Derivatives market


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Derivatives market

  1. 1. Simplifying how derivative products operate in the stock market – By Prof. Simply Simple TM Hopefully the lesson on “Futures” and “Options” helped you to get a good idea about these concepts. However in all our explanations we had a simplistic example of a farmer and a bread manufacturer which does not represent the manner in which we deal with derivative products in the stock markets. Now that you have understood the example-based explanations, let me try to explain what happens in a real life situation.
  2. 2. Imagine there were several farmers in market. Perhaps a few thousands with a view that price of the Wheat is going to fall in near future (bearish participants)
  3. 3. And several thousand bread manufacturers with a view that price of the wheat is going to rise in the near future (bullish participants)
  4. 4. And a market place where there is free flow of information. It provides a platform to both bullish & bearish participants to execute their trades without even knowing each other or hunting for the counterparties.
  5. 5. <ul><li>So the expected future stock price (price of wheat for the sake of comparison with our previous examples) is known to every farmer and bread manufacturer. </li></ul><ul><li>Any farmer trying to extract a higher price will not be able to do so because for the bread manufacturer there are several other farmers to buy from and vice versa. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Since the price is universally known and there are several farmers and bread manufacturers, there is no need to get into individual contracts. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no need to know who the options/futures buyer is and who the options/futures seller is for it does not make any difference for either party. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The markets also make it possible for either party to deal with several counter parties at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>The market thus makes it possible to keep identities of parties to remain confidential with respect to the respective counter parties. </li></ul><ul><li>If one were to replace the farmer and bread manufacturer by normal people who have opposite views about the future prices of stocks, what we have is a typical D erivatives Market . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The basic fundamentals remain the same as we saw in the farmer and bread manufacturer stories, </li></ul><ul><li>But the market provides a platform for several parties and counter parties to come together to trade over stocks about which information is free flowing </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to a single future price for all participants, thereby rendering irrelevant the need to know who the buyer for the seller and vice versa </li></ul><ul><li>Despite all of the above, the market system independently has all the necessary information about the market participants. </li></ul>So in a nutshell…
  9. 9. I hope I have succeeded in making you understand the derivative market dynamics and why there is no need to know the names of counter parties, unlike the earlier examples where we had the case of farmer and bread manufacturer who knew each other.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Please do let me know if I have managed to clear this concept for you. Your feedback is very important as it helps me plan my future lessons. </li></ul>Hence please give your feedback at [email_address]