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  • 1. Verbals
  • 2. Participle A participle is a verb form that is used as an adjective. Verb I’m having an identity crisis.
  • 3. Examples: The rapidly developing storm kept small boats in port. The pleased student smiled at the teacher.
  • 4. Present Participles Present participles are formed by adding –ing to the plain form of the verb. Example: The laughing student grinned like a Cheshire cat.
  • 5. Past Participles Past participles are formed by adding either – ed, -d-, -t, -en, or –n to the plain form of the verb. Others may be formed as irregular verbs. Ellie, my dachshund, had a bewildered look on her face when the water from the nozzle in her bathtub suddenly turned cold.
  • 6. Gerunds A gerund is a verb form used as a noun. The gerund can be formed by adding –ing to the present tense of the verb: Jog jogging Jogging at night without reflective gear can be dangerous.
  • 7. Gerunds can be used as: A subject: Jogging is a popular form of exercise. A direct object: My sister enjoys jogging. Enjoys what? jogging An object of the preposition : These shoes are made for jogging. participle jogging shoes ** Remember: A participle is a verb form that describes a noun.**
  • 8. Infinitive : An infinitive is a verbal that appears after the word to. The “to” before the verb is called “The sign of the infinitive.” TO to run to see to hear
  • 9. The word “to” is a preposition when it is followed by a noun or pronoun that is its object. I need a ride to the game. We went to Jeff’s party. prepositions
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