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  • 1. Global Climate Change
    • Created as part of
National Science Foundation ITEST Grant #0833706.
    • Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. 
  • 2. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE What is it?
  • 3. Global Climate Change
    • Identifiable change in the climate of Earth as a whole that lasts for an extended period of time (decades or longer)
      • When due to natural processes, it is usually referred to as global climate variability
      • Usually refers to changes forced by human activities that change the atmosphere
  • 4. What causes Earth’s climate to change?
    • Changes in the atmosphere
    • Natural processes
      • Volcanoes
      • Tectonic plate movement
      • Changes in the sun
    • Human activities – any activity that releases “greenhouse gases” into the atmosphere
  • 5. What are greenhouse gases? Any gases that cause the “greenhouse effect!” carbon dioxide nitrous oxide methane Imagine… a car on a cool but sunny day… water vapor
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE Who's researching it?
  • 9. Research
    • Almost 1000 studies dealing with different aspects of climate change have been conducted and published
    • So… how do we make sense of all this?
  • 10. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    • Why was it created?
      • Created in 1988 by the United Nations Environmental Program
      • Established to provide policy-makers with an objective source of information about climate change
  • 11. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    • Who is it?
      • Governments
        • Members of the UN
        • Participate by naming experts and reviewing the reports before they’re published
      • Scientists
        • Close to 1000 scientists
        • Climatologists, ecologists, atmospheric physicists, and others
    Dr. Susan Solomon, a NOAA atmospheric chemist, an IPCC member and one author of IPCC summary
  • 12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    • What do they do?
      • Review current scientific and technical literature relevant to global climate change
      • Provide reports on their findings at regular intervals
      • Reports are designed to be politically neutral and of high scientific and technical standards
  • 13. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE Well, what does the data say?
  • 14. Observed Changes and Effects
  • 15. Warming of Climate
    • Warming of the climate is definitely occurring and can be observed by the:
      • Increases in global sea and air temperatures
      • Widespread melting of snow and ice
      • Rising global sea level
  • 16.  
  • 17. Temperature Change Data 1880-1884
  • 18. 1880-1884 1886-1890
  • 19. 1896-1900
  • 20. 1906-1910
  • 21. 1916-1920
  • 22. 1926-1930
  • 23. 1936-1940
  • 24. 1946-1950
  • 25. 1956-1960
  • 26. 1966-1970
  • 27. 1976-1980
  • 28. 1986-1990
  • 29. 1996-2000
  • 30. 2003-2007
  • 31. Other Observed Changes and Effects
    • 89% of current changes in ecosystems are consistent with changes expected due to global climate change
    • Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide levels in atmosphere have increased greatly due to human activities since 1750 and now far exceed previous levels
    • Carbon dioxide has increased by approximately 80% since 1970
  • 32. Human-Produced Greenhouse Gas Levels
  • 33. Causes of Change
  • 34. Most of the observed increase in global average temperature since the mid-20 th century is very likely due to the observed increase in human-caused greenhouse gas concentrations and human influences have very likely contributed to sea level rise, too.
  • 35. References
    • IPCC Summary Report for Policy Makers . November 2007
    • &quot;About IPCC.&quot; IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change . 20 Apr. 2009 <http://www.ipcc.ch/about/index.htm>.
    • &quot;Climate Change | U.S. EPA.&quot; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency . 20 Apr. 2009 <http://epa.gov/climatechange/index.html>.
    • Rischard, J. F. High noon twenty global problems, twenty years to solve them . New York: Basic Books, 2002.
    • &quot;SVS Animations.&quot; NASA Goddard Scientific Visualization Studio . 20 Apr. 2009 <http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003400/a003490/index.html>.