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Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)
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Communication Theory (Interpersonal + Symbolic Interactionism)

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  • Bowling . Ping-Pong . Charades
  • Criticism
    One way model of communication
    Sender must precisely craft message to deliver same way every time
    Makes sense only if the target audience are interchangeable, static pins
    Real life communication is confusing, unpredictable, involves more than speaker’s actions
  • 1 party puts conversational ball in play, other gets in position to receive
    Takes more concentration since only the speaker knows where the ball is going
    Criticism:
    Game played with one ball which goes in one direction at a time
    Real life communication, people send and receive multiple balls
  • Mutual game, the actual play is cooperative
    Interpersonal communication is a mutual, ongoing process of sending, receiving, adapting verbal/non-verbal messages with another person to create and alter the images in both minds
    Communication begins when there is some overlap between two images, and is effective to the effect that the overlap increases
    Even if mental pictures congruent, communication partial if interpretation differs
  • Human life is lived in the symbolic domain. Symbols are culturally derived social objects having shared meanings that are created and maintained in social interaction. Through language and communication, symbols provide the means by which reality is constructed. Reality is primarily a social product, and all that is humanly consequential—self, mind, society, culture—emerges from and is dependent on symbolic interactions for its existence. Even the physical environment is relevant to human conduct mainly as it is interpreted through symbolic systems.
  • These premises lead to conclusions about the creation of a person’s self and socialisation into the larger society
  • Humans act toward people or things on the basis of the meanings they assign to those people or things
    Once people define a situation as real, it’s very real in its consequences
  • Minding (Mead): An inner dialogue used to test alternatives, rehearse actions, and anticipate reactions before responding; self-talk
  • We cannot get glimpses of who we are through introspection
    We paint ourselves through self-portraits with brush strokes that come from taking the role of the other - imagining how we look to another person
    Looking-Glass Self: The mental self-image that results from taking the role of the other; the objective self; me
    Individuals self conceptions result from assimilating the judgements of significant others
    Self is the function of language. Self arises in the interaction with others. Self is always in flux
  • Developing an understanding of what people are doing, what they actions mean
    Unclear from ‘Mind, Self and Society’ whether Mead regarded the generalised other as:
    (1) Overaching looking-glass self that we put together from the reflection we see in everyone we know
    (2) Institutional expectations, rules of the game, or accepted practices within society that influence every conversation that takes place in people’s minds.
  • George Mead - Looking glass self develops in the way others respond to us
    Emmanuel Levinas - I is formed by the way we respond to others
  • Transcript

    • 1. Topics • Interpersonal Communication • Symbolic Interactionism • Meaning + Language + Thinking = Construction of Self + Society • Application of Symbolic Interactionism • Ethical Considerations • Meeting Interpretive Criteria
    • 2. Interpersonal Messages Complex transaction in which overlapping messages simultaneously affect and are affected by the other person + multiple factors
    • 3. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
    • 4. BOWLING • Bowler - Sender • Ball - Message • Lane - Channel • Clutter on boards - Noise • Pins - Target Audience
    • 5. PING-PONG • Server - Speaker • Receiver - Listener • Ball - Message
    • 6. CHARADES • One member draws a title or slogan from a batch of possibilities • Acts it out visually for teammates in silent mini drama
    • 7. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM Ongoing use of language and gestures in anticipation of how the other will react; a conversation (George Herbert Mead)
    • 8. Herbert Blumer - 3 Core Principles • Meaning: The Construction of Social Reality • Language: The Source of Meaning • Thinking: The Process of Taking the Role of the Other • The Self: Reflections in a Looking Glass • Society: The Socialising Effect of Others Expectations
    • 9. Meaning: The Construction of Social Reality • Stimulus interpretation Meani ng Response
    • 10. Language: The Source of Meaning • Meaning arises out of the social interaction that people have with each other • Meaning is not inherent in objects, it is negotiated through the use of language • As human beings, we have the ability to name things. The extent of knowing is dependent of the extent of naming.
    • 11. Thinking: The Process of Taking the Role of the Other • Individual’s interpretation of symbols is modified by his or her own thought processes. • Interactionists describe thinking as an inner conversation; minding • Human being have the capacity to take the role of the other
    • 12. The Self: Reflections in a Looking Glass • I - Subjective self; the spontaneous driving force that fosters all that is novel, unpredictable and unorganized in the self • Me - Objective self; the image of self seen when one takes the role of the other
    • 13. Society: The Socialising Effect of Others Expectations • Generalised other - Organised set of information that the individual carries in her/his head about what the general expectations and attitudes of the social group are • We refer to the generalised other whenever we try to figure out how to behave or how to evaluate our behaviour in a social situation
    • 14. Application of Symbolic Interactionism • Creating Reality • Meaningful research • Generalised Other • Naming • Self-fulfilling Prophecy • Symbol Manipultation
    • 15. Ethical Reflections • Ethical Echo (Emmanuel Levinas) - Reminder that we are responsible to take care of each other • The way we meet that obligation shapes our ‘I’ • When we gaze into the face of the other , we are reminded of our caretaking responsibility
    • 16. Is it a ‘Good’ Interpretive Theory’? • Community of Agreement • Qualitative Research • Clarification of Values • New Understanding of People • Reform of Society • Aesthetic Appeal

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