American revolution and french revolution


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American revolution and french revolution

  1. 1. • By Tanush,Raushan and Anish of 8C
  2. 2.  What comes to your mind when you say the word revolution?  Does it remind you of a revolt  or a drastic change  A revolution (from the Latin revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time.  Eg : the Syrian revolution  The Egyptian revolution
  3. 3.  the stripes were for the settlers and the stars for the states at the time There are 50 stars on the flag representing the 50 states that make up the United State of America. The 13 stripes (alternating red and white) represent the 13 original colonies. Those 13 are: 1. Delaware 2. Pennsylvania 3. New Jersey 4. Georgia 5. Connecticut 6. Massachusetts 7. Maryland 8. South Carolina 9. New Hampshire 10. Virginia 11. New York 12. North Carolina 13. Rhode Island
  4. 4.  After 1776 america was broadly comprised of nothern and southern states with remarkable difference in economies .  The north became heavily industrialized the south was dependant on labour.  These laboureres were mainly people brought from Africa.  The main crops were cotton , sugar and tobacco.  People migrated to america from europe due to many reasons , exploration of new lands,religious persecution in europe and the hope for a better lifestyle.
  5. 5.  Those people settled and formed 13 colonies on the eastern part of north American continent.  majority of the the settlers were from England these people were referred to as the ‘Pilgrim Fathers’ as the mother country of these colonies ‘england’ imposed heavy taxes on them  The settleres had no representative in the british government and the colonial government was oppressive.
  6. 6.  England came up with the idea of a stamp act in 1765 , which made the affixation of stamps on all documents compulsory.  The parliament passed the stamp act which imposed taxes on all buisness conducted in america .  The Americans protested with their slogan: "No taxation without representation”. They boycotted british goods add forced british government to withdraw the stamp act.
  7. 7.  Europeans like :Voltaire ,Rousseau ,John Locke and Montesquieu inspired them to fight for liberty .  The most famous of all the anti-British protests of the settleres was seen in the incident known as ‘Boston Tea Party ‘  The major concern for merchants was that the tea act gave the English east company a monopoly on the tea trade .  People feared that this government created monopoly might be extended to include other goods.  One night some settleres disguised as red Indians raided a british ship at Boston harbor and threw all the crates of tea into the sea .  The Boston tea party had been looked upon as a act of defense and rebellion and resulted in open hastily between the settler sand british parliament.
  8. 8.  On July 4,1776 representatives of the 13 colonies held a conference at Philadelphia and adopted the declaration of independence. American philosopher was the principal author of the declaration.  It stated that all men are born equal and are endowed with the inalienable right to life ,liberty and pursuit of happiness. It also asserted that the right of people to form their own government.  When the English government refused to respect these rights , the people launched mass movement which turned into war of independence.  George Washington commanded the American forces and defeated the English army in 1781 and the English commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered.  In 1783 the treaty of Paris was signed and England recognized the independence of its 13 colonies which merged to form ‘The United States of America ‘ (USA) which was a republican form of government.
  9. 9.  The colonial British rule ended as a result of American war of independence.  The 13 colonies formed a national and constitutional Government which came into effect in 1789.  George Washington was elected the 1st president of U.S.A. and the capital of USA was named after him.
  10. 10.  The French Revolution is one of the greatest revolutions that had an impact on Europe.  It lasted for a decade starting from the year 1789.  The creation of a constitutional monarchy soon gathered momentum and turned into a movement against the monarchy.
  11. 11.  France was divided into three classes namely:  The clergy (church officials)  The nobility  The peasants who formed 95% of the population.  There was no middle class as the peasants were burdened with so many taxes that, they couldn`t progress in their bussinesses or their other jobs, and had to put almost all their earned money in taxes.
  12. 12.  French philosophers like Voltaire and Rousseau inspired people with the ideas of equality and liberty.  The king and his wife managed to empty the treasury with their pleasure loving and extravagant life style.
  13. 13.  The period which started from the summer of 1793 -94 was called the ‘reign of terror’.  The revolvers started using violence and thousands of noblemen were put under the guillotine.  The revolution came to an end only after the death of the most ruthless leaders.
  14. 14.  The king and queen of France were executed.  The French monarchy was abolished and France became a republic with liberty, equality and fraternity as its guiding principles.
  15. 15. The years of bloodshed, however led to the emergence of a dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte. He rose in ranks of the army to the position of first consul the highest official in the country. Through his military strategies he won many battles and declared himself the ruler of France in December 1804. Napoleon Bonaparte
  16. 16.  Napoleon restored order in France.  He changed the tax system and instituted new laws called the Napoleonic code.  This code made same laws applicable all over France and put an end to the privileges of the nobles.
  17. 17.  At this time it was more of a constitutional monarchy than a autocratic system.  He was defeated at the famous Battle of Waterloo, by the Dutch of Wellington and again sent to exile.  This time he couldn`t escape as he had done before and was exiled on the island.
  18. 18.  qi4
  19. 19.  Revolt started because england government imposed heavy taxes  England government started the stamp act which caused imposition of taxes on all trade taking place in america  The 13 states adopted the declaration of independence at Philadelphia. They signed the treaty of Paris was signed and the13 states merged to form USA .  Revolt started because of increased taxes too and too much expenditure of the King and Queen.  The revolt was all bloodshed and thousands of people were put under the traditional way of killing which was the guillotine.  France became a democracy under Napoleon and it now followed the principles of Liberty, Equality and Justice.
  20. 20.  Just because of the title don’t expect me to give you MONEY!!!!  Answer Five questions to get 5 crores.  Fastest finger first question will be told in class.  Choose a maximum of how many questions you think you can answer.  If you win 1 crore you get 5 points.  If you think you can get 3 answers right but do not answer all 3 then you will be awarded no points.But instead 5 points go to another team of your choice.  You will be given 40 seconds to answer one word q’s
  21. 21.  In which convention was American Independence declared?  What is the Napoleonic code.  What is a revolution? Name any 3 types of revolutions beside the French and American?  ‘Taxation without representation is _______’  Name the 3 French classes.Who won the battle of waterloo?
  22. 22.  About 50 men from the ____________dressed as RED INDIANS  Look at the American flag? How many stars and lines does it have ?Why?  Name the 3 members of Sons of Liberty?  What is the ‘reign of terror’?Write a note on it.  Compare the American and French revolution.
  23. 23.  What is the capital of USA?  Explain the Boston tea party.  Name the 3 acts and support them with 2 examples for each.  Why is the 18th century termed as the period of revolution?  Describe in detail what napolean did for france ,how he became the emperor.
  24. 24.  How many stripes are there in the American flag?  Who all inspired the Americans to fight for liberty?  What percent of the population were peasants?Explain the difeerence between a constitutional monarchy and a autocratic.  Mention some of Washington’s successful strategy  Mention 4 causes of theFrench revolution.
  25. 25.  Victory belongs to the most of preserving’ Who said this?  What were the guiding principles of France as a republic?  Who was the queen of france during 1755- 1793.How was her image to the common people.Did they like her?  Explain republic and fraternity.  Give the faliures of the french revolution. 