AKBAR THE GREAT
AKBAR THE GREAT
AKBAR THE GREAT  BY: NORMAN D. QUIDCHAY
Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar ❖   Born on October 15, 1542 In Umerkot,     Pakistan ❖   Mother: Hamida Banu Begum ❖   Father...
Akbars Throne❖   Akbar came to throne in 1556, after the death of his father,    Humayun. At that time, Akbar was only 13 ...
Akbars Reign❖   During the first five years of his rule, Akbar was assisted and advised by Bahram    Khan in running the a...
Akbars Creation- Akbar was a great patron of architecture, art, and literature. His courtwas rich in culture as well as we...
Akbars Creation- Akbar was a great patron of architecture, art, and literature. His courtwas rich in culture as well as we...
Religion❖   During his reign, Akbar managed to subdue almost all of India, with the remaining areas becoming    tributary ...
System of Taxation❖   Akbar also introduced a new and fairer system of taxation based on carefully    estimated tables of ...
Music❖   Akbar along with his successors contributed to the development    of Indian music❖   It was a period of renaissan...
The Great❖   Akbar had three sons Prince Salim, Murad and Daniyal. Prince Murad and Daniyal    died in their prime during ...
!e End...  Any Questions?                   1542 - 1605
Akbar the Great
Akbar the Great
Akbar the Great
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Akbar the Great

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  • Akbar the Great

    1. 1. AKBAR THE GREAT
    2. 2. AKBAR THE GREAT
    3. 3. AKBAR THE GREAT BY: NORMAN D. QUIDCHAY
    4. 4. Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar ❖ Born on October 15, 1542 In Umerkot, Pakistan ❖ Mother: Hamida Banu Begum ❖ Father: Emperor Humayun ❖ Grandson of the ruler Babur who founded the Mughal Dynasty in India ❖ The Greatest Emperor of India
    5. 5. Akbars Throne❖ Akbar came to throne in 1556, after the death of his father, Humayun. At that time, Akbar was only 13 years old. Akbar was the only Mughal king to ascend to the throne without the customary war of succession.
    6. 6. Akbars Reign❖ During the first five years of his rule, Akbar was assisted and advised by Bahram Khan in running the affairs of the country. Bahram Khan was, however, removed and for a few years Akbar ruled under the influence of his nurse Maham Anga. After 1562, Akbar freed himself from external influences and ruled independently.❖ Thanks to Akbars gracious guardian and influence, Akbar survived his fathers death at a young age and demonstrated his worth as SUPREME. Akbars reign holds a certain prominence in history; he was the ruler who actually protected the foundations of the Mughal Empire from attack.❖ During his reign, the nature of the state changed to a secular and liberal one.❖ He introduced many social reforms, legalized widowed remarriage and raised the age of matrimony.
    7. 7. Akbars Creation- Akbar was a great patron of architecture, art, and literature. His courtwas rich in culture as well as wealth. In fact, his court was so splendid thatthe British monarch, Queen Elizabeth I, once even sent out herambassador, Sir Thomas Roe, to meet the king! Many of Akbars buildingsstill survive, including the Red Fort at Agra, and the city of Fatehpur Sikri,near Agra, which has a 10-km long wall encircling it.
    8. 8. Akbars Creation- Akbar was a great patron of architecture, art, and literature. His courtwas rich in culture as well as wealth. In fact, his court was so splendid thatthe British monarch, Queen Elizabeth I, once even sent out herambassador, Sir Thomas Roe, to meet the king! Many of Akbars buildingsstill survive, including the Red Fort at Agra, and the city of Fatehpur Sikri,near Agra, which has a 10-km long wall encircling it.
    9. 9. Religion❖ During his reign, Akbar managed to subdue almost all of India, with the remaining areas becoming tributary states. Along with his military conquests, he introduced a series of reforms to consolidate his power. Akbar practiced tolerance aimed at Hindu-Muslim unification through the introduction of a new religion known as Din-i-Ilahi. He won over the Hindus by naming them to important military and civil positions, by conferring honors upon them, and by marrying a Hindu princess.❖ During his early years of reign, Akbar showed intolerant towards hindus and other religions, but later exercised tolerance towards non Islamic faiths by rolling back some of the strict sharia laws. He began religious debates where Muslim scholars would debate religious matters with Hindus, Jains, Zoroastrians and Portuguese Roman Catholic Jesuits.❖ He appointed nobles and mansabdars without any religious prejudice. Akbars religious innovations and policies, and deviation from Islamic dogma, have been a source of debate and controversy. Akbar was a great patron of literary works and scholars. His court had numerous scholars of the day who are well known as "Nauratan".
    10. 10. System of Taxation❖ Akbar also introduced a new and fairer system of taxation based on carefully estimated tables of crop yields. Tax collectors had their own district tables and used them to work out how much grain the farmers should contribute. This contribution was then converted into its cash value, district by district, because food prices varied in different parts of the empire.
    11. 11. Music❖ Akbar along with his successors contributed to the development of Indian music❖ It was a period of renaissance of Persian literature
    12. 12. The Great❖ Akbar had three sons Prince Salim, Murad and Daniyal. Prince Murad and Daniyal died in their prime during their fathers lifetime. However, Akbar faced problems with Prince Salim and the last four years of Akbars life were consumed in crushing Salims rebellion. Akbar fell ill and died of slow poisoning on October 27, 1605. With him ended the greatest Era in Indian history.❖ He was buried at a beautiful mausoleum in Sikandara, Agra
    13. 13. !e End... Any Questions? 1542 - 1605
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