1Review4-1 Past participle4-2 Present perfect with since and for4-3 Negatives, questions, and short answer forms4-4 Presen...
2Jenna _____ her dog. His name __ Max.Jenna’s grandfather ____ Max to her. Hergrandfather _____ him at an animal shelter.J...
34-1 PAST PARTICIPLEShe has forgotten his name.
44-1 PAST PARTICIPLEREGULARVERBSIRREGULARVERBSSIMPLEFORMSIMPLEPASTPASTPARTICIPLEfinishstopwaitseemakeputfinishedstoppedwai...
54-1 LET’S PRACTICESIMPLEFORMSIMPLEPASTPASTPARTICIPLEstopgotakewritestoppedwenttookwrotestoppedgonetakenwritten
64-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FORI have been here since 6:00 AM.
7(a) I’ve been here since 6:00 a.m.(b) I have played the violin for six years.present perfect +sinceforpast present4-2 PRE...
8xxx6:00now(a) I’ve been here since 6:00 a.m..4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR
94-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR(c) I haveYou haveShe, He, It hasWe haveThey haveSTATEMENT: have / has + past parti...
10(d) I have worked heresince noon.since Wednesday.since April.since 2010.since May 9, 2011.since yesterday.since last wee...
11(e) CORRECT: I have studied English since 2007.CORRECT: I have used a computer since 2007.(f) INCORRECT: I am studying E...
12(j) We have been friends since I was fifteen.MAIN CLAUSE(present perfect)SINCE-CLAUSE(simple past)(k) Jim has played man...
13(h) I have worked herefor fifty minutes.for five hours.for ten days.for about six weeks.for almost two months.for many y...
144-2 LET’S PRACTICEMary has been playing the pianosince ___________.3 hoursshe was sixshe was sixMary has been playing th...
154-2 LET’S PRACTICEAlejandro has studied Englishsince ________________.he started school15 yearshe started schoolAlejandr...
164-2 LET’S PRACTICEMy uncle has driven a taxi _____ 1982.forsincesinceMy uncle has driven a taxi ____ thirty years.for
174-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMSHas he finished all his work?
18(a) I have not (haven’t) gone home yet.(b) Fatima has not (hasn’t) gone home.4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFOR...
19(c) Have you read the report?4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS
20(d) Has Marcy gone home?have/has + subject + past participle4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS(c) Have you re...
21No, I’ve never been to Paris.Ever = in your entire lifetime4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS(f) Have you eve...
22(g)SHORT ANSWER:have / haven’tHave you read allof this article?No, I haven’t. Ihave only read afew pages.4-3 NEGATIVE, Q...
23(h)SHORT ANSWER:has / hasn’tYes, she has. Shedid it after school.Has Kyungfinished herhomework?4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, A...
24___________________ a snake?4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHave you ever touchedyoutouchever
25________________4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTI’ve never touchedtouchneverNo,a snake.
26_________________ a shark?4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHas Justin ever seenJustinseeever
27Yes, he ___. He saw one near Cape Town,4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECThasSouth Africa.
284-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIMETyler has taken hisfirst steps.Zoe hasn’t walkedby herself yet.
29(a) Micah has just gotten his first job.(b) Leah has recently visited Singapore.The activity occurredbefore now orsometi...
30nowtime?Xbefore nowX(a) Micah has just gotten his first job.(b) Janelle has recently visited Singapore.4-4 PRESENT PERFE...
31(c) Mary has painted portraits many times.(d) Her students have painted portraits twice.activity repeatedbefore now, uns...
32nowXbefore nowXXX(c) Mary has painted portraits many times.(d) Her students have painted portraits twice.4-4 PRESENT PER...
33(e) Tyler has already taken his first steps.ORTyler has taken his first steps already.Use already inaffirmative statemen...
34(f) Zoe hasn’t walked by herself yet.YET:Use yet innegative statements4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
35(g) Has she already seen the movie?Both ok in questions.ALREADY and YET:Has she seen the movie yet?Has she seen the movi...
364-4 LET’S PRACTICEKyung __________________the test.take, alreadyhas already taken
374-3 LET’S PRACTICEI ______________ _______ 8 AM.studysinceORfor‘ve been studying since
384-4 LET’S PRACTICERosa ___________ to Italy three times.behas been
394-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTI had an angel fishwhen I was a child.I have had many otherfish since then.
404-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(a) They completed the game at 4:00.PRESENT PERFECT(b) They have already c...
414-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(c) I was in Nigeria when I was five years old.PRESENT PERFECT(d) I have b...
424-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(e) Jack camped in France for 9 days.PRESENT PERFECT(f) Eli has been campi...
434-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?We have been to Tokyomany times.ORUNSPECIFIEDPRESENTPERFECT
444-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?Barry has never been to Tokyo.ORUNSPECIFIEDPRESENTPERFECT
454-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?Gina went to Tokyolast month.ORSPECIFIED SIMPLE PAST
464-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEDee has been workingfor ten hours.
474-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(a) Dee has been working since6 o’clock.(b) She has been working forten hours.STATEMENT:h...
484-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(c) How long has she been working?QUESTION FORM:have/has + subject + been + -ing
494-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(d) Mary is playing the piano right now.PRESENT PROGRESSIVEin progress right nowduration ...
504-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(e) Mary has been playing since noon.PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEbegan in pastin progress ...
514-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(g) CORRECT: It belongs to Amy.(h) INCORRECT: It is belonging to Amy.(i) CORRECT: She has...
524-6 LET’S PRACTICEMy sister _________ thephone.useis usinghas been usingPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE...
534-6 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEHer parents __________.They ________________together f...
544-6 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEWhere are you _______forthe summer holiday?I am ______...
554-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTMike, Bob, and Lee are hiking.They have been hiking for several days.
564-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(a) My cousin is hiking with his friends.Th...
574-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECT(c) INCORRECT: My cousin has been hikingmany mountains.(b) My cousin h...
584-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECT(e) INCORRECT: The guys have been knowingeach other for ten years.(d) ...
59(f) I have been studying medicine for one year.OR(g) I have studied medicine for one year.4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIV...
60(h) Rolf has been running every day since hewas a child.ORRolf has run every day since he was a child.4-7 PRESENT PERFEC...
61(i) I’ve been studying Spanish ever since Ivisited Mexico.ORI’ve studied Spanish ever since I visitedMexico.4-7 PRESENT ...
624-7 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHow long ___ your family ______ here?We __________ here for ten years.livelivedhave liv...
634-7 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEHow long ___ your family _________ here?We _____________ here for ten years...
644-8 PAST PERFECTWhen they arrivedat the store, it hadalready closed.
654-8 PAST PERFECT(a) When they arrived at the store, it hadalready closed.two events in the past1stevent - Past Perfect2n...
664-8 PAST PERFECT(b) The store had already closed whenthey arrived.FORM: had + past participle
674-8 PAST PERFECT(c) It’d closed.She’d gone home.He’d gone home.They’d gone home.We’d gone home.You’d gone home.CONTRACTI...
684-8 PAST PERFECT(e) Andrea finished dinner before Kris got home.(d) Andrea had finished dinner before Kris got home.(f) ...
694-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndI had already gone to bed when it startedsnowing.a. it started snowing ____b. I went to bed ____1s...
704-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndI tried to go shopping, but the store hadclosed.a. store closed ____b. tried to go shopping ____1s...
714-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndA friend called to suggest a good movie.She had seen it last Friday.a. the friend saw the movie __...
72Images used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.PHOTO CREDITS
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Feg04 chapter 04_rev perfect time

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Feg04 chapter 04_rev perfect time

  1. 1. 1Review4-1 Past participle4-2 Present perfect with since and for4-3 Negatives, questions, and short answer forms4-4 Present perfect with unspecified time4-5 Simple past vs. present perfect4-6 Present perfect progressive4-7 Present perfect progressive vs. present perfect4-8 Past perfectCONTENTS
  2. 2. 2Jenna _____ her dog. His name __ Max.Jenna’s grandfather ____ Max to her. Hergrandfather _____ him at an animal shelter.Jenna _____ very good care her dog.He __ a great dog.lovesbeReview and PreviewPRESENT AND PAST VERBS lovegivefindtakegavefoundtakesisisbe
  3. 3. 34-1 PAST PARTICIPLEShe has forgotten his name.
  4. 4. 44-1 PAST PARTICIPLEREGULARVERBSIRREGULARVERBSSIMPLEFORMSIMPLEPASTPASTPARTICIPLEfinishstopwaitseemakeputfinishedstoppedwaitedsawmadeputfinishedstoppedwaitedseenmadeputpast perfect tensepresent perfect tense
  5. 5. 54-1 LET’S PRACTICESIMPLEFORMSIMPLEPASTPASTPARTICIPLEstopgotakewritestoppedwenttookwrotestoppedgonetakenwritten
  6. 6. 64-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FORI have been here since 6:00 AM.
  7. 7. 7(a) I’ve been here since 6:00 a.m.(b) I have played the violin for six years.present perfect +sinceforpast present4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR
  8. 8. 8xxx6:00now(a) I’ve been here since 6:00 a.m..4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR
  9. 9. 94-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR(c) I haveYou haveShe, He, It hasWe haveThey haveSTATEMENT: have / has + past participlebeen here for a week.
  10. 10. 10(d) I have worked heresince noon.since Wednesday.since April.since 2010.since May 9, 2011.since yesterday.since last week.Since Specific point in time(hour, day, month, etc.)4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR
  11. 11. 11(e) CORRECT: I have studied English since 2007.CORRECT: I have used a computer since 2007.(f) INCORRECT: I am studying English since 2007.4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR(g) INCORRECT: I study English since 2007.(h) INCORRECT: I studied English since 2007.(i) INCORRECT: I was study English since 2007.
  12. 12. 12(j) We have been friends since I was fifteen.MAIN CLAUSE(present perfect)SINCE-CLAUSE(simple past)(k) Jim has played many sports since he tried soccer.since + subject + simple presentverb4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FORSINCE
  13. 13. 13(h) I have worked herefor fifty minutes.for five hours.for ten days.for about six weeks.for almost two months.for many years.for a long time.For length of timeFOR4-2 PRESENT PERFECT WITH SINCE AND FOR
  14. 14. 144-2 LET’S PRACTICEMary has been playing the pianosince ___________.3 hoursshe was sixshe was sixMary has been playing the pianofor ___________.three hours
  15. 15. 154-2 LET’S PRACTICEAlejandro has studied Englishsince ________________.he started school15 yearshe started schoolAlejandro has studied Englishfor __________________.fifteen years
  16. 16. 164-2 LET’S PRACTICEMy uncle has driven a taxi _____ 1982.forsincesinceMy uncle has driven a taxi ____ thirty years.for
  17. 17. 174-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMSHas he finished all his work?
  18. 18. 18(a) I have not (haven’t) gone home yet.(b) Fatima has not (hasn’t) gone home.4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMSNEGATIVE:have/has + not + past participleNegative Contractions:have + not = haven’thas + not = hasn’t
  19. 19. 19(c) Have you read the report?4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS
  20. 20. 20(d) Has Marcy gone home?have/has + subject + past participle4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS(c) Have you read the report?(e) How long have you worked there?QUESTION:
  21. 21. 21No, I’ve never been to Paris.Ever = in your entire lifetime4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS(f) Have you ever been to Paris?EVER and NEVER:Never use for negative responses
  22. 22. 22(g)SHORT ANSWER:have / haven’tHave you read allof this article?No, I haven’t. Ihave only read afew pages.4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS
  23. 23. 23(h)SHORT ANSWER:has / hasn’tYes, she has. Shedid it after school.Has Kyungfinished herhomework?4-3 NEGATIVE, QUESTION, AND SHORT-ANSWERFORMS
  24. 24. 24___________________ a snake?4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHave you ever touchedyoutouchever
  25. 25. 25________________4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTI’ve never touchedtouchneverNo,a snake.
  26. 26. 26_________________ a shark?4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHas Justin ever seenJustinseeever
  27. 27. 27Yes, he ___. He saw one near Cape Town,4-3 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECThasSouth Africa.
  28. 28. 284-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIMETyler has taken hisfirst steps.Zoe hasn’t walkedby herself yet.
  29. 29. 29(a) Micah has just gotten his first job.(b) Leah has recently visited Singapore.The activity occurredbefore now orsometime in the past.4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  30. 30. 30nowtime?Xbefore nowX(a) Micah has just gotten his first job.(b) Janelle has recently visited Singapore.4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  31. 31. 31(c) Mary has painted portraits many times.(d) Her students have painted portraits twice.activity repeatedbefore now, unspecified past times4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  32. 32. 32nowXbefore nowXXX(c) Mary has painted portraits many times.(d) Her students have painted portraits twice.4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  33. 33. 33(e) Tyler has already taken his first steps.ORTyler has taken his first steps already.Use already inaffirmative statementsALREADY:4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  34. 34. 34(f) Zoe hasn’t walked by herself yet.YET:Use yet innegative statements4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  35. 35. 35(g) Has she already seen the movie?Both ok in questions.ALREADY and YET:Has she seen the movie yet?Has she seen the movie already?4-4 PRESENT PERFECT WITH UNSPECIFIED TIME
  36. 36. 364-4 LET’S PRACTICEKyung __________________the test.take, alreadyhas already taken
  37. 37. 374-3 LET’S PRACTICEI ______________ _______ 8 AM.studysinceORfor‘ve been studying since
  38. 38. 384-4 LET’S PRACTICERosa ___________ to Italy three times.behas been
  39. 39. 394-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTI had an angel fishwhen I was a child.I have had many otherfish since then.
  40. 40. 404-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(a) They completed the game at 4:00.PRESENT PERFECT(b) They have already completed the game.specific timeunspecified time
  41. 41. 414-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(c) I was in Nigeria when I was five years old.PRESENT PERFECT(d) I have been to Nigeria three times.specific timeunspecified time
  42. 42. 424-5 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECTSIMPLE PAST(e) Jack camped in France for 9 days.PRESENT PERFECT(f) Eli has been camping for 9 days.(f) Eli has been camping since last Monday.for activity began & ended in pastfor / since activity began & continues
  43. 43. 434-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?We have been to Tokyomany times.ORUNSPECIFIEDPRESENTPERFECT
  44. 44. 444-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?Barry has never been to Tokyo.ORUNSPECIFIEDPRESENTPERFECT
  45. 45. 454-5 LET’S PRACTICESPECIFIED UNSPECIFIED TIME ?Gina went to Tokyolast month.ORSPECIFIED SIMPLE PAST
  46. 46. 464-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEDee has been workingfor ten hours.
  47. 47. 474-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(a) Dee has been working since6 o’clock.(b) She has been working forten hours.STATEMENT:have/has + been + -ing
  48. 48. 484-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(c) How long has she been working?QUESTION FORM:have/has + subject + been + -ing
  49. 49. 494-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(d) Mary is playing the piano right now.PRESENT PROGRESSIVEin progress right nowduration of time not mentionedMary has been playing the piano right now.
  50. 50. 504-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(e) Mary has been playing since noon.PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEbegan in pastin progress right nowtime expressedMary is playing the piano since noon.(f) Mary has been playing for an hour.
  51. 51. 514-6 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(g) CORRECT: It belongs to Amy.(h) INCORRECT: It is belonging to Amy.(i) CORRECT: She has owned itfor one month.(j) INCORRECT: She has been owningit for one month.non-action verbs progressive tenses
  52. 52. 524-6 LET’S PRACTICEMy sister _________ thephone.useis usinghas been usingPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEShe _____________ it for threehours. I need to make a call.
  53. 53. 534-6 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEHer parents __________.They ________________together for over thirty years.danceare dancinghave been dancing
  54. 54. 544-6 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PROGRESSIVEORPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEWhere are you _______forthe summer holiday?I am ______ to the beach.I ______________ to the beachgogoinggoinghave been goingevery summer since I was a child.
  55. 55. 554-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTMike, Bob, and Lee are hiking.They have been hiking for several days.
  56. 56. 564-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE(a) My cousin is hiking with his friends.They have been hiking for several days.repeated activitiesunspecified times in the pastPRESENT PERFECT(b) My cousin has hiked many mountains.duration of present activities,action verbs
  57. 57. 574-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECT(c) INCORRECT: My cousin has been hikingmany mountains.(b) My cousin has hiked many mountains.
  58. 58. 584-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECT(e) INCORRECT: The guys have been knowingeach other for ten years.(d) The guys have known each other forten years.duration of present activities,non-action verbs
  59. 59. 59(f) I have been studying medicine for one year.OR(g) I have studied medicine for one year.4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTsame meaning
  60. 60. 60(h) Rolf has been running every day since hewas a child.ORRolf has run every day since he was a child.4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTusual, habitual activitieseither tense okay
  61. 61. 61(i) I’ve been studying Spanish ever since Ivisited Mexico.ORI’ve studied Spanish ever since I visitedMexico.4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs.PRESENT PERFECTusual, habitual activitieseither tense okay
  62. 62. 624-7 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECTHow long ___ your family ______ here?We __________ here for ten years.livelivedhave livedhas
  63. 63. 634-7 LET’S PRACTICEPRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVEHow long ___ your family _________ here?We _____________ here for ten years.livebeen livinghave been livinghas
  64. 64. 644-8 PAST PERFECTWhen they arrivedat the store, it hadalready closed.
  65. 65. 654-8 PAST PERFECT(a) When they arrived at the store, it hadalready closed.two events in the past1stevent - Past Perfect2ndevent – Simple Past
  66. 66. 664-8 PAST PERFECT(b) The store had already closed whenthey arrived.FORM: had + past participle
  67. 67. 674-8 PAST PERFECT(c) It’d closed.She’d gone home.He’d gone home.They’d gone home.We’d gone home.You’d gone home.CONTRACTION:I / you / she / he / it / we / they + ’d
  68. 68. 684-8 PAST PERFECT(e) Andrea finished dinner before Kris got home.(d) Andrea had finished dinner before Kris got home.(f) Kris had gotten home after Andrea finished dinner.(g) Kris got home after Andrea finished dinner.beforeandafter=Clear timerelationshipPerfecttense notnecessary
  69. 69. 694-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndI had already gone to bed when it startedsnowing.a. it started snowing ____b. I went to bed ____1st2nd
  70. 70. 704-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndI tried to go shopping, but the store hadclosed.a. store closed ____b. tried to go shopping ____1st2nd
  71. 71. 714-8 PAST PERFECT1st2ndA friend called to suggest a good movie.She had seen it last Friday.a. the friend saw the movie ____b. the friend called ____1st2nd
  72. 72. 72Images used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.PHOTO CREDITS
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