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• New York City is the largest city in the United
States and New York.
• Over 8 million people live in it, and over 22
million people live in and around it.
• It is in the state of New York, which is in the
northeastern United States.
• The oldest part of the city, the island of
Manhattan, still has its original Lenape Native
• Although Native people such as the Lenape and
Canarsees had lived there for many thousands of
years, New York City was first explored by
Europeans in the 1500s.
• Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano found
the entrance to New York Harbor in the year 1524
and English explorer Henry Hudson named the
Hudson River in 1609.
• New York City was settled by Europeans from
The Netherlands in 1624.
• The Dutch called the whole area of New York
"Nieuw Nederland" (New Netherland) and
they named a fort and town on the south end
of Manhattan Island Nieuw Amsterdam (New
Amsterdam), after the capital city of the
Netherlands, which was to become present-
day New York.
• When the English took over the colony in 1664
they changed the name to New York, to honor
the Duke of York, who later became King
James II of England.
• The Dutch surrendered Nieuw Amsterdam
• They were afraid of the English Royal Navy, so
they traded the town to England for the
colony of Surinam in South America, which
they thought was worth more money.
• By the time the English took New York, there
were many other Dutch towns in what would
become New York City, including Breukelen
(Brooklyn), Vlissingen (Flushing), and Nieuw
• There were already some English towns in the
area also, such as Gravesend in Brooklyn and
Newtown in Queens.
• Dutch and English people had been living
together in New York for a long time.
• New York quickly grew to become a large and
important port city.
• Important battles of the American Revolution
were fought in northern Manhattan and in
Brooklyn in 1776.
• New York was the capital of the United States
under the Articles of Confederation from 1785 to
• When the US Constitution was made, it stayed as
the capital from 1789 until 1790.
• In 1898, the cities of New York and Brooklyn came
together with the Bronx, Staten Island, and the towns
in Queens County to make Greater New York.
• This is the total area of the City of New York today.
• Around this time, many new immigrants came into
New York City.
• They came in at Ellis Island, an island in New York's
harbor near the Statue of Liberty.
• Many of them then moved to the Lower East Side
neighborhood in Manhattan, which had over a million
people living in just a few square miles.
• Most of New York City is on three islands near
the Atlantic Ocean, although one part is on
the mainland of North America.
• The city includes all of Manhattan Island and
Staten Island, and the western end of Long
• There are also many smaller islands.
• The city is divided into five major parts called
boroughs. Each one is also a county.
• They are:
• Manhattan (New York County, on Manhattan
• Brooklyn (Kings County, on Long Island)
• The Bronx (Bronx County, on the mainland)
• Queens (Queens County, on Long Island)
• Staten Island (Richmond County, on Staten
• Water divides several parts of the city.
• Part of the Hudson River forms the border
between Manhattan and the Bronx on one
side, and the State of New Jersey on the other
• The East River forms the border between
Manhattan on one side, and Brooklyn and
Queens on the other side.
• The Harlem River forms the border between
Manhattan and the Bronx (except for a small part
of Manhattan that is on the mainland).
• Part of Long Island Sound forms the border
between the Bronx and Queens.
• Newtown Creek is part of the border between
Brooklyn and Queens.
• Some parts of the city are very separate from the
others because of water, such as Far Rockaway in
Queens and City Island in the Bronx.
• A small piece of land in Manhattan is
international territory and it belongs to the
United Nations to use for its buildings.
• The hallmark of New York city is its many
skyscrapers, especially in Manhattan.
• In New York City there are about 5600
• 48 of them are over 200 metres tall, which is
the highest number of skyscrapers in one area
in the world.
• New York City currently has over 8 million people.
• Over 18 million people live in the city and nearby
• The majority of the people in New York City belong to
ethnic groups that are minorities in the US.
• New York City has had large numbers of immigrants for
• In the early 19th Century, they came from Ireland and
• Later in the 19th century, they came from Italy, Russia
and Eastern Europe.
• Today, many are from Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican
Republic and Colombia.
• Subway transportation is provided by the New
York City Subway system, one of the biggest in
• Pennsylvania Station, the busiest train station
in the United States, is here.
• John F. Kennedy International Airport, which is
in the Queens neighborhood of New York, is
one of the busiest airports in the United
• The current mayor of New York is Michael
Bloomberg, an Independent.
• The city also has a City Council that makes
some local laws.
• Most laws in New York City are set by the state
government in Albany.
• The city is a major center for banking and
finance, retailing, world
trade, transportation, tourism, real
estate, new media as well as traditional
media, advertising, legal
services, accountancy, insurance, theater, fashi
on, and the arts in the United States.
• Many major corporations are headquartered in
New York City, including 45 Fortune 500
• New York is also unique among American cities
for its large number of foreign corporations.
• Wall Street is the financial district of New York
City, named after and centered on the eight-
block-long, 0.7 miles (1.1 km) long street running
from Broadway to South Street on the East River
in Lower Manhattan. Over time, the term has
become a metonym for the financial markets of
the United States as a whole.
• The city's television and film industry is the
second largest in the country after Hollywood.
• High-tech industries like
biotechnology, software development, game
design, and internet services are also
growing, bolstered by the city's position at the
terminus of several transatlantic fiber optic
• New York is a prominent location in the American
entertainment industry, with films, television
series, books, and other media being set there.
• New York City is the second largest center for the
film industry in the United States, with 63,000
• More than 200 newspapers and 350 consumer
magazines have an office in the city and the
book-publishing industry employs about 25,000
• Two of the three national daily newspapers in the
United States are New York papers: The Wall
Street Journal and The New York Times.
• The television industry developed in New York
and is a significant employer in the city's
• The four major American broadcast networks are
all headquartered in New York:
ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC.
• Many cable channels are based in the city as
well, including MTV, Fox News, HBO, and Comedy
• Four of the ten most expensive stadiums ever
built worldwide (MetLife Stadium, the new
Yankee Stadium, Madison Square Garden, and
Citi Field) are located in the New York
• The city's two current Major League Baseball
teams are the New York Mets and the New
• The city is represented in the National
Football League by the New York Giants and
the New York Jets.
• The New York Rangers represent the city in
the National Hockey League.
• The city's National Basketball Association
teams include the Brooklyn Nets and the New
• In soccer, New York is represented by the
Major League Soccer side, New York Red Bulls.
• New York City's food culture includes a variety of
world cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant
• Eastern European and Italian immigrants have
made the city famous for bagels, cheesecake and
New York-style pizza, while Chinese and other
Asian restaurants, burger joints, Italian
restaurants, diners and coffee shops are
• Some 4,000 mobile food vendors licensed by the
• Violent crime in New York City has been
dropping since 1990.
• In 2012, there were 414 homicides, the lowest
number since at least 1963 when reliable
statistics were first kept
• Crime rates spiked in the 1980s and early
1990s as the crack epidemic hit the city.
• Most of the crime remaining occurs in poor