The gothic genre the goths


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The gothic genre the goths

  1. 1. TTS SENIOR LIBRARY 2011 What are the origins of the Gothic novel?
  2. 2. <ul><li>To understand the Gothic novel you need to consider the background and history of the word </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Gothic’ </li></ul>GOTHIC NOVEL ORIGINS Dictionary meaning of Gothic: 1a. Of or relating to the Goths or their language. 1b. Germanic; Teutonic. 2. Of or relating to the Middle Ages; medieval. 3a. Of or relating to an architectural style prevalent in western Europe from the 12th through the 15th century and characterized by pointed arches, rib vaulting, and a developing emphasis on verticality and the impression of height. 3b. Of or relating to an architectural style derived from medieval Gothic. 4. Of or relating to painting, sculpture, or other art forms prevalent in northern Europe from the 12th through the 15th century. 5. Of or relating to a style of fiction that emphasizes the grotesque, mysterious, and desolate. 6. Barbarous; crude Source:
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Goths were nomadic tribes (Visigoths / Ostrogoths) who migrated from the Baltic Sea area in Northern Europe to the Black Sea during the 2nd century A.D - the time of the Roman Empire. </li></ul>THE GOTHS
  4. 4. THE GOTHS Image source:
  5. 5. THE GOTHS During the 5th century, faced by aggression from the Huns coming from the east, the Goths made incursions into Roman territory in search of food and land.
  6. 6. Image source: THE GOTHS
  7. 7. The Romans responded by sending an army to crush them. Emperor Valens expected a quick and easy victory but it was the Roman army that was destroyed! THE GOTHS
  8. 8. THE GOTHS Image source:
  9. 9. The Romans made a treaty with the Goths and employed them as barbarian fighters. THE GOTHS Image source:
  10. 10. <ul><li>Some 13 years later, under the leadership of Aleric the Goths rebelled against the Romans . They were fed up with the Roman scheming and cruel treatment. The Goths marched to Rome and lay siege to the city for two years before destroying it completely. </li></ul>THE GOTHS
  11. 11. Image source: THE GOTHS
  12. 12. <ul><li>The fall of Rome in 410AD preceded the collapse of the Roman Empire in Western Europe. The Goths have been attributed with the downfall , although there were many causes. </li></ul>THE GOTHS
  13. 13. THE GOTHS Image source: The Roman Empire
  14. 14. destroyers… uncouth …. illiterate … lacking culture …. violent…. barbaric… wild…. chaotic…. Other myths developed around the Goths which led to them being seen as ... THE GOTHS
  15. 15. <ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li> Accessed 23.09.11 </li></ul><ul><li>Hieronymus Bosch, c.1450-1516 : between heaven and hell / Walter Bosing. Taschen (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture - a visual history / James Neal.   PRC 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>The Gothic / David Punter and Glennis Byron. Blackwell. (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>A Companion to the Gothic edited by David Punter. Blackwell. (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>AQA English Literature B (A2) Adrian Beard & Pete Bunten Nelson Thornes 2008 </li></ul>GOTHIC NOVEL: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  16. 16. Credits : Jacqui Makselon, Director – TLRC Tanglin Trust School, Singapore