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Gardening 101<br />Resources:  <br />Books:  Sunset New Western Garden Book<br /> Trowel and Error, Over 700 Tips, Remedie...
Gardening 101
Gardening 101
Gardening 101
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Gardening 101

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Basic gardening instructions for beginners

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Transcript of "Gardening 101"

  1. 1. Gardening 101<br />Resources: <br />Books: Sunset New Western Garden Book<br /> Trowel and Error, Over 700 Tips, Remedies and Shortcuts for the Gardener<br /> by Sharon Lovejoy<br />Square Foot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew<br />Websites: www.jlgardencenter.com Check it out – there are many handouts and fact <br />sheets of several garden topics.<br /> www.extension.usu.edu Very informative – Offers gardening tips for the <br />current month and provides information on several garden topics.<br />Early Spring: Prune trees, shrubs, summer/fall blooming perennials<br /> Clean out dead organic material<br /> Divide perennials<br />Soil Preparation: Remove sticks, stones, and clumps from soil<br /> Turn soil by digging or rotor-tilling. This aerates the soil, improves structure.<br /> Incorporate organic matter – compost<br />Test Soil: Check out the USU website above. USU offers a soil testing service. The <br />information you receive is well worth the effort and money if you want to be a <br />successful gardener.<br />Soil pH: pH scale Acid ------------------------------Neutral-----------------------------Alkaline<br /> 0714<br /> Most plants prefer a pH of 7-8. There are a few exceptions. Learn about your <br />plants needs and provide the best environment for them. <br />Enrich the soil: Organic material<br />Fertilizer labels have three numbers. <br />Nitrogen – Phosphorous – Potassium<br />Nitrogen is for top growth/greening<br />Phosphorous is for fruiting/flowering<br />Potassium is for overall health, rooting/color<br />Planting: Davis County, Utah is in USDA Zone 5, Western Garden/Sunset Zone 2<br /> Our average last day of frost is May 10. First day of Frost is October 5th<br /> General Rule of thumb for Davis County: Plant after Mother’s Day or May 15th.<br /> For more information on freeze dates and Utah’s climate go to http://climate.usu.edu<br /> Consider the type of plant, cool season or warm season. Cool season plants can be <br />planted earlier than May 15th.<br /> USU has given the following suggested planting dates for the Wasatch Front<br />Suggested Vegetable Planting Dates for the Wasatch Front<br />by Shawn Olsen, USU Extension Agent<br />Plant GroupAverage Planting DatesPlants to considerGroup A:HardyPlant as soon as the soil dries out in the spring.March 15 – May 1Artichoke, Asparagus, Broccoli, Cabbage, Kohlrabi, Onions, Peas, Radish, Rhubarb, Spinach, TurnipGroup B:Semi-HardyPlant a week or two after “A” group or about two weeks before average last spring frost. March 20 – May 1Beet, Carrot, Cauliflower, Endive, Lettuce, Parsley, Parsnip, Potato, Salsify, Swiss ChardGroup C:TenderPlant on the average date of the last spring frost – about when first apples reach full bloomMay 5 – June 1Celery, Cucumber, Dry Ban, Snap Bean, Spinach, Summer Squash, Sweet CornGroup D:Very TenderPlant when the soil is warm, about two weeks after “C” groupMay 20 – June 10Cantaloupe, Eggplant, Lima Bean, Pepper, Pumpkin, Tomato, Watermelon, Winter Squash,<br />Special Plants for Fall Harvest<br />Average planting datesBeetsJuly 1 – August 1CabbageMay 1 – July 15KaleJuly 1 – August 15LettuceJune 1 – August 1OnionAugust 1 – August 10RutabagaJune 15 – July 1SpinachJuly 1 – August 15TurnipJuly 1 – August 1<br />Extend your growing season: <br />Protect tomatoes with Walls of Water or other protection<br />Use small PVC pipe to create a dome tent (green house) over planting <br />area<br />Plant a second crop later in the season for a fall harvest as indicated <br />above<br />Begin plant starts indoors before moving to the garden<br />You can make your own plant starter pots with newspaper – they <br />are biodegradable and plant and paper both can be put into the <br />garden. See www.potmaker.com for instructions and tools. <br />Where to Plant: Know your yard and how much sun and shade your plants will receive<br />Exposure to sun - Full sun: 6-8 hours full sun<br /> Partial Sun: 4-6 hours full sun<br /> Partial Shade: 4-6 hours filtered sun<br /> Full Shade: Less than 4 hours full sun<br /> Deep shade: No sun<br />Microclimates: South side – most sun<br /> East side – am sun/ pm shade<br /> North side – mostly shade<br /> West side – pm direct sun/ am shade<br />Rotation: Rotate plants from year to year to avoid soil depletion and bug infestation<br /> Consider plant group when rotating – all plants in one group pull the same<br /> nutrients from the soil<br />How to plant: Read seed packets for specific information<br /> Consider Square Foot Gardening instead of rows to conserve space (see Book <br />listed above)<br /> Sets – Dig hole, add organic matter, break apart roots, plant, root starter<br /> Give water to newly planted items<br />Maintenance: Mulch will prevent evaporation, control weeds and will look nice<br /> Soil pep makes a nice mulch<br />Water: Know your plants needs – plants have different watering needs, look at the fact sheet <br />from the web sites listed above. <br />Many of us overwater -<br />Types of irrigation: Drip, Sprinkler, Soaker hoses<br />Schedule: Take time to write up a watering schedule – it will simplify your work later<br />Weeds: Pull weeds while soil is moist and when weeds are small<br /> Bring a digging tool, bag and scissors with you<br /> Dead Head: cut off dead blooms of flowers<br /> Pull weeds before they bloom to prevent weeds seeds from dropping into the soil<br />Problems: USU Extension – Master Gardeners are available at the County Courthouse M-F <br />from 9-12 to answer questions. Bring in a sample of your plant to show the <br />problem. If they cannot answer the question, they will send it onto the Plant <br />Clinic<br />Fall: Harvest and Winterize<br /> Consider covering your beds to protect from seed pods and other debris falling into your <br />garden area<br />

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