Ecology introduction

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  • 1. What is Ecology? copyright cmassengale
  • 2. Organisms and Their Environment copyright cmassengale
  • 3. What is Ecology??
    • The study of interactions that take place between organisms and their environment .
    • It explains how living organisms affect each other and the world they live in.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 4. Habitat & Niche
    • Habitat is the place a plant or animal lives
    • Niche is an organism’s total way of life
    copyright cmassengale
  • 5. The Nonliving Environment
    • Abiotic factors - the nonliving parts of an organism’s environment.
    • Examples include air currents, temperature, moisture, light, and soil.
    • Abiotic factors affect an organism’s life.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 6. The Living Environment
    • Biotic factors - all the living organisms that inhabit an environment.
    • All organisms depend on others directly or indirectly for food, shelter, reproduction, or protection.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 7. Abiotic or Biotic? Biotic copyright cmassengale
  • 8. Abiotic or Biotic? Abiotic copyright cmassengale
  • 9. Abiotic or Biotic? Abiotic copyright cmassengale
  • 10. Abiotic or Biotic? Biotic copyright cmassengale
  • 11. Levels of Organization copyright cmassengale
  • 12. What are the Simplest Levels?
    • Atom
    • Molecule
    • Organelle
    • Cell
    • Tissue
    • Organ
    • System
    copyright cmassengale
  • 13. Levels of Organization
    • Ecologists have organized the interactions an organism takes part in into different levels according to complexity .
    copyright cmassengale
  • 14. 1 st Level of Organization
    • Organism: An individual living thing that is made of cells, uses energy, reproduces, responds, grows, and develops
    copyright cmassengale
  • 15. 2 nd Level of Organization
    • Population: A group of organisms, all of the same species , which interbreed and live in the same place at the same time .
    copyright cmassengale
  • 16. 3 rd Level of Organization
    • Biological Community: All the populations of different species that live in the same place at the same time.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 17. 4 th Level of Organization
    • Ecosystem: Populations of plants and animals that interact with each other in a given area with the abiotic components of that area. (terrestrial or aquatic)
    copyright cmassengale
  • 18. 5 th Level of Organization
    • Biosphere: The portion of Earth that supports life.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 19. The Biosphere
    • Life is found in air, on land, and in fresh and salt water.
    • The BIOSPHERE is the portion of Earth that supports living things.
    copyright cmassengale
  • 20. What level of organization? Organism copyright cmassengale
  • 21. What level of Organization? Community copyright cmassengale
  • 22. What level of Organization? Population copyright cmassengale
  • 23. copyright cmassengale