Risk ppt1672
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Risk ppt1672 Risk ppt1672 Presentation Transcript

  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Introduction Project risk management is the art and science of identifying, assigning, and responding to risk throughout the life of a project and in the best interests of meeting project objectives. Risk management is often overlooked on projects, but it can help improve project success by helping select good projects, determining project scope, and developing realistic estimates.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT What is Risk? A dictionary definition of risk is “the possibility of loss or injury”. Project risk involves understanding potential problems that might occur on the project and how they might impede project success. Risk management is like a form of insurance; it is an investment.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risks & Opportunities Try to balance risks and opportunities Risks OpportunitiesCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Utility Risk utility or risk tolerance is the amount of satisfaction or pleasure received from a potential payoff: Utility rises at a decreasing rate for a person who is risk-averse. Those who are risk-seeking have a higher tolerance for risk and their satisfaction increases when more payoff is at stake. The risk neutral approach achieves a balance between risk and payoff.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Utility Function & Risk PreferenceCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT What is Project Risk Management? The goal of project risk management is to minimize potential risks while maximizing potential opportunities. Major processes include: Risk identification: determining which risks are likely to affect a project. Risk quantification: evaluating risks to assess the range of possible project outcomes. Risk response development: taking steps to enhance opportunities and developing responses to threats. Risk response control: responding to risks over the course of the project.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Common Sources of Risk on IT Projects Several studies show that IT projects share some common sources of risk. The Standish Group developed an IT success potential scoring sheet based on potential risks. McFarlan developed a risk questionnaire to help assess risk. Other broad categories of risk help identify potential risks.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT IT Success Potential Scoring Sheet Standish GroupCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT McFarlan’s Risk QuestionnaireCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Market, Financial, & Technology Risk Market risk: Will the new product be useful to the organisation or marketable to others? Will users accept and use the product or service? Financial risk: Can the organisation afford to undertake the project? Is this project the best way to use the company’s financial resources? Technology risk: Is the project technically feasible? Could the technology be obsolete before a useful product can be produced?CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Identification Risk identification is the process of understanding what potential unsatisfactory outcomes are associated with a particular project. Several risk identification tools include: Checklists, Flowcharts, and Interviews.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Potential Risk Conditions & Knowledge AreaCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Quantification Risk quantification or risk analysis is the process of evaluating risks to assess the range of possible project outcomes. It determines the risk’s probability of occurrence and its impact to the project if the risk does occur. Risk quantification techniques include: Expected monetary value analysis, Calculation of risk factors, PERT estimations, Simulations, and Expert judgment.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Expected Monetary Value (EMV)CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Chart Showing High-, Medium-, and Low-Risk TechnologiesCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Simulation for Risk Analysis Simulation uses a representation or model of a system to analyze the expected behavior or performance of the system. Monte Carlo analysis simulates a model’s outcome many time to provide a statistical distribution of the calculated results.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Expert Judgment Many organisations rely on the intuitive feelings and past experience of experts to help identify potential project risks. The Delphi method is a technique for deriving a consensus among a panel of experts to make predictions about future developments.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Response Development Risk avoidance: eliminating a specific threat or risk, usually by eliminating its causes. Risk acceptance: accepting the consequences should a risk occur. Risk mitigation: reducing the impact of a risk event by reducing the probability of its occurrence.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT General Risk Mitigation Strategies Technical Risks Cost Risks Schedule Risks Emphasize team support Increase the frequency of Increase the frequency of and avoid stand alone project monitoring project monitoring project structure Increase project manager Use WBS and PERT/CPM Use WBS and PERT/CPM authority Improve problem handling Improve communication, Select the most experienced and communication project goals understanding project manager and team support Increase the frequency of Increase project manager project monitoring authority Use WBS and PERT/CPM General Risk Mitigation Strategies for Technical, Cost, and Schedule RisksCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 1
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk and Contingency A risk management plan documents the procedures for managing risk throughout the project. Contingency plans are predefined actions that the project team will take if an identified risk event occurs. Contingency reserves are provisions held by the project sponsor for possible changes in project scope or quality that can be used to mitigate cost and/or schedule risk.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Questions for a Risk Management Plan Why is it important to take/not take this risk in relation to the project objectives? What specifically is the risk and what are the risk mitigation deliverables? How is the risk going to be mitigated? (What risk mitigation approach is to be used?) Who are the individuals responsible for implementing the risk management plan? When will the milestones associated with the mitigation approach occur? How much is required in terms of resources to mitigate risk?CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Risk Response Control Risk response control involves executing the risk management processes and the risk management plan to respond to risk events. Risks must be monitored based on defined milestones and decisions made regarding risks and mitigation strategies. Sometimes workarounds or unplanned responses to risk events are needed when there are no contingency plans.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Top 10 Risk Item Tracking Top 10 risk item tracking is a tool for maintaining an awareness of risk throughout the life of a project. Establish a periodic review of the top 10 project risk items. List the current ranking, previous ranking, number of times the risk appears on the list over a period of time, and a summary of progress made in resolving the risk item.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Top 10 Risk Item TrackingCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Software to Assist in Risk Management Databases can keep track of risks. Spreadsheets can aid in tracking and quantifying risks. More sophisticated risk management software helps develop models and uses simulation to analyze and respond to various project risks.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Sample Monte Carlo Simulation for Project ScheduleCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Sample Monte Carlo Simulations Results for Project CostsCDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2
  • HIT241 - RISK MANAGEMENT Conclusion Unlike crisis management, good project risk management often goes unnoticed. Well-run projects appear to be almost effortless, but a lot of work goes into running a project well. Project managers should strive to make their jobs look easy to reflect the results of well- run projects.CDU – School of Information Technology Risk Management - Slide 2