MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISM

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MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISM

  1. 1. MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISMCONTEXTUAL STUDIES RESEARCH
  2. 2. 1850-1918CONTEXTUAL STUDIES RESEARCH
  3. 3. BEGINNING 19TH CENTURY• Start of the industrial revolution• agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology• steam engine, steam powered ships and the railway.• big effect on peoples everyday lives
  4. 4. ‘overwhelmed’ The Industrial Revolution
  5. 5. Steam engine, by James Watt,
  6. 6. THE GREAT EXHIBITION• ‘Overwhelmed and excited’• technical and mechanical engineering• show off• leader of this industrial revolution• Exhibition in London in 1851• Conveyer-belt mechanization• ‘look what we can design and make quickly and efficiently’
  7. 7. THE GREAT EXHIBITION• International lead to competition• one quarter of the entire British population had visited Crystal Palace• impact that the exhibition had on Britain.
  8. 8. ‘The Great Exhibition’ – crystal palace
  9. 9. ‘The Great Exhibition’ – American stand
  10. 10. Rocking chair - W. Winfield
  11. 11. The Nelson Jug - Alfred Crowquil
  12. 12. Silver tea set - 1880
  13. 13. ARTS AND CRAFT MOVEMENT• negative reaction towards mass production• quality of the goods• destroying the whole art and purpose of the product• wanting to return to the original hand craft• ‘ traditional craftsmanship’• wealthy and rich
  14. 14. ‘Trellis’ wallpaper 1862 - William Morris
  15. 15. ART NOUVEAU• interior design• graphic design• architecture• decorative arts• 1890 – 1910• natural design• art nouveau’ is French meaning ‘new art’,
  16. 16. Paris Métro entrance in Chicago
  17. 17. The seasons - Alphonse Mucha
  18. 18. Kelly Haggard Olson - Irises
  19. 19. Hoosemans – Candle Holder 1900
  20. 20. MODERNISM• Developed in art, design, literature and music.• Deutsche Werkbund 1907• Bauhaus school of design• Walter Gropius
  21. 21. Deutscher Werkbund
  22. 22. Professor Peter Behrens 1868-1940• corporate identity• AEG in 1907• first company employed designer , head of design• create logos, adverts , advertising materials and company publications.
  23. 23. AEG
  24. 24. CUBISM• cube shapes• three and four dimensional look• Pablo Picasso• Georges Braque• Paris between 1907 and 1914• ‘new style’
  25. 25. man with guitar 1911 - 1912 - Georges Braque
  26. 26. Factory, Horta de Ebbo, 1909 - Pablo Picasso
  27. 27. FUTURISM• Cubism• third and fourth dimensions• Speed• Noise• power
  28. 28. Luigi Russolo - Dynamic Automobile
  29. 29. ‘Unique Forms of Continuity in Space’ by Umberto Boccioni, 1913,
  30. 30. DADA• Shocked and traumatised by war• No sense , no meaning• Funny• Shock• Horror• Influential• 1916 and 1924
  31. 31. Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q - 1919
  32. 32. Marcel Duchamp, fountain - 1917
  33. 33. Tatlin’s Tower 1919 - Monument to the Third International
  34. 34. BAUHUAS• Effected by the war• 1919-1933• School of art, architecture, and design• functional living environments• Socialists• flat, smooth surfaces• geometric shapes• open spaces• glass windows• Steel• concrete
  35. 35. Bauhaus school
  36. 36. Make do and mend
  37. 37. Britain can make it exhibition- Cheer people up- London- 1 ½ million visitors
  38. 38. Festival of Britain• 1951• Cheer people• World famous• Show off design• Knocked down by the goverment• Festival hall left
  39. 39. Abram Games, Festival of Britain poster - 1951
  40. 40. Festival Hall
  41. 41. 1960 - 1970• Paranoia• Distrust• Conspiracy• Cold war• John F Kennedy Assassination• Martin Luther King Assassination• Bobby Kennedy Assassination• Vietnam
  42. 42. POST MODERNISM• Witt• Experimental• Funky shapes• No strict rules• More than function• More self than society
  43. 43. The Throwaway Aesthetic• Mass produced• Cheap• Available• Fashion / design change• Youth• Witty• Post modernism• Graphical
  44. 44. Peter Murdoch Paper Chair 1964
  45. 45. Barbara Hulanicki, Biba -1964
  46. 46. OP ART• Geometric shapes• Lines• Patterns• sense of movement• optical illusions
  47. 47. Bridget Riley, Blaze 1 - 1962
  48. 48. DESIGN FOR NEED
  49. 49. PUNK• 1776• Selfish• Anti society• Dada• Hands on design• Express feelings• music
  50. 50. NEW ROMANTICS• Retro hair styles• Men and make up• Lace• Spice girls• Raves• Worse than punk• 1980 -1990• Women could do what they liked / wear
  51. 51. 1980’s
  52. 52. 1990’s
  53. 53. INTERIOR DESIGN• Fit for purpose• Target audience• Next• Dual coding• Show off• Modernism with old to show post modernism
  54. 54. NEXT interiors - David Davies

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