The Tao of Agile - XP2012
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The Tao of Agile - XP2012

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This lighting talk aims to explore, from an holistic point of view as opposed to the reductionist thinking, how the Lean Agile methodologies can be considered as part of the “turning point” in the ...

This lighting talk aims to explore, from an holistic point of view as opposed to the reductionist thinking, how the Lean Agile methodologies can be considered as part of the “turning point” in the crisis of Western reductionist way of thinking. Recent scientific discoveries indicate that all life – from the most primitive cells, up to human societies, corporations and nation-states, even the global economy – is organized along the same basic patterns and principles: those of the network. Both (Lean & Agile) offer a thinking tool set that allow us to create new models and different approaches. Hence, in this lighting talk I would like to affirm how tightly humans are connected with the fabric of life and make it clear that it is imperative to organize our world according to a different set of values and beliefs.

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The Tao of Agile - XP2012 The Tao of Agile - XP2012 Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Aims  •  This  ligh*ng  talk  aims  to  explore,  from  an   holis*c  point  of  view  as  opposed  to  the   reduc*onist  thinking,  how  the  Lean  Agile   methodologies  can  be  considered  as  part  of   the  “turning  point”  in  the  crisis  of  Western   reduc*onist  way  of  thinking.  
  • Yin  &  Yang  •  In  the  Chinese  culture   and   are  never   associated  with  moral  values.  
  • EARTH   SKY  MOON   SUN  NIGHT   DAY  WINTER   SUMMER  WET   DRY  COLD   HOT  INTERNAL   SURFACE  
  • FEMALE   MALE  CONTRACTIVE   EXPANSIVE  CONSERVATIVE   DISSIPATIVE  RESPONSIVE   AGGRESSIVE  COOPERATIVE   COMPETITIVE  INTUITIVE   RATIONAL  SYNTHETIC   ANALYTIC  
  • Our  culture  •  If  you  consider  this  set  of  values  is  easy  to  see   how  our  society  has  constantly  favoured  the   at  the  expense  of  the   .  
  • Yang  over  Yin  •  ra*onal  knowledge  over  intui*ve  wisdom  •  compe**on  over  coopera*on  •  exploita*on  of  resources  with  respect  to   conserva*on  
  • Two  Paradigms  
  • Reduc*onism  
  • Reduc*onism   can  mean  either  •  (a)  an  approach  to  understanding  the  nature   of  complex  things  by  reducing  them  to  the   interac*ons  of  their  parts,  or  to  simpler  or   more  fundamental  things  or  •  (b)  a  philosophical  posi*on  that  a  complex   system  is  nothing  but  the  sum  of  its  parts,  and   that  an  account  of  it  can  be  reduced  to   accounts  of  individual  cons*tuents.   from  Wikipedia,  the  free  encyclopedia  
  • Holism   (from  ὂλος  holos,  a  Greek  word   meaning  all,  whole,  en*re,  total),  is  the  idea   that  natural  systems  (physical,  biological,   chemical,  social,  economic,  mental  linguis*c,   etc.)  and  their  proper*es,  should  be  viewed  as   wholes,  •  not  as  collec*ons  of  parts.   from  Wikipedia,  the  free  encyclopedia  
  • Holism  •  Science  itself  is  demanding  a  new,     non-­‐fragmentary  world  view,   in  the  sense  that  the  present  approach  of   analysis  of  the  world  into  independent   elementary  parts  does  not  work  very  well  in   modern  physics.  
  • Two  Paradigms  
  • Holons  •  A    (Greek:  ὅλον,  holon  neuter  form  of   ὅλος,  holos  "whole")  is  something  that  is   simultaneously  a  whole  and  a  part.  •  The  word  was  coined  by  Arthur  Koestler  in  his   book  The  Ghost  in  the  Machine  (1967,  p.  48).  
  • Holons  •  Koestler  proposed  the  word  holon  to  describe   the  hybrid  nature  of  sub-­‐wholes  and  parts   within  in  vivo  systems.  •  From  this  perspec*ve,  holons  exist   simultaneously  as  self-­‐contained  wholes  in   rela*on  to  their  sub-­‐ordinate  parts,  and   dependent  parts  when  considered  from  the   inverse  direc*on.  
  • Holons    are  autonomous,  self-­‐reliant  units  that   possess  a  degree  of  independence  and  handle   con*ngencies  without  asking  higher   authori*es  for  instruc*ons.  •  These  holons  are  also  simultaneously  subject   to  control  from  one  or  more  of  these  higher   authori*es.    
  • Holons  •  A    is  a  system  (or  phenomenon)  which  is   an  evolving  self-­‐organizing  dissipa*ve   structure,  composed  of  other  holons,  whose   structures  exist  at  a  balance  point  between   chaos  and  order.    
  • Autopoiesis    (from  Greek  αὐτo-­‐  (auto-­‐),   meaning  "self",  and  ποίησις  (poiesis),  meaning   "crea*on,  produc*on")  literally  means  "self-­‐ crea*on"  and  expresses  a  fundamental   dialec*c  among  structure,  mechanism  and   func*on.  •  The  term  was  introduced  in  1972  by  Chilean   biologists  Humberto  Maturana  and  Francisco   Varela.  
  • Cynevin  framework  •  The   draws  on  research   into  complex  adap*ve  systems  theory,   cogni*ve  science,  anthropology  and  narra*ve   pagerns,  as  well  as  evolu*onary  psychology.  •  It  “explores  the  rela*onship  between  man,   experience  and  context”  and  proposes  new   approaches  to  communica*on,  decision-­‐ making,  policy-­‐making  and  knowledge   management  in  complex  social  environments.  
  • Cynefin  
  • How’d  we  do  it?   Quantum  theory  
  • Bootstrap  model  •  In  physics,  the  term  bootstrap  model  is  used   for  a  class  of  theories  that  use  very  general   consistency  criteria  to  determine  the  form  of  a   quantum  theory  from  some  assump*ons  on   the  spectrum  of  par*cles.  •  It  is  a  form  of  S-­‐matrix  theory.  
  • Living  systems  are  complex,  in  that  they  consist   of  a  great  many  agents  interac*ng  with  each   other  in  a  great  many  ways  
  • The  interac*on  of  individual  agents  is  governed   by  simple,  localized  rules  
  • The  richness  of  the  interac*ons  of  the  agents   allows  the  system  as  a  whole  to  undergo   spontaneous  self-­‐organiza*on  
  • Agile  is  heavyweight  on  prac*ces  and   lightweight  on  theory   Dave  Snowden  
  • How’d  we  do  it?   Theories  to  understand  why  Agile  works  
  • and     :  the  science  of   uncertainty     :  the  nature  of  human   decision  making     &   :   the  origins  of  social  interac*on  &  its  nature        
  • •  Recent  scien*fic  discoveries  indicate  that  all   life  –  from  the  most  primi*ve  cells,  up  to   human  socie*es,  corpora*ons  and  na*on-­‐ states,  even  the  global  economy  –  is  organized   along  the  same  basic  pagerns  and  principles:   those  of  
  • •  Both  (Lean  &  Agile)  offer  a  thinking  tool  set   that  allow  us  to  create  new  models  and   different  approaches.  
  • •  Hence,  in  this  ligh*ng  talk  I  would  like  to   affirm  how  *ghtly  humans  are  connected  with   the  fabric  of  life  and  make  it  clear  that  it  is   impera*ve  to  organize  our  world  according  to   a  different  set  of  values  and  beliefs.  
  • Agile  is  a  framework  or  frame  of  mind.    
  • thanks  
  • Fabio  Armani   www.open-­‐ware.org   @fabioarmani  f.armani@open-­‐ware.org