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Open Education Movement. When Digital Technologiees Meet Free Culture

Open Education Movement. When Digital Technologiees Meet Free Culture



Slides for a talk I gave as a guest speaker at the Open Society Institute Alumni Meeting in Cracow, Poland (November 2008). The presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Poland ...

Slides for a talk I gave as a guest speaker at the Open Society Institute Alumni Meeting in Cracow, Poland (November 2008). The presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Poland license.



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    Open Education Movement. When Digital Technologiees Meet Free Culture Open Education Movement. When Digital Technologiees Meet Free Culture Presentation Transcript

    • Open Education Movement When Digital Technologies Meet Free Culture Alek Tarkowski
    • This presentation is available under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Poland license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/pl/ ) Some rights reserved by Alek Tarkowski. Slides on CC licenses borrowed from Jon Phillips (http://www.slideshare.net/rejon)
    • „ education is more than content” Alek Tarkowski
    • Open Education Movement
      • 3 anecdotes / McLuhan, hackers, laptops
      • The Past / free software, free culture
      • The Present / open access, open educational resources, open data (in Poland)
      • The Future
    • “ When the printed book first appeared, it threatened the oral procedures of teaching and created the classroom as we now know it. [...] Today these new media threaten, instead merely reinforce, the procedures of this traditional classroom”.
    • Hackers „ Just for fun”
    • Technology Copying + connecting
    • Free software
      • Not just programming tools and code
      • Copyright licenses : GNU General Public License
      • 4 freedoms: run the program, study how the program works, redistribute copies, improve the program
    • Free software
      • Rules and cooperation mechanisms, Non-market incentives
      • Specificity of digital production: public good, marginal copying and distribution costs
    • Free software
      • Steven Weber: success of open source - as a model
      • “ open source is not necessarily good or morally beneficial”
      • … but we tend to underestimate value of openness (James Boyle)
    • Free software
      • 25 years old
      • A sustainable ecology of actors and institutions , with established methods of work
    • Free culture
      • Inspired by free software – applied to cultural works and knowledge
      • At its core, a legal project – to regain a lost balance
      • About 10 years old
    • Some rights reserved
    • Free culture
      • From intellectual property to intellectual generosity
    • Free licenses for every type of creativity
    • Creative Commons licenses
      • free
      • standard
      • varied
      • human/lawyer/machine readable
      • Internationally compatible
    • Creative Commons
      • Some rights reserved – in particular, „as little as possible rights reserved”
      • Millions of works, millions of people?
      • Marginal – but at the frontier of change
    • The inheritance
      • Commons based peer production (Yochai Benkler)
      • (free) common good + new models of production and distribution
      • Linux system / Wikipedia
    • The inheritance
      • Legal models
      • With lack of technological barriers, intellectual property matters and related mindsets are the key obstacle.
    • The present: open education
      • „ Open everything”?
      • In a knowledge based, media-centric society, does Open education = the Web?
    • The present: open education
      • Why not?
      • Is Wikipedia an educational resource?
    • The present: open education
      • Searchability?
      • Aggregation?
      • Quality assurance?
      • Legal matters?
      • Teaching / learning process and environment?
    • Open Access Budapest Initiative (2001): „An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. […] The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds”.
    • Open Access
      • Self-archiving (Green Route)
      • Journals (Gold Route)
    • Open Access
      • 10-15% of 2.5m peer-reviewed articles per year
      • Green: 93% of 25 000 peer-review journals allow self-archiving
      • Gold: Several thousand journals
    • OA mandates / strategies / recommendations
      • National Institute of Health
      • Harvard, Stanford
      • OECD, European Research Council, EUA, EC experts
    • OA mandates / strategies / recommendations “ Governments would boost innovation and get a better return on their investment in publicly funded research by making research findings more widely available …. and by doing so they would maximise social returns on public investments.” OECD Report on Scientific Publishing, 2005
    • Open Educational Resources OECD: “digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research”
    • Open Educational Resources “ open educational resources” refers to accumulated digital assets that can be adjusted and which provide benefits without restricting the possibilities for others to enjoy them.
    • Open Educational Resources
      • Cape Town Open Education Declaration
    • Open Educational Resources „ [...] a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge. […] a new pedagogy where educators and learners create, shape and evolve knowledge together”
    • Open Educational Resources 3 strategies to increase the reach and impact of OER: participate / release resources / adopt policies
    • OpenCourseWare * From „MIT.com” to “enhancement of human learning worldwide * 2007: 3000+ courses, 200+ institutions * Educational revolution as side-effect of traditional education
    • Free Textbooks * textbooks written by teachers believing in the free cultural model * „born digital, born free”
    • Prof. Stanisław Czachorowski * Wikipedia as higher education resource * “active peer production of knowledge”
    • Open Educational Resources * potentially everywhere... * … but: License + File Format + Granularity + Searchability + Efficiency (OECD)
    • Open Data * Neurocommons: open Semantic Web for neurological research, based on publicly available data * massive amount of data + rapidly changing research frontier + distributed knowledge and expertise
    • Science 2.0 * open notebook science * open, peer-reviewed evaluation * transformation of scientific communication – from publication to interaction
    • Open education * commons based peer production – or creative destruction of educational institutions?
    • Open education in Poland * Open Access almost non-existent * OER movement has a strong start * Strong support from the librarian community (example: AGH University of Science and Technology)
    • Open education in Poland * Strategy for the Growth of Information Society * Report on Intellectual Capital of Poland * Little apparent interest from academic institutions
    • Open education in Poland * Government projects: educational revolution through hardware saturation?
    • Open education in Poland * Barriers: Fear of plagiarism / Intellectual Property Protection + lack of legal knowledge / Rigid Pedagogical Structure / Low quality of scientific output
    • Open education in Poland * Mirek Filiciak: „we need less pirates, more hackers”
    • The future
    • What can I do? * Keep an open mind * Edit Wikipedia * Self-archive articles * Make educational resources * [Ride bikes] The future
    • Thank you ! [email_address] www.creativecommons.pl