Humanity

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  • 1. Tanzeel Human Rights
  • 2. Pillars of Islam & Human Rights Brings more close to injunction of human equality and unity Hajj Reinvigorates the feelings of sympathy & kindness Fasting Gives awareness of hunger & increases sympathy for the needy Charity Opportunity of collective know how of each others Prayer Good moral conduct is outcome Belief
  • 3. Islam = Charter of Rights Human Rights ( حقوق العباد )  Right of Allah ( حقوق اللّہ ) 
  • 4. Disobedient ( نافرمان )  Despondent ( ناشکری )  Transgressing ( سرکشی )  Ignorant ( غفلت )  In difficulties ( مشقت )  In hurry ( جلد باز )  Cruel ( بے انصافی )  Weak hearted ( کم ہمتی )  Argumentative ( جدال )  Human Weaknesses
  • 5. Two dimensions of Human Nature
    • We created man in the best design (intellectually); then turned him into the lowliest of the lowly (morally). (Teen 4-5)
    • The fact that man knows right from wrong proves his intellectual superiority to other creatures; but the fact that he can do wrong proves his moral inferiority to any creature that cannot. Mark Twain
    • The nature of man is evil; his goodness is the result of his activity . Xunsi
    • Anyone can be a barbarian; it requires a terrible effort to remain a civilized man.  Leonard Sidney Woolf
    • The person that loses his conscience has nothing left worth keeping. Izaak Walton
  • 6. Human Rights
    • In Germany, the Nazis first came for the communists, and I did not speak up, because I was not a Communist.
    • Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak up, because I was not a Jew.
    • Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak up, because I was not a trade unionist.
    • Then they came for the Catholics, and I did not speak up, because I was not a Catholic.
    • Then they came for me... and by that time, there was no one to speak up for anyone.
      • -- Martin Niemoeller, Pastor
  • 7. Foundation of Human Rights Wealth is Amant/test of Allah Hadid 7 Anam 165 Minimum distribution Tauba 60 Maximum distribution Baqra 219 Spending purely for Allah Baqra 264 إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَاِبْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ ( ٦٠ ) (At’Tauba: 60) وَأَنفِقُوا مِمَّا جَعَلَكُم مُّسْتَخْلَفِينَ فِيهِ وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلاَئِفَ الأَرْضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَكُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِّيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ (Anam 165) (Hadid 7) (Baqra 219) وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ (Baqra 264) يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تُبْطِلُواْ صَدَقَاتِكُم بِالْمَنِّ وَالأذَى كَالَّذِي يُنفِقُ مَالَهُ رِئَاء النَّاسِ
  • 8. Why to pay? If yes, in what proportions? Property rights Belong to Allah Hadid 6 We are custodians of property (Wealth is a greatest test) Anam 160 Personal use only for basic needs (Prophet is model) Ahzab 21 Charity is a human right (Haq) not a favor to Allah or recipient Maarij 24-25; Dahar 8 No criteria is given for how much to spend on each individual/ category You are best judge. But your judgment will be questioned on judgment day Isra 36
  • 9.
      • We are not owner of wealth only custodians
      • Whatever we have is bounty of Allah not given due to our capabilities and skills.
      • Our right on wealth is to the extent of our basic needs
        • Meal of two times
        • A Simple house to live
        • Two suit of cloths
        • Wife for maintaining chastity
    Ideal Wealth Benchmark
  • 10. 0 25 50 75 100 1 5 10 15 20 Earning years Income/Expenditure (Rs “000”) Living Style’s relation with human rights Raise in living standard Surplus Wealth for meeting Human Rights 8 12 15 20 25 Normal living standard 2 13 35 55 75 Raise in living standard No car Small house Leased Car Better locality Company Car Rented house in DHA Company Car Club member Mortgage (25 years) Motor Cycle Better house 10 25 50 75 100 Income
  • 11. Simple index of Violation of Human Rights Violation by Exploitation Violation by luxurious lifestyle Living Beyond Means High class/ Fashion centered living Higher living standard Simple living Standard
  • 12. Present State of Affairs 15 th June 2005 Papa (a modern executive) Mobile Phone text Message People are after our money. They do not want to see us happy and enjoying our life. Papa be friend with Mama and do not spoil our family life for the sake of others. Papa let us enjoy our money. Do not spoil our life by giving it over to others. Tehmina A 9 th grade Student Now our families do not want to give sacrifice rather they want to sacrifice us at the intuition of Satan (wishes!!!)
  • 13. Cancer of humanity Bigotry ( Discrimination) Individuals Ethnicism Chauvinism Parochialism Sectarianism Patriarchy Nationalism Racism Homophobia Parochialism Misogyny unfairness Fanaticism Persecution Genocide Authoritarianism Rape Crimes of Hate Slavery Murder War Major loss of Wealth Human Subjugation Loss of Health Loss of Productivity Rise of Ignorance Widespread Human Suffering Killing Totalitarianism Outcome Basic Themes Sources Society State Narrow mindedness One sidedness Unfairness Partiality Partiality Injustice Antipathy Bias Dislike
  • 14. Wealth Cycle Misuse Concentration Basic needs Charity Income (Halal/Harram) Illegal use (Basis for going to hell) Halal use (Basis for going to heaven)
  • 15. Objectives of Charity (Infaq) Escape from Hell ( نجات کا ذریعہ ) Lail 17-18 Help of Deen ( اللّہ کے دین کی مدد ) Tauba 41 Forgiveness & Wisdom ( مغفرت اور حکمت ) Baqara 268-269 Happiness of Allah ( اللّٰہ کی رضا ) Baqara 272 Help of poor ) غریبوں کی کفالت ( Ma;araj 24-25 Self-Control ( تزکیۂ نفس ) Tauba 103 Nearness to Allah ( اللّہ کی قربت ) Tauba 99
  • 16. Punishment for Miserly/stingy Severe Punishment (At’Tauba: 34-35) Ruin (Humazah: 1-2) Hell Fire ( (Ma’arij: 15-18) Wealth around the necks (Aal-e-Imran3: 180) Decrease in Wealth (Bukhari)
  • 17. Protection of Honor Noor 27; Protection of Faith Baqra 256 Protection of Intellect Protection of Life Maida 32 Nissa93 Protection of Property Baqra 188; Nisa 29-30 Islamic Charter of Human Rights
  • 18. A look at Extreme Disparity Exploitation Deprivation Haystack huts High-rise Building /Ranches Dumping excess food in sea Individuals under debt slavery Wealth concentration in few hands Height of spiritual ignorance Conquer space, moon, water & land Hunger and death due to famine
  • 19.
    • Parents
    • Spouse and children
    • Relatives
    • Neighbors
    • Entertainment of guests
    • Needy people
    • Sick and handicapped
    • Orphan & poor
    • Requesting help (sail)
    • Freeing of slaves
    • Paying debt of people in trouble
    • Welfare of new Muslims
    • Human welfare
    • Welfare of living creatures
    • Charity in the name of Allah
    • Charity for promotion of Islam
    Human Rights Anyone not spending despite ability is committing crime of violation of human rights
  • 20. What is Islam? Din-ul-Haq (Delivery of Rights) Individuals Self (Nafs) Orphans/Widows Children Parents Community Spouse Relatives Creator (Allah) Servants/Slaves Travelers Sick Animals Mazloom Plants Natural Resources Devotion Forgiveness Faith Happiness Love Food Care Services Medicine Help Obedience Affection Munificence Sharing Hard work Contentment Humanity knowledge Smile Perseverance Selflessness Money Shelter Compassion Dignity Fellowship Devotion Reliance Health Freedom Education Guidance Piety Compassion Positive Behavior Tawakal Trust Commitment Delivery of Rights = Islam = Discharge of Responsibility Outcome Responsible Right holders Society State
  • 21. Plants & Natural Resources Animals Servants/Slaves Sick/in trouble Relatives Poor Neighbours Travellers Children Orphans /Widows Spouse Community Self (Nafs) Parents Creator (Allah) Who are the Rights Holders?
  • 22. Rights of Parents
    • Obedience for all lawful orders (Luqman 14-15)
    • No rude treatment (Isra 30)
    • Good treatment even for mushrik/kafir parents (Bokhari)
    • Welfare of old aged parents (Isra 23-24)
    • Right of mother 3 times that of father (Bukhari)
    • Financial, physical and spiritual help (Muslim)
    • Dua
    • Dua for their forgiveness
    • Perform their promises/contracts
    • Care for relatives and friends
    • Respecting their friends
    • Pay off their debt
    During life time After death
  • 23. Rights of Husband
    • A husband has the maximum right over his wife (Mustadrak)
    • Obedience to her husband & watching for his wealth, property and honor in his absence is incumbent upon every wife (AnNissa: 34)
    • Obedience and goodwill of the husband is way to enter paradise (Tirmizi)
  • 24. Rights of Wife
    • Living with them in a moderate and nice way (AnNissa:19)
    • Save them from hellfire (At-Tahreem:6)
    • Better is the one who is better to his wife (Tirmizi)
    • Provide for their food, shelter and clothes (Ibn Maaja)
    • Forgiveness on their misgivings (AtTaghabun:14)
  • 25. Rights of Children
    • Save them from hellfire (At-Tahreem:6)
    • Adorn them with good morals by good rearing and nurturing
    • Be particularly careful with girls regarding their rights
    • Arrange for their wedding when they reach an age.
  • 26. 1. A believer of Allah & hereafter should be courteous to his neighbor. (Bukhari) 2. Eemaan gets nullified on aggravating a neighbor. (Bukhari & Muslim) 3. Visit the neighbour when he is sick, attend his funeral & help him when he is in need 4. Cover his sins, congratulate when gets bounty & be kind in his adversity 5. Not to create hassle when building house and invite at meals Rights of Neighbors
  • 27. Rights of Relatives
    • Give your relatives their due (Bani Israel:26)
    • Keeping the knots of blood relationship tied brings grace to income and age
    • A breaker of these knots will not enter paradise
  • 28. Rights of Weaklings
    • Best home is the one where best treatment is given to an orphan and worst is the one where an orphan is treated badly (Ibn Maaja)
    • Struggling for the right of a widow or an impoverished weakling is like fighting in the way of Allah, keeping all night awake for Allah's sake or fasting for the whole life. (Bukhari)
  • 29. 1. Muslims are like building blocks of a big structure each one of them supporting it. (Bukhari)
    • 3. Five rights of fellow Muslims
      • a) Reciprocating Salaam when wished by Fellow Muslim
      • b) Visiting a sick Muslim
      • c) Attending a Muslim's funeral
    • d) Accepting an invitation to a feast
    • e) Replying with (YarhamukAllah) on a sneeze (Bukhari)
    2. Muslims are embodied into one figure; pain in one organ is felt by whole body. (Muslim) Rights of Fellow Muslims
  • 30. Rights of Patients
    • The Prophet (saw) directed to attend a sick person. (Bukhari)
    • Consoling & praying for recovery of sick. (AbuDawood)
    • Attending a sick brings Allah's blessings. (Muslim)
  • 31. Rights of Guests
    • Belief on Allah & Hereafter requires a guest should be welcomed respectfully (Bukhari)
    • Your guest has much right on you. (Bukhari)
  • 32. Rights of Mankind
    • Speak nicely with fellow human beings. (Al-Baqarah:83)
    • Be gracious to earthborn and The Ruler from sky will be gracious to you (Hakim)
    • Please for others as you would have pleased unto you (Tirmizi)
  • 33. Rights of Animals
    • Useless killing of animals is a sinful act (Mustadrak)
    • A woman inflicted with wrath for tying a cat (Bukhari)
    • Rewards on caring for every thirsty living being (Ibn Maaja)
  • 34. Allah’s Right Vs Human Rights Hadeeth Qudsi "No obedience to any creation in violation of the Creator". (Abu Dawood) Azad 37
  • 35. BEWARE!!! DO NOT DEPRIVE OFF SOMEONE OF HIS RIGHTS
    • Ask immediate forgiveness whose right was usurped (Bukhari)
    • Sins regarding rights usurped not forgiven by Allah (Ahmad)
    • One who does not care for human rights would be extremely dispossessed (Tirmizi)
  • 36. Responsibility towards humanity Helping mankind in worldly affairs Baqra 177 Danger Zone Saving mankind from hellfire of hereafter Ale-imran 110 Danger Zone وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّآئِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ (Baqra 177) كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ (Ale-imran 110)
  • 37. THE NEED Implementing a Just System
    • The very purpose of sending down Prophets (Al-Hadeed: 25)
    • The mission statement of prophethood of Prophet (saw) (As'Saff: 9)
    • The main objective of the lifetime struggle of Prophet (saw) (Ash'Shura:15)
  • 38. JazakAllah
  • 39. DISCUSSION QUESTION Rights & obligations go together. As such one should perform his obligations only, if he is able to get his rights.
  • 40. For Further Info Contact “m.tanzeel” on skype.