Master Thesis ProposalCITIZEN JOURNALISM:HOW USER-GENERATED CONTENT CHANGESTHE SYSTEM OF NEWS MEDIAInteractive Media and Knowledge EnvironmentIFI7117 Master Seminar ITatjana Pavlenko
WHAT IS CITIZEN JOURNALISM?• How does it differ from the other types of journalism (e.g. traditional, public)?• When was it launched?• What are the reasons of its appearing?
WHAT IS USER-GENERATED CONTENT?• How are users generating the content (which tools, media forms do they use)?• What are the main values of user-generated content?• What’s the difference between information provided by professionals (journalists, editors) and amateurs (users, experts, pundits)?
WHAT ARE NEWS MEDIA?• What is news?• Which traditional news media exist?• Is Internet a news medium? Why?
NEW MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES are based on affect JOURNALISTS serve produce takes part in produces TRADITIONAL PUBLIC USER- USER-GENERATED CONTENT JOURNALISM JOURNALISM lead to is created in are using CITIZEN Old OLD MEDIA FORMS JOURNALISM NEW MEDIA FORMS Media such as such asTechnologies needs Newspapers Blogs is using Magazines Videoblogs are based on TV programs Social networks NEWS Radio programs… Wikis… are published in
PUBLIC JOURNALISM Public movement against the failures of professional journalism • An effort to treat elections during US presidential campaign in 1988 caused a movement called Public journalism • The core concept is that journalists and their Public journalism audiences are not spectators in political and social involves audience into processes. They are making news… participants
CITIZEN JOURNALISMHas three prerequisites: Public movement against the failures of professional journalism (Public journalism) Media technology development (Internet, Web 2.0, different multimedia frameworks) Lots of world events lots of news to be toldCitizen journalism is not a plannedmovement as Public journalism.It appeared occasionally …so doesCitizen journalists feel compelled to CITIZEN JOURNALISMpractice journalism because theybelieve that professional journalistsare not doing their jobs
USER-GENERATED CONTENT• Users are both producers and readers of their content• Web 2.0 users don’t merely read, they interact• Using Web 2.0 as an individual news medium• While journalist is just a reporter or an interpretive reporter, blogger is an expert (journalists have “My readers know more than I do” been taught the covering, (Dan Gillmor, “We Media”) not the topic)• Online media are not static “People Formerly Known as the Audience” (Jay Rosen)
CORE IDEAS• Modern technologies have changed the system of news media because, in addition to Print, Radio and TV, a new medium has appeared – the Internet• The Internet is a news medium in the sense that all web sites need to post new information to keep visitors coming back• Citizen journalism is allowed by technology but is not caused by it• Is citizen journalism – blogging, open-source newsgathering, wikis, informational “mash-ups” and citizen journalism sites – transforming the nature of news?• Revolution of newsgathering.• Traditional journalism competes with citizen journalism but is much more stable and organized• Traditional journalism starts using the same media tools• Traditional journalism can finally win its audience back• On the other hand, user-generated content is so wide-ranging, that it can become the only necessary news medium
A RESEARCH STRATEGY• Provide theoretical background• Form the empirical base• Find out how successful citizen journalism is (questionnaires, interviews, experiments)• Try to make some predictions