Hpc Day Oct 09
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Hpc Day Oct 09

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Your Innovations Inspire Our Innovations

Your Innovations Inspire Our Innovations
Dmitry Gryaznov
Intel Ukraine October 2009

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  • Communicate how HPC and workstations work together.Technical computing is a combination of workstations and High performance computing clusters. The technical computing industry is driven to deliver results …fast. Workstations are required to create and HPC clusters are needed to simulate and analyze. After you analyze the data you can visualize the results to enable faster innovation and discovery
  • This slide is the Spring board into the rest of the presentationPerformance – maximize performance per sq meter and performance per watt to reduce TCO is what the user is seekingVersatility – Customers want to be able to see immediate results when they port their software over to new architecture. Intel needs to provide the tools to ensure versatilityEase of Deployment – Customers want to purchase and easily deploy a cluster. They want to maximize their ROI by seeing their assets going to work immediately. No one wants to see their asset sitting in a datacenter waiting to be installed or trying to debug why it isn’t running as promised.
  • The Intel Xeon processor 5500 series delivers up to 3x the performance of previous generation processors in HPC.New technology available in the processor will allow users to optimize the processor to their environmentAnd a more efficient processor to provide an even lower TCO then what was achievable by previous generation processors.
  • The slide identifies the key features of the Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series that enable it to be the ideal solution for the customers HPC environment. By optimizing for your environment you can achieve lower TCO.
  • Nehalem processors performance is more than just frequency. QPI speed, memory speed and Turbo and HT support need to be considered. To ensure you are maximizing your performance customers need to consider the advanced skus. They offer highest frequency, fastest QPI, support the fastest memory, more Turbo; up to 400MHZ, and HT.
  • The graph identifies the positive performance results advanced skus have in HPC. Y axis – spec scoresX axis – Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series skus
  • SSD’sExtreme Performance >100x IOPS€ performance gains vs. 15k HDDPower Efficient - >5x lower power€ vs. 15k HDDIncreased Reliability - 2.0M Hrs MTBF vs, 1.20M Hrs MTBF for 7.2K WD RE2Reduce system cost - Replace HDD and Memory with SSD’s10GbEExtreme Performance - iWARP provides low latency over 10GbE Low overhead and high bandwidthIncreased Reliability - Over 25 years delivering leading Ethernet products Broad OS Support Designed for Multi-corePower Efficient - Low power design <3.5WLower TCO Consolidated fabric through industry standardized technology
  • Pulling together everything we just talked about enables a possible data center to increase their performance by up to 7.8x while staying within the same footprint. In 2006 the datacenter was using 5160 series processors with HDD and standard 1U rack servers and a power utilization efficiency of 2.0 Today we can refresh the datacenter with Intel Xeon processors 5500 series, Solid state drives, use half size 1U mother boards and increase the PUE from 2.0 to 1.3. By doing all of this we are able to achieve a performance increase of 7.8X. In the example above the only benefit we are gaining from the SSD’s of lower power. Depending on your environment you may also achieve a performance benefit as well with SSD’s. The PUE (Power Utilization Efficiency) improvement from 2.0 to 1.3 will require an investment into your datacenter. 1.3 is what current datacenters are being designed to.If you wanted to do a 1,000  1,000 refresh (using HDD and full size boards) you can achieve a 4x performance gain and a power savings of 14%. Use the same PUE with SSD’s you can increase performamance by greater than 5X and add 215 nodes to the datacenterBy keeping the same footprint as woodcrest, 1,000 servers, you can get a performance increase of >4x and a power savings of 14% or 863K KW.5x5x5 = 5x more power states, 5x lower idle power, 5x faster transitions between power states
  • The Intel architecture is easy to use and flexible. IA architecture enables software to scale from one generation to another while achieving increased performance. By optimizing code you can achieve even greater performance. Intel software tools enable an easy transition from one generation to another and help prepare you for the future
  • We now must look at the applications supporting HPC and ensure they are taking advantage of the technology designed into Nehalem. Is the code parallelized? Is it optimized on NHM? For many years applications have been able to take advantage of the increased frequency to improve performance. Now we are offering more cores to gain performance. ISV’s are now taking their serial code and parallelizing it. This is a challenge Intel is trying to make as simple as possible.
  • Debug and Tune become equally important to carry forward to many-core. This is the heterogeneous tool set now, as many-core applications scale to terascale on clients, and these terascale nodes make clusters of petascale machines.Better performance, multi-core advancements and support for Intel® Core™ i7 processors. New versions of SW tools released in Nov. 08.the first step in the cycle is to gain insight into your code by analyzing it with tools such as Vtune performance analyzer and/or Thread CheckerNext, you parallelize your code with Intel tools such as Intel® Threading Blocks, Compilers, and Performance LibrariesAfter you parallelize your code you review the resutls for correctness/confidence. If you do not achieve the results you expect you can begin the cycle again with insight. Once you have achieved the desired results you and then performa a final optimization to ensure peak performance with Intel® VTune Performance Analyzer and Thread Profiler.
  • Intel understands users want to quickly deploy their cluster to ensure they are maximizing their investment. To quickly deploy the cluster Intel has developed a specification called Intel Cluster Ready. The specification enables OEMs to create recipes. Recipes can be combined with certified software to create a certified cluster configuration. The configurations can be validated with Intel Cluster Checker to quickly ensure the cluster has been properly configured. This allows for a simple way to install and launch a cluster. The end result is a awesome out of box experience. Let’s talk a bit more about ICR…
  • ICR enables users to simplify the purchasing process. Identify the certified software and certified cluster to ensure compatibility. Simplify manufacturing – enables manufacturers to build a particular configuration over and over. Simplify deployment – deploy the cluster, run Intel cluster checker and the system should run. If it does not run as it should Intel Cluster checker should idenify the issue for quick resolution.Simplify management – Easier to manage and ensure uptime with a certified cluster. Intel cluster checker can be run at any time to ensure the system has all key components operating properly.
  • We continue track to the tick tock strategy. Our future is bright as we transition to new process technology and new technologies Having a strong future is important but also knowing how we will meet the challenges of today is what I would like to focus todays presentation on…let’s get started.
  • Intelligent performance helping to deliver a lower TCO as well as ~3x the performance of previous generation processors.Intel Software tools enable users to easily optimize their software to maximize performance on current and future generation IA hardwareIntel Cluster Ready makes deploying a cluster easy
  • Hard to get to 95% Hard to get to 200XNehalem delivers ~~ 3X vs 18.26X (6X delta)Most apps will resemble Amdahl’s Neha,lem ~~3 X vs accelerator increase of 3.25XIs the pain worth the glory

Hpc Day Oct 09 Hpc Day Oct 09 Presentation Transcript

  • Your Innovations Inspire Our Innovations Dmitry Gryaznov Intel Ukraine October 2009
  • The Technical Computing Architecture Technical Computing Innovation and Discovery Create Visualize CAE/CFD Weather Analyze DCC Life Science Simulate Energy Finance Optimizing the Time From Idea to Reality With a New Generation of Intelligent Processors * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 2
  • Insatiable Demand for Performance, Density, and Efficiency Your Demand For Performance Intel Power Reduction Over Time 1.E+00 1 ZFlops 1.E-01 1.E-02 1 EFlops 100 PFlops 1.E-03 1 PFlops 1.E-04 1.E-05 1 TFlops 1.E-06 1 GFlops 100 MFlops 1.E-07 1993 1999 2005 2011 2017 2023 2029 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 2010 Source: Top500.org ~ 1 Million Factor Reduction In Energy per Transistor Over 30+ Years * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 3
  • Meeting Today’s HPC Challenges Intelligent Performance Genomics Research Weather Prediction Software Versatility Oil Exploration Design Simulation Ease of Deployment Financial Analysis Medical Imaging Scaling Performance Forward * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 4
  • Intelligent Performance Up to 3x Performance Increase Performance Optimized For Your Environment Power Efficiency Enabling You to Intelligently “Scale Your Performance Forward“ For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 5
  • Intel® Xeon® 5500 (codename Nehalem – EP): Putting More Brain Power into Your Cluster Performance by Design • Intel® QuickPath Interconnect Integrated Memory Controller – 3 Ch DDR3 • Integrated memory controller Intelligent Performance • Intel® Turbo Boost Technology Core Core Core Core • Hyper-Threading technology Power Efficiency • More power states Q • Faster transition between power P Shared L3 Cache states I • lower idle power Driving Performance Through Multi-core Technology and Platform Enhancements * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 6
  • Intel® Xeon® 5500 Platform Up to 3X the performance over previous generation Intel® Xeon® 5400 Intel® 5520 Chipset Optimize your performance for diverse workloads PCI Express* 2.0 Lower TCO by providing more Intel® X25-E Intel® 82599 energy efficient higher SSDs ICH 9/10 10GbE Controller performing solutions Platform Ready for Future 32nm Products For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 7
  • Intel® Xeon 5500: A New Generation of Intelligent Processors Relative Performance Higher is better Xeon 5400 series Weather FEA FEA CFD CFD Energy Open MP Energy Open MP Weather Energy Source: Published/submitted/approved results March 30, 2009. See backup for additional details Knows Where to Put the Speed, Knows How to Save Energy Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 8
  • Advanced Processors for HPC Selection Guidance Memory Max Balanced Max Requirement Bandwidth Performance Capacity Example Usages HPC General Purpose Virtualized Technical Computing Enterprise workloads Environment DDR3 1333 DDR3 1066 DDR3 800 Memory Technology 32 GB/s 25.5 GB/s 19.2 GB/s 48 GB 96 GB 144 GB Advanced Skus X5570 2.93 GHz X5570 2.93 GHz X5570 2.93 GHz  8M cache  6.4 GT/s QPI X5560 2.80 GHz X5560 2.80 GHz X5560 2.80 GHz  DDR3 1333  HT X5550 X5550 X5550 2.66 GHz 2.66 GHz 2.66 GHz  Turbo +3 E5540 E5540 Standard 2.53 GHz 2.53 GHz  Skus8M cache QPI  5.86 GT/s E5530 2.40 GHz E5530 2.40 GHz  HT Fastest E5520 E5520  Turbo +2 2.26 GHz 2.26 GHz QPI Basic Fastest E5506 2.13 GHz  4M Skus cache  4.8 GT/s Memory E5504 2.00 GHz QPI Faster QPI E5502 1.86 GHz (2C) Faster memory * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 9
  • Step Function in Performance Advanced SKUs Offer Significant Performance Gains Advanced 250 Standard SPEC Benchmark Maximum 200 Basic Performance 150 100 50 0 SPECint_ rate_base2006 SPECfp_ rate_base2006 Turbo and HT “ON” For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 10
  • Intel Technology is Changing HPC TCO, Performance, Reliability Extreme Increased Power Reduce Performance Reliability Efficient System Cost Solid State Disk 10GbE Optimize Performance for Bridging the Gap Between I/O Intensive Apps and 1GbE and Infiniband® Boot Drive Replacement SSD Proof Points € Intel IT evaluation results. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 11
  • Intel® Xeon® 5500 Putting More Brainpower into the Datacenter 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Intel® Xeon 5100 Intel® Xeon 5500 Dual-core Intel® Xeon® 5160 New Intel® Xeon® 5500 Series Processor (Woodcrest) With SSDs Up to 7.8X Performance Same Power, Same Space Source: Intel internal measurements. Test configurations in backup For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 12
  • Nehalem-EX The next step in large scale HPC High Performance – Up to 8 cores per socket – Up to24MB shared last level Nehalem Nehalem cache – 4 high bandwidth QPI links / I/O HUB I/O HUB processor – High memory bandwidth and PCI Nehalem Nehalem PCI Express* Express* capacity Schedule: Target Q4’09 Production Availability More Scalability, Cores, and Memory Capacity * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 13
  • Delivering Versatility Performance Gains Today Optimize Application Performance Develop Highly Portable and Parallel Software Enabling You to Easily “Scale Your Performance Forward“ * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 14
  • Parallel Programming Challenge Ease of Use and Flexibility Irregular Patterns, Data Structures, and Serial Algorithms ? Scale to Multi-Core Today → Hard Scale to Many-Core Tomorrow → Harder Increasing Cores (2→64+ Cores) Vector Instructions (4→8+ Wide) Cache and Interconnect Latency * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 15
  • Scaling Performance Forward One Development Environment – Multi- to Many-core Insight Architectural Analysis Performance Performance Optimize/Tune Optimize/Tune Confidence Correctness Simplify Your Development * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 16
  • Ease of Deployment Confidently Deploy and Manage a Cluster Certified Cluster Configurations Intel® Cluster Checker to Validate Simplification Application Interoperability “Out of Box” Experience Enabling You to Confidently “Scale Your Performance Forward“ * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 17
  • ICR – Intel® Cluster Ready What is ICR? A specification to help OEM’s & PI’s manufacture HPC clusters based upon the Intel architecture Simplify Management with Intel® Cluster Checker Simplify Deployment with registered Simplify applications Manufacturing with defined recipes and Intel® Cluster Simplify Checker to validate Purchasing Registered ISV/Apps =18/53 with certified cluster configurations Certified OEM/Platforms = 21/89 Simplifying Your Cluster * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 18
  • The Future Looks Bright Silicon and Software Future Tools A leap ahead in technology Unleash Performance 22nm Continue to deliver 32nm world class 45nm processor – Westmere – technology – Intel® Xeon 5400 more cores – Intel® Xeon 5500 – Sandy Bridge – – Nehalem EX higher integration Breakthrough Technology Year After Year * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 19
  • Solving Your HPC Challenges – Up to 3x performance gains to decrease your time Intelligent to discovery Performance – Improved power technology, more efficient data for a lower TCO – Easily optimize application performance and Software eliminate the need to increase software Versatility resources – Develop highly portable, parallel software – Certified cluster configurations to simplify cluster deployment Ease of – Use Intel® Cluster Checker to validate Deployment configurations: ensure a highly reliable solution Scaling Performance Forward For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 20
  • BACK UP * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 21
  • Dual Core Performance Refresh Data Center perf. optimization with Intel® Xeon 5500 (Nehalem-EP) Business 2006: 1,000 servers 2009: 1,000 servers BENEFITS Dual core Intel Xeon® 5160 Processor (WDC) New Intel Xeon® 5500 series 200 Performance 180 Up to 4X the performance; 160 140 BENEFIT over WDC 120 100 80 Up to 14% less power SPECfp_rate_base2006 60 40 20 (4.16x) 0 WCD NHM Source: Intel estimates and measurements as of Nov 2008. Performance comparison using SPECfp_rate _base2006. Use this slide in conjunction with backup slide. Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to Source: Intel internal measurements. Test configurationsof systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel evaluate the performance in backup products, visit Intel Performance Benchmark Limitations For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide atIntel analysisthis presentation. 22 Results have been estimated based on internal end of and are Intel Confidential provided for informational purposes only. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance.
  • Dual Core Performance Refresh Data Center perf. optimization with Intel® Xeon® 5500 (Nehalem-EP) 2006: 1,000 servers 2009: 1,215 servers Dual core Intel® Xeon® 5160 Processor (WDC) New Intel® Xeon® 5500 series with SSDs Up to 5X Performance* 200 Performance 180 160 140 BENEFIT over WDC 120 100 Same Power Envelope 80 SPECfp_rate_base2006 60 40 20 (5.06x) 0 WCD NHM (*without any benefit from SSDs) Source: Intel estimates and measurements as of Nov 2008. Performance comparison using SPECfp_rate _base2006. Use this slide in conjunction with backup slide. Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to Source: Intel internal measurements. Test configurationsof systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel evaluate the performance in backup products, visit Intel Performance Benchmark Limitations For notes and disclaimers, see legal information slide atIntel analysisthis presentation. 23 Results have been estimated based on internal end of and are Intel Confidential provided for informational purposes only. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance.
  • Improving Performance Efficiency Up to Faster 2  Transitions (msec) 5X 10 Lower CPU 10 Up to Idle Power (W) 50 5X More Operating 15 Up to States 3 5x 2009 Xeon 5500 Series 2007-2008 Xeon 5400 Series 2006 Xeon 5300 Series Intelligent Power Evolution † Xeon® 5300 series data based on Xeon® X5365 SKU (B-3 stepping), Xeon® 5400 series based on Xeon® X5470 (E-0 stepping), and Xeon® 5500 based on Xeon® W5580 (D-0 stepping). Number of operating states includes all frequency operating points, including Turbo Boost and base frequency. Idle power based on C6 idle power for Xeon® 5500, and C1E for Xeon® 5300 and 5400 SKUs. C6 also requires OS support and may vary by SKU. Faster transitions based on Package C1E exit transition latency. 24 Intel Confidential * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2008, Intel Corporation.
  • Extending Performance with SSD’s Usage Models HPC Opportunities • Hard Disk Drive Replacement; I/O intense apps •Boot Drive Replacement Benefits • Lower Latency and Faster Access Higher Throughput to Data • New Levels of Lower TCO Reliability & Mgmt Energy & Space • Less Power and Savings Smaller Footprint Unparalleled IOPs with Solid State Disks 25 Intel Confidential * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2008, Intel Corporation.
  • The Truth Of Law’s & Observations Amdahl’s Gustafson’s Law Observation If Serial Component If The Serial Component Remains Shrinks In Size As Proportionately Problem Expands, There Equal, There Is No 70% are Significant Speed Up 95% Inherent Speed Up Parall Opportunity Available Parall Factor Available el el 70% 70% Parall Parall el 30% el 30% Serial 30% 5% Serial Serial Serial If parallel component is 50x If parallel component is 50x faster the max speed up is 3.25X faster the max speed up is 18.26X Growing the problem size may mitigate the impact of Amdahl’s Law. ONLY if the serial fraction doesn’t grow in proportion to the problem size 26 Intel Confidential * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2008, Intel Corporation.
  • Intel® Xeon® 5500: HPC Leading Capability – See Intel® Xeon® 5500: An Advance in HPC performance slides (previous 2 slides for turbo and HT details) Feature Today Nehalem-EP Benefit Peak CPU-Chipset 21 GB/s 46.1 GB/s Up to 2.2x Platform BW (1333MHz) (6.4 GT/s) Peak Mem BW 21 GB/s 32 GB/s Up to 1.5x/CPU (FBD-667) (DDR3-1333) Max Memory 64/128 GB 144 GB Up to 2x* Capacity (FBD) (DDR3) CPU Performance on demand Turbo Boost No Yes based on SW needs Up to 16 threads Hyper-Threading No Yes for a DP system * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 27
  • 2-Socket Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series based platforms Intel® X25-E Extreme SSD Performance Comparison using ANSYS ® Mechanical™ 12.0 Preview 7 • ISV Application Description ANSYS® Mechanical™12.0 Preview 7 ANSYS 12.0 software is a comprehensive Relative Performance Higher is better multiphysics tool combining structural, thermal, fluids, acoustic and electromagnetic simulation capabilities in a single engineering software solution. 1.74 Its comprehensive range of physical Up to models can be applied to simulation- 74% based product development in a broad 1.25 range of industries and applications. 1.00 • Benchmark description The benchmark uses a FEA model with 1.5 million degrees of freedom to extract 50 dynamic mode frequencies and mode shapes using block Lanczos solver. The workload is IO-intensive with limited Quad-Core Int el Xeon Quad-Core Int el Xeon Quad-Core Int el Xeon scaling. The results are based on 4- X5482/1600 FSB HDD X5570/6.4 MT HDD X5570/6.4 MT SSD process parallel execution; see backup RAID0 RAID0 RAID0 slides for details. Data Source: Approved/published results as of March 30, 2009. Quad-Core Intel® Xeon E5570 with Intel® X25-E Extreme SSD is 74% faster than previous quad core processor Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm or call (U.S.) 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104. Copyright © 2007, Intel Corporation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 28
  • 2-Socket Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series based platforms Intel® X25-E Extreme SSD Performance Comparison using MD Nastran benchmarks • ISV Application Description MD Nastran R3 MD Nastran R3 combines best-in-class solver technologies - Relative Performance Nastran, Marc, Dytran, Adams, and LS- Higher is better Dyna - into one, fully- integrated, multidiscipline simulation solution for the manufacturing enterprise 1.60 allowing manufacturers to perform interoperable, multidisciplinary analyses 1.33 on complex models. Up to 1.00 60% Benchmark description MD Nastran benchmarks representing 5 solutions sequences including static analysis, normal modes analysis with/without ACMS, direct frequency response, modal frequency response and non-linear analysis using serial, SMP, and Quad-Core Int el Xeon Quad-Core Int el Xeon Quad-Core Int el Xeon DMP execution. X5482/1600 FSB HDD E5570/6.4 MT HDD E5570/6.4 MT SSD RAID0 RAID0 RAID0 Data Source: Approved/published results as of March 30, 2009. Quad-Core Intel® Xeon E5570 with Intel® X25-E Extreme SSD is 60% faster than previous quad core processor Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm or call (U.S.) 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104. Copyright © 2007, Intel Corporation. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 29
  • LEGAL DISCLAIMERS * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 30
  • Nehalem-EP Performance Comparison to Previous Generation 5400 Series on Server and HPC Benchmarks – Config Details Xeon 5400 Server platform common configuration details: Super Micro server platform X7DB3 with two Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor X5460(HTN 3.16GHz) or X5470(HTN 3.33GHz) with 2x6M L2 Cache, 1333 MHz system bus, Blackford Chipset Xeon 5400 HPC platform common configuration details: Super Micro server platform X7DWA-N with two Quad-Core Intel Xeon processor E5472(HTN 3.0GHz) or X5482(HTN 3.20GHz) with 2x6M L2 Cache, 1600 MHz system bus, Seaburg Chipset Nehalem-EP platform common configuration details: Intel server pre-production SuperMicro platform with two Quad-Core Nehalem-EP processor, 2.93GHz with 8M L3 Cache, 6.4QPI, Tylesburg-EP Chipset. (SPECcpu2006 measured on “Green City” platform) Benchmark Specific Details (All data based on Intel internal measurements, February 2009) Benchmark OS Memory Other Software & Hardware details SPECint*_rate_base2006, Suse Linux 10-64bit Xeon 5400 Server: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-667MHz SPEC binaries built with Intel Compiler 11.0 for 32-bit/64-bit Linux. SPECfp*_rate_base2006, Xeon 5400 HPC: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-800MHz HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo mode disabled Nehalem-EP: 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz TPC*-C – Oracle* RedHat Linux OS Xeon 5400 Server: 64GB (16x4GB) FB DDR2-667 Oracle* 11g. HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo mode disabled. TPC*-C – SQLServer Microsoft Windows Nehalem-EP: 288GB memory simulated using 72GB Microsoft SQLServer*2005. HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo mode Server 2003 (18x4GB) DDR3-800 MHz. Result recalibrated for 144GB disabled. TPC-*H Microsoft Windows Xeon 5400 Server: 64GB (16x4GB) FB DDR2-667MHz Microsoft SQLServer 2008 RTM; HT ON, Turbo mode disabled Server 2008 Nehalem-EP: 72GB (18x4GB) DDR3-800MHz SAP-SD* Suse Linux 10-64bit Xeon 5400 Server: 32GB (8x4GB) FB DDR2-667MHz SAP* 2-Tier SD benchmark. ECC 5.0 Version. Oracle database. Nehalem-EP: 48GB (12x4GB) DDR3-1066MHz HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo mode enabled SPECjbb*2005 Various Xeon 5400 Server: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-667MHz 4 JVM instances for HTN and 2 JVM instances on Nehalem-EP. Nehalem-EP: 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo mode enabled SPECjvm*2008 Various Xeon 5400 Server: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-667MHz Baseline result. 1 JVM instance. HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo Nehalem-EP: 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz mode enabled SPECweb*2005 Microsoft Windows Nehalem-EP: 18GB (18x1GB) DDR3-800MHz IIS7 with Zend PHP Isapi Dll 5.0; HT ON vs OFF study Server 2008 vConsolidate vCon 2.0 - Profile 2 Xeon 5400 Server: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-667MHz Vmware ESX 3.5 for Xeon 5400; Vmware ESX 4.0 Beta 1 for Nehalem-EP: 48GB (12x4GB) DDR3-1066MHz Nehalem-EP. HT ON, Turbo mode disabled. All HPC applications Red Hat EL5-U3 Xeon 5400 HPC: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-800MHz All benchmarks run with 8 process. HT ON for Nehalem-EP. Turbo Beta - 64-bit; Nehalem-EP: 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-1066MHz mode disabled Linpack Red Hat EL5-U2 Xeon 5400 HPC: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-800MHz Intel® SMP LINPACK 10.0.4 (Linux) for HTN. Intel® SMP Beta - 64-bit; Nehalem-EP: 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz LINPACK 10.1 Beta 2 (Linux) for Nehalem-EP; HT OFF Stream Red Hat EL5-U1 64- Xeon 5400 Server: 16GB (8x2GB) FB DDR2-667MHz 8 Copies. Stream Triad used for comparison. HT OFF for bit; Nehalem-EP: All memory configurations were run Nehalem-EP Benchmark comparisons for HT ON vs OFF, Turbo ON vs OFF shown were measured using the same platform configuration as above. Comparisons across different Nehalem-EP skus were measured on the same platform using the above configuration. Data source: Intel Internal measurements – November 2008 Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 31
  • Intel® Xeon 5500: A New Generation of Intelligent Processors System Configuration Information – All comparisons based on published/submitted/approved results as of March 30, 2009 – Fluent: Comparison based on published/submitted results to www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl6bench/fl6bench_6.4.x/index.htm as of March 30, 2009. All comparisons were using results run on 8 cores within a single machine on dual socket quad-core servers. – Baseline Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+* server platform with two Intel® Xeon® processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3*. Performance measured using Fluent Version 12.0 Beta. (Version 12.0.13)*. Six individual benchmarks are shown as a measure of single node performance. "Overall" performance is the geometric mean of the six individual benchmarks. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: SGI Altix ICE 8200EX* server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4 MT/sec, 24GB memory (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3), 64-bit Suse Linux Enterprise Server* 10 SP2 with ProPack 6SP2*. Performance measured using Fluent Version 12.0 Beta. (Version 12.0.9) Six individual benchmarks are shown as a measure of single node performance. "Overall" performance is the geometric mean of the six individual benchmarks. – Quad-Core AMD Opteron* processor model 2384 platform based details:Server platform with two AMD Opteron 2384 processor 2.7GHz, 6MB L3 cache, Linux OS. Performance measured using Fluent Version 12.0 Beta. (Version 12.0.7) Six individual benchmarks are shown as a measure of single node performance. "Overall" performance is the geometric mean of the six individual benchmarks. – SPECompM2001 – Baseline Intel® Xeon® processor E5472 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors E5472 3.0GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 32GB memory (8x4GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), SUSE LINUX 10.1* (X86-64) (Linux 2.6.16.13-4-smp). Binaries built with Intel Compiler 10.1. Referenced as published at 17187. (SPECompMbase2001). For more information see http://www.spec.org/omp/results/res2007q4/omp2001-20071107-00274.html. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Cisco B-200 M1 server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, 6.4GT/s QPI, 24 GB memory (6x4 GB DDR3-1333MHz), Red Hat EL 5.3, Linux Kernel 2.6.18-128.el5 SMP x86_64, Binaries built with Intel® C/C++ Compiler 11.0 for Linux. Result submitted to www.spec.org for review at 43593 (SPECompMbase2001) as of March 30, 2009. – Quad-Core AMD Opteron processor 2384 based platform* details: Supermicro H8DMU Server platform* with two Quad-Core AMD Opteron processors 2386SE* 2.80GHz, 6MB L3 cache, 16GB memory (8x2GB, PC2-6400, Reg, dual-rank CL5), SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 64-bit, Binaries built with PathScale Compiler Suite*, Release 3.1. Referenced as published at 22678 (SPECompMbase2001). For more information http://www.spec.org/omp/results/res2008q4/omp2001-20081021-00320.html. – Multiphysics Finite Element Analysis using ANSYS* - Comparison based on published/submitted results to www.ansys.com/services/hardware-support-db.htm as of March 30, 2009. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+* server platform with two Intel® Xeon® processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.1*. Performance measured using ANSYS* Mechanical* 12.0 Preview 7. Benchmark for Ansys-Shared* consists of a suite of 8 workloads and Ansys-Distributed* consists of a suite of 7 workloads. Geo mean of each these workload groups used for comparison. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+ server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4 MT/sec, 24GB memory (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. Performance measured using ANSYS* Mechanical* 12.0 Preview 7. Benchmark for Ansys- Shared consists of a suite of 8 workloads and Ansys-Distributed consists of a suite of 7 workloads. Geo mean of each these workload groups used for comparison. – MM5 v4.7.4 - t3a and WRF v3.0.1 - 12km CONUS : Comparison based on measured results as of March 30, 2009. All comparisons were using results run on 8 cores within a single machine on dual socket quad-core servers. Same platform used for both benchmarks – Baseline Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: SGI Altix ICE 8200EX* server platform with two Intel® Xeon® processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit Suse Linux Enterprise Server* 10 SP2 with ProPack 6SP2*. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: SGI Altix ICE 8200EX* server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4 MT/sec, 24GB memory (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3), 64-bit Suse Linux Enterprise Server* 10 SP2 with ProPack 6SP2*.. Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering * Other names andmore information on performancethe property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. purchasing. For brands may be claimed as tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. * Other names 32
  • Intel® Xeon 5500: A New Generation of Intelligent Processors System Configuration Information – All comparisons based on published/submitted/approved results as of March 30, 2009 – Reservoir Simulation using Schlumberger Eclipse* – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3*. (64-bit) and Eclipse version 2008.1 software. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4* MT/sec, 24GB (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3) memory, 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. Eclipse version 2008.1 software. – Reservoir Simulation using Landmark Nexus* – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.2*. (64-bit) . Landmark Nexus R5000 software*. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5560 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5560 2.80GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4 MT/sec, 12GB memory, 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. Landmark Nexus R5000 software. – Reservoir Simulation using CMG* IMEX* – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Dell Precision T7400 platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 32GB RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.2*. (64-bit) CMG IMEX, Version 2008.11. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4* MT/sec, 18GB memory. RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. (64-bit) CMG IMEX, Version 2008.11. – Computational Fluid Dynamics analysis using Star-CD* (Single Node) - Comparison based on published/submitted results to http://www.cd-adapco.com/products/STAR- CD/performance/406/index.html as of March 30, 2009. All comparisons were using results run on 8 cores within a single machine on dual socket quad-core servers. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+* server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3*. Performance measured using STAR-CD v4.06. Same configuration used for all both benchmark results - A-Class and C-Class. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+* server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI* 6.4 MT/sec, 24GB memory (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. Performance measured using STAR-CD v4.06. Same configuration used for all both benchmark results - A-Class and C-Class. – Crash Simulation analysis using LS-DYNA* (Single Node): Comparison based on published/submitted results to http://www.topcrunch.org/ as of March 30, 2009. All comparisons were using results run on 8 cores within a single machine on dual socket quad-core servers. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5482 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+* server platform with two Intel® Xeon® processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 16GB memory (8x2GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux* 5.3. Performance measured using LS-DYNA mpp971.s.R321. Same configuration used for all three benchmark results - neon_refined_revised, 3 vehicle collision, car2car. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Supermicro X8DTN+ server platform with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, QPI 6.4 MT/sec, 24GB memory (12x2GB 1066MHz DDR3), 64-bit RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.3. Performance measured using LS-DYNA mpp971.s.R321. Same configuration used for all three benchmark results - neon_refined_revised, 3 vehicle collision, car2car. – SPECompL2001 – Baseline Intel® Xeon® processor E5472 based platform details: Supermicro X7DB8+ server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5482 3.20GHz, 12MB L2 cache, 1600MHz FSB, 32GB memory (8x4GB 800MHz DDR2 FB-DIMM), SUSE LINUX 10.1* (X86-64) Intel Compiler 11.0. Submitted to www.spec.org for review at 81332 as of March 30, 2009. – Intel® Xeon® processor X5570 based platform details: Cisco B-200 M1 server platform* with two Intel Xeon processors X5570 2.93GHz, 8MB L3 cache, 6.4GT/s QPI, 24 GB memory (6x4 GB DDR3-1333MHz), Red Hat EL 5.3, Linux Kernel 2.6.18-128.el5 SMP x86_64, Binaries built with Intel® C/C++ Compiler 11.0 for Linux. Result submitted to www.spec.org for review at 234,996 (SPECompMbase2001) as of March 30, 2009. Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering * Other names andmore information on performancethe property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. purchasing. For brands may be claimed as tests and on the performance of Intel products, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. * Other names 33
  • Step Function in Performance NHM-EP SPEC CPU2006 benchmark preliminary results (Read disclaimers below) SPECint_ SPECfp_ rate_base2006 rate_base2006 Memory details Compiler Nehalem 1.86/4.8/800 DC E5502 No data No data 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-800MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.00/4.8/800 E5504 125 110 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-800MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.13/4.8/800 E5506 130 113 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-800MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.26/5.86/1066 E5520 185 154 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-1066MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.40/5.86/1066 E5530 192 158 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-1066MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.53/5.86/1066 E5540 199 161 24GB (12x2GB) DDR3-1066MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.66/6.40/1333 X5550 225 185 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.80/6.40/1333 X5560 230 188 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 2.93/6.40/1333 X5570 235 190 24GB (6x4GB) DDR3-1333MHz Intel Compiler 11.0 Disclaimers: All NHM-EP numbers are preliminary. Numbers in Red are estimates. Others are measured. Numbers were measured using Intel Compiler 11.0 binaries from Oct 2008. Final numbers (with minor variations from above) will be based on newer binaries. “Peak” and “SPEED” results are WIP as well. All results are with HT ON and Turbo ON. Jan 26, 2009. Data Source: Kuppuswamy Sivakumar, Intel Corporation, SPG Marketing * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 34
  • 2-Socket Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series based platforms SSD Performance Comparison using ANSYS ® Mechanical™ 12 P7 benchmarks Test System Configuration and Results Quad Core Intel® Xeon® Quad Core Intel® Quad Core Intel® 5482 Xeon® 5570 Xeon® 5570 (Harpertown) (Nehalem) (Nehalem) 3.2/1600 2.93/6.4 2.93/6.4 System Baseboard Supermicro X7DB8+ Supermicro X8DTN+ Supermicro X8DTN+ Processors Intel Xeon 5482 Intel Xeon 5570 Intel Xeon 5570 number/type sockets 2 Quad-core 2 Quad-core 2 Quad-core core frequency 3.2 GHz 2.93 GHz 2.93 GHz LL cache size 2x 6144 KB 8192 KB 8192 KB Chipset FSB/QPI Seaburg 1600 MT/s Tylersburg 6400 MT/s Tylersburg 6400 MT/s Memory 16 GB 24 GB 24 GB DIMMS 8x2 GB FBD 12x2GB DDR3 12x2GB DDR3 memory speed 800 MHz 1067 MHz 1067 MHz 4x 15K RPM U320 SCSI 4x 15K RPM U320 SCSI I/O Subsystem 4x SLC SSD RAID0 RAID0 RAID0 Operating System 64-bit Red Hat EL5U1 64-bit Red Hat EL5U3 64-bit Red Hat EL5U3 Elapsed time in seconds 8124 6522 4680 (lower is better) Relative performance 1 1.25 1.74 (higher is better) Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel * Otherproducts, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm or call (U.S.)2009, Intel Corporation. names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104. Copyright © 2007, Intel Corporation. * Other 35
  • 2-Socket Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series based platforms Intel® X25-E Extreme SSD Performance Comparison using MD Nastran benchmarks Test System Configuration and Results Quad Core Intel® Quad Core Intel® Quad Core Intel® Xeon® 5482 Xeon® 5570 Xeon® 5570 (Harpertown) (Nehalem) (Nehalem) 3.2/1600 2.93/6.4 2.93/6.4 System Baseboard Supermicro X7DB8+ Supermicro X8DTN+ IN001 Rev 1.02 Supermicro X8DTN+ IN001 Rev 1.02 Processors Intel Xeon 5482 Intel Xeon 5570 Intel Xeon 5570 number/type sockets 2 Quad-core 2 Quad-core 2 Quad-core core frequency 3.2 GHz 2.93 GHz 2.93 GHz LL cache size 2x 6144 KB 8192 KB 8192 KB Chipset FSB/QPI Seaburg 1600 MT/s Tylersburg 6400 MT/s Tylersburg 6400 MT/s Memory 32 GB 24 GB 24 GB DIMMS 8x4 GB FBD 12x2GB DDR3 12x2GB DDR3 memory speed 800 MHz 1067 MHz 1067 MHz 4x Intel® X25-E Extreme SATA Solid- I/O Subsystem 4 x 15K RPM U320 SCSI RAID0 4 x 15K RPM U320 SCSI RAID0 State Drive RAID0 Operating System 64-bit Red Hat EL5U1 64-bit Red Hat EL5U3 64-bit Red Hat EL5U3 Geomean for 12 workolads 2838.52 2137.04 1772.29 (lower is better) Relative performance 1.00 1.33 1.60 (higher is better) Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel * Otherproducts, visit http://www.intel.com/performance/resources/limits.htm or call (U.S.)2009, Intel Corporation. names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104. Copyright © 2007, Intel Corporation. * Other 36
  • Dual Core Performance Refresh Calculation Details Intel Estimated (1,000  1,000) 2006 2009 Delta / Notes Product Intel® Xeon® 5160 Intel Xeon 5500 series Processor (3.00GHz) (2.93GHz) Performance 45.1 188 up to 4.16x per/server per Server SPECfp_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 Server Power 365W active / 240W 329W active / 125W Server active 20 hours and idle for 4 hours (Watts) idle idle per day. Assumes cooling with 2.0 PUE. # Servers needed 1,000 1000 # Racks needed 48 racks 48 racks Same # of Racks Total Perf 45,100 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance 188,000 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance Up to 4.16X performance boost Annual kW/hr 6,046,320 5,182,560 Estimated 14% lower energy Utilization Annual Energy $604,632 $518,256 $86,376 less electricity costs per Costs year. Assumes $0.10/kWhr and 2x cooling factor Annual Cost Savings of $ Cost of new HW n/a $86,376 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 37
  • Dual Core Performance Refresh Calculation Details Intel Estimated (1,000 server w/HDD  1,215 w/ SSD 2006 2009 Delta / Notes Product Intel® Xeon® 5160 Intel Xeon 5500 series Processor (3.00GHz) (2.93GHz) Performance 45.1 188 Up to 5x per/server per Server SPECfp_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 Server Power 365W active / 240W 316W active / 117W Server active 20 hours and idle for 4 hours (Watts) idle idle per day. Assumes cooling with 2.0 PUE. # Servers needed 1,000 1215 Using SSD’s and ½ size brds # Racks needed 48 racks 48 racks Same # of Racks Total Perf 45,100 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance 188,000 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance Up to 5X performance boost Annual kW/hr 6,046,320 6,044,440 Similar power requirements Annual Energy $604,632 $604,444 Approximately the same power cost Costs * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 38
  • Dual Core Performance Refresh Calculation Details Intel Estimated (1,000 server w/HDD  1,869 w/ SSD and optimized data center, PUE 2.0  1.3) 2006 2009 Delta / Notes Product Intel® Xeon® 5160 Intel Xeon 5500 series Processor (3.00GHz) (2.93GHz) Performance 45.1 188 Up to 7.8xx per/server per Server SPECfp_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 Server Power 365W active / 240W 316W active / 117W Server active 20 hours and idle for 4 hours (Watts) idle idle per day. Assumes cooling with 2.0 PUE. # Servers needed 1,000 1869 Using SSD’s and ½ size brds # Racks needed 48 racks 48 racks Same # of Racks Total Perf 45,100 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance 188,000 total SPECfp_rate_base2006 Performance Up to 7.8X performance boost Annual kW/hr 6,046,320 6,043,690 Similar power requirements Annual Energy $604,632 $604,369 Approximately the same power cost Costs * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation. 39