The Internet in Kenya:

15 years on...


Moses Kemibaro
Tandaa Kenya
8th March 2010
Leading Thought.

 “The future is already here,
 its just not very evenly
 distributed”.
 - William Gibson, Writer and Aut...
What does the future look like?
Think “The Lunatic Express”.

 The Kenya-Uganda Railway built
  between 1895 and 1901 by the
  British Colonial Governmen...
We've come a long way....
A long way indeed...
To get this far...
What did the Internet look like in 1995/98?

 Largely analogue dial-up connections
  – drops we're a way of life!
 Expen...
How did the web work back then?

 Very slow – you literally waited for
  web pages to load.
 Leased lines we're few and
...
Its all changed now...

 SEACOM and TEAMS go live 2009.
 ICT Legislation passed in 2009.
 4m internet users. 18M mobile...
But digital local content (still) lags behind.

 There is very limited digital local
  content in Kenya – this is going t...
Key factors for digital local content success.

 Availability – Is it readily accessible to
  me and can I use it?
 Cont...
Thanks! Questions?


Moses Kemibaro
e: moses@moseskemibaro.com
w: www.moseskemibaro.com
t: www.twitter.com/moseskemibaro
f...
Tandaa Kenya Moses Kemibaro 08 03 2010
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Tandaa Kenya Moses Kemibaro 08 03 2010

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Dotsavvey CIO, Moses Kemibaro, gave a presentation that looked at a brief history of online business in Kenya. The fiber optic cables that now land on the shores of Kenya will have the same massive impact as the Kenya-Uganda railway had on the economy when it was build in the late 19th century, Kemibaro argued in his presentation. The missing link for growth of the Internet in Kenya is content. "Lots of local content already exists, but its not online," he says, "It has to be digitized, edited, packaged and delivered on the Internet and mobile."

Presented at the Tandaa Symposium on Local Digital Content, March 8, 2010 at the iHub-Nairobi's Innovation Hub. Hosted by Kenya ICT Board, sponsored by Google.

Published in: Technology, Travel, Business
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Tandaa Kenya Moses Kemibaro 08 03 2010

  1. 1. The Internet in Kenya: 15 years on... Moses Kemibaro Tandaa Kenya 8th March 2010
  2. 2. Leading Thought. “The future is already here, its just not very evenly distributed”. - William Gibson, Writer and Author. Quoted the term “Cyberspace”.
  3. 3. What does the future look like?
  4. 4. Think “The Lunatic Express”.  The Kenya-Uganda Railway built between 1895 and 1901 by the British Colonial Government in East Africa.  In today's value cost US$ 793 million to build when books closed in 1902.  Ultimately drove massive economic development in East Africa, and its still in use to this day.  So, what about digital local content?
  5. 5. We've come a long way....
  6. 6. A long way indeed...
  7. 7. To get this far...
  8. 8. What did the Internet look like in 1995/98?  Largely analogue dial-up connections – drops we're a way of life!  Expensive (Kes. 20,000.00 per month). Store and forward email.  Used BBS platfoms mostly.  “Real” Internet access (web) was rare. Mostly email and forums.  The Fax machine was our biggest competitor.
  9. 9. How did the web work back then?  Very slow – you literally waited for web pages to load.  Leased lines we're few and expensive. KPTC “owned” the last mile.  Regulation was highly restrictive.  ISP's we're few and spent a lot on bandwidth per month.  But it grew, and grew, and grew.....
  10. 10. Its all changed now...  SEACOM and TEAMS go live 2009.  ICT Legislation passed in 2009.  4m internet users. 18M mobile users. 2m million mobile internet users.  Mobile IS Internet for many Kenyans.  Mobile Money is (now) well entrenched. 8+ million on M-Pesa.  Last mile is improving, and evolving.  Internet access costs dropping.
  11. 11. But digital local content (still) lags behind.  There is very limited digital local content in Kenya – this is going to a massive opportunity, and a challenge!  Lots of local content already exists, but its not online. It has to be digitized, edited, packaged and delivered on the Internet and mobile.  Original content created specifically for digital channels will be key.  Content > Interest > Growth > Value!
  12. 12. Key factors for digital local content success.  Availability – Is it readily accessible to me and can I use it?  Context – Is it interesting to me?  Relevance – Does it matter to me?  Quality – Is it of a high enough standard for me?  Cost – Is it affordable enough for me to access?  ALL of the above have to be met!
  13. 13. Thanks! Questions? Moses Kemibaro e: moses@moseskemibaro.com w: www.moseskemibaro.com t: www.twitter.com/moseskemibaro f: www.facebook.com/moseskemibaro
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