Herbal Garden proposal for Disha NGO


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Herbal Garden proposal for Disha NGO

  1. 1. Establishment of Demo Plots (Herbal Garden) and Nursery Centre at Basugaon for Twenty Medicinal Plants Submitted By: „DISHA NGO‟ District- Chirrang (BTAD), Assam Submitted to: National Medicinal Plants Board Department of AYUSH Delhi Through: State Medicinal Plant Board of Assam
  2. 2. 1. Title of the Project: Establishment of Demo Plots (Herbal Garden) and Nursery Centre at Basugaon for Twenty Medicinal Plants 2. Name of the organization with full address, telephone, fax and e-mail ID: Disha NGO HO: Main Road PO&PS: Basugaon Dist: Chirang BTAD (Assam) Pin code: 783372 Phone: 03661-25517 Fax: 03661-281341 E mail ID: mdo_ngo.btad@yahoo.com, disha.ngo@radiffmail.com 3. Status: Non-Governmental Organization Disha NGO has been actively engaged with Medicinal plant activities from a period of time. The Organization has created awareness among the rural population of the greater Basugaon area through the awareness programme, workshop, plantation programme, selling the herbal projects at mass of the area. The organization has motivated the SHG‟s of the area to involve in medicinal plant activities and also to take financial supports from banks and other financial institution. It has experience of selling the herbal items as raw and value added products. It has developed relationship with the traders of medicinal plants of the area helping the people to procure, preserve, process, and selling the herbal products.
  3. 3. 4. Registration number and data (for NGO, Trusts and Companies), NGOs and Companies should also send the Articles of Association, Memorandum of Association and Annual Report: RS/KJR/253/C/15 of 2003-04, Date: 06/06/2003 5. Name of the principal Investigator/ Project Leader and Co – PIs and their full address: PI: Shri Raju Das, M.Sc, B.Ed, CPEM Subject Teacher Govt H.S & M.P School Kokrazhar, Pin: 783370 Co PI: Shri Uttam Bhowmick, B.Sc. Subash Nagar, Ward No- 1 P.O/P.S- Busagaon, BTAD, Assam 6. Brief introduction of concept and justification of the project  Introduction: Assam is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur located in the city of Guwahati. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 km²). Assam is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. These states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip in West Bengal. Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh; and cultures, peoples and climate with South-East Asia
  4. 4. Kokrajhar district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in north-eastern India. The district headquarters are located at Kokrajhar town. The district occupies an area of 3,169.22 km². As of 2001, the district had a population of 905,764. Kokrajhar district is located on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River. It forms the gateway to the Seven Sister States. Kokrajhar shares its boundary with Bongaigaon (now known as Chirang), Dhubri, West Bengal, Barpeta and Bhutan. Assam has high diversity of medicinal plants and a rich tradition of local health care system. However, optimum commercial use of this rich resource has not taken place yet. The sector needs focused attention to develop it as a component of economic growth in the state. The sector holds promise for poverty alleviation and employment generation in rural areas through undertaking such diverse activities relating to medicinal plants as producing quality planting material. Assam is blessed with varied agro-climatic conditions suitable for cultivation of diverse crops including many high value medicinal and aromatic plants. Although numbers of medicinal and aromatic plants can be grown in the state to begin with commercial cultivation have to sorted out jointly with the state functionaries based on some criteria like market demand, processing requirements and volume of the marketable products etc. The table showing floristic diversity of Assam is given belowFamilies exhibiting maximum diversity in Assam Sl. No Family Genera Species 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Poaceae Orchidaceae Fabaceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Euphorbiaceae Cyperaceae Araceae Cucurbitaceae Lauraceae 83 81 68 66 55 45 15 18 23 10 212 191 171 127 127 102 81 47 46 45
  5. 5. The prioritized plant list for Assam is given belowSl No. Common Name Botanical Name Family 1 Amla Phyllanthus emblica Euphorbiaceae 2 Ashok Saraca asoca (Roxb) de Wilde Leguminosae 3 Ashwagandha Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal Solanaceae 4 Bael Aegle marmelos ( Linn) Corr. Rutaceac Useful in indignation, dysentery, chronic diarrhea, loss of appetite, eye trouble, cholera, diabetes, swelling. 5 Bhumi amlaki Phyllanthus amarus Schum & Thonn. Euphorbiaceae Useful in the treatment of jaundice and leucorrhoea and kidney related problems. 6 Brahmi Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Scrophulariceae Useful in epilepsy, tumor, ulcers, asthma, bronchitis, skin diseases, leprosy, leucoderma, sterility, fever. 7 Kalmegh Andrographis paniculata Wall. ex Nees. Acanthaceae Useful in curing chronic fever, malarial inflammation, burning sensation, wounds, influenza, itches, wounds, ulcers, skin diseases, colic. 8 Pippali Piper longum Linn. Piperaceae Useful in headaches, bronchitis, abdominal pains, diseases of the spleen and tumors. 9 Sarpagandha Rauwolfia serpentina Benth ex Kurz Apocynaceae Useful for the treatment of intestinal disorders, dysentery, malarial fever, hypertension, painful affections of bowels, fever, wounds, colic, epilepsy. Uses Useful in diabetes, cough, asthma, bronchitis, burns, madness, liver problems, skin diseases, leprosy, diarrhea, cardiac disorders. Used as astringent, urinogenital diseases, colic ulcers, pimples, burning sensation. Useful in rheumatism, ulcers, scabies, painful swelling and inflammation, constipation, nervous breakdown, skin diseases, bronchitis and ulcers.
  6. 6. Destroys intestinal worms, useful in cough, cold, bronchitis, catarrh, influenza, skin diseases, dysentery. 10 Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Linn. Labiatae 11 Arjun Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae 12 Bach Acorus calamus Araccac 13 Bhringaraj Widelia calendulace. Compositae 14 Patchouli Pogostemon cablin Lamiaceae 15 Satmul Asparagus racemosus Liliaceae 16 Salkuwari Aloe vera Liliaceae 17 Neem Azadirachta indica Meliaceae 18 Chitranala Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae 19 Sasi Aquilaria agallocha Thymelaesceae Used in the treatment of rheumatism, snake bite, ulcers, heart trouble, thyroid cancer and tumor. 20 Iswarmool Aristolochia indica Aristolochiaceae Useful in the treatment of fever, stomach complaints, as an antidote to snake bite, epilepsy and tumor healing. Useful in the treatment of dysentery, pneumonia, leprosy, wounds, red and swollen mouth, ulcers, heart diseases. Rhizomes are used to treat epilepsy, depression, mental ailments, chronic diarrhea, dysentery, colic, in various kinds of cancers, snake-bites. Used in various skin diseases and in cough. Useful in headache, to stop excessive bleeding during menstruation. Useful in diarrhea, cold and headaches. Used in nervous disorders, diarrhea, leucorrhoea, leprosy, epilepsy, abortion, cough, bronchitis, diseases of eyes. Useful in the treatment of jaundice, habitual constipation, loss of appetite, gas formation, liver disorder, rheumatism, skin diseases and intestinal worms, piles, cough and cold. Useful in many diseases of the bladder, kidney, eyes, skin, jaundice, boils, leucoderma, wounds, ulcers, tumors, vomiting, intestinal worms, bronchitis. Used as a remedy and cure for boils.
  7. 7. 21 Kopalphuta Cardiospermum helicacabum Sapildaceae Useful in rheumatism, nervous diseases, piles, chronic bronchitis, arthritis, It is also useful in the treatment of AIDS. 22 Tejpat Cinnamomum tamala Lauraceae Used in treating cough, diarrhea, rheumatism, heart trouble, fever, urinary diseases. 23 Lemongrass Cymbopogon nardus Poaceae Used for expelling gases, lowering the body heat, in case of vomiting, headache, sleeplessness. 24 Gun Kochu Homalomena aromatica Araccac Useful in dysentery and post natal care and useful also for stomach. 25 Sajina Moringa oleifera Moringaceae The roots are used in diarrhea, urinary problems, scurvy, wounds, eye diseases, chronic rheumatism, enlargement of lever, paralysis, inflammation, cough, asthma, bronchitis, epilepsy, cardiopathy, piles. 26 Bhat ghila Oroxylum indicum Bignoniaceae Useful in the treatment of fever, epilepsy, small pox, pimple, induce conception, headache, tonic, chest pain, cholera, diarrhea, dysentery. 28 Bhomora T.belerica Roxb. Combretaceae Useful in diarrhea, dysentery and rheumatic swellings. Effective in curing cough, asthma, bronchitis, vomiting, skin diseases, leprosy, diabetes, gastric problems, leprosy, liver problems. 29 Shilikha T.chebula Retz. Combretaceae Used in the treatment of dysentery, headache, painful menstruation, indigestion, jaundice, constipation, piles, bronchitis, cold, pneumonia, 30 Saguni lota Tinospora cordifolia Menispermaceae Useful in chronic fevers, inflammations, vomiting, skin diseases, leprosy, anemia, cough, asthma, jaundice.
  8. 8. 31 Gudmar Gymnema sylvestre Asclepiadaceae 32 Guggal Commipbora wightii Burseraceae 33 Kalihari Glariosa Superba Liliaceae 34 Mulethi Glycyrrbiza glabra Papilionaceae 35 Patharchur Coleus forskohlii Lamiaceae 36 Vaividang Embelia ribes Myrsinaceae 37 Senna Cassia angustifolia Caesalpiniacea It is useful in constipation, jaundice, asthma, bronchitis and leucoderma. Leaves are useful in diabetes. Roots are emetic and expectorant Guggul is useful in the treatment of lowering blood cholesterol level. Guggul can help to prevent cardiovascular diseases and also helps to lose weight. The plant is useful in the treatment of inflammation, ulcers, parasitic skin diseases, leprosy, helminthiasis, intermittent fevers, chronic ulcers, piles and gonorrhea. It is a popular and well-known remedy for coughs, chest complaints, bronchitis, fever, skin diseases, ulcers etc. In traditional Ayurveda systems of medicine, Coleus has been used for a variety of purposes, including treating asthma, bronchitis, insomnia, epilepsy. The roots are also used in treatment of worms. The root parts is claimed to allay burning in festering boils. When mixed with mustard oil, the root is applied to eczema and skin infections. The plant is also used for veterinary purposes Useful in the treatment of intestinal worms, skin diseases, nervine weakness, colic, constipation, cough, asthma, bronchitis, migraine, fever and general weakness. It is used in rheumatism, piles, skin diseases, stoppage of excessive bleeding during menstruation. Also useful in the treatment of constipation, typhoid, jaundice, anemia, leprosy etc.
  9. 9. 38 Kalmegh Andrographis Paniculata Acanthaceae Useful in the treatment of antipyretic, antiinflammatory, leprosy, intestinal worms, bronchitis, diabetes, gonorrhea, influenza, fever, itches, jaundice, stomach ulcers, liver troubles, diarrhea, piles, swelling etc.
  10. 10.  Concept: Kokrajhar district mainly consists of the rural people, particularly the unemployed woman and children, who would be benefited by these ventures. The main source of income to the local people is from the selling the cultivated vegetables and rice. However during the off-season the people have to look for some other means of livelihood. Since the demand for medicinal plants is ever increasing as people are more and more fascinated towards herbs, this project will help in solving both the problems. As the demand for medicinal plants is ever increasing as people are more and more fascinated towards herbs, extraction from wild has its own problems and risks and taking into consideration of agro-climatic condition of the area twenty important medicinal plants belonging to prioritized list of NMPB will be grown in Demo Plots and Nursery Centre. This will serve as repository of medicinal plants, where growers/farmers/traders can come and learn some basic growing harvesting, grading and value addition techniques of medicinal plants. There is a need to cultivate for larger production and authenticity. Cultivation will help in conservation of some of the medicinal herbs that are being pushed to the danger of extinction. Cultivation of medicinal plants is not only economical but is ecologically safer too.  Activities to be undertaken: a) Developing Herbal Garden (Demo Plot) b) To promote, cultivate and development of medicinal plant species for sustainable utilization c) To promote alternative source of employment and income to the local masses d) Training & Workshop for local people
  11. 11.  Plant Species: S. No. Common Name Botanical Name 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20. Amla Ashok Aahwagandha Bael Brahmi Gudmar Guggal Kalihari Mulethi Safed Musli Sarpagandha Patharchur Vaividang Tulsi Senna Kalmegh Aloe Stevia Malkangri Karang Emblica officinalis Saraca asoca Withania somunifera Aegle mormelos Bacopa monnieri Gymnema sylvestre Commipbora wightii Glariosa Superba Glycyrrbiza glabra Chlorophyllum borivilliamum Rawolfia Serpentina Coleus Embelia ribes Ocimum Cassia angustifolia Andrographis Paniculata Aloe barbedensis Stevia rebandiana Celastrus paniculatus Casesalpinia benduella 1. Amla Botanical Name: Emblica officinalis Family: Euphorbiaceae Common Name: Amla Parts Used: Fruit Botanical Description: A deciduous tree leaves simple & many in each branchlet. Flowers are unisexual, greenish yellow in color, fruit fleshy, shining yellowish green when ripe. The plant is propogated by seeds but budding and grafting can done in February or rainy season on its own rootstock. Hot and moist climate is good for growth of the tree.
  12. 12. Uses: The fruit is the rich source of vitamin „C‟ & extensively used in Ayurvedic Industry. It is also used as a Cardio proactive. Fruits are good liver tonic and fruit juice is useful in indigestion & jaundice. The plant is also useful in eye complaints, asthma, bronchitis and fever etc. 2. Sarpagandha Botanical Name: Rauvolfia serpentina Family: Apocynaceae Common Name: Sarpagandha Parts Used: Leaves and roots Botanical Description: The plant is a small erect perennial shrub. Leaves are dark green in color. Flowers are white, fruit is purple but black when ripe, fruiting from July to November. The plant is propagated from seeds, stems & root cuttings, and young suckers during rainy season. Soil rich in organic content and well drainage conditions are suitable for cultivation. It can be cultivated in partial shade conditions. Uses: Root is used as a sedative and for reducing blood pressure. The alkaloid stimulates central nervous system. Roots have been used for relief from nervous disorders. The plant is also useful in the treatment of painful affections of bowels, fever, wounds, epilepsy etc. 3. Ashok Botanical Name: Saraca Asoca Family: Caesalpinaceae Common Name: Ashoka Parts Used: Leaves, flowers, barks and seeds Botanical Description:
  13. 13. Ashoka is a medium sized evergreen tree, mostly found near water banks with spreading and drooping glabrous branches. The leaves are paripinnate, leaflets 4-6 pairs, having a wavy margin. Flowers are orange, in dense corymbs, very fragrant. Uses: It is also used in fever, ulcer, dysentery, piles and pimples. Dried flowers used in diabetes and hemorrhagic dysentery. Seeds used for treatment of bone fractures. Bark is bitter and used as astringent and refrigerant. It is useful in the treatment of excessive menstruation as a uterine sedative. 4. Ashwagandha Botanical Name: Withania somnifera Family: Solanaceae Common Name: Ashwagandha Parts Used: Roots Botanical Description: The plant is a shrub. Leaves are ovate, greenish and fruits round and red in color. The fleshy roots when dry are cylindrical, gradually tapering down with brownish white surface and pure white inside when broken. Uses: Ashwagandha is useful in general weakness. It promotes urination, removes functional obstruction of the body. It reduces stress and tensions, controls depression. 5. Bael Botanical Name: Aegle marmelos Family: Rutaceae Common Name: Bel, Bael Parts Used: Fruit, leaves and root Botanical Description:
  14. 14. A medium sized deciduous tree, having strong axillary thorns. Leaves are aromatic, alternate, stalked. The flowers are in axillary panicles, greenish white, fragrant in nature. Fruit is globose with woody shell. Uses: It is a tonic, carminative, laxative, antipyretic and antibiotic. It has also been used in the treatment of constipation. Fruit juice is beneficial during summer season. 6. Brahmi Botanical Name: Bacopa monnieri Family: Scrophulariaceae Common Name: Brahmi Parts Used: Whole plant Botanical Description: Perennial, creeping, succulent and much branched herbs are few of the characteristics of the species which give roots at the nodes. Leaves are simple, opposite in nature. Flowers white to pale violet, axillary, solitary on long pedicles. Uses: It is an excellent brain tonic. Useful for nerves used in mental diseases. It is also used to improve intellect, treatment of asthma, insanity and epilepsy. 7. Gudmar Botanical Name: Gymnema sylvestre Family: Asclepiadaceae Common Name: Gudmar Parts Used: Leaves and roots Botanical Description: Large climbers, rooting at nodes, leaves elliptic, acuminate, base acute to acuminate are the characteristics of this species. Flowers are small, in axillary
  15. 15. and lateral umbel like cymes, pedicels long, corolla pale yellow in color, valvate in nature. Uses: It is useful in constipation, jaundice, asthma, bronchitis and leucoderma. Leaves are useful in diabetes. Roots are expectorant. 8. Guggal Botanical Name: Commiphora wightii Family: Burseraceae Common Name: Guggal Parts Used: resin Botanical Description: It is a shrub or small tree, reaching a maximum height of 4 m, with thin papery bark. The branches are thorny. The leaves are simple or trifoliate, the leaflets ovate, 1–5 cm long, 0.5–2.5 cm broad. It is gynodioecious, with some plants bearing bisexual and male flowers, and others with female flowers. The individual flowers are red to pink, with four small petals. Uses: Guggul is useful in the treatment of lowering blood cholesterol level. Guggul can also help to prevent cardiovascular diseases and also helps to lose weight. 9. Kalihari Botanical Name: Gloriosa superba Family: Liliaceae Common Name: Kakihari, Glory lily Parts Used: Leaves, seeds and rhizomes Botanical Description: A most unusual and exotic flowering plant. In bud, the pale green petals face downward. As the blossom matures, the petals elongate and wrinkle and
  16. 16. gradually arch backward while sequencing through a spectrum of color from green to yellow to scarlet. The stamens are extremely prominent and spread outward in graceful curves that follow the petals in their backward progression. The flower is 3-5 in (7.6-12.7 cm) in length. Uses: The plant is useful in the treatment of inflammation, ulcers, parasitic skin diseases, leprosy, helminthiasis, intermittent fevers, chronic ulcers, piles and gonorrhea. 10. Mulethi Botanical Name: Glycyrrhiza glabra Family: Papilionaceae Common Name: Mulethi, Jastimadhu Parts Used: Roots Botanical Description: The plants are graceful, with light, spreading, pinnate foliage, presenting an almost feathery appearance from a distance. The leaflets hang down during the night on each side of the midrib, though they do not meet beneath it. From the axils of the leaves spring racemes or spikes of papilionaceous small pale-blue, violet, yellowish-white or purplish flowers, followed by small pods somewhat resembling a partly-grown peapod in form, the pods are smooth, hence the specific name; in others they are hairy or spiny. Uses: It is a popular and well-known remedy for coughs, chest complaints, bronchitis, fever, skin diseases, ulcers etc. 11. Safed musli Botanical Name: Chlorophytum borivilianum Family: Liliaceae Common Name: Boga musli, safed musli
  17. 17. Parts Used: Whole plant Botanical Description: Safed Musli is herb with sub-erect leaves and tuberous root system. It can grow upto a maximum height of 1.5 ft. Tubers can grow upto a depth of 10". Safed Musli is a tiny annual herb that grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates with altitudes upto 1500 meters. Uses: The plant is useful as a tonic, pain reliever and used to cure general debility and impotency. Its powder increases lactation in feeding mothers and lactating cows. Used as a Curative for Natal and Post-natal problems. Also used as remedy for diabetes and arthritis. 12. Patharchur Botanical Name: Coleus forskohlii Family: Lamiaceae Common Name: Patharchur Parts Used: Roots Botanical Description: Coleus plant is a naturally occurring tuber crop and perennial plant.It is durable and easy to grow. They are most often considered to be an annual plant by growers and seed producers. Most Coleus plants will survive full sun exposure. The foliage color however is often enhanced when they are grown in the shade. They are best known for their bright colors and variety of foliage forms. The roots are thick, tuberous, fasiculated, upto 20 cm long. Very showy bluish to pale lavender colored flowers. Inflorescence is racemes. Uses: In traditional Ayurveda systems of medicine, Coleus has been used for a variety of purposes, including treating asthma, bronchitis, insomnia, epilepsy. The roots are also used in treatment of worms. The root parts is claimed to allay burning in festering boils. When mixed with mustard oil, the root is applied to eczema and skin infections. The plant is also used for veterinary purposes.
  18. 18. 13. Vavding Botanical Name: Embelia ribes Family: Myrsinaceae Common Name: Vavding Parts Used: Root, leaves and fruits Botanical Description: A large semi climber shrub with long drooping branches. Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptic or lanceolate, acuminate, entire, upper surface shiny; flowers greenish white seen in terminal or axillary lax panicled racemes; fruits grayish berries, become dark brown when ripe, containing single, globose seed. Uses: It is useful in the treatment of intestinal worms, skin diseases, nervine weakness, colic, constipation, cough, asthma, bronchitis, migraine, fever and general weakness. 14. Tulsi Botanical Name: Ocimum sanctum Family: Lamiaceae Common Name: Tulsi Parts Used: Root, leaves and fruits, seeds Botanical Description: Tulsi plant is a shrub reaching a height of 0.5 to 1.5 m. The leaves are 2-4 c.m in length. There are several varieties of the plant. However, commonly used one is with dark leaves. The inflorescence is a long spike with tiny purple flowers. Uses: Useful in the treatment of fever & common cold, throat infection, respiratory disorder, coughs, teeth disorder, kidney stone, heart disorder, mouth infections, skin disorders, headaches, eye disorder etc.
  19. 19. 15. Senna Botanical Name: Cassia angustifolia Family: Caesalpiniaceae Common Name: Seena Parts Used: Leaves, stem, pods, fruits, seeds Botanical Description: The plant is a small shrub, about 2 m in height. The stem is erect, smooth and pale green. The leaves are thicker and stiffer, veins distinct on the under surface, grayish-green, peculiar dour, and mucilaginous, sweetish taste. The flowers are small and yellow. Uses: It is used in rheumatism, piles, skin diseases, stoppage of excessive bleeding during menstruation. It is also useful in the treatment of constipation, typhoid, jaundice, anemia, leprosy etc. 16. Kalmegh Botanical Name: Andrographis paniculata Family: Acanthaceae Common Name: Kalmegh Parts Used: Whole plant Botanical Description: It grows erect to a height of 30–110 cm in moist shady places with glabrous leaves and white flowers with rose-purple spots on the petals. Stem dark green and flowers are small, terminal racemes or panicles; seeds numerous, yellowish brown. Uses: Useful in the treatment of antipyretic, anti- inflammatory, leprosy, intestinal worms, bronchitis, diabetes, gonorrhea, influenza, fever, itches, jaundice, stomach ulcers, liver troubles, diarrhea, piles, swelling etc.
  20. 20. 17. Salkuwari Botanical Name: Aloe vera Family: Liliaceae Common Name: Salkuwari Parts Used: Leaves Botanical Description: Aloe Vera is a stem less or very short-stemmed succulent plant growing to 60–100 cm (24–39 in) tall. The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green. The flowers are produced in summer on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla. Uses: It is used in the treatment of liver disorder, rheumatism, skin diseases and intestinal worms. Useful in intestinal worms in children, lotion is applied to eyes, as a hair dye, piles, cough and colds. 18. Stevia Botanical Name: Stevia rebandiana Family: Liliaceae Common Name: Mitha tulsi, sweet basil Parts Used: Leaves Botanical Description: Stevia rebaudiana is a sub-tropical plant. In the wild, Stevia grows to 2 feet in height while cultivated varieties grow to three feet. It is a branched plant with an interesting root system. Fine roots spread out on the surface of the soil, while a thicker part of the root grows deep into the soil. The stems are hairy, wand-like and covered with leaves. Leaves are opposite and toothed, fibrous and dark green. Flowers are white, tubular and bisexual. While the plant itself is not aromatic, the leaves are sweet to the taste and dry leaves are sweeter. Uses:
  21. 21. It is useful in the treatment of hypertension. Stevia has a negligible effect on blood glucose, even enhancing glucose tolerance; therefore, it is attractive as a natural sweetener to diabetics and others on carbohydrate controlled diets. 19. Malkangri Botanical Name: Celastrus paniculatus Family: Celastraceae Common Name: Malkangri, black oil plant Parts Used: Leaves, seeds, oil Botanical Description: Black Oil Plant is an unarmed large woody climber. Alternately arranged leaves are very variable - elliptic, ovate, broadly, obovate or circular. Flowers are borne in large panicles at the end of branches. Male flowers are minute, pale green. Sepals nearly circular, toothed. Petals are oblong or obovate-oblong, entire. Female flowers have sepals, petals and disk which are similar to those of male flowers. Uses: Used as a powerful brain tonic, cause burning sensation. Oil enriches blood and cures abdominal complain also useful as a liver tonic, cure joint-pains, paralysis and weakness. It is useful as oil stomachic, tonic, good for cough and asthma; used in leprosy, cures headache and leucoderma. 20. Karanj Botanical Name: Casesalpinia benduella Family: Caesalpiniaceae Common Name: Karanj Parts Used: Leaves, roots, barks, seeds or nuts Botanical Description: It is referred as Gray nicker bean, also known as nicker nut, wait-a-bit, hold back, fever nut is a spiny, scrambling shrub to 1.5 m in height and 6 m or more
  22. 22. in extension, and has stems up to 5 cm in diameter or more. Plants usually have a single stem arising from the ground but often branch low on the stem. Seedlings form taproot stand may retain them later; lateral roots are extensive. Racemes types of yellow flowers are lateral or terminal. 2-cm long seeds that are olive drab in the pods. Uses: Useful in the treatment of fever, diarrhea, rheumatism, snake- bit, pneumonia and is useful in lower blood pressure and round worm. 7. Project period: 3 years, however the Herbal Garden will be maintained and serve as Nursery centers for medicinal plants for very many years after expiry of the project period. 8. Detailed infrastructure available: a) Land area of 15 hectares for the Nursery & Herbal Garden. b) 25 bighas of land leased for 15 years. c) Building: Rented d) Some agricultural accessories
  23. 23. 9. Physical targets and financial outlays:  Recurring Component: Sl. No. 1 Budget (Rs.) Expenses Yr – I 1,20,000 Garden Assistant Yr - II Yr – III Total (Rs) 1,20,000 1,20,000 3,60,000/- (M.Sc Botany) Rs. 10,000 pm 2 Watchman Chowkidar Rs. 3000 pm 36,000 36,000 36,000 1,08,000/- 3 Daily Wages (Mali) 3 in nos: Rs. 100 each day, 25 days in month 90,000 90,000 90,000 2,70,000/- 4 Training/Workshop 2 in a year- Rs.15,000 each 30,000 30,000 30,000 1,20,000/- Total 8,58,000/-
  24. 24.  Financial Assistance for Herbal Garden: Land Area: 10 Hectares Sl. No Activities Budget (Rs. in Lakhs) 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year Total 1. Seeds: 25,000 per hectare 2,00,000 50,000 2,50,000 2. Land Development: 2,00,000 50,000 2,50,000 25,000 per hectare 3. Barb Wire Fencing: 1,00,000 1,00,000 2,00,000 2,00,000 2,00,000 2,00,000 10,000 per hectare 4. Developing Water Resource: 20,000 per hectare 5. Irrigation Facilities: 20,000 per hectare 6. Semi Permanent Shade Net 80,000 80,000 50,000 50,000 House: 300 sq meter 7. Cemented garden seats: 10 in nos 8. Store House & Watchman Room 9. 80,000 Plantation Including 80,000 2,50,000 2,50,0000 5,00,000 40,000 40,000 40,000 1,20,000 10,20,000 5,20,000 2,90,000 18,30,000 Maintenance:25,000 per hec 12. Entry Point Fixed- Cutting of footpath along plantation site: 4000 per hectare Total
  25. 25. Total Financial Outlay: Recurring Component + Financial Assistance Component Rs. 8,58,000 + Rs. 18,30,000 = Rs. 26,88,000 Total Financial Outlay: Rs. Twenty Six Lakhs Eighty Eight Thousand only 10. Benefits from the project (both tangible and intangible): Tangible  Cultivation of medicinal plant  Minimization of suffering & healing/treating acquired from the system  Behavioral changes towards the Indian system of medicine  Income gains from cultivation of medicinal plants  Increase in income of local people In-Tangible   Help on control of soil erosion  Afforestation  Self employment  11. Up gradation of health in quality life Improvement of health through Amla Internal monitoring and evaluation mechanism: The PI & Co PI pf the project shall monitor the project periodically, besides help shall be taken from the Scientists of Research Institute of Central Government and Agriculture University of the State in selection of Quality Planting Material for the Nursery. Also officials of the State
  26. 26. Medicinal Plants Board, department of Environment and Forests will be monitoring the activities of the project during its implementation. 12. Summary of the work particularly in medicinal plants sector undertaken by the organization / PI in the last 3 years: None 13. Other sources of financial assistance received by the applicant / organization if any so, furnish details: The organization has not received any financial assistance from any source. To perform the programme it has been supported by the local bodies & institutions only. 15. Detailed Bio-data (including details of published work) of PI & Co-Pi: PI Bio Data 1. Name in full (Block letters) :- RAJU DAS 2. Father‟s name :-Shri Kamal K. Das 3. Date of birth :-09/10/1973 4. Age on 1st Jan/2010 :-37 years 5. Educational Qualification :-M.Sc. 6. Other Qualification :-B.Ed. CPFM.
  27. 27. 7. Office address :-Govt. H.S.& M.P. School Kokrajhar, Pin:-783370 8. Permanent Address :-Salbari ,Near LPG Godown Bongaigaon, Pin:-783380 Email Id:-rajuda@sancharnet.in Cont.no:- 9435120225(M) 9. Designation :-Subject Teacher 10. Date of joining :-28-04-1998 11. Nationality :-Indian 12. Cast :-General 13. Religion :-Hindu 14. Marital status :-Married Co-PI Bio Data 1. Name in full (Block letters) :- Uttam Bhowmik 2. Father‟s name :-Shri Krishnabandhu Bhowmik 3. Date of birth :-03/01/1973 4. Age on 1st Jan/2010 :-38 years 5. Educational Qualification :-B.Sc.
  28. 28. 6. Other Qualification :- None 7. Office address :-TI Office of Disha Ngo Main Road Po/Ps:- Basugaon Dist: - Chirang BTAD (Assam) 8. Permanent Address :-Subhash nagar W/No 1 Po/PS:- Basugaon Dist:-Chirang BTAD (Assam) 9. Designation :-Project Manager 10. Date of joining :-01/01/10 11. Nationality :-Indian 12. Cast :-OBC 13. Religion :-Hindu 14. Marital status :-Married Note: i) Proof of land ownership /leasehold and market mechanism (wherever applicable) to be submitted. ii) Costing pattern to be provided in the form of schedule of rates as applicable.
  29. 29. iii) Supporting documents including map (where applicable) must be attached. 16. Certified that: i) The organization shall abide by all the „Terms and Conditions‟ of the grant stipulated in the operational guidelines of the scheme of NMPB, Department of AYUSH, Government of India. ii) All records and reports related to the project have been maintained separately and shall be shown and furnished as and when required by the Department of AYUSH or its authorized representatives. iii) Project shall be open for evaluation of physical progress and utilization of funds at the discretion of Department of AYUSH. iv) The undersigned shall be responsible for the authenticity of the information and documents furnished in the application and proposal. v) Department of AYUSH shall have the right to recover the grant or take legal action against the organization for any default or deviation from the terms and conditions of sanction of grant. vi) No financial assistance / grant has been sought and or obtained from any Central of State Govt. organization. Date: Signature of Authorized Authority
  30. 30. Technical Details of the Project 1. Description of the problem: - The Sector is still un-organized. - The State has not taken significant advantage of accelerated growth of AYUSH in the country. - The Local People do not know the importance of the medicinal plants. - Un employment. 2. Alternative strategies possible: a) Conservation of Medicinal plants in Ex-Situ & In Situ to augment the supply of medicinal plants to the pharmaceutical companies. b) To uplift the standard of living of the villagers by enhancement of income from herbal cultivation. c) Linkages with institutions/resource persons/ R&D agencies for technical back up. A thorough networking of such agencies and institution is highly needed for more scientific knowledge and experiences will also be recorded. 3. Objective of the project: The main objectives of the project: i. To create awareness for use and conservation of medicinal plants in the local community. ii. To help in identification of locally available medicinal plants. iii. To evaluate and disseminate cultivation techniques of locally suitable medicinal and aromatic plants.
  31. 31. iv. To act as a training centre for self-help groups, school children, department personnel and interested individuals. v. To provide a forum for local “Traditional Healers” (herbal medicine practitioners) for their skill up gradation. vi. To create a network of medicinal plants growers, traders and credit institutions for promotion of conservation, propagation and marketing of medicinal plants. vii. To create a facility for value addition programme for locally available medicinal plants. viii. Strengthen the Ex-situ conservation activities of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants. ix. To provide access to quality planting material of MAP. 4. Suggested solutions: Well laid out herbal gardens are considered to be a good means to help people established a linkage with the medicinal plants and our rich health care traditions system. Likewise, herbal gardens in Schools, Colleges, Universities and Institutional buildings will sensitize the students/public about the usage of medicinal plants and its importance. 5. Work Plan: Phase wise plan of action including consultation with the target group/resource persons etc. including post project activities, preparatory work, selection of beneficiaries and training will be made available before the field works.
  32. 32. 6. Physical targets: Activities Year-I I II Time Schedule Year-II I II Year-III I II Collection of medicinal plants Land development Soil & Moisture Conservation Planting materials (Medicinal plants nursery) Fencing Footpath Aware/Training/ Workshop Construction of Watchman Room & Shade, Seats & Shade Final Report preparation/submission 7. Financial outlays: The financial outlay has been already indicated earlier in the proposal. 8. Expertise available with the organization: Not necessary however if needed consultation can be done with the Guwahati University and Jorhat Agricultural University. 10. Likely impact on the adjoining area and society: The project will immensely benefit the local people not only those residing in the vicinity of the project but also from the far-flung areas. Their quality of life will be considerably improved in terms of their health and economic status with the easy
  33. 33. available of medicinal plant products. It is also expected that there will be a lot of changes of the local people towards their concept that these resources are inexhaustible & be exploited to their own sweet will. Consequently, conservation of plants in the wild will also be possible, which hitherto thought to be impossible. 11. Exit strategy / sustainability: With the increase availability of economically important medical plants, village based industry or cottage industries can be set up by providing support from the Organization and this will surely improve the economy and life style of the local people by obtaining a sustainable income. 12. Suggested parameters of monitoring during and after the project: The project will be monitored and evaluated regularly by the Organization. Official members of the SMPB will be invited for monitoring and evaluation as External Agency as per the guideline of the NMPB. And for concomitant monitoring independent evaluator from Institutions having proven tract record will also be engaged as and when required. Signature of the Project Leader Signature of the Head of the Organization