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Gardening 101

Gardening 101



Basic gardening instructions for beginners

Basic gardening instructions for beginners



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    Gardening 101 Gardening 101 Document Transcript

    • Gardening 101
      Books: Sunset New Western Garden Book
      Trowel and Error, Over 700 Tips, Remedies and Shortcuts for the Gardener
      by Sharon Lovejoy
      Square Foot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew
      Websites: www.jlgardencenter.com Check it out – there are many handouts and fact
      sheets of several garden topics.
      www.extension.usu.edu Very informative – Offers gardening tips for the
      current month and provides information on several garden topics.
      Early Spring: Prune trees, shrubs, summer/fall blooming perennials
      Clean out dead organic material
      Divide perennials
      Soil Preparation: Remove sticks, stones, and clumps from soil
      Turn soil by digging or rotor-tilling. This aerates the soil, improves structure.
      Incorporate organic matter – compost
      Test Soil: Check out the USU website above. USU offers a soil testing service. The
      information you receive is well worth the effort and money if you want to be a
      successful gardener.
      Soil pH: pH scale Acid ------------------------------Neutral-----------------------------Alkaline
      Most plants prefer a pH of 7-8. There are a few exceptions. Learn about your
      plants needs and provide the best environment for them.
      Enrich the soil: Organic material
      Fertilizer labels have three numbers.
      Nitrogen – Phosphorous – Potassium
      Nitrogen is for top growth/greening
      Phosphorous is for fruiting/flowering
      Potassium is for overall health, rooting/color
      Planting: Davis County, Utah is in USDA Zone 5, Western Garden/Sunset Zone 2
      Our average last day of frost is May 10. First day of Frost is October 5th
      General Rule of thumb for Davis County: Plant after Mother’s Day or May 15th.
      For more information on freeze dates and Utah’s climate go to http://climate.usu.edu
      Consider the type of plant, cool season or warm season. Cool season plants can be
      planted earlier than May 15th.
      USU has given the following suggested planting dates for the Wasatch Front
      Suggested Vegetable Planting Dates for the Wasatch Front
      by Shawn Olsen, USU Extension Agent
      Plant GroupAverage Planting DatesPlants to considerGroup A:HardyPlant as soon as the soil dries out in the spring.March 15 – May 1Artichoke, Asparagus, Broccoli, Cabbage, Kohlrabi, Onions, Peas, Radish, Rhubarb, Spinach, TurnipGroup B:Semi-HardyPlant a week or two after “A” group or about two weeks before average last spring frost. March 20 – May 1Beet, Carrot, Cauliflower, Endive, Lettuce, Parsley, Parsnip, Potato, Salsify, Swiss ChardGroup C:TenderPlant on the average date of the last spring frost – about when first apples reach full bloomMay 5 – June 1Celery, Cucumber, Dry Ban, Snap Bean, Spinach, Summer Squash, Sweet CornGroup D:Very TenderPlant when the soil is warm, about two weeks after “C” groupMay 20 – June 10Cantaloupe, Eggplant, Lima Bean, Pepper, Pumpkin, Tomato, Watermelon, Winter Squash,
      Special Plants for Fall Harvest
      Average planting datesBeetsJuly 1 – August 1CabbageMay 1 – July 15KaleJuly 1 – August 15LettuceJune 1 – August 1OnionAugust 1 – August 10RutabagaJune 15 – July 1SpinachJuly 1 – August 15TurnipJuly 1 – August 1
      Extend your growing season:
      Protect tomatoes with Walls of Water or other protection
      Use small PVC pipe to create a dome tent (green house) over planting
      Plant a second crop later in the season for a fall harvest as indicated
      Begin plant starts indoors before moving to the garden
      You can make your own plant starter pots with newspaper – they
      are biodegradable and plant and paper both can be put into the
      garden. See www.potmaker.com for instructions and tools.
      Where to Plant: Know your yard and how much sun and shade your plants will receive
      Exposure to sun - Full sun: 6-8 hours full sun
      Partial Sun: 4-6 hours full sun
      Partial Shade: 4-6 hours filtered sun
      Full Shade: Less than 4 hours full sun
      Deep shade: No sun
      Microclimates: South side – most sun
      East side – am sun/ pm shade
      North side – mostly shade
      West side – pm direct sun/ am shade
      Rotation: Rotate plants from year to year to avoid soil depletion and bug infestation
      Consider plant group when rotating – all plants in one group pull the same
      nutrients from the soil
      How to plant: Read seed packets for specific information
      Consider Square Foot Gardening instead of rows to conserve space (see Book
      listed above)
      Sets – Dig hole, add organic matter, break apart roots, plant, root starter
      Give water to newly planted items
      Maintenance: Mulch will prevent evaporation, control weeds and will look nice
      Soil pep makes a nice mulch
      Water: Know your plants needs – plants have different watering needs, look at the fact sheet
      from the web sites listed above.
      Many of us overwater -
      Types of irrigation: Drip, Sprinkler, Soaker hoses
      Schedule: Take time to write up a watering schedule – it will simplify your work later
      Weeds: Pull weeds while soil is moist and when weeds are small
      Bring a digging tool, bag and scissors with you
      Dead Head: cut off dead blooms of flowers
      Pull weeds before they bloom to prevent weeds seeds from dropping into the soil
      Problems: USU Extension – Master Gardeners are available at the County Courthouse M-F
      from 9-12 to answer questions. Bring in a sample of your plant to show the
      problem. If they cannot answer the question, they will send it onto the Plant
      Fall: Harvest and Winterize
      Consider covering your beds to protect from seed pods and other debris falling into your
      garden area