Tempo/Pace : Activities may be brisk and fast-moving, such as guessing games; or slow and reflective, such as reading or responding in writing.
Organization : The learners may work on their own at individualized tasks, or in pairs or groups, or as a full class in interaction with the teacher.
Mode and Skill : Activities may be based on the written or the spoken language; and within these, they may vary as to whether the learners are asked to produce (speak/ write) or receive (listen / read ).
Difficulty : Activities may be seen as easy and non demanding; or difficult , requiring concentration and effort.
Mood : Activities vary also in mood: light and fun -based versus serious and profound; happy versus sad; tense versus relaxed.
Stir - Settle : Some activities enliven and excite learners ( such as controversial discussions for advanced levels), or activities which involve physical movement (such as the race dictation) for the lower levels. Others, like dictation, have the effect of calming them down
Active - Passive : Learners may be activated in a way that encourages their own initiative ; or they may only be required to do as they are told
The lesson is a mixture of a number of ingredients: techniques, activities, contents …. The successful teacher is the one who is able to observe the right dosage and makes the learners enjoy a savoury lesson.
What do you take into account when you design a lesson plan?
Objectives set out to be achieved.
Prior knowledge of learners.
Materials and didactic auxiliaries to be used.
Tasks and activities to select and stts’grouping patterns.
Prepare more than you need : It is advisable to have an easily presented, light “reserve” activity ready in case of extra time .
Similarly , note in advance which component(s) of the lesson you will sacrifice if you find yourself with too little time to do everything you have planned.
Keep an eye on your time, make sure you are aware during the lesson how time is going relative to your plan. Include timing in the plan itself . It is difficult to judge intuitively how time is going when you are busy, and the smooth running of your lesson depends to some extent on proper timing .