between Transiency and
Emily M. Spira
Why student transiency?
America has the highest rate of transiency in the world. On average,
forty-three million Americans move every year.
According to data from the 2010
Current Population Survey
100.2 million people aged 5
years and over lived in a
different residence 5 years ago.
The goal of this study is to determine whether transiency affects
Transiency is a growing problem at the elementary school level
Challenges exist for teachers and students
Students can have gaps in their learning
Student mobility also affects a students’ social and emotional well-being
I suspected student mobility impacted student achievement in
reading and math negatively.
According to the Literature:
• The U.S. Government Accounting
department reported students who
change schools more than three
times before eighth grade are four
times more likely to drop out of
school before graduating high
High transiency rates were found to
correlate with lower test scores on
standardized tests, with the gap
widening between mobile and nonmobile students as students got
High rates of mobility result in
challenges and frustration for both
students and teachers.
A single move during elementary
school may not impact a child;
however, when multiples moves
accrue the impact can be significant.
There is a significant relationship
between student mobility and
What impact does transiency have on
student achievement in reading and
89 3rd grade
1. Not Mobile
3. Highly Mobile
Reading GCRCT Mean Scores
Math GCRCT Mean Scores
There is not a significant difference between any of the
groups on the reading or math GCRCT (p>.05).
The findings indicate transiency does not impact third grade
student achievement in reading and math as measured by