Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Modal verbs...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply


  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Modal VerbsHelping verbs – they give information about the main verb. • Necessity • Possibility • Permission • Etc.
  • 2.  Can: Natalie can play tennis today. (ability or permission) Could: They could play the guitar. (Formal of “can”) May: It may be a nice day tomorrow. (possibility) Might: It might be a nice day tomorrow. (possibility)Modal + Simple Form
  • 3.  Should: Natalie should go outside. Ought to: You ought to tell her how you feel! Had better: They had better be on time. Must: He must eat all his food. Have to: I really have to study for my exam.
  • 4.  Similar meaning about obligation MUST: Usually used for feelings and wishes of the speaker. ◦ I must stop smoking. (I want to) HAVE TO: Usually obligations that come from „outside‟ ◦ I have to stop smoking (The doctor ordered me)Must / Have to?
  • 5.  They have the same meaning in most situations (suggestion or recommendation) SHOULD: Suggestion or advice about the best thing for them. ◦ You should tell her how you feel. OUGHT TO: Suggesting something they can‟t avoid or the last option. ◦ You ought to tell her how you feel.Should / Ought to?
  • 6.  Make suggestions or recommendations ◦ You had better take your umbrella with you today. Warning ◦ You had better be careful with the way you talk to me in the future! Show desperation (hope). ◦ The bus had better arrive on time or I‟ll be late for work!Had better!
  • 7.  You should clean your room, it is very messy. You ought to clean your room, your girlfriend is coming to visit you. You had better clean your room, or you will be grounded!Levels of severity