English sentance correction by tanbircox

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English sentance correction by tanbircox

  1. 1. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comআ঩নায ই”ফুক ফা pdf রযডারযয Menu Bar এয View অ঩঱নরি তে রিক করয Auto /Automatically Scroll অ঩঱নরি র঳ররক্টকরুন (অথফা ঳যা঳রয তমরে  Ctrl + Shift + H )। এফায ↑ up Arrow ফা ↓ down Arrow তে রিক করয আ঩নায ঩ড়ায ঳ুরফধাঅনু঳ারয স্ক্রর স্পীড রিক করয রনন। দুই ফা েরোরধক Singular subject মরদ and দ্বাযা মুক্ত থারক েরফ Verb রি Plural ঴রফ।Inc. Rahim and Karim is friends.Corr. Rahim and Karim are friends. And দ্বাযা মুক্ত Subject গুররা মরদ একরি একক ধাযণা ফুঝায় ফা ঳ভরিগেবারফ একরি ফুঝায়েরফ Verb রি Singular ঴রফ।Inc. Rice and curry are my favourite food.Corr. Rice and curry is my favourite food. The noun + and + Noun এয ঩রযয Verb রি Singular ঴রফ তকননা এরি দ্বাযাএকজনরকই ফুঝারনা ঴য়।Inc. The Chairman and President are here.Corr. The Chairman and president is here. The noun + The + Noun এয ঩রযয Verb রি Plural ঴রফ তকননা এরে দুরি রবন্ন রবন্ন ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুতফাঝারনা ঴রয়রে।Inc. The Chairman and the President has resigned.Corr. The Chairman and the president have resigned. Each, every, either, neither, none, no ইেযারদ Subject এয ঩ূরফে ফ঳রর Verb Singular ঴রফ।
  2. 2. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. Each boy were given a prize.Corr. Each boy was given a prize.Inc. Either of the boys are talented.Corr. Either of the boys is tallented. তকান ফইরয়য নাভ, দদঘেয, প্রস্থ্য তদর঱য নাভ, তকান ভযাগারজরনয নাভ, তযারগয নাভ ইেযারদ Subject এয ঩রযযVerb রি Singular ঴রফ।Inc. The Newyork Times are a famous Journal.Corr. The Newyork Times is a famous Journal.Inc. Eight hours are our working day.Corr. Eight hours is our working day. A number of এয তেরে Subject এফং Verb উবয় Plural ঴য় রকন্তু The number of এয তেরেSubject, Plural এফং Verb, Singular ঴য়।Inc. A number of students is playing.Corr. A number of students are playing.Inc. The number of boys are studying.Corr. The number of boys is studying. Together with, with, along with, and not, as well as, in addition, accompanied by,accompanied with, including প্রবৃ রে Conjunction দ্বাযা দুরিা Subject মুক্ত থাকরর প্রথভ Subject অনুমায়ীVerb রি রনধোরযে ঴রফ।Inc. The principal along with his teachers are coming.Corr. The principal along with his teachers is coming.Inc. I and not my friends are to blame.Corr. I, and not my friends am to blame. Either.......or, Neither......nor, Not only.......but also থাকরর রদ্বেীয় Subject অনুমায়ী Verbফ঳রফ।
  3. 3. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. Either he or his brothers is playing.Corr. Either he or his brothers are playing Here, there, such, so প্রবৃ রেয ঩য Verb রি ঩যফেেী Subject অনুমায়ী ফ঳রফ রকন্তুIntroductory ‘It’ এয ঩রয VerbwU ঳ফেদা Singular ঴রফ।Inc. It are these pen that you want.Corr. It is these pen that you want.Inc. There are no mother who does not love her child.Corr. There is no mother who does not love her child. Mathematics, Politics, Physics, news প্রবৃ রে তদখরে Plural ভরন ঴রর঑ এগুররায ঩য Singular verbএফং Committee, council, commission, Parliament প্রবৃ রেয঩য Verb রি Singular ঴য় ।Inc. Mathematics are my favourite subject.Corr. Mathematics is my favourite subject.Inc. The committee have elected its chairman.Corr. The committee has elected its chairman. কাউরক তকান নারভ ডাকা তফাঝারর Call ফযফ঴ায কযরে ঴য়।Inc. He told me a fool.Corr. He called me a fool. ঳েয কথা ফরা তফাঝারে Speak ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. He tells the truth.Corr. He speaks the truth. রভথযা ফরায তেরে tell ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. He said a lie.
  4. 4. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comCorr. He told a lie. গল্প ফরা ফুঝারে Indirect object না থাকরর঑ Tell ফযফহৃে ঴রফ।Inc. He said a story to us.Corr. He told a story to us. প্রথেনা ফুঝারে say ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. Have you told your prayers?Corr. Have you said your prayers? তম ঳কর verb দ্বাযা ভানর঳ক অফস্থ্া ফুঝায়, োরদয Continuous tense ঴য় না। তমভন-hope, want, wish, feel, know, live, matter, love, desire, agree, understand, remember, believe.Inc. I am wishing to get him at the field.Corr. I wish to get him at the field.Inc. We are hoping to succeed.Corr. We hope to succeed. কেগুররা Transitive verb এয ঩রয Preposition ফযফহৃে ঴য় না।Discuss, precede,request, examine, recommended, order, resemble, sign etc. রকন্তু উক্ত verb গুররা মরদ Noun ফযফহৃে ঴য়েরফ ঩রয Preposition ফ঳রে ঩ারয।Inc. I ordered for tea.Corr. I ordered tea.Inc. He recommended for me to the Headmaster.Corr. He recommended me to the Headmaster. Many, few, A fewer, Fewer, Fewest, Many of , Several of এই ঱ব্দগুররা ঩রয Plural CountableNoun ফর঳।Inc. I have few friend.Corr. I have few friends.
  5. 5. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com Much, little, a little, less, least, amount of এই ঱ব্দগুররা ঩রয Uncountable Noun ফর঳।Inc. There is many water in the pond.Corr. Ther is much water in the pond ঳াধাযণে Hundred, thousand, million, billion, dozen, pair এগুররায ঳ারথ তকান প্রকারয s মুক্ত঴য় না রকন্তু এই ঳ফ Word এয আরগ মরদ তকান রনরদেি ঳ংখযাফাচক ঱ব্দ না থারক ো঴রর এই঳ফ ঱রব্দয ঳ারথ s মুক্তকযরে ঴য়।Inc. I need four thousands taka.Corr. I need four thousand taka.Inc. Hundred of people went there.Corr. Hundreds of people went there. তকান বগ্াংরেয রফ One ঴রর ঴রযয ঳ারথ s তমাগ ঴রফ না রকন্তু রফ One ফারদ Two, Three... ঴রর ঴রযয঳ারথ s মুক্ত ঴রফ এফং ঩যফেেী Noun Singular ফা Uncountable ঴রর Verb রি Singular অথফা ঩যফেেী Nounরি ঴রর Plural঴রর Verb ঑ Plural ঴রফ।Inc. One thirds of the work are finished.Corr. One third of work is finished.Inc. Two third of the players is here.Corr. Two thirds of the players are here.Inc. He gave false witness.Corr. He gave false evidence.Inc. Learn this poem by memory.Corr. Learn this poem by heart.Inc. This is a true fact.Corr. This is a fact.Inc. We enjoyed the theatre.Corr. We enjoyed the play.
  6. 6. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com Others ঳াধাযণে ফযরক্তয তেরে ফযফহৃে ঴য় রকন্তু Other ঱ব্দরি ফস্তু তফাঝারে Plural Noun এয ঳ারথফযফহৃে ঴য়। েরফ আরগ Noun এয উরর”খ থাকরর শুধু Other ফযফহৃে ঴রে ঩ারয।1. Inc. I bought some books, paper and others.Corr. I bought some books, paper and other things.2. Inc. Learn this poem by memory.Corr. Learn this poem by heart. একরি ভাে Noun এয ঩ুনযাফৃরি তযাধ কযায জনয That of ফযফ঴ায কযা ঴য়, করয়করি Plural Noun এয঩ুনযাফৃরি তযাধ কযায জনয Those of ফযফ঴ায কযা ঴য়।1. Inc. The station of Dhaka is larger than the station of Rangpur.Corr. The station of Dhaka is larger than that of Rangpur.2. Inc. The stations of Feni is larger than the station of Comilla.Corr. The stations of Feni is larger than those of Comilla. ঳াধাযণ ফণেনায় ফা বাররা কারজয স্বীকৃ রেরে ফাকয 231 অথোৎ 2nd, 3rd, 1st person এই Sequenceঅনুমায়ী ফ঳রফ।Inc. He, I and you will help the boy.Corr. You, he and I will help the boy. রকন্তু খাযা঩ কারজয স্বীকৃ রেরে ফা ফণেনায় 123 অথোৎ 1st, 3rd, 2nd person এই Sequence অনুমায়ী ফারকযPronoun ফ঳রফ।Inc. You, I and he committed the crime.Corr. I, he and you committed the crime. Interrogative Pronoun মখন তকান ফারকযযSubject র঴র঳রফ ফযফহৃে ঴য় এফং Sentence রি মরদIndefinite tense ঴য় েরফ Auxiliary verb ফ঳ারে ঴য় না।
  7. 7. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. Who did say it?Corr. Who said it?রফিঃ দ্রিঃ Pronoun ফযফ঴ারযয তেরে ঳ফেদা তখয়ার যাখরে ঴রফ ফযারকয ফযফহৃে Pronoun রি তমন Noun অনু঳ারয ঴য়।Inc. Everyone should respect their teachers.Corr. Everyone should respect his teachers. Relative Pronoun এ Antecedent অনুমায়ী verb ফর঳।Inc. It is I who has helped the student.Corr. It is I who have helped the student. Relative Pronoun এ Antecedent ‘they’ না ঴রয় those ঴য়।Inc. They who are late will be fined.Corr. Those who are late will be fined. Relative Pronoun র঴র঳রফ ফযফহৃে That এয ঩ূরফে Preposition ফর঳ না, Preposition এয প্ররয়াজন঴রর ো ফারকযয ত঱রল ফর঳।Inc. Rahim is the boy of that told you.Corr. Rahim is the boy that told you of. As মখন Relative Pronoun র঴র঳রফ ফযফহৃে ঴য় েখন এয ঩ূরফে অফ঱যই The same/such/as/so ফ঳রফ।Inc. This is the pen as I gave you.Corr. This is the same pen as I gave you. ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুয অরফরেদয অঙ্গ ফা প্রেযরঙ্গয ঩ূরফে The না ফর঳ Possessive Pronoun ফর঳।Inc. They pulled him by the car.Corr. They pulled him by his car. তকান Pronoun এয রিক ঩রযই মরদ verb রিয ঳ারথ ing থারক েরফ Person রিযPossessive form ঴য়।
  8. 8. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. They insisted on I going there.Corr. They insisted on my going there. Admit, Absent, enjoy, Avail প্রবৃ রে verb এয ঩রয Reflexive Pronoun ফ঳ারে ঴রফ।Inc. Karim admitted into this University.Corr. Karim admitted himself into this University. Reflexive Pronoun তকান verb এয Subject র঴঳ারফ ফযফহৃে ঴রে ঩ারয না।Inc. Karim and herself do this.Corr. Karim and she will do this. Indirect Narration এয তেরে Relative Pronoun থাকরর োরে That না ফর঳ ঐ RelativePronoun ফর঳।Inc. He asked me that what my name is?Corr. He asked me what my name is? One তকান Sentence এয Subject ঴রর এয ঩রযফরেে he ফা him না ফর঳ one ফা his না ফর঳ one’sফর঳।Inc. One should do his duty.Corr. One should do one’s duty. Possessive Pronoun ফা Noun তকান Relative Pronoun এয Antecedent র঴঳ারফ ফযফহৃে ঴রে ঩ারযনা, এরদয Idiomatic expression এয ভাধযরভ প্রকা঱ কযরে ঴য়।Inc. These are the Commander’s orders that must be obeyed.Corr. These are the orders of the Commander that must be obeyed. রেনরি ঩ৃথক ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুরক আরাদা করয ফুঝারে One, another, the other এই Sequence ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Ex: One boy was writing another boy was singing and the other was sleeping. একারধক ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুরক রেনরি রবন্ন Group এ প্রকা঱ কযায জনয
  9. 9. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comSome..........,other............, the other/the rest..... এই Sequence ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. Some boys are writing, the other boys are singing and theother boys are sleeping.Corr. Some boys are writing, other boys are singing and the otherboys are sleeping.রকন্তু some other/the other on the rest এয ঩রয ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুফাচক noun না থাকররsome + V......, Other + V............., the others + V........এই Sequence ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. Some of the students are bright, other are attentive and the other are dull.Corr. Some of the students are bright, others are attentive and theothers are dull. Sentence এয ভরধয Adverb এয রফনযা঳ মথাস্থ্ারন না ঴রর Sentence incorrect ঴য়। Adverb ঳ফ঳ভয়Transitive verb এয আরগ ফা এয Object এয ঩রয ফর঳। তখয়ার যাখরে ঴রফ তমন ো verb ঑ Object এয ভারঝনা ফর঳।Inc. Karim did well his work.Corr. Karim did his work well. রকেু রকেু Verb- seem, smell, look, fell, taste, appear ইেযারদ linking verb এয঩রয Adverb এয ঩রযফরেে Adjective ঴রফ।Inc. She looks nicely.Corr. She looks nice Know এয ঩রয শুধু to infinitive নয় how to infinitive ফযফ঴ায কযরে ঴য়।Inc. He does not know to swim.Corr. He does not know how to swim. Appoint, make, select, consider ইেযারদ এয ঩রয শুধু as ফযফহৃে ঴য় না।Inc. I consider him as an honest man.Corr. I consider him an honest man.
  10. 10. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com রকেু রকেু Adjective তমভন- round, unique, chief, golden, equal, universalইেযরদ এরদয কখরনা Comparative ফা Superlative Degree ঴য় না, এরদয ঳ফ঳ভয়Positive Degree ঴য়।Inc. He was the goldenest boy of the class.Corr. He was the golden boy of the class. খাদয ফস্তু ঱ক্ত তফাঝারে Tough ঴য়, hard নয়।Inc. This cake is hard.Corr. This cake is tough. দুরিায ভরধয েুরনা ফুঝারর Comparative ঴য়, Superlative না এফং two উরর”খ থাকরর the ফর঳।Inc. Of the two boys, Karim is the best.Corr. Of the two boys, Karim is the berrer. তকান রকেুয ঩রযফেেন ঴রে ফুঝারর Double Comparative ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. I am getting fat and fatter.Corr. I am getting fatter and fatter. একই ফযরক্ত ফা ফস্তুয ভরধয দুরিায গুন ফুঝারর er তমারগ Comparative ঴য় না। more ফা less ফর঳রয়Comparative কযরে ঴য়।Inc. Mr. Masud is taller than fat.Corr. Mr. Masud is more tall than fat. েুরনা কযায ঳ভয় প্রথভরি Possessive Case ঴রর ঩রযযরি ঑ Possessive Case ঴রফ।Inc. Masud’s hair is taller than Bonny.Corr. Masud’s hair is taller than Bonny’s. একই ফারকয Double Comparative ফা Double Superlative ঴য় না।
  11. 11. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. He is comparatively better today.Corr. He is comparatively well today.Corr. He is better today. Very ঑ much ফযফ঴ারযয ঩াথেকয এই তম, Very ঳ফ঳ভয় Positive degree এয ঩ূরফে ফর঳ এফং much঳ফ঳ভয় Comparative degree এয ঩ূরফে ফর঳।Inc. He is very better today.Corr. He is much better today.Inc. This novel is much interesting.Corr. This novel is কেগুররা Latin Comparative তমভন: Senior, Junior, Inferior, Superior এয ঩ূরফেmore ফর঳ না এফং than এয ঩রযফরেে to ফর঳।Inc. Nahid is more superior than Karim.Corr. Nahid is superior to karim. ফযরক্তয দ্বাযা কাজ ফুঝারর ফযরক্তয ঩ূরফে by ফর঳ এফং ফস্তুয দ্বাযা কাজ ফুঝরর ফস্তুয ঩ূরফে with ফর঳।Inc. I killed the snake by a stick.Corr. I killed the snake with the stick.Inc. The stick is broken with Karim.Corr. The stick is broken by Karim. রদন ফা োরযরখয ঩ূরফে on , ভা঳/ফেয/তভৌ঳ুরভয ঩ূরফে in এফং রনরদেি ঳ভরয়য ঩ূরফে at ফর঳।঳ভরয়য ফযা঩াযগুররা প্রায়ই বু র ঴য়। ভরন যাখায উ঩ায় ঃিঃ* at + clock time * in + part of day * on + particular day.Inc. I shall complete the work in Sunday on March.Corr. I shall complete the work on Sunday in March.
  12. 12. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com তম ঳কর word এয ঩রয preposition ফযফহৃে ঴য় োরদয Infinitive ঩রয না ঴রয় Gerund঴রফ।Inc. Refrain to do.Corr.Refrain from doing. তম উ঩াদারনয ঳া঴ারময তরখা ঴য় ো ফুঝারে in ফর঳ এফং রফর঱ল মরেয ঳া঴ারময তরখা ঴য় ো ফুঝারে withফর঳।Inc. He writes with ink in pen.Corr. He writes with pen in ink. Compare এয ঩য with এফং to দুরিাই ফর঳ মখন ফস্তুয ঳ারথ েখন with এফং মখন ফযরক্তয ঳ারথ েখন toফর঳।Inc. Compare your book to mine.Corr. Compare your book with mine. মখন তকান ফারকয ধাযাফার঴কবারফ কেগুররা েথয তদয়া থারক েখন ফারকযয ঳ফগুররা Form একই যাখরে দুরিা঱ব্দ Noun ঴রর ঩রযযিা঑ Noun, Gerund ঴রর ঩রযযিা঑ Gerund, Adverb ঴রর Adverb এফং Infinitive ঴রর঩রযযিা঑ Infinitive ঴রফ।1. Nouns: The Children played on the swings, slides and seesaw.2. Gerund: Reading, Writing and Calculating are important to learn.3. Infinitive : After her accident he had to learn how to speak, to walk and to write again.4. Verb: We will run, swim and play.5. Adjective : Belly is short, ugly and vivacious.6. Adverb: The car runs efficiently, quickly and dependably.Inc.At the party the children joined hands, sang songs and were playing circle game.Corr. At the party the children joined hands, sang songs and played circle games.Inc. Reading, writing and watch TV is my hobby.Corr. Reading, writing and watching TV is my hobby.Note: Reading, writing এয parallel করয watching ঴রফ।Inc. He went there to play, to eat and drinking.
  13. 13. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comCorr. He went there to play, to eat and to drink. তম ঱ব্দগুররা ফারকযয বাফাথে প্রকার঱ তকান অফদান যারখ না ত঳গুররাই Redundant- এয অথে ঩ুনযাফৃরি। এ঱ব্দগুররা প্ররয়াজনীয়, েরফ রদ্বরুরক্ত র঴র঳রফ ফযফ঴ায ঴য়, ঱ব্দ একই না ঴রর঑ এরদয অথে একই। এগুররায ফযফ঴ারযফাকয ফাহুরয তদারল দুি ঴য়। এগুররায ফযফ঴ায রনলপ্ররয়াজন। ফারকয প্ররয়াজনারেরযক্ত েথয তদয়া ঴রর ত঳িারকRedundant- ফরা ঴য়। এ ধযরনয ফাকয বু র।রনরচ এ ধযরনয রকেু রভশ্র ঱রব্দয প্ররয়াগ তদখারনা ঴ররা।Advance, forward, proceed, progress forward- এ ধযরনয word combination ফারকয ফযফ঴ায কযা ঴রর োবু র ঴রফ। Advance, forward, proceed- এ ঱ব্দগুররায অথে ‚to move in a forward direction‛. ঳ুেযাং এ঱ব্দগুররায ঳ারথ forward তমাগ কযরে ঴রফ না।Inc.The army advanced forward after the big battle.Corr. The army advance after the big battle.Or The army move forward after the big battle.Inc. The peace talks advanced.Corr. The peace talks progressed. প্ররেরি word- এয Noun, adjective, verb ইেযারদ form যরয়রে। ফাকয ফযফ঴ারযয ঳ভয়঳রিক form রি ফযফ঴ায কযরে ঴য়।Inc. The exploration was a big, good-natured man.Corr. The explorer was a big, good-natured man.Inc. A new colonization was established in Afghanistan.Corr. A new colony was established in Afghanistan.Inc.The disturb cased the real to move her pups.Corr. The disturbance cased the real to move her pups.
  14. 14. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. Inside the forest, the active is constant.Corr. Inside the forest, the activity is constant.Inc. During the ten years he was a politic.Corr. During the ten years he was a politician. Principal Clause- এয verb রি if ঴রর, ো মরদ Affirmative ঴য় েরফ এয ঩রয if ফর঳ এফং মরদNegative ফা Interrogative ঴য় েরফ োয ঩রয that ফর঳।Inc. He doubt that he is a thief.Corr. He doubts if he is a thief.Inc. I do not doubt if he will help us.Corr. I do not doubt that he will help us.Inc. Do you doubt if he will give the book?Corr. Do you doubt that he will give the book? Possessive Noun-Gi ঩রয house, shop ইেযারদ উ঴য থাকরর ঑ Possessive Pronoun- এয ঩রয উ঴যথাকরে ঩ারয না। তমভন-Inc. We live in the boarding.Corr. We live in the boarding house.Inc. He is my younger.Corr. He is my younger brother. ভানুরলয ঩রযফরেে Other ফযফহৃে ঴য় রকন্তু তকান ফস্তু ফা স্থ্ারনয ঩রযফরেে ঴য় না। তমভন-Inc. We will buy paper, shirt, pen, shoe and others.Corr. We will buy paper, shirt, pen, shoe and other things. Relative Pronoun ঳ফ ঳ভয় Antecedent এয রনকরি ফর঳। তমভন-Inc. The boy will get a prize who works hard.Corr. The boy who works hard will get a prize. এক জােীয় ঩দারথেয ভরধয েুরনা ঴রে ঩ারয, রবন্ন জােীয় ঩দারথেয ভরধয েুরনা ঴রে ঩ারয না। তমভন-
  15. 15. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. Rams book is better than Shamim.Corr. Ram’s book is better than that of Shamim.Corr. Ram’s book is better than Shamim’s book. এক জােীয় ঩দারথেয ভরধয েুরনা কযরর than এয ঩রয all other ফা any other ফ঳ারে ঴য়। তমভন-Inc. Kalidas was greater than all poets.Corr. Kalidas was greater than all other poets. Finite verb- এয Nominative, ‘He’-Gi ঳ারথ being ঳ংমুক্ত ঴রে ঩ারয না। তমভন-Inc. Being a hot day he went out with an umbrella.Corr. It being a hot day he went out with an umbrella. Participle- এয ঳ারথ কেোয ঳ংরমাগ না থাকরর উ঴া রবন্ন রবন্ন Clause এ কযরে ঴য়।Inc. Walking in the street a snake bit him.Corr. While he was walking in the street, a snake bit him. Supposition রি প্রকৃ ে অফস্থ্ায রফরযাধী ঴রর verb singular না ঴রয় Plural ঴য়। তমভন-Inc. I shall be glad if the boy was let off.Corr. I shall be glad if the boy were let off. Full মখন অনয একরি word-Gi ঳ারথ মুক্ত ঴য় েখন শুধুভাে ত঱রলয ‘l’ রি ফাদ রদরে ঴য়। তমভন-Inc. The cow is a usefull animal.Corr. The cow is a useful animal. Yet ঑ already অেীরেয তকান এক অরনরদেি ঳ভয় রকেু ঘরিরে ফা ঘরিরন ফুঝারে ফযফহৃে঴য়। already ঳ফেদা affirmative sentence-G এফং yet ঳াধাযণে negative sentence- এ ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Shanta has already read the book.I have yet learn the skill.
  16. 16. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com Too ঳ফেদা negativeঅথে প্রকা঱ করয। এয ভাধযরভ ফুঝা মায় তম ফারকয উরর”রখে কাজরি ঳ম্ভফ নয়।অনযরদরক enough ঳ফেদা positive অথে প্রকা঱ করয অথোৎ এয ভাধযরভ ফুঝা মায় ফারকয উরর”রখে কাজরি ঳ম্ভফ।তমভন-Biplob is too clever to be trusted.Mr. Rahman is old enough to know better. Quite ঱রব্দয অথে ঳ভগ্রবারফ ফা ঩ুরযা঩ুরযবারফ। এরি একরি adverb. অনযরদরক quite ঱ব্দরিadjective ফা noun র঴র঳রফ ফযফহৃে ঴রে ঩ারয। এয অথে ঱ান্ত, চু঩ থাকা ইেযারদ। তমভন-The answer is quite digressive.Keep quite in the classroom. Lie অথে রফশ্রাভ কযা, ত঱ায়া, তকাথা঑ অফারিে ঴঑য়া ইেযারদ। এয past form঴রে lay এফং pastparticiple ঴রে lam রভথযা ফরা অরথে lie এয past ঑ past participle ঴রে lied. lie এয ঩রয তকানcomplement ফর঳ না। lay অথে কাউরক ফা তকান রকেুরক স্থ্া঩ন কযা । এয past এফং past participle উবয়঴রে laid এয ঩রয complement ফর঳ না। তমভন-The University lies on the western section of the town.The enemy soldiers laid down their weapons and surrendered. Dispite এফং in spite এই দুরি preposition ‘মরদ঑’ অরথে ফযফহৃে ঴য়। এরদয অথে একই এফং একরিঅ঩যরিয ঩রযফরেে ফ঳রে ঩ারয। তমভন-Rima can be admitted to the university dispite her bad grades.Rima can be admitted to the university in sipte of her bad grades. Sit ঱রব্দয অথে ফ঳া। এয past ঑ past participle উবয় form-B ঴রে sat. এয ঩রযcomplement ফর঳ না। set অথে কাউরক ফা তকান রকেুরক স্থ্া঩ন কযা। এয past ঑ past participle উবয় form-B ঴রে set. এয ঩রয complement ফর঳।Being tired, I sat down under a tree.The botanist set her plants in the sun so that they would grow. Due to ঑ owing to উবয়ই রনরভিারথে ফযফহৃে ঴য়, রকন্তু এদরয ফযফ঴ায এক নয়। due to ঳াধাযণেnoun এয ঩রয ফর঳ এফং owing to verb- এয ঩রয ফর঳। তমভন-
  17. 17. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com1. Inc. Owing to some difficulties I am unable to do it.Corr. My inability to do, it is due to some difficulties.2. Inc. Due to the accident I could not go.Corr. Owing to the accident, I could not go. Devoted ঑ addicted উবরয়য অথে আ঳ক্ত। রকন্তু ফযফ঴ারযয রফরধ এক নয়। Devoted ভারন বার কারজআ঳ক্ত, আয addicted ভন্দ কারজ আ঳ক্ত। এয ঩রয preposition toফর঳। তমভন-1. Inc. He is addicted in study.Corr. He is devoted to study.2. Inc. Shabana is devoted from gambling.Corr. Shabana is addicted to gambling. Let দ্বাযা তকান sentence আযম্ভ ঴রর Let- এয ঩রয ঳ফেদা Objective case ঴য়। তমভন-1. Inc. Let you and he be witness.Corr. Let you and him be witness.2. Inc. Let you and I lead the way.Corr. Let you and me lead the way. Preposition মখন Subject র঴র঳রফ ফযফহৃে ঴য় েখন ঑রদয Object ঳ফ ঳ভয় Objective case঴য়। তমভন-1. Inc. Between you and I.Corr. Between you and me.2. Inc. Against you and I go together.Corr. Against you and me go together. মখন তকান Sentence- এ রভরনি উরর”খ থারক েখন O’clock ফর঳ না। রভরনি উরর”খ না থাকররO’clock ফর঳। তমভন-1. Inc. I shall start by the 6:30 o’clock train.Corr. I shall start by the 6:30 train.2. Inc. I shall start by the 5 train.Corr. I shall start by the 5 o’clock train.
  18. 18. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com তকান প্রাণী ডুরফ মা঑য়া ফুঝারর drown ফযফহৃে ঴য় এফং তকান ফস্তু ডুরফ মা঑য়া ফুঝারর sink ফযফ঴ায কযরে঴য়। ‘sink’ intransitive verb ফরর active voice ঴য় এফং ‘down’ passive voice- এ ফযফহৃে ঴য়। তমভন-1. Inc. The ship was drowned.Corr. The ship sank.2. Inc. The dove is sank in the pond.Corr. The dove drowned in the pond. Until ঑ unless উবয়ই না-তফাধক ফা Negative. োই এগুররা রদরয় ফাকয গিন কযরে ঴রর নেুন করয আযdo not ফর঳রয় Negative কযায দযকায ঴য় না। তমভন-1. Inc. Wait until I don not return.Corr. Wait until I return.2. Inc. Unless you do not work, you will fail.Corr. Unless you work, you will fail. Hang এ verb-Gi past participle ‘hung’ ঑ hanged উবয়ই রকন্তু ফযফ঴ায রবন্ন। উবরয়য অথেঝু রারনা রকন্তু hanged পাাঁর঳য কারি ঝু রারনা ফুঝায় এফং hung অনয রকেু ঝু রারনা ফুঝায়।1. Inc. The picture was hanged in the fence.Corr. The picture was hung in the fence.2. Inc. He was hung for murder.Corr. He was hanged for murder. Deny ঑ refuse এয অথে অস্বীকায কযা ঴রর঑ ফযফ঴ায ভূরে রবন্ন। deny ভারন অেীে কাজঅস্বীকায কযা আয refuse ভারন ফেেভান ঑ বরফলযরেয কাজ A¯^xKvi কযা। তমভন-1. Inc. Why did you refuse this?Corr. Why did you deny this?2. Inc. Why will you deny the truth?Corr. Why will you refuse the truth? Direct Narration ঴রর Subject ঳ফেদা Nominative-Gi ঩ূরফে ফর঳ এফং Indirect
  19. 19. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comNarration ঴রর Verb ত঳রেরে Nominative এয ঩রয ফর঳। তমভন-1. Inc. Tell me how are you.Corr. Tell me how you are.2. Inc. Inform me what are you doing now.Corr. Inform me what you are doing now.3. Inc. Whom you do want?Corr. Whom do you want? With দ্বাযা দুরি Subject মুক্ত ঴রর with এয ঩ূরফেয Subject অনুমায়ী Verb এয ফযফ঴াযকযরে ঴য়। তমভন-Inc. The president with all his advisers were present in the meeting.Corr. The president with all his advisers was present in the meeting. As well as দ্বাযা দুরি Subject মুক্ত ঴রর প্রথভ Subject অনুমায়ী verb ফর঳। তমভন-Inc. Becon as well as Shakespeare were dead.Corr. Becon as well as Shakespeare was dead.Inc. He as well as his friends are present here.Corr. He as well as his friends is present here. After দ্বাযা দুরি Noun মুক্ত ঴রর After এয ঩ূরফেয Noun অনুমায়ী Verb ফর঳। তমভন-Inc. Blow after blow have made the thief senseless.Corr. Blow after blow has made the thief senseless. দুরয়য ভরধয ঴রর each other দুরয়য অরধক ঴রর one another ফযফ঴ায কযরে ঴য়। তমভন-Inc. The two brothers loved one another.Corr. The two brothers loved each other.Inc. Society can not progress if men do not help each other.Corr. Society can not progress if men do not help one another.
  20. 20. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com Can and may এয ফযফ঴ায।Inc. It can rain today.Corr. It may rain today.Inc. We can go campaign this summer.Corr. We may go campaign this summer.Inc. There can be a strike next week.Corr. There may be a strike next week. All and whole এয ফযফ঴ায।Inc. She has eaten all a loaf.Corr. She has eaten a whole loaf.Note: Indefinite article এয আরগ all ঴য় না।Inc. I have drunk the whole milk.Corr. I have drunk all of the milk.Note: তফর঱য বাগ uncountable noun-Gi ঳ারথ all (of) ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. All we can come tomorrow.Corr. All of us can come tomorrow.Note: Personal Pronoun এয ঳ারথ all + of + object form ঴য়। Allow, permit and let এয ফযফ঴ায।Inc. We don’t allow smoke in the kitchen.Corr. We don’t allow smoking in the kitchen.Note: তকান Personal object না থাকরর ing form ফযফহৃে ঴য়।Inc. It is not allowed to smoke here.Corr. It is not permitted to smoke here.Note: Passive structure it রদরয় শুরু ঴রর allow ঴য় না।Inc. Let the children to stay up.Corr. Let the children stay up.Note: Let এয infinitive without to ফর঳।
  21. 21. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comInc. He was let to go home.Corr. He was allowed to go home.Note: Passive form-G let ঴য় না। Enjoy- এয ফযফ঴ায।Inc. I really enjoyed when I went to Rome.Corr. I really enjoyed myself when I went to Rome.Note :মখন আভযা বার ঳ভরয়য কথা ফরর েখন enjoy ঴য়। অনয ঳ভয় enjoy +noun/pronoun+ ing ঴য়।Inc. I don’t enjoy to look after children.Corr. I don’t enjoy looking after children. For and since- এয ফযফ঴ায।Inc. I have known Sipu since three days.Corr. I have known Sipu for three days.Inc. She has been working here for July.Corr. She has been working here since july.Note: For রদরয় কে রদন ফা কে ঳ভয় অথোৎ period তফাঝায় এফং since রদরয় কখনতথরক অথোৎ starting point তফাঝায়।The following suffixes usually indicate-ion,-sion, -tion-acy
  22. 22. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com-ance, -ence-hood-ar, -or-ism-ment-ness-y-ty-al-ful-ly-ic-ish-like-ous-y-ate {it}-able, -ible-ly-ify-ate {eit}-ize
  23. 23. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comUse the simple present tense in future-time clauses (when the action will take placesometime in future). Never use ‚will‛ or ‚going to‛ in future-time clauses. Time clausesare introduced by such words as when, while, after, before, as soon as, etcwill, going toThe simple verb (V) is used for all persons in a noun clause after the following verbsask (when it means request) Use ‚not‛ to make the verb negative Don’t use ‚don’t‛1. Present wishes are expressed in the past tense2. Always use ‚were‛ in the present wishes for to ‚be‛3. Past wishes are expressed in the past perfectIf + present >> future (result)If + past >> would (modal) + V (result)If + past perfect >> would + have + past participle IIdemandinsistrequiresuggestrecommendurguadviserequestbe necessarybe requiredbe essentialbe important+ V
  24. 24. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.coma. In general, avoid using ‚would‛ in the if-clauseb. In present-time unreal if-clauses, the correct form of the verb ‚to be‛ for all personsis ‚were‛1. modal + V (to)2. modal + have + PII3. when you change direct speech to indirect speech, ‚could, would, should‛ and ‚might‛do not change form4. use ‚must have +PII‛ for past conclusion only5. use ‚had+infinitive‛ for past obligationletmakehavefeeladmit ,appreciate,avoid ,cannothelp,consider ,deny ,enjoy ,finish ,keep ,postpone ,practice ,stop,be accustomed to,be interested in ,be opposed to ,beused to ,decide on ,get through ,keep on ,look forwardto ,plan on ,put offthink about ,think of ,+ Gerund+ V
  25. 25. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comhearnoticeobserveseesmellwatchModifiers –like ‚only‛ Adverbs like‛ only, just, nearly, hardly, almost, scarcely‛ come as close aspossible to the adjectives, verbs or other adverbs they modify Do not put an adverbbetween ‚to‛ and ‚V‛Right: We hope to inform him quicklyWrong: We hope to quickly inform himThe subject of the main clause must be the same as the understood subject of theintroductory phrase.Wrong: Running home from school, a dog bit meRight: Running from home the school, I was bitten by a dogWrong: To understand the directions, they must be read carefullyRight: To understand the directions, one must read them carefully.1. Adjective modify nouns (N) and pronouns2. Adverbs modify verbs (V)3. Adverbs also modify adjectives4. Adverbs also modify other adverbsAdverbs end in –lyadjective=adverb : LATE, FAST, HARD+ Vor+ Gerund
  26. 26. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comWhen nouns are used as adjectives, they do not have plural or possessive formException: The following nouns always end in –s, but are singular in number when theyused as names of courses or sciencesHe is an economics teacherBUT: The current economic situation is extremely uncertainNouns (N) are sometimes found as part of hyphenated or compound adjectives (adjectivesof more than one word joined by hyphens). THESE NOUNS ARE NEVER PLURAL.few, fewer, fewest, many + plural count nounslittle, less, least, much + noncount nouns1. ordinal numbers are used in the patternthe + ordinal + noun (N)2. cardinal numbers are used in the patternnoun (N) + cardinala. don’t use both ‚-er‛ and ‚more‛+ adjective *adverbalways use the
  27. 27. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comb. be careful to use only ‚than‛ after a comparative structurec. be careful to use the comparative for two items,not three or more. For three or more use superlative Logic errors:- do not compare two nouns that can not be compared- do not compare a noun to itselfa. always use ‚the‛ in the superlative patternb. be careful not to use ‚-est‛ and ‚most‛ in the same superlativec. do not put ‚than‛ after the superlatived. be careful to use the superlative for three or more items. Use the comparative for twoitemsSOa. so + adjective + thatb. so + adverb + thatc. so + many (few) + count noun + thatd. so + much (little) + non-count noun + thatSUCHa. such + adjective + plural count noun + thatb. such + adjective + non-count noun + thatSO or SUCHso + adjective + a + singular count noun + thatsuch + a + adjective + singular count noun + that1. Be careful not to omit ‚a‛ before a singular count noun2. The pattern of cause-and-result is expressed by so/such“that. Do not use ‚too‛ or ‚as‛NOT is an adverb that negates verbNO is an adjective that indicates ‚the absence of something. It modifies nouns.
  28. 28. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comNONE is a pronoun, meaning not any or not one.Use NONE when the noun it replaces has been mentioned alreadyUse ANY after negative words.There are some words that have negative meanings even though they do not appear dotobe negative :hardly, scarcely, rarely,seldom, without, onlyUSE ONLY ONE NEGATIVE WORD IN THE SENTENCERemember that ‚no longer‛ is an idiomatic negative expression of time.NEVER US ‚NOT LONGER‛who, whom, which, that and whose are relative pronouns used to introduce relativeclauses(adjective clauses)1. WHO and WHOM are used for persons2. WHICH is used for things3. THAT can be used for persons and things4. WHOSE is used to show possession. It can be followed by persons and things1. Subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, is, we, they) are used in the subject position andafterthe verb to be2. Object pronouns (me, you, him, her, it, us, them) are used as objects of verbs andprepositions and as subjects of infinitivesNOTE:
  29. 29. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.coma. Pronouns in apposition are in the same case as the pronouns they followWRONG: Let’s, you and I, go dancing Friday nightRIGHT: Let’s, you and me, go dancing Friday night.‚us‛ is the object to ‚let‛.‚you and me‛ must also be in the objective case b. Pronouns after the conjunctions ‚as‛or ‚than‛should be subject pronouns when they function as subjectHe is as tall as I (am tall)c. The correct forms of the reflexive pronouns for ‚him‛ and ‚them‛ are ‚himself‛ andthemselves‛.Not ‚hisself‛ and ‚theirself‛WHO and WHOEVER are subject pronounWHOM and WHOMEVER are object pronounsWHO (whoever) + VerbWHOM (WHOMEVER) + subject + Verb Sometimes expressions like the following separatewho (whoever) or whom (whomever) from its own verb or subject and verbHe is a student who I believe can do the jobUse the possessive case with GERUND (V-ing used as a noun)I resented their interrupting our conversationsPRONOUNS – FAULTY REFERENCEThe antecedent of a pronoun must be clearly understood
  30. 30. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comAs Bob got off the place, he waved to his father (‚he‛ clearly refers to ‚Bob‛)Do not carelessly change the person of a pronoun A student has to expect to work hardwhen hegoes to collegeNOTES:a. a student, a person or one can use the following third-person singular pronounsb. The possessive pronoun for ‚one‛ can be ‚one’s‛ or ‚his‛, but never ‚ones‛1. pronouns must agree in number with their antecedents2. The following indefinite pronouns are singular and take singular pronounsEach of the women took off her coat3. When compound subjects are joined by ‚neither“nor‛ or ‚either“or‛ the pronoun willagree with the subject nearer the verbNeither my mother nor my sisters could lendme their sewing machine4. Some words appear to be plural but are actually singular.The demonstrative pronoun THOSE can befollowed by a phrase or clause that modifies itNo one is allowed in the room except those whohave paid
  31. 31. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comThe personal pronouns THEY and THEM shouldnot be modified by a phrase or clauseSome verbs may be followed by two objects (anindirect object and a direct object).1.2.givebringsendofferpasstaketellreadwriteteachsellbuyfixmakegetI.O. + D.OD.O. + to + objectI.O. D.OMy father often gives me a giftD.O. Obj.My father often gives a gift to meI.O. + D.OD.O. + for + objectI.O. D.OJohn usually buys Mary a giftD.O. Obj.John usually buys a gift for Mary
  32. 32. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com3.4.1. The pattern for an embedded question in a statement or question :QUESTION WORD + SUBJECT + VERBQUESTION WORD/SUBJECT + VERBWRONG: I cannot see what says the signRIGHT: I cannot see what the sign saysWRONG: Do you know who is he?WRONG: Do you know who he isFOR + noun phraseTO + Verb Infinitive1. Every sentence must have at least one independent clause. An independent clauseconsist of at least one subject and one finite verb and is a complete thought.2. Two independent clauses can be joined by AND, BUT, OR, NOR, OR, FORexplainannouncedescribedelivermentionsayreportreturnaskcostchargeonlyD.O. + to + objectD.O Obj.He explained his idea to usonlyI.O. + D.O
  33. 33. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comA sentence may have one or more dependent clauses, each one or which must have itsown subject and finite verb. A dependent clause must be attached to an independentclause. It is incomplete by itself. There are three kinds of dependent clauses: NOUN,RELATIVE (ADJECTIVE) and ADVERBA NOUN clause functions as a subject or an object. Each noun clause which has its ownsubject and verb may be an embedded statement or an embedded question1. Embedded statements are often introduced by ‚that‛That he was a criminal surprised me. (N.Cl. as Statement)I know (that) he is from Canada (N.Cl. as Object)2. Embedded questions are introduced by ‚WH- ‚questionsA RELATIVE clause functions as an adjective/. Each relative clause, which has its ownsubject and verb, is introduced by one of the following words WHO, WHOM, WHICH,THAT, WHOSENote: WHOM and THAT when used as objects, are optionalAn ADVERB clause functions as an adverb. Each adverb clause has its own subject andverb. Thefollowing is a list of common used words that introduce adverb clausesIntroductory adverb clauses are followed by a comma.Notes:a. Be sure that every dependent clause is attached to an independent clauseb. Remember that all clauses independent and dependent have their own subject andfinite verbc. A finite verb is on that can be conjugated and shows tense, that is ends in –ed, -s, etc.Agerund (V-ing) or and infinitive (to-V) is not a finite verbd. Remember that two independent clauses are joined by coordinate conjunctions (AND,BUT“). They cannot be joined by a comma only
  34. 34. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.com1. In general, place adverbs (or adverbial phrases) after the verb or after the object, ifany. (Do notseparate the subject from the verb or the verb from its objectSUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + ADVERB (or ADV.PHRASE)2. Some adverbs can come before a single-word verb or the main verb3. Single-word adverbs of frequency usually come after the verb ‚to be‛ and before asingle-word verb or the main verb4. STILL comes before a single-word verb or the main verb in affirmative sentences andbefore theauxiliary in negative sentences5. In general, the order of final adverbs is ‚place‛ and then ‚time‛1. The passive is preferred when the actor is unknown or unimportant2. The passive voice is often used when discussing history3. Use active voice when the actor is more important than the action4. Avoid using active and passive in the same sentence if possible5. Use one verb instead of two when possibleItems in a series must be parallel, that is, they must have the same grammatical formStructure joined be AND, BUT, AS, OR, THAN or ALTHOUGH must have the samegrammatical formWRONG: Taking the bus can be as costly as to take a planeRIGHT: Taking the bus can be as costly as taking a plane
  35. 35. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comA general rule in English might be that ‚shorter is better‛. That is, when the same ideacan beexpressed directly in fewer words, choose the shorter version.1. Avoid unnecessary passive constructions2. Avoid unnecessary relative clauses where anadjective, participle phrase, prepositional phrase or appositive is enoughThe tall man bought the car(Not: The man who is tall bought the car)3. Be as direct as possible It was an important discovery(Not: It was a discovery of great importance)4. Avoid redundancy She returned on Monday(Not: She returned back on Monday)1. ‚ain’t‛ should not be used as negative form of ‚to be‛2. ‚anywheres, nowheres, everywhere and somewheres‛ are incorrect forms of‚anywhere, nowhere, everywhere, somewhere‛3. ‚alright‛ is an incorrect form of ‚ all right‛4. ‚kind of a ‚ and ‚sort of a‛ are incorrect forms of ‚kind of‛ and ‚sort of‛5. ‚mad‛ should not be used to mean angry (Mad means insane, crazy)6. ‚off of‛ is an incorrect for of ‚off‛7. ‚suspicion‛ is a noun and cannot be used as a verb. The correct verb form is ‚suspect‛8. ‚The reason is because‛ is an incorrect form of ‚the reason is that‛9. ‚is where‛ and ‚is when‛ are incorrect ways of defining the meaning of a word10. ‚different than‛ is an incorrect form of ‚different from‛BETWEEN is used with two persons pr thingsAMONG is used for three or more persons or things
  36. 36. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comAMOUNT is used with non-count nounsNUMBER is used with count nounsIN is used with non-motion verbsINTO is used with verbs of motionHe is waiting in the kitchenHe ran into the kitchenSIT cannot take an object. Sit tells what a person or thing does for himself or by itself.The principalparts of sit are SIT, SAT, SAT, SITTINGSET must have an object. Set tells what a person does for someone or something else.SET, SET,SET, SETIINGLIE cannot take an object. Lie tells what a person or thing does for himself or by itself.LIE, LAY,LAIN, LYINGLAY must have an object. Lay, LAID, LAID LAYINGRISE cannot take an object. Ride tells what a person or thing does for himself or byitself. RISE,ROSE, RISEN, RISINGRAISE must have an object. Raise is what a person does for someone or something else.RAISE, RAISED, RAISED, RAISINGCAN is modal verb which means abilityMAY is a modal verb which means permission 6HANGED and HUNG are both correct past participle forms of the verb ‚HANG‛. But:
  37. 37. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comHANGED refers to executions (killings) of the personsHUNG refers to thingsACCEPTEXCEPTADVISEADVICEALL READYALREADYALTOGETHERALL TOGETHERBESIDES = EXCEPTBESIDE = NEXT TOCLOTH – is a noun that means ‚material‛ or ‚fabric‛CLOTHES – is a plural count noun meaning‚garments used to cover body‛DESERT – dry areaDESSERT – sweet foodDIFFER FROM = to be dissimilarDIFFER WITH = to disagree withEMIGRATE = to leave one’s country to live inanotherIMMIGRATE = to move to a new countryFARTHER = to or at a more distant point in spaceFURTHER = to or at a more distant point in time,degree or quantityFORMALLY = in a formal wayFORMERLY = previouslyHEALTHFUL = good for one’s healthHEALTHY = in good condition of healthILLUSION = false idea or unreal image
  38. 38. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comALLUSION = indirect referenceIMPLY = to suggest without stating directlyINFER = to make a conclusion based on evidencenote directly stated. Only a listener or reader can infer.LOOSE = not tightLOSE = to leave behind by accident, to cease having unintentionallyPRINCIPAL = chief, very importantPRINCIPLE = chief officialSO = is a conjunction joining a clause of result to a min clauseSO THAT = joins a clause of purpose to a main clauseSTATIONARY = in a fixed positionSTATIONERY = written suppliesboth “ andeither “ orneither “ nornot only “ but alsowhether “ ora. Do not use ‚both“and‛ for three or morenouns or adjectivesb. ‚WHETHER‛ may sometimes be used aloneSingular subjects take singular verbs. Pluralsubjects take plural verbs.1. Subjects are never found in prepositional phrases S Prep.Phr.The price of all these items is twenty dollars2. HERE and THERE are not subjects. Look after the verb to find the subject
  39. 39. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comHere comes the bus3. The subject also follows the verb in this pattern ADV – VERB – SUBJOn the door was a wreath of flowers Around the corner are several shops4. Expressions introduced with words such as ‚ALONG WITH, BESIDES, LIKE, AS WELLAS, INCLUDING‛ do not change the number of the subjectMr Jones, along with his wife and six children, is going to Paris5. When two subjects are joined by ‚EITHER .. OR‛ or ‚NEITHER“NOR‛, the subject closerto the verb determines its numberEither my sisters or my mother is going to the wedding6. Some words look plural but are singular. economics, physics, news, etc7. The subject of a relative clause ‚WHO, WHICH or THAT‛ is singular or pluraldepending on its antecedentBob is one of my friends who are helping me paint my houseThe following verb plus preposition combinationsalways appear as follows and must be learned Some other verb plus prepositioncombinations taketwo objectstogetheragree on (smth)agree with (smb)approve ofarrive at (or in)complain aboutconsent tocomment onconsist ofdepend onlaugh atobject tosucceed in+ Gerund
  40. 40. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comcompare “ with (to) “excuse “ for “prefer “ to “remind “ of “thank “ for “There are many adjective plus preposition combinations that occur with the verb ‚to be‛be afraid ofbe accustomed tobe aware ofbe bored withbe certain ofbe disappointed withbe familiar withbe famous forbe frightened bybe happy withbe in favor ofbe interested inbe opposed tobe satisfied withbe surprised at (by)be tired ofbe worried aboutSome prepositions exist in fixed phrasesaccording toalong withas well asbecause ofby means ofbe way ofin addition to
  41. 41. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comin case ofin consideration ofin contrast to (with)in deference toin hopes ofin lieu ofin pursuit ofin search ofin spite ofin the face ofin terms ofan + other + singular noun WITH COUNT NOUNSthe other + singular noun WITH NON-COUNT NOUNSother + plural noun WITH COUNT NOUNSother + non-count nouns WITH NON-COUNT NOUNSthe other + plural noun WITH COUNT NOUNSthe other + non-count nouns WITH NON-COUNT NOUNS(all the rest)
  42. 42. Want more Updates  http://facebook.com/tanbir.ebooksfacebook /gmail/skype: - http://tanbircox.blogspot.comইন্টাযরনি ঴রে ঳ংগ্র঴ীে http://techtunes.com.bd/tuner/tanbir_cox http://tunerpage.com/archives/author/tanbir_cox http://somewhereinblog.net/tanbircox http://pchelplinebd.com/archives/author/tanbir_cox http://prothom-aloblog.com/blog/tanbir_coxhttp://facebook.com/tanbir.coxhttp://facebook.com/tanbir.ebookshttp://tanbircox.blogspot.com

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