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38.1 Food and Nutrition<br />
Calorie <br />Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius.<br />
Carbohydrate<br />Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body. <br />
Fat <br />Lipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol; protects body organs, insulates body, and stores energy in the body....
Protein<br />Macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair ...
Vitamin<br />Organic molecule that helps regulate body processes.<br />
Mineral<br />Inorganic nutrient the body needs, usually in small amounts.<br />
Key Concept<br />The nutrients that the body needs are water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals.<br />
Key Concept<br />Every cell in the human body needs water because many of the body’s processes, including chemical reactio...
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Biology 38.1

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Transcript of "Biology 38.1"

  1. 1. 38.1 Food and Nutrition<br />
  2. 2. Calorie <br />Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius.<br />
  3. 3. Carbohydrate<br />Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body. <br />
  4. 4. Fat <br />Lipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol; protects body organs, insulates body, and stores energy in the body.<br />
  5. 5. Protein<br />Macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes.<br />
  6. 6. Vitamin<br />Organic molecule that helps regulate body processes.<br />
  7. 7. Mineral<br />Inorganic nutrient the body needs, usually in small amounts.<br />
  8. 8. Key Concept<br />The nutrients that the body needs are water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals.<br />
  9. 9. Key Concept<br />Every cell in the human body needs water because many of the body’s processes, including chemical reactions, take place in water.<br />
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