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Earth science 12.4

Earth science 12.4






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    Earth science 12.4 Earth science 12.4 Presentation Transcript

    • 12.4 The Geologic Time Scale
    • Geologic time scale• The division of Earth history into blocks of time- eons, eras, periods, and epochs; The time scale was created using relative dating principles.
    • Eon• The largest time unit on the geologic time scale, next in order of magnitude above era
    • Era• A major division on the geologic time scale; Eras are divided into shorter units called periods
    • Period• A basic unit of the geologic time scale that is a subdivision of an era; Periods may be divided into smaller units called epochs
    • epoch• A unit of the geologic time scale that is a subdivision of a period
    • Key Concept• Based on their interpretations of the rock record, geologists have divided Earth’s 4.56- billion-year history into units that represent specific amounts of time. Taken together, these time spans make up the geologic time scale.
    • Key Concept• Eons represent the greatest expanses of time. Eons are divided into eras. Each era is subdivided into periods. Finally, periods are divided into still smaller units called epochs
    • Key Concept• There are three eras within the Phanerozoic. The Paleozoic, which means “ ancient life”, the Mesozoic, which means “ middle life”, and the Cenozoic, which means “recent life”.
    • Key Concept• Each era is subdivided into periods, each of which is characterized by a somewhat less profound change in life forms as compared with the eras.
    • Key Concept• The periods of the Cenozoic are divided into still smaller units called epochs.
    • Key Concept• During Precambrian time, there were fewer life forms. These life forms are more difficult to identify and the rocks have been disturbed often.
    • Key Concept• A sedimentary rock may contain particles that contain radioactive isotopes, but these particles are not the same age as the rock in which they occur.
    • Key Concept• The age of a particular mineral in a metamorphic rock does not necessarily represent the time when the rock first formed. Instead, the date may indicate when the rock was metamorphosed.