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  • 1. DAVID BUTTDAVID BUTTIDEAS AND PHILOSOPHYIDEAS AND PHILOSOPHYUNDERLYING THIS BOOKUNDERLYING THIS BOOKCHAPTER 1CHAPTER 1
  • 2. SOME DIFFERENCES ...SOME DIFFERENCES ...FORMAL AND TRADITIONALAPPROACHES Study of Morphology andSyntax Analysis of isolatedsentences Emphasis on structureSYSTEMIC FUNCTIONALAPPROACH Study of Morphology,Syntax + Semantics andPragmatics Analysis of texts Emphasis on contextand meaning
  • 3. THE INLUENCE OF CONTEXTTHE INLUENCE OF CONTEXTLANGUAGELANGUAGESPOKENSPOKENLANGUAGELANGUAGEWRITTENWRITTENLANGUAGELANGUAGECONTEXTCONTEXTLANGUAGELANGUAGECHOICECHOICE
  • 4. TEXT IN CONTEXTTEXT IN CONTEXTTEXTTEXTCONTEXT OFCONTEXT OFSITUATIONSITUATIONCONTEXT OF CULTURECONTEXT OF CULTUREIDEOLOGYIDEOLOGY
  • 5. IDEOLOGYIDEOLOGYThe values we hold (consciously orunconsciously).The perspectives acquired through our particularpath through the culture.It is used to encode particular positions andvalues.
  • 6. CONTEXT OF CULTURECONTEXT OF CULTURE A genre is a staged, goal oriented, social processin which speakers engage as members of a givenculture There is a schematic structure or generic structureof each genre There exist different realizational patterns for eachstep or stageGENREGENRE
  • 7. CONTEXT OF SITUATIONCONTEXT OF SITUATIONFIELDTENORMODE•FIELD: WhatWhat thethetext is abouttext is about•TENOR: the social rolethe social rolerelationship played by therelationship played by theinteractants, their attitudes,interactants, their attitudes,their evaluation of thetheir evaluation of thesubject matter.subject matter.MODE: The role ofThe role oflanguagelanguageREGISTERREGISTERTEXTTEXT
  • 8. FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGEFUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGEFIELDTENOR MODEIdeationalmetafunctionInterpersonalmetafunctionTextualmetafunctionOPEN THE DOOROPEN THE DOORCAN YOU OPEN THE DOOR, PLEASE?CAN YOU OPEN THE DOOR, PLEASE?
  • 9. LEVELS OF LANGUAGELEVELS OF LANGUAGESYSTEMS OFSYSTEMS OFMEANINGMEANINGSYSTEMS OFSYSTEMS OFWORDINGWORDINGSYSTEMS OFSYSTEMS OFSOUNDS, WRITING,SOUNDS, WRITING,GESTUREGESTUREEXTRA-EXTRA-LINGUISTICLINGUISTICLEVELSLEVELSLINGUISTICLINGUISTICLEVELSLEVELS
  • 10. SYTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICSSYTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICS (SFG) A set of resources for describing, interpretingand making meaning. (David Butt) LANGUAGE is a SEMIOTIC SYSTEM: a systemorganised in sub-systems, set of choices. (Suzanne Eggins)TO BE CONTINUED …TO BE CONTINUED …
  • 11. TEXTTEXT A piece of language in use i.e. LANGUAGE THAT ISLANGUAGE THAT ISFUNCTIONAL.FUNCTIONAL. It has: TEXTURE.TEXTURE. The way the meanings fit coherently witheach other. STRUCTURE.STRUCTURE. The way that most pieces of languagein use will contain certain obligatory structuralelements appropriate to their purpose andcontext.