What comes to your mind when you say the word
Does it remind you of a revolt
or a drastic change
A revolution (from the Latin revolutio, "a turn around") is a
fundamental change in power or organizational structures
that takes place in a relatively short period of time.
Eg : the Syrian revolution
The Egyptian revolution
the stripes were for the settlers and the stars for the states at the time
There are 50 stars on the flag representing the 50 states that make up the
United State of America. The 13 stripes (alternating red and white) represent
the 13 original colonies. Those 13 are:
3. New Jersey
8. South Carolina
9. New Hampshire
11. New York
12. North Carolina
13. Rhode Island
After 1776 america was broadly comprised of
nothern and southern states with
remarkable difference in economies .
The north became heavily industrialized the
south was dependant on labour.
These laboureres were mainly people brought
The main crops were cotton , sugar and
People migrated to america from europe due
to many reasons , exploration of new
lands,religious persecution in europe and the
hope for a better lifestyle.
Those people settled and formed 13 colonies on the
eastern part of north American continent.
majority of the the settlers were from England these
people were referred to as the ‘Pilgrim Fathers’ as the
mother country of these colonies ‘england’ imposed heavy
taxes on them
The settleres had no representative in the british
government and the colonial government was oppressive.
England came up with the idea of a stamp act in 1765 ,
which made the affixation of stamps on all documents
The parliament passed the stamp act which imposed taxes
on all buisness conducted in america .
The Americans protested with their slogan: "No taxation
without representation”. They boycotted british goods add
forced british government to withdraw the stamp act.
Europeans like :Voltaire ,Rousseau ,John Locke and Montesquieu inspired them
to fight for liberty .
The most famous of all the anti-British protests of the settleres was seen in the
incident known as ‘Boston Tea Party ‘
The major concern for merchants was that the tea act gave the English east company
a monopoly on the tea trade .
People feared that this government created monopoly might be extended to include
One night some settleres disguised as red Indians raided a british ship at Boston
harbor and threw all the crates of tea into the sea .
The Boston tea party had been looked upon as a act of defense and rebellion and
resulted in open hastily between the settler sand british parliament.
On July 4,1776 representatives of the 13 colonies held a conference at
Philadelphia and adopted the declaration of independence. American
philosopher was the principal author of the declaration.
It stated that all men are born equal and are endowed with the inalienable
right to life ,liberty and pursuit of happiness. It also asserted that the right of
people to form their own government.
When the English government refused to respect these rights , the people
launched mass movement which turned into war of independence.
George Washington commanded the American forces and defeated the
English army in 1781 and the English commander Lord Cornwallis
In 1783 the treaty of Paris was signed and England recognized the
independence of its 13 colonies which merged to form ‘The United States of
America ‘ (USA) which was a republican form of government.
The colonial British rule ended as a result of American war of
The 13 colonies formed a national and constitutional
Government which came into effect in 1789.
George Washington was elected the 1st president of U.S.A. and
the capital of USA was named after him.
The French Revolution is one of the greatest
revolutions that had an impact on Europe.
It lasted for a decade starting from the year
The creation of a constitutional monarchy
soon gathered momentum and turned into a
movement against the monarchy.
France was divided into three classes namely:
The clergy (church officials)
The peasants who formed 95% of the
There was no middle class as the peasants
were burdened with so many taxes that, they
couldn`t progress in their bussinesses or
their other jobs, and had to put almost all
their earned money in taxes.
French philosophers like Voltaire and
Rousseau inspired people with the ideas of
equality and liberty.
The king and his wife managed to empty the
treasury with their pleasure loving and
extravagant life style.
The period which started from the summer of
1793 -94 was called the ‘reign of terror’.
The revolvers started using violence and
thousands of noblemen were put under the
The revolution came to an end only after the
death of the most ruthless leaders.
The king and queen of France were executed.
The French monarchy was abolished and
France became a republic with liberty,
equality and fraternity as its guiding
The years of bloodshed, however led to the emergence of
a dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte.
He rose in ranks of the army to the position of first consul
the highest official in the country.
Through his military strategies he won many battles and
declared himself the ruler of France in December 1804.
Napoleon restored order in France.
He changed the tax system and instituted
new laws called the Napoleonic code.
This code made same laws applicable all over
France and put an end to the privileges of the
At this time it was more of a constitutional
monarchy than a autocratic system.
He was defeated at the famous Battle of
Waterloo, by the Dutch of Wellington and
again sent to exile.
This time he couldn`t escape as he had done
before and was exiled on the island.
Revolt started because
imposed heavy taxes
started the stamp act which
caused imposition of taxes
on all trade taking place in
The 13 states adopted the
Philadelphia. They signed
the treaty of Paris was
signed and the13 states
merged to form USA .
Revolt started because of
increased taxes too and too
much expenditure of the
King and Queen.
The revolt was all
bloodshed and thousands
of people were put under
the traditional way of killing
which was the guillotine.
France became a democracy
under Napoleon and it now
followed the principles of
Liberty, Equality and Justice.
Just because of the title don’t expect me to give
Answer Five questions to get 5 crores.
Fastest finger first question will be told in class.
Choose a maximum of how many questions you
think you can answer.
If you win 1 crore you get 5 points.
If you think you can get 3 answers right but do
not answer all 3 then you will be awarded no
points.But instead 5 points go to another team
of your choice.
You will be given 40 seconds to answer one
In which convention was American
What is the Napoleonic code.
What is a revolution? Name any 3 types of
revolutions beside the French and American?
‘Taxation without representation is _______’
Name the 3 French classes.Who won the
battle of waterloo?
About 50 men from the ____________dressed
as RED INDIANS
Look at the American flag? How many stars
and lines does it have ?Why?
Name the 3 members of Sons of Liberty?
What is the ‘reign of terror’?Write a note on
Compare the American and French
What is the capital of USA?
Explain the Boston tea party.
Name the 3 acts and support them with 2
examples for each.
Why is the 18th century termed as the period
Describe in detail what napolean did for
france ,how he became the emperor.
How many stripes are there in the American
Who all inspired the Americans to fight for
What percent of the population were
peasants?Explain the difeerence between a
constitutional monarchy and a autocratic.
Mention some of Washington’s successful
Mention 4 causes of theFrench revolution.
Victory belongs to the most of preserving’
Who said this?
What were the guiding principles of France
as a republic?
Who was the queen of france during 1755-
1793.How was her image to the common
people.Did they like her?
Explain republic and fraternity.
Give the faliures of the french revolution.