Bio 2.3
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Bio 2.3

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    Bio 2.3 Bio 2.3 Presentation Transcript

    • 2.3 Carbon Compounds
      Kivon L
      Period 1
      Biology
    • Monomers
      Small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers.
    • Polymers
      Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
    • Carbohydrates
      Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body.
    • Monosaccharides
      Single sugar molecule.
    • Polysaccharides
      Large macromolecule formed from monosaccharides.
    • Lipids
      Macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes.
    • Nucleic acids
      Macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus.
    • Nucleotides
      Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5- carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
    • Ribonucleic acid
      Single – stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose.
    • Deoxyribonucleic acid
      Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose.
    • Proteins
      Macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes.
    • Amino acids
      Compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on the other end.
    • Key concepts
      Four groups of organic compounds found in living things are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.
      Living things use carbohydrates as their main source of energy. Plants and some animals use carbohydrates for structural purposes.
    • Key concept
      Lipids can be used to store energy. Some lipids are important parts of biological membranes and waterproof coverings.
      Nucleic acids store and transmit hereditary, or genetic, information.
    • Key concept
      Some proteins control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes. Some are used to form bones and muscles. Others transport substances into or out of cells or help to fight disease.