See you in Tartu  2009
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See you in Tartu 2009

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Basic facts about University of Tartu

Basic facts about University of Tartu

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  • 1632 The King of Sweden Gustavus II Adolphus signs the founding charter of Academia Dorpatensis aka Academia Gustaviana (Latin as language of tuition; normal duration of studies was nine years; UT may have been the first universities in the world where Newtonian physics was taught) 1710 University’s activities are suspended due to the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia 1802 University of Tartu reopened by decree of the Russian Emperor Alexander I as Kaiserliche Universität zu Dorpat (Imperial Tartu University) with German as the language of tuition 1893 During the Russification campaign the University is renamed Imperatorskij Jur'evskij Universitet, Russian is instituted as the sole language of tuition 1905 Women were granted the right to attend lectures as unregistered students (the full student status was granted to women in 1915) 1916–17 University evacuated from the path of the advancing German army to Voronezh in Western Russia where the University resumed its activities in 1918 1918 University is reopened as German-language Landesuniversität (the Land University) 1919 On 1 December the University is opened as the University of Tartu of the Republic of Estonia. It becomes for the first time an Estonian-language University 1940 In the first year under Soviet rule the University of Tartu is renamed Tartu State University, the autonomy of the University is destroyed and all students organisations abolished 1942–44 Tartu University continues its work under German occupation as Ostland-Universität in Dorpat (University of the Estonian Self-government) 1944 Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic and Tartu State University restored 1988 First free Rector’s elections in half a century; re-emergence of the student organisations 1989 The University is officially renamed Tartu Ülikool (University of Tartu)
  • New University Strategic Plan (2009–2015) – ? The University’s Botanical Garden is the oldest in the Baltic countries, founded in 1803. The Garden’s collection features 6,500 plant species from all climatic zones of the world. The Garden’s greenhouse is the biggest in the Baltic States and the richest in its species diversity. University History Museum (founded in 1976) displays a unique collection of scientific instruments of the past. Among other exhibits, visitors can marvel at Arabian globes from the XIV century, gold scales from 1560, a Dollond telescope from the XVIII century, and the physics laboratory of G. Fr. Parrot, the first Rector of the reopened University (early XIX century). University of Tartu Art Museum (founded in 1803 ) exhibits plaster casts of famous sculptures from antiquity, early graphic prints from Western Europe, a more than 3,000 years old mummy, Russian icons, Japanese woodcuts, and many other treasures. In the turmoil of WW I considerable part of Museum’s art collection was evacuated to Voronezh, Russia where it remains to this day. Museum of Natural History (founded in 1802) has rich collections of botanical, zoological and geological specimens from all over the world (overall, more than … items).
  • The Faculty of Science and Technology was created through a merger (effective since January 2008) of two faculties – the Faculty of Physics and Chemistry, and the Faculty of Biology and Geography – and a number of research institutes (Estonian Marine Institute, Institute of Technology, Institute of Physics).
  • UT Research Centre for Environmental and Material Analysis – a new study and research facility to accommodate the institutes of the Faculty of Science and Technology as well as those of the Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences and the Faculty of Social Sciences, providing contemporary research environment for material and environmental science and biomedicine. The six-storey facility will accommodate research and instructional laboratories, four 100-seat lecture rooms, offices for the administrative staff and a library. Laboratories will be furnished with 156 fume cupboards and 5 km of gas pipes.
  • UT Research Centre for Environmental and Material Analysis – a new study and research facility to accommodate the institutes of the Faculty of Science and Technology as well as those of the Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences and the Faculty of Social Sciences, providing contemporary research environment for material and environmental science and biomedicine. The six-storey facility will accommodate research and instructional laboratories, four 100-seat lecture rooms, offices for the administrative staff and a library. Laboratories will be furnished with 156 fume cupboards and 5 km of gas pipes.

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