•Preparing the Speech You can dive right into public speaking Get into the right • It’s not about you. frame of mind • Listenability should be your focus throughout the process. • Do what’s right by society’s standards Commit to strong • Be up front about intentions, tell the truth, do not take credit for someone else’s work/ideas ethics. • When in doubt, take it out. • Take actions that enhance, not diminish your reputation Be civil. • Show courtesy, use good manners, listen to others, be fair, and show respect to your audience.
•Preparing the Speech cont… Analyze Your Determine Choose Your Audience Purpose Topic • Includes demographic • To • Select a topic in which and psychographic inform, persuade, mar you have info k a special interest, appropriate • Take this info and occasion, etc. and meaningful make decisions to • Ex: Persuade: Find • If audience is construct a speech research and arrange general/mixed, choos that is relevant and arguments that lead e a topic of wide interesting. audience to that interest and broad conclusion. appeal
•The final steps of speech preparation Determine thesis • Narrow your topic to a central idea • Thesis is 1-2 sentence that tells audience what speech is about. • Typically stated in Introduction • Devise early. Find Supportive Materials • Find data and visuals that substantiate your ideas and speech purpose • Can be personal, opinion, or factual • Increases creditability and audience comfortability
•Organizing the Speech Preparing the Speech Outline Introduction Main Main Point # 1 Point #2 Sub Point Sub Point Sub Point SubPoint #1a # 1b #2a #2b Conclusion
•Organizing Your Speech cont… Outlining Your Speech Part 1 Organize Main Points Develop Main Points Determine and organize the • Determine the major major ideas that will support ideas that support your your thesis thesis Organize your ideas so your • Must relate to each other listeners can follow you and and organized in a understand recognizable pattern Main Points cont… • Can be arranged many ways • By topic, time, compare/contrast, cause- effect, problem/solution, reas ons why, ways how etc.