Failure of Humanity

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Failure of Humanity presentation by Bill DiMascio, Pennsylvania Prison Society Executive Director, from his Failure of Humanity speaking tour

Failure of Humanity presentation by Bill DiMascio, Pennsylvania Prison Society Executive Director, from his Failure of Humanity speaking tour

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  • 1. FAILURE OF HUMANITY iStockphoto.com/lpettet The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 2. America’s justice system Our justice system is built on legalities — not fairness The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 3. America’s justice system As a result, we have seen rapid growth and severe overuse of prisons over the past 25 years The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 4. America’s justice system There are glaring and unconscionable disparities such as … The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 5. America’s justice system Penalties for crack vs. powdered cocaine The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 6. America’s justice system Extraordinarily long mandatory sentences for minor or coincidental involvement in a crime The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 7. America’s justice system And, giving juveniles with underdeveloped mental capacity sentences of life without parole The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 8. America’s justice system This distorted version of justice falls most heavily on marginalized members of society The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 9. America’s justice system The poor The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 10. America’s justice system The weak The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 11. America’s justice system The unskilled The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 12. America’s justice system The mentally ill www.flickr.com/Yanapaskova The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 13. America’s justice system The undereducated The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 14. America’s justice system And, of course, minorities The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 15. America’s justice system Sadly, these are the people caught up in our obsession with punishment The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 16. America’s justice system Some say they wind up in prisons because they commit the most crimes . . . The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 17. America’s justice system … that’s not entirely true! The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 18. Unequal justice In our justice system — The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 19. Unequal justice Police are more active in poorer neighborhoods than wealthier communities . . . The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 20. Unequal justice . . . so more poor people get arrested The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 21. Unequal justice More poor people are convicted because they cannot afford competent defense lawyers The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 22. Unequal justice Minorities receive longer sentences because prosecutors have discretion in levying charges The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 23. Unequal justice The numbers don’t lie . . . The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 24. Unequal justice In 1993, 851 per 100,000 black males were incarcerated in South Africa under apartheid In 2006, 4,919 per 100,000 black males were incarcerated in America The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 25. Unequal justice Substantial racial and ethnic disparities are found in virtually all jurisdictions within the United States The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 26. Unequal justice Beginning with arrests The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 27. Unequal justice Continuing through incarceration and parole The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 28. Unequal justice in PA Consider: Nine out of 10 inmates sentenced to death were too poor to afford an attorney at trial in Pennsylvania The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 29. Unequal justice in PA Pennsylvania ranks second in the percentage of African Americans on death row The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 30. Unequal justice in PA Blacks are sentenced at a disproportionately higher rate than non- blacks for the same charges The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 31. Who is in prison? “One in 30 men between 20 and 34 is behind bars.” Pew Center on the States’ 2008 Report www.Flickr.com/Mark Regan The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 32. Who is in prison? Men 18 and older WHITE HISPANIC BLACK 1 in 106 1 in 36 1 in 15 The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 33. Who is in prison? Men 99 percent of the 140,000 veterans in state and federal prisons are male The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 34. Who is in prison? Women 18 or older WHITE HISPANIC BLACK 1 in 859 1 in 436 1 in 203 The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 35. Who is in prison? Women 18 or older Majority have suffered physical and mental abuses One out of three diagnosed with mental health problem The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 36. Who is in prison? Juveniles Children under 18 sentenced to life without parole: In US prisons 2371 In the rest of the world 0 The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 37. Who is in prison? Juveniles in PA More than 400 juvenile lifers More than half sentenced in Philadelphia County The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 38. Who is in prison? Percentage of prisoners by race Black White Hispanic Other The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 39. The original intent of penitentiaries Contrary to popular belief, penitentiaries were initially supposed to be more humane because they eliminated physical punishment and torture The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 40. 19th century prisons In the 19th Century criminal punishment in America was a model for the world Governments around the globe sent delegates to study America’s much- admired prison system The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 41. The modern prison But, the next few centuries told another story… The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 42. The modern prison Modern penitentiaries have moved away from physical torture, but heightened mental and emotional suffering … The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 43. The modern prison Confinement far from home Lack of jobs and other productive activities Catch-22 type regulations that require completion of programs that are unavailable Overcrowding The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 44. The modern prison The Dramatic Rise in Incarceration 2500000 2, 273, 407 2000000 Numbers of 1, 965, 667 1500000 People in Prison 1000000 1, 148, 702 338, 029 474, 368 500000 180, 889 272, 955 252, 615 332, 945 110, 099 112, 362 0 Year 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 Source: Justice Policy Institute at the U.S Department of Justice Data and www.prisonsucks.com The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 45. US vs. world numbers More than any other nation 2.3 million people are incarcerated US is global leader in incarceration rate — 750 per 100,000 The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 46. US vs. world numbers The United States vs. World's Prison Populations The U ni t e d St a t e s All othe r countries The United S ta tes 28% Chi na 24% Ru ssi a Ira n Br a zi l S ou th Af ric a 2% T ha ila n d 2% I ndi a 3% Me xi c o Me xi c o I ndi a 4 % Tha i l a nd China % B r a z il 5 Ira n 19% So ut h Afr i c a Russia 2% 11% Al l o t he r c o unt r i e s Source: The Justice Policy Institute and the International Centre for Prison Studies, London The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 47. US vs. world numbers Rate of Incarceration per 100,000 of National Population World Competitor HR US Average EU Countries Abusers 800 600 400 200 0 Source: The National Council on Crime and Delinquency The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 48. Pennsylvania numbers ► ► ► ►► ► ► ► ► There are nine federal prisons The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 49. Pennsylvania numbers There are more than 14,000 federal prisoners costing about $40,000 annually per inmate The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 50. Pennsylvania numbers ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ►► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► There are 26 state prisons in mostly rural areas The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 51. Pennsylvania numbers More than 46,000 state inmates costing about $34,000/year per inmate The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 52. Pennsylvania numbers And 67 county prisons — one in each county ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 53. Pennsylvania numbers More than 35,000 county inmates costing about $25,000/year per inmate The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 54. Pennsylvania numbers ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ► ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ►► ► ▲ ► ► ▲ ► ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ►► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ► ▲ ► ►► ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ► ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ► ▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲▲ ▲ ► ▲ ▲ ▲ ► ► There are a total of 102 federal, state and county prisons The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 55. Pennsylvania State Budget Projections The FY 2009 Capital Budget calls for construction of three new state prisons $200 million each The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 56. Pennsylvania State Budget Projections Budget also requests four new housing units $800 million more may also be needed if policy and sentencing changes are not enacted The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 57. Corrections projections for Pennsylvania State prisons are expected to grow by 170 inmates a month for the next four years The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 58. Corrections projections for Pennsylvania It will cost taxpayers: $650,000,000 in capital expenses $180,000,000 in annual operating costs The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 59. Cost of corrections In 2007, the US spent more than $49 billion on corrections and is expected to spend another $25 billion by 2011. Pew Center on the States 2008 Report The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 60. Cost of corrections vs. higher education In 2007, the rate of increase for prison costs was six times greater than for higher education spending The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 61. Cost of corrections vs. society ► Weakens fabric of communities ► Creates a huge tax burden ► Drains money from education, child care and welfare ► Increases crime, poverty and unemployment The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 62. Distorts government representation Increases political disenfranchisement — loss of voting rights 13.6 percent of black men in Flickr.com/Ben Heine the US can’t vote because of a felony conviction The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 63. Distorts government representation The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 64. Failure of humanity Prisons are being overused, but not because of increases in crime The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 65. Failure of humanity Instead, this overuse results from poor policy choices . . . The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 66. Failure of humanity . . . and a penchant to punish rather than rehabilitate The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 67. Failure of humanity Many people think problems are solved and the story ends when someone goes to prison The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 68. Failure of humanity But prison is closer to the beginning of the story The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 69. Failure of humanity Nine out of 10 inmates return home and face extraordinary obstacles to re-entry The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 70. Failure of humanity We must put fairness at the forefront of justice . . . The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 71. Failure of humanity . . . or accept a continued Failure of Humanity The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787
  • 72. FAILURE OF HUMANITY “A man who has lost his self-respect has nothing valuable to lose in society.” Dr. Benjamin Rush Signer of Declaration of Independence and Founder, Pennsylvania Prison Society The Pennsylvania Prison Society Social justice since 1787