Latitude <ul><li>As latitude increase, the intensity of solar energy decreases. </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Zones: In the region between about 23.5 north (tropic of cancer) and 23.5 south ( tropic of Capricorn) of the equator, the sun’s rays are most intense which is called the tropical zone. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature Zone: In the temperature zones, which are between about 23.5 and 66.5 north and south of the equator, the sun’s energy strikes earth at a smaller angle than near the equator. </li></ul><ul><li>Polar Zones: In the polar zone, which are between 66.5 north and south latitudes and the poles, the energy strikes at an even smaller angle, causing the light and heat to spread out over an even larger area. </li></ul>
Elevation <ul><li>Elevation, height above sea level, affects an areas climates. </li></ul><ul><li>The higher the elevation is, the colder the climates. </li></ul>
Topography <ul><li>Topography features such as mountain plays an important role in the amount of precipitation that’s falls over an area. </li></ul>
Water Bodies <ul><li>Large bodies of water such as lakes and ocean have an important effect on the temperature of an area because the temperature of the water body influences the temperature of the air above it. </li></ul>
Atmospheric Circulation <ul><li>Global winds are another factor that influences climates because they distribute heat and moisture around earth. </li></ul>
Vegetation <ul><li>Vegetation can affect both temperature and the precipitation patterns in an area. </li></ul>
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