“ASEAN and Civil Society                   Organizations”                       H.E. Mr. Lutfi RaufAmbassador of the Repub...
MEMBERS OF ASEAN                                                    BRUNEI DARUSSALAM                                     ...
 ETHNICALLY DIVERSE, HOME OF 600 MILLION  PEOPLE… CULTURALLY AND HISTORICALLY RICH, WITH  ‘RESIDUAL PROBLEMS’. DIFFEREN...
Prof. Kantathi Suphamongkhon ( Former Foreign                Minister of Thailand) : “the fact that Southeast Asia compris...
http://digitaljournalist.org/issue9711/req10.htm
Some highlights …..• Bilateral conflicts related to territorial claims etc  e.g. Indonesia – Malaysia, Malaysia – the Phil...
BANGKOK DECLARATIONEstablished ASEAN on 8th August      1967     as   an Association in Bangkok, ThailandFive    Foundin...
 Indonesia take the lead….. The first ASEAN Summit in Bali (1976) started discussing political-security issues and the a...
‘Bali Concord I’ : ASEAN’s objectives and principles in    the pursuit of political stability   1. The         stability ...
 5. Member states shall take cooperative action in their national and regional    development programmes, utilizing as fa...
ASEAN Transformation…..At the Beginning : To accelerate the process of economic development, social welfare and cultural ...
 Internal Dynamic - The adoption of Agreements to be implemented; - The development of various activities and programs; -...
ASEAN TRANSFORMATION                                                        ASEAN                                         ...
 ASEAN Political Community - Enhancing peace, stability, democracy and prosperity in the region through comprehensive pol...
   Strengthen relationship and increase interaction in the    field of political and security.   The existence of a sing...
Interrelation of the Three Pillars to theEstablishment of the ASEAN CommunityASEANEconomicCommunity                       ...
Why ASEAN Charter●   The internal dynamics and external dynamic require ASEAN to    strengthen the organization in order t...
 Purpose: To accelerate Political and Security cooperation in ASEAN to    maintain peace in region, including to raise aw...
ASEAN Economic CommunityThe Strategy : Intensification    new economic cooperation initiatives and its  implementation to...
TOWARDS ASEAN SOCIO-CULTURAL      COMMUNITY (ASCC)                          22
ITS PRIMARY GOAL….to contribute to realising an ASEANCommunity that is people-centred andsocially responsible with a view ...
The ASCC Blueprint..                                                   is the guidelines..•   To strengthen Awareness and ...
The ASCC Blueprint..Covering 17 sector of cooperation i.e. youth, migrant workers,culture, environment, public health, soc...
(a)   Human Development (7) i) Advancing and prioritising education; ii) Investing in  human resource development; iii) P...
(c) Social Justice and Rights (3) i) Promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of women,  children, the elderly,...
(e) Building the ASEAN Identity (4) i) Promotion of ASEAN awareness and a sense of    community; ii) Preservation and pro...
 MDGs                       • Labour   Sustainable Development • Rural Development and   People-to-People Contact   Pov...
 Adoption of the ASEAN Leaders’ Statement on Joint Response  to Climate Change by 16th ASEAN Summit Setting up of the Su...
 Adoption of a five-year AADMER Work Programme covering the period of 2010-2015 by ACDM on 20 May 2010 Conclusion of the...
 Inauguration of the ASEAN Commission on the  Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women  and Children (ACWC) on 7 A...
 Adoption of the ALMM’s Work Programme (2010-2015) at the 21st ASEAN Labour Ministerial Meeting, May 2010  The Work Prog...
Improving the capability of AMS to prevent communicable diseases (i.e.  emerging infectious diseases, HIV and AIDS and pan...
 Adoption of the ASEAN 5-Year Work Plan on Education  (2011-2015). The Work Plan at the 6th Meeting of the  ASEAN Educati...
 Continues to     implement the Best of ASEAN Performing Arts Series in Jakarta  Part of ASEAN’s effort to promote cultu...
 Development of the work plans for six flagship programmes; Early Warning System for Disaster Risk Reduction; Biofuels; O...
Indonesia placed emphasis on a caring society and people-centered ASEAN: Launched the ASEAN Coordinating Center for Human...
 TheFirst ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Women (AMMW) Adoption of the Vientiane Declaration on Enhancing Gender Perspectiv...
 Natural Disasters Cultural Diversity Gender Discrimination Climate Change Health and Education Migrant Workers     ...
Challenges                         What ASEAN has accomplished…Natural Disasters    • ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Manageme...
Global Issues : ASEAN Part of Solutions                                                                       UN Peacekeep...
engagement with ASEAN..
“…the people are now slowly but surely gaining astronger and clearer voice. And that voice speaks of   many aspirations: o...
1997 : ASEAN Vision 2020  A Community of Caring Societies vibrant and open ASEAN societies enjoy equitable access to  opp...
ASEAN and Civil Society OrganizationsASEAN Charter: To promote a people-oriented ASEAN in which all  sectors of society a...
 CSO is a non-profit organisation of ASEAN entities, natural or  juridical, that promotes, strengthens and helps realise ...
CSOs’ Functions/Roles educate citizens and raise awareness for greater popular    participation   provide services to po...
CSOs’ Roles in ASEAN Community Southeast Asian CSOs have formed networks and  forums to advocate regional concerns and in...
Towards the APSC, CSOs’ can… help promote popular participation, fight corruption in government; educate people about h...
Towards AEC, CSOs’ can… help sectors that are disadvantaged by integration and liberalization policies ; ensure that fre...
Towards ASCC, CSOs’ can… help to close the development gap within ASEAN through  mutual assistance and cooperation help ...
The NetworksMajor networks thus far are: ASEAN-ISIS (ASEAN-Institutes for Strategic and  International Studies think tank...
Year   Place             The Name of the Event2005   Shah Alam,        1st ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)       Mal...
Name                               frequent   Engaging the bodyACSC/APF                           annually   ASEAN SUMMIT ...
The Challenges… More room for improvement in terms of    management   Many still need independent and sustainable    fin...
The development of ASEAN Community      must continue to involve all   stakeholders in the region. ASEAN Community must be...
 ASEAN Charter Roadmap for an ASEAN Community 2009-2015 ASEAN Vision 2020 Guidelines on Accreditation of Civil Society...
Proportion of people living on less than $1.25 / day fell to 17% in2008 from 45% in 1990.                                 ...
Net enrolment rate for children of    • ASEAN Community awareness and                                        the sense of ...
Since 1995, there has been only a slight improvement in the ratio of girls to boys inprimary education. There are 96 girls...
 Under-five mortality rate declined from 80 to 35 deaths per 1,000  live births; Infant mortality rate declined from 59 t...
Maternal mortality ratio improved from 370 to 161 maternal deaths per100.000 live births (women aged 15-49) (from 1990 to ...
HIV incidence and prevalence is substantially lower in Southeast Asia than inother regions. Increases are seen among popul...
Sixty five out of every one hundred persons in the ASEAN region haveaccess to improved drinking water. This is significant...
ASEAN in World’s EconomyASEAN Economy remains strong and signaled its resilience from the global crisiswith high growth an...
ASEAN Trade Performance: Diversion or Creation?                                                             70ASEAN intra-...
ASEAN Trade Performances: Increasing Role of ASEAN+3                                                                    71...
Intra ASEAN Trade                                                                                               72 Commodi...
Foreign Direct Investment ASEAN                                                                              73EU is still...
Progress towards AEC
ASEAN/State   Phase 1         Phase 2         Phase 3              2008-2009 (%)   2010-2011 (%)   2012-2013 (%)ASEAN     ...
YUYUN WAHYUNINGRUM|Senior Advisor on ASEAN and  Human Rights | Human Rights Working Group (HRWG)                  Indonesi...
 1993 FMs agreed that ASEAN should consider the  establishment of an appropriate regional mechanism on  human rights 199...
 History of civil society engagement with ASEAN. It  is a journey of believing that engagement can make  change. History...
The 3Cs in Human Rights Architecture                  ASEAN Human Rights SystemsConventions:                              ...
AICHR                                      ACWC Created based on Article 14, Charter    Created based on SC Blueprint E...
non-               interference    inter-                              evolutionarygovernmental                           ...
AICHR & ACWC are part of ASEAN    AICHR reports to Foreign               organs                    MinistersAICHR & ACWC w...
 Mandated by the ASEAN Socio-Cultural  Blueprint 2007 Jan ASEAN Declaration on the protection  and promotion of the righ...
Migrant    Children              Women                 Trafficking                                                        ...
• Article 4.2 of the TOR  AICHR: “to develop an  ASEAN Human Rights  Declaration with a view to  establishing a framework ...
 PHNOM PENH STATEMENT with signatures of  ASEAN Leaders, Article 3: “REAFFIRM further our commitment to ensure that  the...
WEAK PART OF THE DECLARATION:1. The balance between Rights & Responsibilities. The enjoyment   of human rights and fundame...
 Article 9: …. The process of such realisation shall take into    account peoples’ participation, inclusivity and the nee...
 The content of AHRD is a reflection of difficult negotiation  between two extreme position on human rights and  democrac...
Disappointedbut continue        Ignore to engage           Reject
 AHRD is a political document with the context of democratic    deficits in ASEAN   The challenge is now how to make AHR...
 ACCOUNTABILITY EXERCISE:   We are of the opinion that AICHR should not rush to draft      any convention on human right...
 It is the time when we can work together to make  AICHR as an INDEPENDENT HUMAN RIGHTS  MECHANISM by changing the select...
3rd Consultation    Annual Report                      in Jakarta, July     of AICHR                           2009       ...
July 2008 HLP was      Protection   Promotionestablished     of HRs       of HRs Dec 2008,   FirstSubmission July 2009   F...
 Objective of the Review: to strengthen the mandate and  functions of the AICHR in order to further develop mechanisms  o...
Since the adoption of ASEAN Charter in 2008,much was said about engaging civil society,respecting human rights, promoting ...
2006’S GUIDELINE                            2012’S GUIDELINE                                             Generally better...
AICHR                                       ACWC AICHR only want to meet with those          Started with Informal Dinne...
Year   Place             The Name of the Event2005   Shah Alam,        1st ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)       Mal...
ASEAN’s Alternative Regionalism                        (Source: HRWG Study, 2011)• Particularly:                          ...
Name                               frequent   Engaging the bodyACSC/APF                           annually   ASEAN SUMMIT ...
Year       ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)     ASEAN ISIS Process (Track II/Think                                         ...
Year        ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2009,       4th ACSC (within the 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Forum)February,   30 minute...
Year      ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2011,     •10 persons representing 10 countriesJakarta   •45 minutes (additional ...
Year     ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2012,    • Head of States met representatives from GONGOs of 8 countriesPhnom    (...
 Civil Society’s role is visible in ASEAN community building Civil Society engagement improve the accountability of    A...
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
Asean and civil society organizations indonesia
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Asean and civil society organizations indonesia

  1. 1. “ASEAN and Civil Society Organizations” H.E. Mr. Lutfi RaufAmbassador of the Republic of Indonesia To the Kingdom of ThailandAt the Seminar on Civil Society and Culture/Bringing Peace to the ASEAN Community Bangkok, 17 Desember 2012
  2. 2. MEMBERS OF ASEAN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM CAMBODIA INDONESIA LAO PDR MALAYSIA MYANMAR PHILIPINNESThe region has a population of about 608 SINGAPORE million, a total area of 4.5 million square kilometers, a combined gross domestic THAILAND product of US$ 3.36 trillion, and a economic growth of in 2012 projected to reach 5 - 7.2 %. VIET NAM
  3. 3.  ETHNICALLY DIVERSE, HOME OF 600 MILLION PEOPLE… CULTURALLY AND HISTORICALLY RICH, WITH ‘RESIDUAL PROBLEMS’. DIFFERENT TYPES OF POLITICAL SYSTEM (DEMOCRACY, SOCIALIST, MONARCHY), . HOME OF ALL GREAT RELIGIONS (ISLAM, BUDHA, HINDU, PROTESTANT, CATHOLIC, CONFUSIUS)…. POTENTIAL FOR CONFLICTS….
  4. 4. Prof. Kantathi Suphamongkhon ( Former Foreign Minister of Thailand) : “the fact that Southeast Asia comprises over 500 different languages, multiple religions (including, Indonesia, the largest moderate Islamic state in the world, with moreMuslims than Egypt, Syria, Jordan and all the Arab states inthe Persian Gulf combined) and almost every main form ofgovernment, from absolute and constitutional monarchies to republics and even communist states. The region alsoencompasses huge extremes, with Indonesia’s populationover 500 times that of Brunei and Singapore’s GDP around 150 times that of Myanmar’s.”
  5. 5. http://digitaljournalist.org/issue9711/req10.htm
  6. 6. Some highlights …..• Bilateral conflicts related to territorial claims etc e.g. Indonesia – Malaysia, Malaysia – the Philippines etc• Cold War – zone of proxy wars - Indochina War• Suspicion and lack of trust among countries in the region, the failure of previous regional arrangements such as military alliance under SEATO, ASA (Association of Southeast Asia) ---Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines, MAPHILINDO (Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia)• Process of nations building – - mostly young independent states except Thailand 8
  7. 7. BANGKOK DECLARATIONEstablished ASEAN on 8th August 1967 as an Association in Bangkok, ThailandFive Founding Member States: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and ThailandBrunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999
  8. 8.  Indonesia take the lead….. The first ASEAN Summit in Bali (1976) started discussing political-security issues and the agreement on the TAC (Treaty of Amity and Cooperation)
  9. 9. ‘Bali Concord I’ : ASEAN’s objectives and principles in the pursuit of political stability 1. The stability of each member state and of the ASEAN region is an essential contribution to international peace and security…. 2. Member states, individually and collectively, shall take active steps for the early establishment of the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality. 3. The elimination of poverty, hunger, disease and illiteracy is a primary concern of member states. They shall therefore intensify cooperation in economic and social development, with particular emphasis on the promotion of social justice and on the improvement of the living standards of their peoples. 4. Natural disasters and other major calamities can retard the pace of development of member states. They shall extend, within their capabilities, assistance for relief of member states in distress.
  10. 10.  5. Member states shall take cooperative action in their national and regional development programmes, utilizing as far as possible the resources available in the ASEAN region to broaden the complementarity of their respective economies. 6. Member states, in the spirit of ASEAN solidarity, shall rely exclusively on peaceful processes in the settlement of intra-regional differences. 7. Member states shall strive, individually and collectively, to create conditions conducive to the promotion of peaceful cooperation among the nations of Southeast Asia on the basis of mutual respect and mutual benefit. 8. Member states shall vigorously develop an awareness of regional identity and exert all efforts to create a strong ASEAN community, respected by all and respecting all nations on the basis of mutually advantageous relationships, and in accordance with the principles of selfdetermination, sovereign equality and non-interference in the internal affairs of nations.
  11. 11. ASEAN Transformation…..At the Beginning : To accelerate the process of economic development, social welfare and cultural development; To promote peace and stability in the region through the appreciation for justice and rule of law in the relations between countries in the region which is in line with the principles stipulated in the UN Charter. To enhance active collaboration and mutual assistance in matters related to common interests in the field of economy, social, culture, engineering, science and administration.Focus of Cooperation in early years of ASEAN:• Economy – to accelerate the economic growth;• Social culture – to promote social culture development;• The basis of ASEAN cooperation is very loose, only based on the Bangkok Declaration – as a ministerial statement);Focus of Cooperation in the New Millennium:• ASEAN Community by 2015• state-to-people relations• strengthening socio-cultural pillar• people-oriented organization 13
  12. 12.  Internal Dynamic - The adoption of Agreements to be implemented; - The development of various activities and programs; - The need to strengthen the internal cooperation; External Dynamic - Globalization and interdependence - The emerging power in the region; - The need to have ‘ASEAN centrality’. 14
  13. 13. ASEAN TRANSFORMATION ASEAN Bangkok Declaration COMMUNITY Bali Concord 1967 by 2015 Bali Concord II 1976 2003  ASEAN Political-Security Vientianne Action Community (APSC) Programme  ASEAN Economic Community 2004 (AEC)  ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) ASEAN Summit 2007Acceleration of attainment of ASEAN Community 2015 The Signing of the ASEAN Cha-am Hua Hin Entry into force Bali Concord III Charter Declaration of ASEAN Charter ASEAN COMMUNITY IN A 2007 on the Road Map 15 December 2008 GLOBAL COMMUNITY OF for NATIONS the ASEAN Community 2009 1 5
  14. 14.  ASEAN Political Community - Enhancing peace, stability, democracy and prosperity in the region through comprehensive political and security community ASEAN Economic Community - Enhancing competitiveness for economic growth and development through closer economic integration ASEAN Socio-cultural Community - Nurturing human, cultural and natural resources for sustained development in a harmonious and people-centered ASEAN
  15. 15.  Strengthen relationship and increase interaction in the field of political and security. The existence of a single market and production base with free flow of goods, services, investment, skilled labor and the free flow of capital . A caring and sharing society that focuses on social development, education and human resource development, public health, culture and information, and environment protection. 17
  16. 16. Interrelation of the Three Pillars to theEstablishment of the ASEAN CommunityASEANEconomicCommunity ASEAN Socio-(AEC) Cultural Community ECONOMY SOCIAL CULTURE (ASCC)“Enhancingcompetitive-ness for “Nurturing human,economic cultural andgrowth and natural resourcesdevelopment for sustainedthrough closer development in a POLITICALeconomic harmonious and SECURITYintegration” people-centered(154 Action ASEAN”. (339Plan) Action Plan) ASEAN Political Security Community (APSC) “Enhancing peace, stability, democracy and prosperity in the region through comprehensive political and security cooperation” (142 Action Plan)
  17. 17. Why ASEAN Charter● The internal dynamics and external dynamic require ASEAN to strengthen the organization in order to address the challenges and utilize the opportunities;● To strengthen the organization by developing the legally-binding instruments;● To confer ASEAN as a legal personality;● To reaffirm the implementation of its goals and principles and ensure the attainment of the establishment of the ASEAN Community;● To promote a clearer and predictable dispute-settlement mechanism;● To provide a stronger framework for cooperation in the future 19
  18. 18.  Purpose: To accelerate Political and Security cooperation in ASEAN to maintain peace in region, including to raise awareness on common values, such as Human Rights and democratization. Established to become an open community based on a comprehensive security approach, and doesn’t serve the purpose in forming a military pact or a joint foreign policy Promoting peace oriented approach for ASEAN Member States and Dialogue Partners: reflected by the accession to the TAC and SEANWFZ, promote the efforts to peace-building and post-conflict measures Involving countries and entities of ASEAN Dialogue Partners to participate in promoting peace and stability in the region Improving confidence and trust between and toward the ASEAN Member States Five main elements: Politic Development; Norm Setting; Conflict Prevention; Conflict Resolution; and Post-Conflict Peace Building
  19. 19. ASEAN Economic CommunityThe Strategy : Intensification new economic cooperation initiatives and its implementation to accelerate regional integration in the 12 priority sectors: agro-based products, automotive, electronics, fisheries, rubber-based products, textiles and apparels, wood-based products, air travel, e-ASEAN (ICT), healthcare, tourism and logistic. Establishing ASEAN as a stable, prosperous and highly competitive single market and production base where there will be a free flow of goods, service, investment, capital, equitable development and narrowing social- economic gap, as well as integration with global supply chain in 2015.Key Characteristics: A single market and production base; a highly competitive economic region; a region of equitable economic development; and a region fully integrated into the global economy.
  20. 20. TOWARDS ASEAN SOCIO-CULTURAL COMMUNITY (ASCC) 22
  21. 21. ITS PRIMARY GOAL….to contribute to realising an ASEANCommunity that is people-centred andsocially responsible with a view to achievingenduring solidarity and unity among thenations and peoples of ASEAN by forging acommon identity and building a caring andsharing society which is inclusive andharmonious where the well-being, livelihood,and welfare of the peoples are enhanced.
  22. 22. The ASCC Blueprint.. is the guidelines..• To strengthen Awareness and the We Feeling• To strengthen partnership, solidarity, and unity in establishing the ASEAN Community• To manage social impacts resulted by economic integration through building a caring and sharing society• To promote environmentally sustainable development• To build respects for cultural, language and religion diversity by promoting unity in diversity• To eradicate poverty and narrow the development gap• To develop human resources for the empowerment of the people of ASEAN• To increase social welfare www.themegallery.com
  23. 23. The ASCC Blueprint..Covering 17 sector of cooperation i.e. youth, migrant workers,culture, environment, public health, social welfare, ASEANUniversity Network.6 Characteristics of ASCC : (a) Human Development; (b) Social Welfare and Protection; (c) Social Justice and Rights; (d) Ensuring Environmental Sustainability; (e) Building the ASEAN Identity; and (f ) Narrowing the Development Gap.
  24. 24. (a) Human Development (7) i) Advancing and prioritising education; ii) Investing in human resource development; iii) Promotion of decent work; iv) Promoting ICT; v) Facilitating access to applied S&T; vi) Strengthening entrepreneurship skills for women, youth, elderly and persons with disabilities; vii) Building civil service capability.(b) Social Welfare and Protection (7) i) Poverty Alleviation; ii) Social safety net and protection from the negative impacts of integration and globalization; iii) Enhancing food security and safety; iv) Access to healthcare and promotion of healthy lifestyles; v) Improving capability to control communicable diseases; vi) Ensuring a drug-free ASEAN; vii) Building disaster-resilient nations and safer communities.
  25. 25. (c) Social Justice and Rights (3) i) Promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of women, children, the elderly, and persons with disabilities; ii) Protection and promotion of the rights of migrant workers; iii) Promoting Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).(d) Ensuring Environmental Sustainability (11) i) Addressing global environmental issues; ii) Managing and preventing transboundary environmental pollution; iii) Promoting sustainable development through environmental education and public participation; iv) Promoting Environmentally Sound Technology (EST); v) Promoting quality living standards in ASEAN cities/urban areas; vi) Harmonizing environmental policies and databases; vii) Promoting the sustainable use of coastal and marine environment; viii) Promoting Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Biodiversity; ix) Promoting the Sustainability of Freshwater Resources; x) Responding to Climate Change and addressing its impacts; xi) Promoting Sustainable Forest Management (SFM).
  26. 26. (e) Building the ASEAN Identity (4) i) Promotion of ASEAN awareness and a sense of community; ii) Preservation and promotion of ASEAN cultural heritage; iii) Promotion of Cultural Creativity and Industry; iv) Engagement with the community.(f ) Narrowing the Development Gap Strengthen cooperation to reduce the development gap in particular the social dimensions of development between the ASEAN-6 and the CLMV countries and within ASEAN where some isolated pockets of under development persist.
  27. 27.  MDGs • Labour Sustainable Development • Rural Development and People-to-People Contact Poverty Eradication/Alleviation Culture • Science and Technology Disaster Management • Women Education • Youth Environment Health
  28. 28.  Adoption of the ASEAN Leaders’ Statement on Joint Response to Climate Change by 16th ASEAN Summit Setting up of the Sub-Regional Ministerial Steering Committee (MSC) on Transboundary Haze Pollution in the Mekong Sub-Region (MSC Mekong) . The initiative was endorsed by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution in October 2010 Implementation of the ASEAN Peatland Forests Project (APFP) to promote the sustainable management of peatlands in ASEAN to sustain local livelihoods, reduce the risk of fires and associated haze and contribute to global environmental management
  29. 29.  Adoption of a five-year AADMER Work Programme covering the period of 2010-2015 by ACDM on 20 May 2010 Conclusion of the draft Agreement on the Establishment of the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre)  The Agreement on the Establishment of the AHA Centre will be signed by the Foreign Ministers of ASEAN at the sideline of the 18th ASEAN Summit in May 2011.  Indonesia is ready to host the AHA Centre in Jakarta
  30. 30.  Inauguration of the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) on 7 April 2010 in Ha Noi. Adoption of the Ha Noi Declaration on the Enhancement of Welfare and Development of ASEAN Women and Children by the 17th ASEAN Summit  to foster concerted efforts for the enhancement of the welfare and development of women and children in ASEAN. Establishment of the ASEAN Children’s Forum as a platform for children to voice their opinions on issues affecting them and recommend solutions to the
  31. 31.  Adoption of the ALMM’s Work Programme (2010-2015) at the 21st ASEAN Labour Ministerial Meeting, May 2010  The Work Programme sets strategies for AMS, either collectively or individually, to develop policies and mechanisms, allowing labour cooperation activities which will be undertaken over the next five years to remain effective and responsive to the various ASEAN challenges. Adoption of the Statement on Human Resources and Skills Development for Economic Recovery and Sustainable Growth at the 17th ASEAN Summit on 28 October 2010.  to foster technical cooperation and capacity building activities, promote tripartite and public-private sector cooperation, enhance the quality and skills of workers in all AMS, and promote lifelong learning.
  32. 32. Improving the capability of AMS to prevent communicable diseases (i.e. emerging infectious diseases, HIV and AIDS and pandemic preparedness), enhancing food safety, improving maternal and child health, increasing access to health services, improving migrants’ health, pharmaceutical development, traditional medicine, and promoting healthy lifestyle (i.e. non-communicable disease and tobacco control)  Major achievements:(i) Enhancement of regional and national capacity in addressing Emerging Infectious Diseases: ASEAN Plus Three EID Programme phase II (January 2007–June 2010)(ii)Implementation of various activities on multi-sectoral pandemic preparedness and response (PPR) involving both the health and the essential non-health service sectors since 2007(iii)Completion of the Third ASEAN Work Programme on HIV and AIDS (AWP III) for 2006-2010
  33. 33.  Adoption of the ASEAN 5-Year Work Plan on Education (2011-2015). The Work Plan at the 6th Meeting of the ASEAN Education Ministers, Brunei Darussalam, 29 January 2011 The Work Plan serves as an analytical framework and pathway towards realizing the educational goals of the ASEAN Community by 2015. The WP covers four strategic priorities: (i) Promoting ASEAN awareness; (ii) Increasing access to and quality of primary and secondary education as well as education performance standards; (iii) Strengthening cross-border mobility and internationalization of Education; and (iv) Support for other ASEAN sectoral bodies with an interest in Education.
  34. 34.  Continues to implement the Best of ASEAN Performing Arts Series in Jakarta  Part of ASEAN’s effort to promote cultures and arts of AMS  Cultural performances from Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam and Brunei Darussalam Continues to promote and showcase ASEAN cultures and arts to international community  Signing of the Agreement on Cultural Cooperation between AMS and Russian Federation on 30 October 2010
  35. 35.  Development of the work plans for six flagship programmes; Early Warning System for Disaster Risk Reduction; Biofuels; Open Source System; Functional Food; Climate Change and Health. Implementation of the Krabi Initiative 2010 adopted at the 6th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on S&T, Krabi, Thailand, 17 Dec 2010  Puts equal importance to ‘Innovation’ as it does on Science and Technology cooperation
  36. 36. Indonesia placed emphasis on a caring society and people-centered ASEAN: Launched the ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Center) Convened a special ASEAN-Japan Ministerial Meeting in response to the calamity. Resumed the dialogue between the Heads of State/Government of ASEAN with civil society organizations (CSO) (Convening the CSO Forum) Concluded various agreement on youth and sports, women’s and children rights, migrant workers, emerging contagious diseases, the diversity of ASEAN people Held several activities and programs that involved various segments of society (ASEAN Fair, ASEAN anniversary celebration, ASEAN Culinary Festival, ASEAN Youth Cultural Exchange Festival and the launching of ASEAN Bloggers forum )
  37. 37.  TheFirst ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Women (AMMW) Adoption of the Vientiane Declaration on Enhancing Gender Perspective and ASEAN Women’s Partnership for Environmental Sustainability at the First AMMW The First ASEAN GO-NGO Forum on RDPE The First ASEAN Plus Three Education Ministers Meeting The First East Asia Summit Education Ministers Meeting
  38. 38.  Natural Disasters Cultural Diversity Gender Discrimination Climate Change Health and Education Migrant Workers 41
  39. 39. Challenges What ASEAN has accomplished…Natural Disasters • ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) • ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) • ASEAN Coordination Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre)Cultural Diversity • Declaration on ASEAN Unity in Cultural Diversity: Towards Strengthening ASEAN CommunityGender • ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on WomenDiscrimination • ASEAN Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children • Vientiane Declaration on Enhancing Gender Perspective and ASEAN Women’s Partnership for Environmental Sustainability • ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) Work Plan (2012-2016)Climate Change • ASEAN Leaders’ Statement on Climate Change to the 17th Session of the Parties to COP17 and the 7th Session CMP7Health and • ASEAN Curricullum SourcebookEducation • ASEAN 5-Year Work Plan on Education (WPE) (2011-2015) • ASEAN Declaration of Commitment: Getting to Zero New HIV Infections, Zero Discrimination, Zero AIDS-related DeathsMigrant Workers • Cebu Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers (ACMW) 42
  40. 40. Global Issues : ASEAN Part of Solutions UN Peacekeeping Operations Military Expert Country Police Troops Total on Mission Climate Human Humanitarian Brunei Change Rights Assistance in Darussal 19 19 am • REDD • Establishment Disaster Relief Cambodi 5 270 275 • Coral Triangle AICHR • ASEAN-UN a • Heart of • Establishment Disaster Relief Indonesia 154 33 1,958 1,785 Borneo of ACWC Post Cyclone Lao PDR • ASEAN Nargis Malaysia 256 54 831 1,141 Human • AHA Centre in Myanmar Rights Jakarta The Philippin 293 22 626 941 • ARF DiRex es Singapor 21 2 23 e Thailand 36 14 422 472 Viet Nam ASEAN 760 130 3,766 4,656 Source: UN Peacekeeping
  41. 41. engagement with ASEAN..
  42. 42. “…the people are now slowly but surely gaining astronger and clearer voice. And that voice speaks of many aspirations: of peace and prosperity, of a reliable future for themselves and their family, offreedom and democracy, of human rights and good governance, and of transparency and the accountability of leaders.”…. “Let us listen to that voice— encourage it to speak loud and clear.” H.E. Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of the Republic of Indonesia on the occasion of the 38th Anniversary of ASEAN, Jakarta, 8 August 2005
  43. 43. 1997 : ASEAN Vision 2020 A Community of Caring Societies vibrant and open ASEAN societies enjoy equitable access to opportunities for total human development a socially cohesive and caring ASEAN , where the civil society is empowered and gives special attention to the disadvantaged, disabled and marginalized and where social justice and the rule of law reign. our nations being governed with the consent and greater participation of the people with its focus on the welfare and dignity of the human person and the good of the community.The word "community" has taken on a special meaning in ASEAN. It hascome to mean not only a sharing of purposes and resources but also asharing of values. It entails the cultivation of a "we-feeling" based onthose values.
  44. 44. ASEAN and Civil Society OrganizationsASEAN Charter: To promote a people-oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building (Article 1) ASEAN may engage with entities which support the ASEAN Charter, in particular its purposes and principles. (Article 16)ASEAN emphasis on sharing and shaping of norms, toinclude democracy, good governance, human rights,fundamental freedoms
  45. 45.  CSO is a non-profit organisation of ASEAN entities, natural or juridical, that promotes, strengthens and helps realise the aims and objectives of the ASEAN Community and its three Pillars – the ASEAN Political-Security Community, the ASEAN Economic Community and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.Why accreditation with ASEAN? Drawing the CSOs into the mainstream of ASEAN activities to be kept informed of major policies, directives and decisions of ASEAN Opportunity and the privilege of participating in ASEAN activities Ensure interaction and fruitful relationships between the existing ASEAN bodies and the CSOs Help promote the development of a people-oriented ASEAN Community
  46. 46. CSOs’ Functions/Roles educate citizens and raise awareness for greater popular participation provide services to poor and marginalized monitor and counter-balance against abuses by the state mobilize financial and social resources for development help introduce: innovation, accountability, responsiveness, participation, sustainability voice social critics, reform proponents
  47. 47. CSOs’ Roles in ASEAN Community Southeast Asian CSOs have formed networks and forums to advocate regional concerns and interests vis-a-vis ASEAN Provide expert inputs for regional policymakers Mobilize social resources for implementation of ASEAN programs Engage in different areas of community building
  48. 48. Towards the APSC, CSOs’ can… help promote popular participation, fight corruption in government; educate people about human rights, rule of law, build support for peaceful conflict resolution, cooperate with government to reduce transnational crime, trafficking in drugs and human beings, as well as extremism.
  49. 49. Towards AEC, CSOs’ can… help sectors that are disadvantaged by integration and liberalization policies ; ensure that free flow of labor does not lead to exploitation of migrants or human rights abuses; see to it that economic growth is not attained at the expense of human development or the environment
  50. 50. Towards ASCC, CSOs’ can… help to close the development gap within ASEAN through mutual assistance and cooperation help build to build an ASEAN identity build regional cooperation networks to improve services for the poor, illiterate, sick, and other vulnerable sectors promote gender, ethnic, racial, religious, and other forms of equality cooperate for development of human resources through training, education, technological assistance regional initiatives in disaster relief promote people to people linkages including youth, media, NGOs
  51. 51. The NetworksMajor networks thus far are: ASEAN-ISIS (ASEAN-Institutes for Strategic and International Studies think tanks) a group of leading strategic studies institutes from across the ASEAN region engaged in Track 2 diplomacy APA (ASEAN People’s Assembly) a Track 2 initiative of ASEAN-ISIS SAPA (Solidarity for Asian People’s Advocacy) a joint platform for advocacy of regional and national civil society organizations that do joint strategizing and action in engaging the ASEAN) ASEAN Civil Society Conference ASEAN People’s Forum
  52. 52. Year Place The Name of the Event2005 Shah Alam, 1st ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) Malaysia2006 Cebu, the 2nd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) Philippines2007 Singapore 3rd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)2009 Bangkok, 4th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Thailand Forum (APF)2009 Hua Hin, 5th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/2nd ASEAN Peoples’ Thailand Forum (APF)2010 Hanoi, Vietnam 6th ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF)2011 Jakarta, Indonesia ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 20112012 Phnom Penh, ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum Cambodia (APF) 2012 – March & November2013 Brunei ?2014 Myanmar ?
  53. 53. Name frequent Engaging the bodyACSC/APF annually ASEAN SUMMIT Head of States/GovernmentsASEAN Disability Forum (ADF) annuallyASEAN Youth Forum annuallyASEAN Grass-root People Assembly annuallyASEAN Community Dialogue annually ASEAN Committee Permanent CPR Representatives (CPR)Civil Society Forum to AMM on annually ASEAN Ministers Meeting Foreign Ministershuman rights (AMM)Informal Dialogue between CSO annually ASEAN Secretary General (ASG) Secretary Generaland ASGJakarta Human Rights Dialogue in annually ASEAN Human Rights AICHR, ACWCASEAN MechanismsGO-NGO Forum on Social Welfare annually ASEAN Senior Official Meeting SOM officials& Development on SWD
  54. 54. The Challenges… More room for improvement in terms of management Many still need independent and sustainable financial support Fragmented and hold different views regarding various issues Exist in all countries of ASEAN, but are less developed or influential in some than in others The roles in society and influence on government depends on nature of the political and social system
  55. 55. The development of ASEAN Community must continue to involve all stakeholders in the region. ASEAN Community must be driven by people- oriented, people-centered, and people- driven. (H.E. Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of theRepublic of Indonesia, at the Opening Ceremony of the 19th ASEAN Summit-November 2011)
  56. 56.  ASEAN Charter Roadmap for an ASEAN Community 2009-2015 ASEAN Vision 2020 Guidelines on Accreditation of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) "On Building the ASEAN Community: The Democratic Aspect“, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, 2005 Advanced Workshop on ASEAN Studies Teaching for lecturers, 2012 (AUN) Understanding ASEAN: Its Way of Working, Structure & Engagement with Civil Society (Yuyun Wahyuningrum)
  57. 57. Proportion of people living on less than $1.25 / day fell to 17% in2008 from 45% in 1990. 62 Source: UN MDG Report; ASEAN Statistical Report; HIV/AIDS Regional Report
  58. 58. Net enrolment rate for children of • ASEAN Community awareness and the sense of belongingprimary school age rose from 92% in • Education gaps1999 to 95% in 2010. • Limited resources 63
  59. 59. Since 1995, there has been only a slight improvement in the ratio of girls to boys inprimary education. There are 96 girls for every 100 boys who are attending primaryeducation in 2010.In 1990, only 87 girls were enrolled in secondary education for every 100 boys who wereenrolled in secondary education. In 2010, girls and boys have almost equal opportunitiesin attending secondary education, with the boys at a slight advantage. For every 100 boys 64attending secondary schools, there are 98 girls who are also attending secondary schools.
  60. 60.  Under-five mortality rate declined from 80 to 35 deaths per 1,000 live births; Infant mortality rate declined from 59 to 27 deaths per 1,000 live births (from 1990 to 2010 trend) 65
  61. 61. Maternal mortality ratio improved from 370 to 161 maternal deaths per100.000 live births (women aged 15-49) (from 1990 to 2010 trend) 66
  62. 62. HIV incidence and prevalence is substantially lower in Southeast Asia than inother regions. Increases are seen among population with higher risk-takingbehaviors.MALARIA incidence has declined from 755 to 198 per 100,000 population from1990 to 2010Number of new TUBERCULOSIS cases per 100,000 population decreased 67from 166 in 1990 to 140 in 2010.
  63. 63. Sixty five out of every one hundred persons in the ASEAN region haveaccess to improved drinking water. This is significant improvement overthe 56 percent posted in 1995.In 1990, thirty seven out of the total population in the seven countrieshave access to improved sanitation facility. Twenty years later, this hasgone up to 6870 percent.
  64. 64. ASEAN in World’s EconomyASEAN Economy remains strong and signaled its resilience from the global crisiswith high growth and stable inflation. GDP Growth (%) Inflation (%) 2010 2011 2012 2010 2011 2012 Brunei 2.6 1.9 3.2 0.4 2.0 1.6 Indonesia 6.2 6.5 6.4 5.1 3.8 4.5 ASEAN-6 Malaysia 7.2 5.1 4.4 1.7 3.2 2.7 Philippines 7.6 3.7 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.1 Singapore 14.8 4.9 2.7 2.8 5.2 3.5 Thailand 7.8 0.1 5.5 3.3 3.8 3.9 Cambodia 6.0 6.1 6.2 4.0 5.5 4.0 ASEAN- Lao PDR 7.9 8.3 8.4 6.0 8.7 6.7 CLMV Myanmar 5.3 5.5 6.0 8.2 4.2 5.8 Vietnam 6.8 5.9 5.6 9.2 18.7 12.6 China 10.4 9.2 8.2 3.3 5.4 3.3 Japan 4.4 -0.7 2.0 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 The World S. Korea 6.3 3.6 3.5 2.9 4.0 3.4 India 10.6 7.2 6.9 12.0 8.6 8.2 USA 3.0 1.7 2.1 1.6 3.1 2.1 69 Euro Area 1.9 1.4 -0.3 1.6 2.7 1.9 Sumber: IMF, World Economic Outlook (April 2012) and Fiscal Monitor (April, 2012)
  65. 65. ASEAN Trade Performance: Diversion or Creation? 70ASEAN intra-trade is increasing while still preserving non-ASEAN trading partners.Increasing role of China, Korea dan India as ASEAN trading partners further complementtraditional trading partner of ASEAN such as USA, Japan, EU, and Australia. 1998 2000 2003 2008 2009 2010 • Value (US$ billion) 576.1 759.1 824.5 1,897,1 1,536.9 2,045.7 • Growth (%, yoy) -17.8 21.8 15.5 17.8 -19.0 33.1 ASEAN • Trade to GDP (%) 119.3 126.5 114.2 125.4 102.2 110.1 Total Trade • Export to GDP (%) 65.6 68.3 62.7 64.6 53.9 57.8 • Import to GDP (%) 53.7 58.1 51.5 60.8 48.3 52.4 • Value (US$ billion) 120.9 166.8 206.7 470.1 376.2 519.8 Intra • Growth (%, yoy) -19.4 25.8 29.3 17.0 -20.0 38.2 ASEAN Trade • Share to Total Trade (%) 21.0 22.0 25.1 24.8 24.5 25.4 • Value (US$ billion) 455.2 592.3 617.8 1,427.0 1,160.7 1,525.9 Extra • Growth (%, yoy) -17.0 20.7 18.0 18.0 -18.7 31.5 ASEAN Trade • Share to Total Trade (%) 79.0 78.0 75.2 75.2 75.5 74.6 • China 3.5 4.3 7.2 10.4 11.6 11.3 Major • Euro Area 14.5 13.5 12.3 11.0 11.2 10.2 Trading Partners • Japan 14.1 15.3 13.8 11.3 10.5 10.1 • USA 20.1 16.1 14.3 9.8 9.7 9.1 (% of Total • South Korea 3.0 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.9 4.8 Trade) • India 1.2 1.3 1.5 2.6 2.5 2.7 • Australia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.8 2.9 2.7Sumber: ASEAN Economic Community in Figures (ACIF) 2011 (ASEAN Secretariat, February 2012)
  66. 66. ASEAN Trade Performances: Increasing Role of ASEAN+3 71Trade has become a key factor in GDP growth in almost all ASEAN countries. ASEAN Intratrade is distributed almost equally between ASEAN 6 and Vietnam. Trade with China, Japanand Korea play major role with more than 50% of total ASEAN trade. While EU and USAremain as important trading partners. Total Trade in 2010 ASEAN+3 Other Major Partners (% share) (% share) US $ % % Intra China Japan Korea Total Euro USA India Aus- Bill GDP ASEAN ASEAN tralia TradeASEAN-6 1,861.9 110.2 91.0 25.9 10.8 10.2 4.6 51.5 10.2 8.9 2.9 3.0• Brunei 11.0 88.7 0.5 20.9 6.4 36.2 13.6 77.3 2.5 2.3 4.6 8.6• Indonesia 293.4 41.4 14.3 27.4 11.1 14.2 6.8 59.5 8.7 7.5 4.4 2.8• Malaysia 363.5 152.2 17.8 26.2 12.6 11.4 4.5 54.7 10.5 10.0 2.5 2.9• Philippines 109.7 109.7 5.4 25.4 9.7 13.8 5.7 54.5 10.6 12.6 0.9 1.1• Singapore 699.3 313.6 34.2 27.2 10.0 5.9 4.6 47.7 10.5 8.3 3.2 2.3• Thailand 385.0 120.8 18.8 22.5 10.8 12.0 2.2 47.5 10.6 9.3 2.1 4.6CMLV 183.8 109.2 9.0 37.4 16.7 9.5 7.3 53.8 10.3 11.1 0.7 0.3• Cambodia 10.5 93.8 0.5 2.4 11.5 1.9 2.9 39.1 10.3 19.4 0.6 0.4• Myanmar 4.5 69.3 0.2 2.6 13.3 2.2 -- 73.2 4.4 12.6 0.2 7.8• Lao PDR 11.8 27.4 0.6 5.7 13.6 3.4 3.4 68.6 1.4 0.3 9.6 0.7• Vietnam 157.0 145.8 7.7 26.7 17.3 10.6 8.1 53.1 11.2 11.3 -- --ASEAN 2,045.7 110.1 100 25.4 11.3 10.1 4.8 51.7 10.2 9.1 2.7 2.7Source: ASEAN Economic Community in Figures (ACIF) 2011 (ASEAN Secretariat, February 2012)
  67. 67. Intra ASEAN Trade 72 Commodities HS Value Share HS Value Share Code EXPORT COMMODITIES (US$ B) (%) Code IMPORT COMMODITIES (US$ B) (%) 8542 Electronic circuits 97.6 9.1 8542 Electronic circuits 92.8 9.5 2710 Petroleum oils, not crude 61.9 5.8 2710 Petroleum oils, not crude 82.6 8.5 8471 EDP machines, optical, etc 40.8 2.8 2709 Crude petroleum oils 31.7 3.3 2711 Petroleum gases 34.1 3.2 8471 EDP machines, optical, etc 20.6 2.1 2709 Crude petroleum oils 28.7 2.7 8473 Parts, computers & off 17.7 2.1 machines 8473 Parts, computers & off 26.6 2.5 8517 Electric appliances for line 12.7 1.8 machines telephony 1511 Palm oil & its fraction 26.1 2.4 7108 Gold 12.2 1.3 4001 Natural rubber 20.5 1.9 8703 Motor cars for passengers 11.1 1.3 2701 Coals 19.8 1.9 8708 Motor vehicles, parts & acc 10.2 1.1 8541 Diodes/transistor & 17.1 1.6 8541 Diodes/transistor & 8.0 1.0 semiconductor semiconductor 8443 Printing machinery 12.9 1.2 8443 Printing machinery 7.7 0.8 7108 Gold 11.5 1.1 8529 Parts for televisions 7.6 0.8 8708 Motor vehicles, parts & acc 10.1 0.9 8704 Motor vehicles for transport 7.4 0.8 8517 Electric appliances for line 9.8 0.9 4001 Natural rubber 7.1 0.8 telephony 8528 TV receivers, video monitors 8.6 0.8 8802 Aircrafts, satellite 6.9 0.7 TOP 15 Export Commodities 426.4 39.9 TOP 15 Import Commodities 350.0 35.9 Others 644.5 60.1 Others 624.7 64.1Source: ASEAN Economic Community in Figures (ACIF) 2011 (ASEAN Secretariat, February 2012)
  68. 68. Foreign Direct Investment ASEAN 73EU is still main investor in ASEAN, while Singapore as the first destination followed byIndonesia 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2010 (% share) • Value (US$ billion) 56.64 75.65 47.07 38.26 78.21 ASEAN • Intra ASEAN share (%) 13.9 12.7 20.1 13.8 16.1 Total FDI • Rest of World share (%) 83.3 86.0 79.3 86.2 83.9 Inflows • ASEAN-6 share (%) 93.8 88.6 75.4 75.4 87.4 • CLMV share (%) 6.2 11.4 24.6 24.6 12.5 • Brunei 0.43 0.26 0.24 0.37 0.62 0.8 By Host • Cambodia 0.48 0.86 0.81 0.53 0.78 1.0 Country • Indonesia 4.91 6.93 9.32 4.88 13.30 17.5 • Lao PDR 0.18 0.32 0.22 0.32 0.33 0.4 • Malaysia 6.07 8.54 7.24 1.38 9.15 12.0 • Myanmar 0.42 0.71 0.97 0.96 0.45 0.6 (US $ Billion) • Philippines 2.92 2.92 1.54 1.96 1.71 2.2 • Singapore 29.35 37.03 8.59 15.27 35.52 46.6 • Thailand 9.46 11.33 8.53 4.97 6.32 8.3 • Vietnam 2.40 6.74 9.58 7.60 8.00 10.5 • Intra ASEAN 7.87 9.62 9.45 5.27 12.28 16.1 By Source • Euro Area 13.38 18.61 7.01 9.13 17.06 22.4 Country • USA 3.04 8.34 3.51 4.08 8.57 11.3 • Japan 10.41 8.84 4.13 3.76 8.38 11.0 (US $ • China 1.03 1.74 1.87 4.15 2.86 3.8 Billion) • South Korea 1.25 2.71 1.59 1.34 3.77 4.9 • India -- 1.45 0.54 0.81 2.58 3.4 • Australia 0.46 1.49 0.78 0.77 1.76 2.3Source: ASEAN Economic Community in Figures (ACIF) 2011 (ASEAN Secretariat, February 2012)
  69. 69. Progress towards AEC
  70. 70. ASEAN/State Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2008-2009 (%) 2010-2011 (%) 2012-2013 (%)ASEAN 87,6 67,4 70,5Brunei 95,41 77,9 75,5Cambodia 95,33 77,4 76,6Indonesia 89,91 75,8 82Lao PDR 95,28 74,6 81,3Malaysia 93,64 81,8 84,3Myanmar 94,39 76,9 81,3Philippines 94,55 77,1 76,9Singapore 96,3 82,2 84Thailand 94,55 79,4 84,6Vietnam 95,37 79,4 79,6
  71. 71. YUYUN WAHYUNINGRUM|Senior Advisor on ASEAN and Human Rights | Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) Indonesia wahyuningrum@gmail.com
  72. 72.  1993 FMs agreed that ASEAN should consider the establishment of an appropriate regional mechanism on human rights 1995 Establishment of the Working Group on ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism (WG) 1996 First meeting between WG and ASEAN SOM Establishment of NHRIs in Philippines 1987, Indonesia 1993, Thailand 1998 and Malaysia 1999 2004 Adoption of VAP with action programs relating to human rights 2007 Signing of Declaration of Cooperation among the 4 NHRIs 2007 Signing of the ASEAN Charter, Article 14: AHRB
  73. 73.  History of civil society engagement with ASEAN. It is a journey of believing that engagement can make change. History of interaction between national and international efforts and dialogue on human rights. History of national political opening contribute to the political space at regional level. Journey of believing that a human rights commission can be created in context of the region with no respect of values of democracy and human rights.
  74. 74. The 3Cs in Human Rights Architecture ASEAN Human Rights SystemsConventions: ASEAN Human Commission/Committee Norms/ Rights Court??Instruments ACWC AICHR 2010 2009 ACMW 2008
  75. 75. AICHR ACWC Created based on Article 14, Charter  Created based on SC Blueprint Established: 23 Oct 2009  Established: 7 April 2010  20 Representatives (Women 10 Representatives Rights and Child Rights) 14 Mandates  16 Mandates No individual complaint  No individual complaint Provide advises to ASEAN sectorial  Provide advises to ASEAN government upon request sectorial government upon request Can obtain information on HR  Consult CS, women, children issues from Member States  Advocate on behalf of women Consult stakeholders and children & encourage Submit Annual Report ASEAN Member States to improve their situation  Submit Annual Report
  76. 76. non- interference inter- evolutionarygovernmental approach bodyconsultative consultation consensus
  77. 77. AICHR & ACWC are part of ASEAN AICHR reports to Foreign organs MinistersAICHR & ACWC work based on TOR, RoP, and Work Plan ACWC reports to ASEAN AICHR & ACWC members are Ministers Meeting on Social representing the government Welfare and Development AICHR is an overarching body AICHR has standard setting on human rights mandate: Declaration, ConventionsACWC is specialized body on the ACWC can speak on behalf of rights of women and children women, children, victims 83
  78. 78.  Mandated by the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Blueprint 2007 Jan ASEAN Declaration on the protection and promotion of the rights of migrant workers (ASEAN Summit/AMM) 2007 July ASEAN Statement of the establishment of the ASEAN Committee on the implementation of the ASEAN Declaration 2007 October formation of the ACMW (ALMM/SLOM) 2008 October names of ACMW focal points
  79. 79. Migrant Children Women Trafficking workers• Declaration on • Declaration on • 1997 ASEAN • ASEAN Declaration Commitments on the Elimination of Transnational Crime on the Protection and for Children in Violence Against • ASEAN Declaration Promotion of the Against Trafficking in Rights of Migrant ASEAN (August Women in the Workers 13 January Persons Particularly 2001) ASEAN Region; 30 Women and Children; 2007, Cebu,• Ha Noi June 2004 29 November 2004 Philippines Declaration on • Ha Noi • ASEAN Practitioner The Enhancement Declaration on Guidelines on of Welfare and The Enhancement Effective Criminal Development of of Welfare and Justice Responses to ASEAN Women Development of Trafficking in Persons (2007) and Children ; 28 ASEAN Women • Leaders Joint Oct 2010 and Children ; 28 Statements on TIPs October 2010 in Southeast Asia, May 2011.
  80. 80. • Article 4.2 of the TOR AICHR: “to develop an ASEAN Human Rights Declaration with a view to establishing a framework for human rights cooperation ASEAN Terms of ASEAN Conventions through various ASEAN Charter, Reference on Human Declaration conventions and other Article 14, on AICHR, on Human Rights in instruments dealing with 2008 2009 Rights, 2012 ASEAN? human rights”• Is adopted on 18 November 2012, during the 21st ASEAN Summit• Is the effort to universalize human rights at the regional level, or regionalize the universal political commitment of human rights
  81. 81.  PHNOM PENH STATEMENT with signatures of ASEAN Leaders, Article 3: “REAFFIRM further our commitment to ensure that the implementationof the AHRD be in accordance with Our commitment with the Charter of the United Nation, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, The Vienna Declaration and its Prograam of Action, and other international human rihts instrument to which ASEAN Members Sttes are parties,as well as relevant ASEAN declarations and instruments pertaining to human rights”
  82. 82. WEAK PART OF THE DECLARATION:1. The balance between Rights & Responsibilities. The enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms must be balanced with the duties of individuals, the community and the society where one lives2. National and Regional particularities. The realisation of human rights must be considered in the regional and national context …3. Limitation of Rights. The exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms shall be subject only to such limitations … and to meet the just requirements of national security, public order, public health, public safety, public morality, …4. Erasure of Freedom of Association
  83. 83.  Article 9: …. The process of such realisation shall take into account peoples’ participation, inclusivity and the need for accountability. Article 22: ... All forms of intolerance, discrimination and incitement of hatred based on religion and beliefs shall be eliminated. Article 27 (3) …Those who employ children and young people in work harmful to their morals or health, dangerous to life, or likely to hamper their normal development, including their education should be punished by law. Article 36: …ASEAN Member States should adopt meaningful people-oriented and gender responsive development programmes aimed at poverty alleviation Total erasure on the section on duties and responsibilities
  84. 84.  The content of AHRD is a reflection of difficult negotiation between two extreme position on human rights and democracy in ASEAN AHRD starts with REAFFIRMATION of state’s international obligation to human rights, and ends with the recognition of non-derogable rights. But the general principles of AHRD are not inline with international human rights standards. The process had been closed for civil society. Two consultations with CSOs were conducted and two consultations with ASEAN sectoral bodies without sharing the working draft Public only know the final draft after the adoption, Nov 18, 2012
  85. 85. Disappointedbut continue Ignore to engage Reject
  86. 86.  AHRD is a political document with the context of democratic deficits in ASEAN The challenge is now how to make AHRD promote reform in domestic politics & how to use AHRD to make ASEAN function as a ruled-based organization We should not be idealistically naive, but rather more tactical and strategic when dealing with ASEAN. We know how the game is played or unfairly played, so let us play it well Let us look at the declaration as a means to an end, a living evolving document. Many international law and standards including in the field of human rights continue to expand with time as cultural norms evolved. New demands would be made for legal instrument to keep up with the development
  87. 87.  ACCOUNTABILITY EXERCISE:  We are of the opinion that AICHR should not rush to draft any convention on human rights. Not now, maybe in next 10- 115 years  Annual Report on Human Rights in ASEAN  Put all mandates of AICHR, especially Article 4.10 of AICHR to obtain information from Member States into reality by using AHRD  Put Mandate Article 4.Monitor ASEAN Ministerial Meeting proceeding to what extent AHRD has been used to bring human rights issues on the table (using its Joint Communique)  Review TOR AICHR in 2014
  88. 88.  It is the time when we can work together to make AICHR as an INDEPENDENT HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISM by changing the selection process of AICHR To make AICHR accessible by pushing the body to finalize a democratic guideline on engaging civil society, including receiving complaints on human rights and sharing information topublic To make AICHR a responsive body by changing its mandate to be be able to respond the issues by having a fact-finding mission, investigation
  89. 89. 3rd Consultation Annual Report in Jakarta, July of AICHR 2009 Performance 2nd Consultation in Monitoring & Kuala Lumpur, Pressure for the March 2009 implementation of TOR AICHR1st Consultationin Manila, Sept TOR Review 2014? 2008 AICHR
  90. 90. July 2008 HLP was Protection Promotionestablished of HRs of HRs Dec 2008, FirstSubmission July 2009 FinalSubmission Oct 2009 LaunchedTOR AICHR2014 Review TOR
  91. 91.  Objective of the Review: to strengthen the mandate and functions of the AICHR in order to further develop mechanisms on both the protection and promotion of human rights.  Indicator 1: Has AICHR provide an ASEAN’s commitment to pursue forward-looking strategies to strengthen regional cooperation on human rights?  Indicator 2: Has AICHR serve as a vehicle for progressive social development and justice, the full realization of human dignity and the attainment of a higher quality of life for ASEAN peoples?  Indicator 3: Has AICHR receive full support and provision of adequate resources by ASEAN Member States?  Indicator 4: Has AICHR acknowledge contribution of stakeholders in the promotion and protection of human rights in ASEAN, and encourage their continuing engagement and dialogue with the AICHR?  Indicator 5: Has ASEAN cooperation on human rights support the evolution of AICHR as an overarching institution?
  92. 92. Since the adoption of ASEAN Charter in 2008,much was said about engaging civil society,respecting human rights, promoting democracyand about good governance in ASEAN’s high-level statements and documents.
  93. 93. 2006’S GUIDELINE 2012’S GUIDELINE  Generally better than the Member states are still in control of 2006’s deciding who can in and who cannot  As a general rule, only a CSO The participation is perceived as whose membership is confined privilege to ASEAN nationals may be considered for accreditation The participation is not understood with ASEAN; as RIGHT. It is more like “stick” and “carrot”  Approval of application for The affiliation is used as a way to accreditation of a CSO with control ASEAN shall be based The affiliation to ASEAN is a primarily upon the assessment political issue rather than a only of the positive contribution administrative requirement which such a CSO could make CSOs are not seen as partners in to the enhancement, developing ASEAN Community strengthening and realisation of the aims and objectives of ASEAN
  94. 94. AICHR ACWC AICHR only want to meet with those  Started with Informal Dinner (2011), who are affiliated with the ASEAN Informal Session (2011), Joint- Charter Workshop (2012), Formal Session (2012) The newly adopted AICHR Guideline  Informal Session: 9 out of 20 Reps of Operation silent on CS attended engagement  Informal Session: 16 out 20 Reps Two consultations o AHRD: June 22, attended and Sept 12  Joint-Workshop: 18 out of 20 Reps attended Consultation only happen in  Formal Session: 20 Reps attended Indonesia, Thailand and the  Good Result, Good process, Philippines substantive discussion, cordial CS continue to submit inputs, ambiance reports, papers to AICHR  Inputs from CS have been included in CS is a sensitive issue in AICHR, but the reference documents of the ACWC  The initial suggestion to erase civil during their visit to US, they met US- society” & international standards” in based CSOs TOR ACWC has been put down  ACWC uses inputs from CS in formulating their positions
  95. 95. Year Place The Name of the Event2005 Shah Alam, 1st ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) Malaysia2006 Cebu, the 2nd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) Philippines2007 Singapore 3rd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)2009 Bangkok, 4th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Thailand Forum (APF)2009 Hua Hin, 5th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/2nd ASEAN Peoples’ Thailand Forum (APF)2010 Hanoi, Vietnam 6th ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF)2011 Jakarta, Indonesia ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 20112012 Phnom Penh, ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum Cambodia (APF) 2012 – March & November2013 Brunei ?2014 Myanmar ?
  96. 96. ASEAN’s Alternative Regionalism (Source: HRWG Study, 2011)• Particularly: • Democracy Women & Youth, • Human Rights Indigenous People / • Transparency Ethnic Minority, • Accountability and CSOs CSO Adoption of Participation in Basic Decision Universal Making Process (1,2,3,6,7) Values (3,4,5,6,7) Holistic - Adoption of rights-based UN Bodies’ approach on related Development Conventions (1,2,4,5,6,7) (1,2,4,5,6,7)• Against unjust • Mainly: ILO, FTA, privatization, UNFCCC, CEDAW,• Reject neoliberal UNCRC, UNDRIP, economic policies &MDGs
  97. 97. Name frequent Engaging the bodyACSC/APF annually ASEAN SUMMIT Head of States/GovernmentsASEAN Disability Forum (ADF) annuallyASEAN Youth Forum annuallyASEAN Grass-root People Assembly annuallyASEAN Community Dialogue annually ASEAN Committee Permanent CPR Representatives (CPR)Civil Society Forum to AMM on annually ASEAN Ministers Meeting Foreign Ministershuman rights (AMM)Informal Dialogue between CSO annually ASEAN Secretary General (ASG) Secretary Generaland ASGJakarta Human Rights Dialogue in annually ASEAN Human Rights AICHR, ACWCASEAN MechanismsGO-NGO Forum on Social Welfare annually ASEAN Senior Official Meeting SOM officials& Development on SWD
  98. 98. Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS) ASEAN ISIS Process (Track II/Think Tank)2005, 1st ACSC/ ASEAN Civil SocietyMalaysi Conference in Shah Alama 15 Minute Meeting Mixed Delegation of 10 and 10 ASEAN Heads of State2006, 2nd ACSC APA/ASEAN Peoples’ Assembly by ASEANPhilippi No Interface Meeting with Leaders ISIS (process recognized by ASEAN Chair)nes in Manila No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead Reading of APA Chairman’s Report2007, 3rd ACSC ACSC 2007 by SIIA Simon Tay (processSingapo No Interface Meeting with Leaders recognized by ASEAN Chair)re No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead Reading of ACSC 2007 Chairman’s Report
  99. 99. Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2009, 4th ACSC (within the 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Forum)February, 30 minute Interface between CS Delegation and ASEAN Heads of StateBangkok Hua-Hin, Thailand was divided into two sections. The first 15 minutes was for the meeting with CS Delegates and the rest 15 minutes was for those who have been rejected by the Rep of Government (Myanmar and Cambodia)2009 2nd ASEAN Peoples’ Forum/5th ASEAN Civil Society ConferenceOctober, 15 minutes, Interface Meeting between CS Delegation (some governmentCha-am appointed) and ASEAN Heads of State (optional)2010 6th APFHanoi No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead CS Reps met with Chair of ASEAN, the Vice Prime Minister of Vietnam. Recognition of the process. ASEAN Chairman’s statement: 2 paragraphs appreciation of organizing of the APF and took note of invaluable inputs from civil society
  100. 100. Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2011, •10 persons representing 10 countriesJakarta •45 minutes (additional 15 mins from earlier agreement 30 mins) •4 speakers (extended from initially only one speaker allowed) •Time: 15:45 – •10+1 (HoS/G + Foreign Min), ASG + DSG Corp and Comm Affairs •Indonesia’s President greets all CS Delegates at the door •Indonesia’s President welcomes CS Delegates, makes speech and allows CS Delegate to speak •All delegates introduce themselves by mentioning the name and followed by “I am from ASEAN” •Indonesia’s President, Malaysia PM Najib, Razak, Thai PM Abishit Vejajiva, and PM Vietnam Nguyen Tan Dzung responded (see Annexes) •Indonesia’s President gives closing remarks and walks toward the CS Delegate and shakes their hand one by one. All leaders follow.
  101. 101. Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS)2012, • Head of States met representatives from GONGOs of 8 countriesPhnom (absent: Indonesia and the Philippines)Penh •30 minutes •Topic: gender and development2013,Brunei
  102. 102.  Civil Society’s role is visible in ASEAN community building Civil Society engagement improve the accountability of ASEAN. A critical and watchful civil society is a factor of paramount importance for good governance Growing discussion on governance and government, people-oriented versus people-centered organization ACSC should remain as one of the key platforms which civil society uses to exchange ideas and advance their inputs to ASEAN leaders and relevant policy-makers Civil-Society should maintain its process as civil society-led and show willingness and readiness to engage with ASEAN and its Member Government He organizing of ACSC should be improved from time to time through trying and experiencing

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