial Engineering from Bandung Institute of Technology – Indonesia. I obtained a Master Degree in Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Ph.D. in Resource Economics from the University of Florida - USA. • I have worked at BPPT since 1986. Prior to the current position, I was a director at some centers at BPPT. • I have been involved in introducing and initiating national and regional innovation system development, industrial cluster, innovation networks, technopreneurship, regional e- development and competitiveness, including developing regional competitiveness councils, and in various science & technology policy, R&D policy, and innovation policy reform initiatives in Indonesia. • I was an author and co-author, and editor/co-editor of several books, proceedings, and papers related to the aforementioned topics. Dr. Tatang A. Taufik Deputy Chairman, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) - Indonesia
    • 5. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 6. 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND • South East Asia, Equator, average 27ºC, 90% humidity • Archipelago (stretched 5,200 km East to West, 67% sea) • 1,904,569 square km landmass (13,466 islands ~ 400 inhabited, main islands : Java, Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua, Maluku, Nusa Tenggara) • ± 108,000 km coastline • ± 257,516,167 people (est. 2012, 4th most populated country, ~ 60% in Java) • ± 300 ethnic groups (major ethnics : Javanese, Sundanese, Melayu, Bugis, Balinese) • 16th largest economy.
    • 7. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 8. 11 National priorities 1. Bureaucracy Reform and Governance 2. Education 3. Health 4. Poverty reduction 5. Food security 6. Infrastructure 7. Investment and business climate 8. Energy 9. Environment and disaster management 10.Marginal areas, outer islands/regions, post-conflict ridden areas 11. Culture, creativity and technology innovation 15 President’s specific priorities 1. Eradication of court law’s “mafia” 2. Revitalization of defense industry 3. Terrorism prevention 4. Nation-wide electricity availability 5. Increased food production and strengthened food security 6. Revitalization of fertilizer and sugar factories 7. Regulatory improvement in land-use and regional planning 8. Infrastructure development 9. Financial/credit support for SMEs amounted to ~US$ 200 Mio/year 10. Financing and investment scheme 11. Reformulation of Indonesia’s contribution to climate change and environmental challenges 12. Public health reform 13. Harmonization between education and employment 14. Disaster mitigation and management 15. Central and provincial/district governments synergy. 3.0 CURRENT GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT POLICY (2010-2014)
    • 9. 3.1 NATIONAL POLICY ON STI : INNOVATION SYSTEM AS NATIONAL COMMITMENT • PERISKOP study - 2001, BMBF – MRT • BPPT study since 2004 • National Long Term Development Plan 2005 – 2025 (includes strengthening the National Innovation System/NIS to support knowledge-based economy development) • National Coordination Meeting on Research and Technology, 2008 • National Medium Term Development Plan, 2010-2014 • National Innovation Committee, along with National Economic Committee, 2010 • Master Plan for the Acceleration and Extention of the Indonesian Economic Development (MP3EI), 2011.
    • 10. 3.2 STRUCTURE OF THE STI SYSTEM Coord. Min of Economy House of Reps. Min. Just & HR NRC 10 Previous State-owned Co’s (Strategic Industries) : 1. PT. DI 2. PT. PAL 3. PT. PINDAD 4. PT. K. STEEL 5. PT. INKA 6. Perum Dahana 7. PT. INTI 8. PT. BHARATA 9. PT. BBI 10. PT. LEN Finance- related SOCs Other SOCs Other Ministries Ministrerial R&D Organizations Industrial R&D Agency Agr. R&D Agency NM Organizations BPPT LAPAN BSN BAKOSURTANAL LIPI BATAN BAPETEN Extention Services Extention Services Extention Services Min. of Finance Academy of Sc. Ind. Private Univs. Private R&D Insts. Min. Of Educ. & Cult. Ed. R&D Org. State Univs. Other R&D Organizations Extention Services PRESIDENT S&T Park Other Coord. Min. Nat. Dev. Planning Min. of SOC Other Ministries MRT NIC & NEC
    • 11. 3.3a NATIONAL BUDGET 2011 10 STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1.Higher economic growth 2.Fewer unemployment and better job 3.Reduced poverty 4.Increased income/capita 5.Maintained economic stability 6.More significant domestic financing 7.Improved food and water security 8.Improved energy security 9.Higher economic competitiveness 10.Greener development. BUDGET • Rp.1,086.4 Trillion (120.67 Bio US $ at 9000/USD) • Loan interests, domestic Rp.80.4, foreign Rp.36 T (10.7%) • Central government Rp.401.4 Trillion (37%) • Regional government total Rp.409.4 trillions (37.7%) – Disbursed to 524 autonomous regions; 33 provinces, 398 Districts, 93 Municipalities - Rp. 378.4 Trillion – Special autonomy regions- Papua and Aceh- Rp. 10.3 T – Shared revenue to regions- tax, natural resources, Rp. 82 T – Adjustment for school grant/BOS and civil servant Rp. 39 T Presidential Remarks, 16 August 2010
    • 12. GERD Rp. 4,720,341,818,344 GDP Rp. 5,613,441,700,000,000 GERD/GDP 0.08% National GERD and GERD/GDP Ratio, 2009 0.03% 0.02% 0.04% 0.00% 0.01% 0.01% 0.02% 0.02% 0.03% 0.03% 0.04% 0.04% 0.05% Higher Education Manufacturing Industry Government GERD/GDP, 2009 Source: LIPI (Dec, 2011) based on R&D survey in University sector (2009), Industry sector (2010), and Government sector (2006) Note: 1) Based on R&D Survey in University Sector, 2010 2) Based on R&D Survey in Industry Sector, 2010 3) Based on R&D Survey in Government Sector, 2008* * the estimates with an average growth rate Goverment R&D budget since 2005-2008. Shows the breakdowon of R&D expenditure by sector in 2009. Government and Higher Education shares to the R&D expenditure were higher (with ratio of GERD 0,04% for Government and 0,03% for Higher Education) compared to that of Manufacturing industry (0.02%). 3.3b FUNDING FOR RD&I : GROSS EXPENDITURE ON R&D (GERD)
    • 13. GERD INDONESIA Source: UIS, August 2010 Note: +1 = 2008, -1 = 2006, -2 = 2005, -3 = 2004, -5 = 2002. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% SouthAfrica Sudan-2 Morocco-1 Botswana-2 Tunisia-2 Zambia-2 Uganda Seychelles-2 Ethiopia BurkinaFaso Madagascar Senegal-2 Malaysia-1 Israel+1 Japan Rep.ofKorea China Singapore Philippines-2 HongKong-1 Kazakhstan+1 Thailand-2 LaoPDR-5 India Kyrgyzstan Azerbaijan SriLanka-1 VietNam-5 Iran-1 Cambodia-5 Indonesia-2 Mongolia Armenia Tajikistan-2 Brunei-3 Pakistan Georgia-2 Australia-1 NewZealand Business enterprise Government Higher education Private non-profit Unknown www.uis.unesco.org A breakdown of R&D investment in Africa, Asia and the Pacific. GERD by sector of performance, 2007 or latest available year
    • 14. Program Administration/ Implementation 3.4a STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY : INNOVATION GOVERNANCE High Level Policy Design/ Decisions Program Design Program Management Level 1 High Level Cross- sectoral Policies Level 2 Coordination Centered on Ministerial’s Mission Level 3 More Detail Policy Coordination & Development Level 4 R&D, and Innovation Actors Government Policy Councils Research Councils/ Institutes and Academies Innovation and Technology Agency Other Supporting Program Organizations Producers: Company, Farms, Hospitals, etc.. Universities R&D Institutions Program Contractors Ministry of Industry Ministry of Research & Technology Other Ministries BPPT’s Strategic Role NIC
    • 15. BPPT’s Relationships with Key Stakeholders STI Partnerships Universities/HEs, Other R&D Organizations, Ass ociations Private Companies Consulting Policy Recommendations & Technology Audit (by requests) Program Implementations Ministries & Government Institutions State owned Companies Audit & STI Partnerships/ Services Program Inputs MRT Reports President BPPT Reports & Policy Recommendations/ Assignments 3.4b STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT : ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL House of Representative STI Partnerships STI Partnerships/ Services Foreign STI Organizations
    • 16. 3.4c ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
    • 17. 3.4d THE ROLE OF BPPT Intermediary Technology Solution Technology Clearing House Assessment Technology Audit Tech State of the Art Self-reliance Competitiveness Wealth,Prosperity, Sustainability,Civilization TECH. SERVICESROLES VALUE PROPOSITIONS1. Recommendation 2. Advocacy 3. Tech. Transfer 4. Consulting 5. MSTQ 6. Operational Serv. 7. Pilot Project 8. Pilot Plant 9. Prototype 10. Survey 11. Technical Reference 12. Tech. Audit 13. New Startup 1. Food Technology 2. Health and Medicine Technology 3. Energy Technology 4. Earth & Environmental Technology 5. Disaster Early Warning & Mitigation Technology 6. Advanced Material Technology 7. Information and Communication Technology 8. Transportation Technology 9. Security and Defence Technology 10.Manufacturing Technology 11.Innovation System BPPT’s Priorities: http://www.bppt.go.id
    • 18. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 19. Advanced Material Food Security Health & Medicine Constitution UUD -1945 Act No. 18/2002 National System on S&T Act No. 17/2007 NLTDP 2005 - 2025 S&T Vision 2005 - 2025 Defence & Security Information & Communication Transportation New and Renewable Energy White Papers 2005 - 2025 NMTDP 2010-2014 S&T National Strategic Policy KIB II (Cabinet) Vision & Mission Regional Strategic Policy Ministerial Agency’s SP Non-Min. Agency’s SP MRT’s Strategic Plan ABP of Regional R&Ds ABP of MAs ABP of NMAs ABP of MRT AB of Regional R&Ds AB of MAs AB of NMAs AB MRT NRA 2010-2014 National Innovation System 4.0 COUNTRY POLICY FRAMEWORK ON STI AnnualGovt.Budget AnnualGovt. Avtivity& BudgetPlan
    • 20. 4a. FRAMEWORK OF POLICY ON STI (BPPT) 1. Develop conducive general framework/conditions for inovation and business. 2. Strengthen knowledge institutions and S&T supports, and enhance absorptive capacity of industry (esp. SMEs). 3. Develop synergetic collaboration for innovation and its diffusion, and increase knowledge-/ technology-based services. 4. Foster innovation culture. 5. Develop and strengthen integrated efforts of innovation system and industrial cluster development (at the national and regional levels). 6. Develop and adapt strategic responses to global changes and challenges. Innovation Policy Framework : The Hexagon • National R&T Coord. Meeting 2008 • Strategic Plan of MRT 2010-2014 Academic Draft of the White Paper on the National Innovation System 1. Strengthening Regional Innovation System (RIS) : as a vehicle to strengthen pillars for fostering creativity-innovation at regional levels (as an integral part of the National Innovation System). 2. Industrial Cluster Development : as a vehicle to develop the best potencies and to enhance industrial competitiveness. 3. Innovation Network Development : as a vehicle to develop linkages and partnerships among actors, and dynamizing the flow of knowledge, innovation, diffusion, and learning. 4. Technopreneurship Development : as a vehicle to modernize business/economy & society, and to develop innovation culture. 5. Strengthening Thematic Pilars : as a vehicle to improve the thematic and contextual elements of the innovation system. 4 5 1 6 2 3 Strategic Initiatives:
    • 21. Vision & Missions of the National & Regional Sustainable Development 4b. INNOVATION POLICY FRAMEWORK AND STRATEGIC INITIATIVES Flagship Programs Innovation Policy Framework Strategic Initiatives RIS Industrial Cluster Innovation Network Techno- preneurship General conditions Institution, S&T support, Absorptive cap Interaction, knowlegde-based services Innovation Culture Focus & Coherences Adaptability to global changes Thematic Pilars Academic Draft of the White Paper on the National Innovation System
    • 22. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 23. THE POLICY CYCLE Agenda Purpose Assessment/ Analysis Formulation (Reformulation) Implementation Monitoring & Evaluation Participation of Key Stakeholders Policy Instruments Control Key Performance Indicators • Data • Good Practice • Analysis, etc. Policymaking
    • 24. STAGES IN PROGRAM/ACTIVITY PLANNING (MINISTRY/ORGANIZATION LEVELS) IDENTIFYING VISION, MISSI ON AND STRATEGIC GOALS OF MIN./ AGENCIES FORMULATING INDICATORS OF STRATEGIC GOALS (IMPACTS) FORMULATING INDICATORS OF PROGRAMS (OUTCOMES) PROGRAM FORMULATION FORMULATING INDICATORS OF ACTIVITIES (OUTPUTS) FORMULATING ACTIVITIES RECAPITULATING PROGRAMS, ACTIVITIES AND INDICATORS OF MIN./ AGENCIES STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 STEP 4 STEP 5 STEP 6 STEP 7 MAIN TASKS OF ECHELON 1 MAIN TASKS OF ECHELON 2 PROGRAM PLANNING STAGE ACTIVITY PLANNING STAGE RECAPITULATING STAGE
    • 25. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 26. Important considerations Generic Strategy  Priority SettingFocus Significant contributions in “strengthening innovation system” in Indonesia National Innovation Policy Reforms Legal Reference (incl. assessment, technology audits, policy recommendations, academic drafts, etc.) Capacity building & Building community of practice Regional Pilot Projects as Success Stories Learning, Good/Best Practices, Difussion, Scalability IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY IN STRENGTHENING INNOVATION SYSTEM KPIs
    • 27. 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED & MONITORED (1) 1. A Deputy Chairman propose the main themes of priority programs to the Chairman. Based on the Chairman’s approval, the programs (subprograms) are assigned to the centers/implementing units (IUs). Centers/IUs can also propose the programs to the Chairman, through the Deputy Chairman. 2. Every program (subprogram) is designed in more detail (by the “troika” : Program Head, Chief Engineer & Program Manager) & should be documented in a Program Manual. 3. Deputy Chairman is responsible for programs assigned/approved by the Chairman, and proposed Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to the Chairman. 4. Directors are responsible for program (sub-program) & activity implementation, and proposed KPIs to the Deputy Chairman. 5. Participatory planning (with partners & key stakeholders), such FGDs, workshops, etc. are conducted for detail activities.
    • 28. 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED & MONITORED (2) 6. BPPT & Regional partners assign : a. “Points of Contacts”/PoCs (Liasson Officers/LOs) to facilitate coordination & communication b. Implementation Teams/ITs (for particular programs/activities). 7. Monthly Individual Performance Targets (IPTs) are assigned hierarchically. IPTs are used to monitor/evaluate individual achievements. 8. Activities are directed to contribute to the improvement of the Innovation Policy Framework (IPF) relevant to the region. In some cases, regulatory impact assessments are carried out in the program/activity implementation. 9. Program/Activity Monitoring Process : 1. Internal Ad hoc Monitoring/Evaluation Teams (led by Directors and/or the Deputy Chairman) 2. Independent Monitoring/Evaluation Teams : • Inspectorate Team (Reports directly to BPPT Chairman) • Bureau of Planning Team (reports to BPPT Chairman through the Principal Secretary).
    • 29. • 10 • 20 • 30 INITIATIVE 5 TAHUN 2012 • 10 • 20 • 30 INITIATIVE 4 TAHUN 2012 • 10 • 20 • 30 INITIATIVE 3 TAHUN 2012 • 10 • 20 • 30 INITIATIVE 2 TAHUN 2012 AN EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLIFIED ROADMAP IN STRENGTHENING INNOVATION SYSTEM IN A REGION 2012 - 2015 • 10 • 20 • 30 • 40 • 50 • 60 INITIATIVE 1 2012 • 1B • 2B • 3B • 4B • 5B • 6B. 2014 • 1C • 2C • 3C • 4C • 5C • 6C. 2015 ESTABLISH & REVITALIZE THE PILARS OF INNOVATION SYSTEM THROUGH STRATEGIC INITIATIVES • 1A • 2A • 3A • 4A • 5A • 6A 2013 INITIATION UPGRADING EXTENTION RESTRENGTHENING
    • 30. AN EXAMPLE OF PERFORMANCE INFORMATION IN BPPT’S PROGRAM ARCHITECTURE FOR A PILOT PROJECT IN A REGION 2012 RISI – Stage 1 1. Revitalisze IPF to support creative city (regional development) 2. Improvement of Regional Innovation Infra & Suprastructures Regional Innovation System Initiative 1. Knowledge Transfer 2. Policy/Technical Assistance 3. Fora 4. Other Technology Services • Teams • Legal Documents • Budget, etc. NATIONAL PILOT PROJECTS IN AN AUTONOMOUS REGION (CITY/REGENCY) TI – Stage 1 Industrial Cluster Initiative Innovation Network Initiative Technopreneurship Initiative IMPACTS OUTCOME OUTPUT ACTIVITY INPUT PROGRAM ACTIVITY SUB ACTIVITY Centers/Implementing Units ECHELON 1 INI – Stage 1ICI – Stage 1 STRENGTHENING THE INNOVATION SYSTEM IN INDONESIA Thematic Initiative Them. I – Stage 1 Centers/Implementing Units Centers/Implementing Units Centers/Implementing Units Centers/Implementing Units
    • 31. 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION • Political related issues • Leadership – short-sighted vision/interests • Capability - Human resource related issues (incl. regional brain drain phenomenon) • Bureaucratic system • Very limited budget supports • Limited basic infrastructures • Limited involvement of local universities/HEs & business communities
    • 32. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 33. 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT The Minister of Home Affairs and the Chairman of BPPT REFERENCE MODEL COMPACT E-ID READER ISO/IEC 14443 TESTING THE SMART CARD ISO/IEC 7810, ISO/IEC 7816, ISO/IEC 14443 E-ID AND COMPACT CARD READER Current Status : • Model integration of electronic components and data reading of e-ID. • Component integration to verify finger prints. • An initial compact model of the e-ID reader.A National Dialog on e-ID 2012
    • 34. 34 DRE (Direct Recording Electronic) System with an activation by a smart card. E-VOTING VVPAT (Verified Voter Paper Audit Trail) or audit paper with a barcode security contains voice, Vtoken, and digital signature.
    • 35. STRENGTHENING INNOVATION SYSTEM IN THE CITY OF PEKALONGAN Strengthening RIS Innovation Network Batik Industrial Cluster Technopreneurship Development
    • 36. 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN INDUSTRY ‘Speech-to-Text’ technology (“Perisalah”®) as a “Bahasa Indonesia” speech recognition system to produce documents & meeting summaries automatically and in a real time. The prototype was introduced by BPPT. Partner : PT. INTI (Limited) • Was tested in various organizations • Current progress : technology & product development for various applications
    • 37. FORESIGHT INITIATIVES • Still very limited • Some initiatives : energy, herbal medicine • Midterm ~ Technology roadmap initiatives (in BPPT’s technology programs) : – ICT – Energy – Food – New/advanced materials – Etc.
    • 38. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 39. 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY STI POLICY 1. A clear & formal comprehensive innovation policy framework to address the most essential systemic failures and to lead STI advancement and utilization to contribute to high economic growth, inclusiveness, and green/sustainable development. 2. Significant improvements in budgeting system : a. Improvements in government budget mechanisms & supports b. Better funding supports for STI advancement & utilization (including effective incentive schemes). 3. Strong commitment to support innovation in – industries important to enhancing competitive advantages, – regional & the youth creativity-innovation development. 4. STI human resource development. 5. Better coordination & collaboration among key stakeholders.
    • 40. OUTLINE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 2.0 COUNTRY BACKGROUND 3.0 POLICY ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (STI) 3.1 COUNTRY’S POLICY ON STI 3.2 STRUCTURE OF COUNTRY’S STI SYSTEM 3.3 FUNDING FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION 3.4 STAKEHOLDERS’ INVOLVEMENT IN FORMULATION OF STI POLICY 4.0 FRAMEWORK OF COUNTRY OR ORGANIZATION POLICY 5.0 PROCESS/ACTIVITIES FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT 6.0 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 HOW IT IS IMPLEMENTED AND MONITORED 6.2 CHALLENGES IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION 7.0 NATIONAL INNOVATION PROGRAMS AND FORESIGHT INITIATIVES 7.1 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVES IN GOVERNMENT 7.2 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATION INITIATIVE IN INDUSTRY 8.0 RECOMMENDATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF COUNTRY/ORGANIZATION STI POLICY 9.0 CONCLUSION
    • 41. CONCLUSION • Indonesia as a large country is moving forward, but needs to move faster & in a much better pattern • Significant improvements in STI policy are required • Strong commitment & consistency to invest in innovation may be among the most leveraging factors • Collaboration/partnership within the country and internationally is a must.
    • 42. Dr. Tatang A. Taufik Deputy Chairman Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT) Gedung II BPPT, Lt 13 Jl. MH. Thamrin 8, Jakarta 10340 - INDONESIA Telp. (021)-316 9441 / 9442 Fax. (021)-319 24127 E-mail: tatang.taufik@bppt.go.id ... in harmony we progress ... Thank You Gerakan Membangun Sistem Inovasi, Daya Saing dan Kohesi Sosial di seluruh Wilayah Nusantara (National movement to develop innovation system, competitiveness, and social cohesion through out the Country)

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