What is a gmo

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What is a gmo

  1. 1. Tara$Oney$ Integrative$Nutrition$Health$Coach$
  2. 2.   A$genetically$modified$organism$is$an$organism$whose$ genetic$make$up$has$been$altered$using$genetic$ engineering$techniques.$   A$GMO$is$a$plant$or$animal$that$has$been$genetically$ changed$by$scientists$to$improve$its$ability$to$grow$in$nonC native$environments,$resist$pests,$endure$extreme$weather$ conditions,$yield$more$food$(like$milk$in$cows),$or$display$ other$desired$characteristics.$$   $GMO$is$a$new$version$of$a$food,$plant,$or$animal$created$ by$scientists$through$genetic$engineering$(GE)$techniques.$
  3. 3.   They$were$first$introduced$into$the$food$supply$in$the$ midC1990s,$GMO’s$now$exist$in$most$processed$foods$ in$the$US.$$   They$are$banned$as$food$ingredients$in$Europe$and$ elsewhere,$the$FDA$does$not$even$require$the$labeling$ of$GMOs$in$food$ingredient$lists!$
  4. 4.   Scientists$use$technology$to$create$plants,$animals,$and$bacteria$ with$biological$characteristics$that$would$never$occur$in$the$natural$ world—some$examples$of$this$are:$a$tomato$with$an$antiCfreeze$ “fish”$gene$designed$to$resist$cold$temperatures,$or$corn$plants$with$ a$“bacterial”$gene$that$tolerates$increased$herbicide$use.$$$
  5. 5.   Genetic$engineering$differs$from$traditional$breeding,$ which$consist$of$techniques$such$as$hybridization$and$ selective$breeding.$$$   An$example$of$a$hybrid$plant$is$the$boysenberry,$a$cross$ between$a$raspberry,$blackberry,$and$sometimes$ loganberry.$$   Examples$of$selective$breeding$include$mating$only$the$ healthiest$beef$cattle$or$saving$the$seeds$of$only$the$most$ delicious,$most$pestCresistant$tomatoes$for$next$year’s$ crop.$$   For$over$10,000$years,$these$traditional$breeding$methods$ have$been$a$significant$part$of$agriculture$and$have$been$ used$to$domesticate$and$increase$yields$of$nearly$every$ plant$and$animal$used$in$agriculture$today.$
  6. 6.   Many$shoppers$are$wary$of$eating$genetically$engineered$ products$and$are$concerned$that$GMO’s$are$not$in$our$ best$interest.$$   Basic$laws$of$nature$prevent$plants$from$breeding$with$fish$ or$bacteria.$We$have$little$to$no$experience$or$history$with$ these$kinds$of$combinations.$$   The$process$of$creating$GMOs$is$highly$unpredictable$and$ untested;$it’s$assumed$that$if$the$original$food$was$safe,$ the$genetically$modified$version$will$be$too.$$   As$a$result,$new$allergens$may$be$introduced$into$common$ foods,$and$longCterm$effects$of$eating$GMOs$remain$ uncertain.$
  7. 7.   Genetically$modified$foods$have$been$linked$to$toxic$ and$allergic$reactions,$sick,$sterile,$and$dead$livestock,$ and$damage$to$virtually$every$organ$studied$in$lab$ animals.$$   GMO$crops$such$as$Bt$cotton$produce$pesticides$ inside$the$plant.$This$kills$or$deters$insects,$saving$the$ farmer$from$having$to$spray$pesticides.$$   The$plants$themselves$are$toxic,$and$not$just$to$ insects.$Farmers$in$India,$who$let$their$sheep$graze$on$ Bt$cotton$plants$after$the$harvest,$saw$thousands$of$ sheep$die!$
  8. 8.   The$effects$on$humans$of$consuming$these$new$ combinations$of$proteins$produced$in$GMOs$are$ unknown$and$have$not$been$studied.$$   See$more$under$GMO$Health$Risks.$   Watch$,$What$is$a$GMO:$http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=jPtLgtUnLhw$
  9. 9.   It’s$not$just$direct$consumption$of$GMO$food$that$causes$         concern.$ GE$technology$in$agriculture$creates$herbicideCresistant$plants$ that$allow$farmers$to$use$more$chemicals$without$killing$the$ crop.$$ The$result$has$been$a$significant$increase$in$the$use$of$ herbicides$and$the$rise$of$approximately$15$herbicideCresistant$ weeds$in$the$United$States.$ Farmers$then$have$to$use$different$or$more$chemicals$then$ usually$would$be$needed$to$combat$these$weeds,$leading$to$ what’s$called$an$“herbicide$treadmill.$“When$one$chemical$stops$ working,$another$is$used$until$it$stops$working,$and$then$ another.$This+is+a+major+environmental+concern.++ The$threat$of$GMO$contamination$of$crops$is$extremely$ unsettling$to$organic$farmers.$$
  10. 10.   In$nature,$plants$naturally$distribute$their$pollen$near$ and$far,$which$spreads$their$genes$from$one$plant$to$ another.$$   In$this$way,$GMO$plant$pollen$can$contaminate$ organic$plants.$As$a$result,$many$organic$farmers$fear$ for$their$livelihood$and$their$ability$to$fill$consumers’$ desire$for$organic$products.$
  11. 11.   Pollen$from$GM$crops$can$contaminate$nearby$crops$ of$the$same$type,$except$for$soy,$which$does$not$crossC pollinate.$$   In$fact,$virtually$all$heritage$varieties$of$corn$in$ Mexico$(the$origin$of$all$corn)$have$been$found$to$ have$some$contamination.$Canola$and$cotton$also$ crossCpollinate.$$   The$longCterm$effects$on$the$environment$may$prove$ to$be$disastrous.$$
  12. 12.   Over$80%$of$all$GMOs$grown$worldwide$are$ engineered$for$herbicide$tolerance.$$   As$a$result,$use$of$toxic$herbicides$like$Roundup$has$ increased$15$times$since$GMOs$were$introduced.$$   GMO$crops$are$responsible$for$the$emergence$of$ “super$weeds”$and$“super$bugs:’$which$can$only$be$ killed$with$ever$more$toxic$poisons$like$2,4CD$(a$major$ ingredient$in$Agent$Orange).$$   The$longCterm$impacts$of$GMOs$are$unknown,$and$ once$released$into$the$environment$these$novel$ organisms$cannot$be$recalled.$
  13. 13.   ost$developed$nations$do$not$consider$GMOs$to$be$ M safe.$In$more$than$60$countries$around$the$world,$ including$Australia,$Japan,$and$all$of$the$countries$in$ the$European$Union,$there$are$significant$restrictions$ or$outright$bans$on$the$production$and$sale$of$GMOs.$$   n$the$U.S.,$the$government$has$approved$GMOs$ I based&on&studies&conducted&by&the&same&corporations& that&created&them&and&profit&from&their&sale.$$   ncreasingly,$Americans$are$taking$matters$into$their$ I own$hands$and$choosing$to$opt$out$of$the$GMO$ experiment.$
  14. 14.   In$the$U.S.,$GMOs$are$in$as$much$as$80%$of$ conventional$processed$food.$Click$here$for$a$current$ list$of$GMO$risk$crops.$   List$of$companies$using$Monsanto$GMO$products:$ http://thegoldenlightchannel.com/gmoCfoodClistCtoC avoidCmonsantoCcompaniesCtheCdangersCofCgmoC food/$
  15. 15.   The$first$genetically$modified$crops$were$corn,$ soybeans,$and$cotton,$which$were$engineered$to$ control$the$growth$of$weeds$and$resist$insects.$$   Corn$and$soy$are$two$of$the$most$common$ ingredients$in$processed$food,$these$genetically$ modified$ingredients$are$on$our$market$shelves!$   But$because$there’s$no$regulated$food$label$that$ indicates$whether$a$product$contains$GMOs,$it’s$hard$ to$tell$what$you’re$getting.$$$$$$
  16. 16.   Majority$of$Americans$ want$to$know$if$the$food$ they’re$purchasing$ contains$GMOs!$   The$powerful$biotech$ lobby$has$succeeded$in$ keeping$this$information$ from$the$public.$$   Monsanto$C$Biggest$ Company$Creating$ GMO’s$
  17. 17.   Studies$show$that$more$than$90%$of$Americans$support$ mandatory$labeling$of$genetically$engineered$(GE)$foods.$$   Yet$for$twenty$years$we$have$been$denied$that$right.$$   While$our$reasons$for$wanting$to$know$what’s$in$our$food$ may$vary,$what$unifies$us$is$the$belief$that$it’s$our$right.$$   Without$labeling$of$GE$foods,$we$cannot$make$informed$ choices$about$our$food.$$   The$Just$Label$It$campaign$was$created$to$advocate$for$the$ labeling$of$GE$foods.$C$See$more$at:$http://justlabelit.org/ rightCtoknow/#sthash.AVMbzu7f.dpuf$
  18. 18.   You$can$protect$your$family$by$looking$for$the$USDA$ Certified$Organic$seal.$$   According$to$USDA$regulations,$GMOs$are$prohibited$ in$organic$agriculture$production.$$   As$a$shopper,$ask$questions$about$where$food$comes$ from$and$how$it’s$made.$$
  19. 19. Joint$the$NONCGMO$Click$and$Send$revolutionary$Army:$http:// action.responsibletechnology.org/p/salsa/web/common/public/ signup?signup_page_KEY=7328$
  20. 20.   Because$of$the$lack$of$mandatory$labeling,$the$NonC GMO$Project$was$created$to$give$consumers$the$ informed$choice$they$deserve.$   The$NonCGMO$Project$is$a$nonCprofit$organization$ with$a$mission$of$protecting$the$nonCGMO$food$ supply$and$giving$consumers$an$informed$choice.$$   http://www.nongmoshoppingguide.com/nonCgmoC projectCseal.html$$$
  21. 21.   The$NonCGMO$Project’s$seal$for$verified$products$will,$ for$the$first$time,$give$the$public$an$opportunity$to$ make$an$informed$choice$when$it$comes$to$GMOs.$   A$2012$Mellman$Group$poll$found$that$91%$of$ American$consumers$wanted$GMOs$labeled.$$   A$recent$CBS/New$York$Times$poll,$53%$of$consumers$ said$they$would$not$buy$food$that$has$been$ genetically$modified.$$
  22. 22. YOU$CAN$MAKE$A$DIFFERENCE! $ Teach$your$neighbors,$family$and$friends! $ Host$a$public$showing$of$the$block$buster$film: $ “The$World$According$to$Monsanto” $
  23. 23. Videos+from,+Just+Label+It:++ We+Have+a+Right+to+Know+   ttp://www.youtube.com/watch? h v=9Ep4uxbhsvI#action=share$   ttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVnCn3rDGP8$ h Just+Label+It!!$   ttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TghIpBG5o3s$ h
  24. 24.   The$Non$GMO$Project$is$North$America’s$ONLY$third$ party$verification$for$products$produced$according$to$ rigorous$best$practices$for$GMO$avoidance$(for$more$ info,$click$here).$$   The$Projects$strategy$is$to$empower$consumers$to$ make$change$through$the$marketplace.$$   If$people$stop$buying$GMOs,$companies$will$stop$ using$them$and$farmers$will$stop$growing$them.$
  25. 25. Choose$food$and$products$that$are$NonC GMO$Project$Verified!$$ Click$here$to$see$a$complete$list$   ip+#1:+Buy+Organic$Certified$organic$products$cannot$intentionally$include$any$GMO$ T ingredients.$Buy$products$labeled$“100%$organic,”$“organic,”$or$“made$with$organic$ ingredients.”$You$can$be$doubly$sure$if$the$product$also$has$a$NonCGMO$Project$Verified$ Seal.$Read$more$about$organic$standards...$   ip+#2:+Look+for+NonMGMO+Project+Seals+Products$that$carry$the$NonCGMO$Project$ T Seal$are$independently$verified$to$be$in$compliance$with$North$America’s$only$third$party$ standard$for$GMO$avoidance,$including$testing$of$atCrisk$ingredients.$The$NonCGMO$ Project$is$a$nonCprofit$organization$committed$to$providing$consumers$with$clearly$labeled$ and$independently$verified$nonCGMO$choices.$Look$for$dairy$products$labeled$"No$rBGH$ or$rBST,”$or$“artificial$hormoneCfree.”$   ip+#3:++Avoid+atMrisk+ingredients$If$it’s$not$labeled$organic$or$verified$nonCGMO:$Avoid$ T products$made$with$ingredients$that$might$be$derived$from$GMOs$(see$list).$$
  26. 26.   Tip+#4:+Download+our+Shopping+Guides++Use$either$IRT’s$new$NonCGMO$Shopping$ Tips$brochure$or$redesigned$NonCGMO$Shopping$Guide$to$help$you$identify$and$avoid$ GM$foods.$We$devote$an$entire$page$in$each$guide$to$help$you$uncover$hidden$GM$ ingredients$on$food$labels$that$often$read$more$like$a$chemical$periodic$table.$If$you$ have$an$iPhone,$download$our$ShopNoGMO$guide$for$free$from$the$iTunes$store.$$   $ CLICK$HERE$TO$DOWNLOAD$THE$GUIDE.$   The$eight$GM$food$crops$are$Corn,$Soybeans,$Canola,$Cottonseed,$Sugar$Beets,$         Hawaiian$Papaya$(most)$and$a$small$amount$of$Zucchini$and$Yellow$Squash.++ Sugar$If$a$nonCorganic$product$made$in$North$American$lists$“sugar”$as$an$ingredient$ (and$NOT$pure$cane$sugar),$then$it$is$almost$certainly$a$combination$of$sugar$from$both$ sugar$cane$and$GM$sugar$beets.$ $Dairy$Products$may$be$from$cows$injected$with$GM$bovine$growth$hormone.$Look$for$ labels$stating$No$rBGH,$rBST,$or$artificial$hormones.$ $$http://seedsofdeception.com/$ $$http://www.responsibletechnology.org/$
  27. 27.   $ *The%American%Academy%of%Environmental%Medicine%was%founded% in%1965,%and%is%an%international%association%of%physicians%and% other%professionals%interested%in%the%clinical%aspects%of%humans% and%their%environment.%AAEM%provides%research%and%education%in% the%recognition,%treatment%and%prevention%of%illnesses%induced%by% exposures%to%biological%and%chemical%agents%encountered%in%air,% food%and%water.%% **The%AAEM%paper%further%states,%several%animal%studies%indicate% serious%health%risks%associated%with%GM%food%consumption% including%infertility,%immune%dysregulation,%accelerated%aging,% dysregulation%of%genes%associated%with%cholesterol%synthesis,% insulin%regulation,%cell%signaling,%and%protein%formation,%and% changes%in%the%liver,%kidney,%spleen%and%gastrointestinal% system.***$
  28. 28. Taraoney@mac.com $

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