Little Spotted Kiwi         By        Ben
Common & Scientific Name•   Common name – Little Spotted Kiwi•   Scientific name – Apteryx Owenii•   Apteryx means without...
Description•   Smallest species of kiwi•   Light grey in colour•   Strong, heavy legs and claws•   Nostrils at the end of ...
Lifecycle• Because kiwi have little or no defence against  predators, they cannot survive living on NZ’s  mainland• Kiwi l...
Diet• Mainly worms, spiders, bugs, caterpillars &  grubs• They also eat some berries• The kiwi digs into the ground with i...
Habitat• Kiwi live mainly in native forest• Sleeps in burrows during the day• Becomes active at night to search the forest...
Why is kiwi endangered?• Kiwi live in the forest which is also home to its  predators• Was hunted by maori for its feather...
Predators• Cats, pigs, rats, stoats and dogs
Defence Mechanisms• The kiwi are fast and quiet runners• Are difficult to spot in the wild• But they lack any great defenc...
Department of Conservation (DOC)• The Department of Conservation was formed  in 1987• Land under its control is protected•...
How does DOC help Kiwi• The Department of Conservation set up a  “kiwi recovery plan” to try to stop the  extinction of ki...
Protection Laws• All species of kiwi are endangered and are  completely protected under NZ law which is  enforced by DOC• ...
Population• Thought to be about 1500 and growing• Without moving the little spotted kiwi to  offshore islands they would n...
Threats• Predators continue to thrive• Kiwi are flightless so always at risk• Can only live fenced off or on islands that ...
References• Department of Conservation• www.doc.govt.nz• BNZ Save the Kiwi Trust• www.savethekiwi.org.nz• New Zealand Bird...
Little spotted kiwi
Little spotted kiwi
Little spotted kiwi
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Little spotted kiwi

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Little spotted kiwi

  1. 1. Little Spotted Kiwi By Ben
  2. 2. Common & Scientific Name• Common name – Little Spotted Kiwi• Scientific name – Apteryx Owenii• Apteryx means without wings• Owenii refers to English biologist, Sir Richard Owen (1804-1892)
  3. 3. Description• Smallest species of kiwi• Light grey in colour• Strong, heavy legs and claws• Nostrils at the end of their beak give them a good sense of smell
  4. 4. Lifecycle• Because kiwi have little or no defence against predators, they cannot survive living on NZ’s mainland• Kiwi live life on the ground so not only are kiwi chicks at risk but also their eggs• Kiwis live a long life and can reach the age of 30
  5. 5. Diet• Mainly worms, spiders, bugs, caterpillars & grubs• They also eat some berries• The kiwi digs into the ground with its talons and shoves its long beak down into the soft ground
  6. 6. Habitat• Kiwi live mainly in native forest• Sleeps in burrows during the day• Becomes active at night to search the forest floor for food
  7. 7. Why is kiwi endangered?• Kiwi live in the forest which is also home to its predators• Was hunted by maori for its feathers• Civilisation of man has caused loss of natural habitat by clearing forest• This also decreases food sources• The introduction of cats, dogs and stoats has made a huge impact on the decrease of kiwi population
  8. 8. Predators• Cats, pigs, rats, stoats and dogs
  9. 9. Defence Mechanisms• The kiwi are fast and quiet runners• Are difficult to spot in the wild• But they lack any great defence against their predators
  10. 10. Department of Conservation (DOC)• The Department of Conservation was formed in 1987• Land under its control is protected• DOC works to preserve natural heritage including saving native threatened species and managing threats like pests and weeds
  11. 11. How does DOC help Kiwi• The Department of Conservation set up a “kiwi recovery plan” to try to stop the extinction of kiwi• They have put the Little Spotted Kiwi onto offshore islands which are free of their predators• A single location is at risk of being wiped out by disease or some accident of nature
  12. 12. Protection Laws• All species of kiwi are endangered and are completely protected under NZ law which is enforced by DOC• This means that kiwi cannot be hunted at any time
  13. 13. Population• Thought to be about 1500 and growing• Without moving the little spotted kiwi to offshore islands they would now be exinct• A thousand years ago kiwi numbered in the millions, now only in the hundreds
  14. 14. Threats• Predators continue to thrive• Kiwi are flightless so always at risk• Can only live fenced off or on islands that are free of their predators
  15. 15. References• Department of Conservation• www.doc.govt.nz• BNZ Save the Kiwi Trust• www.savethekiwi.org.nz• New Zealand Birds• www.nzbirds.com

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