Yoga <ul><li>a living tradition…  </li></ul><ul><li>part four:  </li></ul><ul><li>the history of vedanta </li></ul>
The philosophy of yoga <ul><li>The philosophy of yoga in Kali yuga has followed a shifting erratic evolution from atheism ...
How did we get here? <ul><li>To understand where we are we might follow the path that yoga has taken over the last 5000 ye...
Progression of the Philosophies (a history of spiritual revolutions) <ul><li>It is the evidence of history that at a certa...
Progression of the Philosophies (a history of spiritual revolutions) <ul><li>Support often comes like a wave crashing on t...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><ul><li>REVOLUTION  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FASHION:...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Social Wants at the Time of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism was the rebellio...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddhism Combated Not Only Priestcraft and Animal Sacrifice: It was the First to B...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Original Buddhism ... was but an attempt to combat caste and priestcraft; it was t...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha Broke the Mental and Spiritual Bonds of Men by Preaching Vedanta to the Who...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha preached the most tremendous truths.  He taught the very gist of the philos...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><li>To ...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha fashion (and brahmanya fashion) sets the stage for the next revolution. </l...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>“ My dear sir, always remember this: … çaìkaraù çaìkaraù säkñäd… ‘Çré Çaìkaräcärya...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>About 800 AD Lord Adi Sankaracarya (Shiva) delivered the philosophy of Nirvisesa A...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>FANATICISM leads to misunderstanding: Fanatism + Fashion = Fascism </li></ul><ul><...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>This notion was rejected by Çaìkaräcärya who said, “ He  always remains separate. ...
A major miscalculation <ul><li>advaita-siddhi vs. mahäbhäva: </li></ul><ul><li>(impersonalist vs. personalist) </li></ul>
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>In about 1017 AD Ramanuja Acarya delivered the philosophy Vasista Advaita(qualifie...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Ramanuja established philosophy by using the 7 impossible tenants to Advaita Vedan...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1100 AD Dvaitam (dualism) is established by Madhvacarya  </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Vishnuswami was the founder-acharya of the Rudra sampradaya and is the oldest of t...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1200 AD, Dvaitadvaita-vada was introduced by Nimbarka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1486 Caitanya Mahaprabhu  expounded Acintya-bhedabheda-tattva  </li></ul><ul...
Philosophy of yoga today <ul><li>Near the beginning of the year 5000 of the current Vedic age (approx. 2011 AD) yoga philo...
Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Summary: Vedanta (yoga philosophy) demonstrates multiple facets of the absolute tr...
Progression of Philosophies Year 3000 BC 500 BC 800 AD 1014 AD 1100 AD 300 BC - 1300 AD 1200 AD 1486 AD Philosophy Buddhi-...
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Atma Yoga teacher training 4: The history of vedanta

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Vedanta means the end of all knowledge...what is that ultimate truth and knowledge that a human being should seek to understand? That you are not your body..you are in fact a soul.

Atma yoga teacher training is based on the science of the soul and combines bhakti and hatha yoga to raise you to the highest level of bliss and joy that is the awakened soul's nature - no longer a prisoner of the body, mind and senses.

For more resources (yoga sets, meditations, lectures and music) and to take our training, visit our website at www.atmayoga.net

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  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 1
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • history of vedanta - part 2
  • Atma Yoga teacher training 4: The history of vedanta

    1. 1. Yoga <ul><li>a living tradition… </li></ul><ul><li>part four: </li></ul><ul><li>the history of vedanta </li></ul>
    2. 2. The philosophy of yoga <ul><li>The philosophy of yoga in Kali yuga has followed a shifting erratic evolution from atheism to devotion. </li></ul>
    3. 3. How did we get here? <ul><li>To understand where we are we might follow the path that yoga has taken over the last 5000 years </li></ul>
    4. 4. Progression of the Philosophies (a history of spiritual revolutions) <ul><li>It is the evidence of history that at a certain time every society attains its manhood, when a strong conflict ensues between the ruling power and the common people. </li></ul><ul><li>The life of society, its expansion and civilization, depend on its victory or defeat in this conflict. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Progression of the Philosophies (a history of spiritual revolutions) <ul><li>Support often comes like a wave crashing on the scene cleansing everything. </li></ul><ul><li>But when the wave recedes… what remains? </li></ul>
    6. 6. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><ul><li>REVOLUTION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FASHION: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a pattern of cooptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Krishna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sankacharya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mohamed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chaitanya </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Social Wants at the Time of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism was the rebellion of the newly formed kshatriyas against Vedic priestcraft. </li></ul><ul><li>[After the lull cause by the reconciliation effected by Sri Krishna], the ambition of the two classes - brahmin and kshatriya - to be the masters of the poor and ignorant was [still] there, and the strife once more became fierce. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddhism Combated Not Only Priestcraft and Animal Sacrifice: It was the First to Break Down the Barriers of Caste </li></ul><ul><li>These different social divisions developed or degenerated into iron-bound castes and an organized and crystallized priestcraft stood upon the necks of the nation. At this time Buddha was born and his teaches were the revolution . </li></ul>
    9. 9. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Original Buddhism ... was but an attempt to combat caste and priestcraft; it was the first in the world to stand as champion of dumb animals, the first to break down caste, standing between human beings. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism... broke the chains of the masses. All castes and creeds alike became equal in a minute. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmanya power was almost effaced from its field of work in Indian during the Jain and Buddhist revolutions; </li></ul>
    10. 10. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha Broke the Mental and Spiritual Bonds of Men by Preaching Vedanta to the Whole World </li></ul><ul><li>India was full of witchcraft in Buddha's day. There were the masses of the people, and they were debarred from all knowledge. If just a word of the Vedas entered the ears of a man, terrible punishment was visited upon him. The priests had made a secret of the Vedas - the Vedas that contained the spiritual truths discovered by the ancient Hindus! </li></ul><ul><li>What Buddha did was to break wide open the gates of that very religion which was confined in the Upanishads and to a particular caste. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha preached the most tremendous truths. He taught the very gist of the philosophy of the Vedas to one and all without distinction; he taught it to the world at Large, because one of his great messages was the equality of humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings are all equal. No concession there to anybody! </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha was the great preacher of equality. Every man and woman has the same right to attain spirituality - that was his teaching. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><li>To Break the Tyranny of Priestcraft Buddhism Swept Away the Idea of the Personal God </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of Buddhism was reform of the Vedic religion, by standing against ceremonials requiring offerings of animals, against hereditary caste and exclusive priesthood, and against belief in permanent souls. It never attempted to destroy that religion, or to overturn the social order. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha is said to have denied the Vedas because there was so much killing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha wanted no pandering to the priests, the powerful, the kings. No bowing before superstitious traditions, however hoary; no respect for forms and books just because they came down from the distant past. He rejected all scriptures, all forms of religious practice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even the very language, Sanskrit, in which religions had traditionally been taught in India, he rejected, so that his followers would not have any chance to imbibe the superstitions that were associated with it. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>The Reasons Why Buddhism Had to Die a Natural Death in India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A lack of practicality (original Buddhism eventually required monasticism) and the lack of virtue in this age… within a century Buddhism splintered into a mass of superstition and ceremonialism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In this state neither the priestly class nor the administrative class emerged as the clear ruling class india was in disaray and modified vedic tantric rituals began to remerge. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Buddha fashion (and brahmanya fashion) sets the stage for the next revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Enter Shiva… </li></ul>
    16. 16. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>“ My dear sir, always remember this: … çaìkaraù çaìkaraù säkñäd… ‘Çré Çaìkaräcärya is Lord Çiva himself.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Çré Çaìkaräcärya is the spiritual preceptor of all the Vaiñëavas and for this reason Çré Caitanya has acclaimed him as an äcärya, great preceptor. Çré Çaìkaräcärya is a perfect Vaiñëava. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bhakti Vinode Thakura </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>About 800 AD Lord Adi Sankaracarya (Shiva) delivered the philosophy of Nirvisesa Advaitam (Advaita Vedanta) </li></ul><ul><li>Reintroduced the validity and importance of the Vedas </li></ul><ul><li>Focused the philosophy on suddha monism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea of oneness without variety or identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 with God, all beyond that is illusion (false) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything including God is false, only the concept of God is 1 without variety and is real </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It was a “veiled” Buddhism, meant to mislead the atheists (Mayavadi) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>FANATICISM leads to misunderstanding: Fanatism + Fashion = Fascism </li></ul><ul><li>Their theory is that as long as Brahman, the non-dual transcendental truth, remains singular, He is transcendental to mäyä. They propose that when He accepts form and becomes the jéva, He acquires diverse shapes and is thus afflicted by mäyä </li></ul>
    19. 19. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>This notion was rejected by Çaìkaräcärya who said, “ He always remains separate. </li></ul><ul><li>“ näräyaëaù paro 'vyaktät,” or Näräyaëa exists separately, apart from the impersonal creative energy. </li></ul>
    20. 20. A major miscalculation <ul><li>advaita-siddhi vs. mahäbhäva: </li></ul><ul><li>(impersonalist vs. personalist) </li></ul>
    21. 21. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>In about 1017 AD Ramanuja Acarya delivered the philosophy Vasista Advaita(qualified monism) </li></ul><ul><li>Although everything is indeed united with God, there are real differences between the souls and God </li></ul>
    22. 22. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Ramanuja established philosophy by using the 7 impossible tenants to Advaita Vedanta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of Avidya (ignorance, real or unreal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incomprehensiveness of Avidya (ignorance is neither real or unreal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grounds of knowledge of Avidya (obscuring layer, positive darkness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of Avidya (enter point) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avidyas obscuration of Brahman (it’s an impossibility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of Avidya by Brahma-vidya (god knowledge, whatever exists has attributes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of Avidya (discloses bondage as real because knowledge indicates it) </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1100 AD Dvaitam (dualism) is established by Madhvacarya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasizes and defines the differences between God, the world and the souls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct opposite to monism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Madhvacarya was portion of Vamana, Brahma, Ananta Sesha and Sanaka Kumara </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Vishnuswami was the founder-acharya of the Rudra sampradaya and is the oldest of the four recognized sampradayas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born in 3,000 BC, recorded teachings in 300 BC, 900 AD and 1300 AD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1300 AD taught Visuddhadvaita </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God is Vishnu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Note: Vallabhacarya was the son of a student of Vishnuswami </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He taught Suddha Veda = everything is one with personal god Krishna </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1200 AD, Dvaitadvaita-vada was introduced by Nimbarka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First to identify the Supreme as the divine couple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 4 kumars (the sage children of Brahma who didn’t want to grow up, just wanted to meditate) initiated Nimbarka </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Circa 1486 Caitanya Mahaprabhu expounded Acintya-bhedabheda-tattva </li></ul><ul><li>God is inconceivable and simultaneously one and different </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analogies: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ drop of water and ocean” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ grain of sand and beach” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Six Goswamis </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Systematized the knowledge communicated by Lord Caitanya </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distinction between quality and quantity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Philosophy of yoga today <ul><li>Near the beginning of the year 5000 of the current Vedic age (approx. 2011 AD) yoga philosophy approaches the yoga philosophy of Satya yuga the Golden Age: achinta-bedhabedha </li></ul>
    28. 28. Progression of the Philosophies <ul><li>Summary: Vedanta (yoga philosophy) demonstrates multiple facets of the absolute truth… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as good behavior (vedanta of Buddha) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as energy (vedanta of Shankaracharya) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as form (vedanta of Ramanuja) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as a separate person (vedanta of Madhava) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as the source and maintainer of all creation (Visnuswami) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as a loving couple (vedanta of Nimbarka) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God as all of the above and then some (Chaitanya) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Progression of Philosophies Year 3000 BC 500 BC 800 AD 1014 AD 1100 AD 300 BC - 1300 AD 1200 AD 1486 AD Philosophy Buddhi-Bhakti Yoga Ahimsa & Sunya-vada Nirvisesa Advaita Visista Adviatan Dvaitam Visuddh-advaita Dvaitadvaita-vada Acintya-bheda-bheda-tattva Delivered by Krishna Lord Buddha Lord Adi Sankar-acarya Ramanuja Acarya Madhv-acarya Visnu-swami Nimbarka Lord Caitanya Maha-prabhu
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