They: Lived during the stone age. Were the first inhabitants of the British Isles Spread along the western and southern parts of Britain Were small groups of hunters, gatherers,shepherds and fishermen. were dark-haired and strong people lived in wooden huts and were artisans, produced stone and metal objects. Built STONEHENGE
The Celts: Lived during the IRON AGE Came from central Europe Were organised in TRIBES Were warriors –food producers (agriculture) Contributions … Important queen: BOADICEA Heritage: MAIDEN CASTLE
The Romans: Made 3 invasions: 55 BC: Julius Caesar 54 BC: Julius Caesar 43 BC: Emperor Claudius Settled in the middle southern part of England Scots joined the Picts in Scotland Welsh Tribes fought against the Romans. CALEDONIA (Scotland) was never conquered. HADRIAN’S WALL Towns: BATH – ST. ALBANS Contributions …
3 Germanic invasions: Angles Saxons JutesThey: settled in the south-east moved to the west butKING ARTHUR, RomanizedCelt, opposed them.
Kingdoms: Contributions ... RELIGION: pagans but ...was spread: 2 ways: Columba: converted the PICTS andNorthern England Augustine: converted the south ofEngland was the first Archbishop of.
2 waves: Norway DenmarkThey settled: North west Scotland Costal regions of Ireland England???: divided England South west: WESSEX(Anglo-Saxons) North-east: DANELAW(Danes)
Religion: there were converted into CHRISTIANITY Language: 2 varieties of Germanic languages10 & 11th Century:1st king of England (927)(Anglo-Saxon) (979-1016): a tax to pay the Vikings to make go a(Viking) (1016-1035) He controlled much of England.(Anglo-Saxon) Ethelred’s son(1042-1066). Interested in the Church. Named to be the following king.
:Normans conqueredEngland.They: Had a Conquered Wales,Ireland but not thehighlands 1086:(1066-1087)
: was the first unquestioned king ordered to kill : Archbishop of Canterbury was introduced. Was in England 4/5 years Fought in the crusades. was unpopular lost Normandy (France) 1215: had to sign the The nobles didn’t like his actions so … they created a brought together the 1284: declared a principality of England War against : He stole the(1087-1100)(1100-1135)(1135-1154)(1154-1189)(1189-1199)(1199-1216)(1216-1272)(1272-1307)
was defeated by – King ofScotland. Scotland was France’s ally. England lost all French possessions except for 1348: : bubonic plague: taxes(1307-1327)(1328-1377)(1377-1399)
: was king of England (8 months) became king of France (10 months) was mad, so ...ruled for him. (Descendant ofEdward III) He died in battle: Richard’s son ( ) had 2 sons: EDWARD – RICHARD: 12 years old He and his brother were kept in the tower of London by(uncle) and then killed.: not popular. died at a battle against HENRY TUDOR, who claimed thethrone)(1399-1413)(1413-1422)(1422-1461)(1461-1483)(1483)(1483-1485)
: descend. of the became king married : Beginning of the Era of Stability and strong government.: political and financial causes: He wasted money HENRY VII had saved, so he neededmore... He decided to take away the churchs land. He didn’t like the power of the church over him. He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon. Became the(Anglicanism) controlled the church and wealth of the country 1536: he bound(1485-1509)(1413-1422)(1483)(1483-1485)(1461-1483)(1422-1461)
he was 9 years old. were 1549: Book of common prayer was compiled. He died of tuberculosis at the age 15. Was Henry VIII’s granddaughter. Married to John Dudley’s son She was QUEEN for 9 days. She was executed.(Catholic) Married to the king of Spain: Philip II was called . She persecutedprotestants Lost last French possession:(1485-1509)(1507-1547)(1547-1553)(1553)(1553-1558)(1558-1603)
(Anglican) 26 years old:– 45 years on the throne. was excommunicated by the POPE won the war against (conquest the country,dethrone the country and re-establish Catholicism) imprisoned for 20 yearsand then, executed her. Towns boomed Arts and literature flourished. Period of(1485-1509)(1507-1547)(1547-1553)(1553)(1553-1558)(1558-1603)
(protestant): when to America 1605: he was a catholic who wanted toblow up the parliament-on 5th November shared King not parliament. as a tyrant – 11 years was executed in 1649 was a farmer and soldier was LORD PROTECTOR – created a more severegovernment that Charles I’s. dissoluted parliament People were forbidden to celebrate Easter/Christmas(1603-1625)(1625-1649)(649-1660(1660-1685)(1685-1689)(1689-1702)
had 17 illegitimate children and no heir. The The(Catholic): wanted to give Catholics full rights and positions ingovernment. had a daughter: MARY (married to ) Parliament was too powerful, so he fled to France Parliament called William of Orange and Mary to rule.1689: had 18 children. All died. 1701: : only protestants could beking/queen. 1707: : Scotland and England under ONEPARLIAMENT(1603-1625)(1625-1649)(649-1660(1660-1685)(1685-1689)(1689-1702)(1702-1714)
: Anne’s German cousin Fight against (Stuart supporters) Power was drifting from to Political parties: /was defeated at CULLODEN 1763: peace with France 1775: lost the American war of independence 1789/1799: : 1805: Battle of TRAFALGAR: 1815: Battle of WATERLOO: 1760-1840: 1801: Ireland is under Britishparliament(1714-1727)(1727-1760)(1760-1820)(1820-1830)(1830-1837)(1837-1901)
: was (from 1811 onwards) his fatherwas mad and couldn’t rule. People migrated to new industrial towns were built. Possession of land: power and prestige.: 1832: 1833: First convict ship sent to Australia. married to 1845: 1860: Idea of began to evolve.(1714-1727)(1727-1760)(1760-1820)(1820-1830)(1830-1837)(1837-1901)
: Was the only monarch of the dynasty 1914-1919: 1917: he changed the name of the house: 1921: 1926: 1928: demanded the women’sright to vote. 1929: was king for one year: from January to December. abdicated.(1901-1910)(1910-1936)(1936)(1936-1952)(from 1952)
1939 1940: (twice PM) (Conservative P) Most colonies opted for self government. 1950: west Indians arrived. 1970: inflation 1979: strikeDiscovery of GAS and OIL in Scotland(conservative party) 1980: : miners’ strike. 1982:Ireland 1990: – riots. (changed into COUNCIL TAX) 1997: (labour party)death. 2007: (Labour party) 2010: (conservative party)(1901-1910)(1910-1936)(1936)(1936-1952)(from 1952)