Ft Ica Rap Basel 033009

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  • 1. Andrew Cody & Dr Michael Hopkins Rapaport Fair Trade Conference
  • 2.
    • Labour issues
    • Environmental issues
    • Who receives the returns
    • Treatments
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
    • Disclosure
    • Safety issues
  • 3. Hundreds of Countries with a myriad of cultures and standards. Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  • 4.  
  • 5. First Tier What makes a mining operation Ethical? Large Scale Miners-Small Scale Miners Labour issues
    • Human Rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety considerations
    • Community Benefits
    • Community displacements
    Environmental issues
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
    Who receives the returns
    • Political?
    • Terrorists?
    • Smuggling
    • Money laundering
    Treatments
    • Disclosure
    • Safety issues-irradiation
    • Permancy of treatment
    • Environmental impact
  • 6. Gold Claims around the world
  • 7. Metal Refining Process
  • 8. Global Diamond Deposits
  • 9.
    • Afghanistan & Tajikistan
    • Argentina
    • Australia
    • Bolivia
    • Brazil
    • Cambodia
    • Canada
    • China
    • Colombia
    • Congo
    • Dominican Republic
    • Ethiopia & Somalia
    • Guatemala
    • Honduras
    • India
    • Iran
    • Kenya
    • Laos
    • Madagascar
    • Malawi
    • Mexico
    • Mozambique
    • Myanmar
    • Namibia
    • Nigeria
    • Pakistan
    • Peru
    • Russia
    • South Africa
    • Sri Lanka
    • Tanzania
    • Thailand
    • Turkey
    • Uruguay
    • USA
    • Vietnam
    • Zambia
    Top 39 Gemstone Supplier Countries
  • 10. Pearl Harvest Pearl Farm
  • 11. Ethical Trade Issues Facing First Tier - Mining
    • Labour issues
    • Environmental issues
    • Who receives the returns
    • Treatments
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
    • Disclosure
    • Safety issues
  • 12.
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
  • 13. Child Labour in Mining
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
  • 14.
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
  • 15.
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
  • 16.
    • Human rights
    • Youth
    • Wages & Conditions
    • Safety conditions
    • Displacement of communities
  • 17.
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
  • 18. Environmental Impacts
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
  • 19.
    • Chemical pollution
    • Landscape scarring
    • Trees
    • Wildlife
  • 20.
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
  • 21.
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
  • 22.
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
  • 23.
    • Political
    • Terrorists
    • Money Laundering
    • Smuggling
  • 24.
    • Disclosure
    • Safety issues
  • 25. 203 Sovereign States Different Cultures Different Standards Different Rules
  • 26. Other Problems Associated with Implementing Ethical Trade
    • Different Products- Gemstones & Metals
    • Different Supplier Countries
    • Different Cultures
    • Different Economic Structures
    • Different Labour Standards
    Each of the previously mentioned issues will vary according to :
  • 27. Large miners will be easier to regulate
  • 28. What about the thousands of small miners?
  • 29. I can’t see this man being regulated easily!
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32. 2 nd Tier
    • Environment
    • Treatments
    • Safety Issues
    • Labour Conditions*
    • Chemicals
    • Treatment disclosures*
    • Accurate Descriptions
    • Full Disclosure
    • Harmonisation
    • Disclosure
    • Safety
  • 33. Third Tier
    • Integrity-Deal only with Ethically Trading miners & manufacturers
    • Guarantees
    • Full Disclosure of treatments
    Fourth Tier
    • Integrity
    • Honesty
    • Buys from a source he believes is ethical
    • Guarantees
    • Discloses Treatments
  • 34.  
  • 35. Responsible Jewellery Council Members
    • Trade Associations
    • The American Gem Society
    • British Jewellers Association
    • Jewellers of America
    • Manufacturing Jewelers and Suppliers of America Inc.
    • National Mining Association
    • The National Association of Goldsmiths
    • World Gold Council
    • Service Industries (inc. financial institutions)
    • Int. Diamond and Jewellery Group ABN-AMRO
    • The Assay Office
    • Mining
    • AngloGold Ashanti
    • Arslanian Freres NV
    • Bonas & Co. Ltd
    • Dalumi Diamonds
    • Diarough N.V.
    • Dimexon Diamonds
    • HRA Investments Ltd
    • I.Hennig & Co. Ltd
    • Lazare Kaplan International Inc.
    • Overseas Dimaonds NV / Isee2
    • Rosy Blue N.V.
    • Rothschild Diamonds Ltd
    • Sima Diamond NV
    • Steinmetz
    • Suashish Diamonds
  • 36. Responsible Jewellery Council Members
    • Gold Refining Hedging or Trading
    • Argor-Heraeus SA
    • Metalor Tchnologies SA
    • PAMP SA
    • PX Precinox SA
    • Valcambi SA
    • Jewellery Manufacturing or Wholesale
    • AR & AR Jewellery Inc
    • Aurafin LLC
    • Baume & Mercier
    • Boite D’Or Gioielli S.R.L.
    • Carrera y Carrera
    • C&J Jewelry
    • Cendres+M&eacute:taux SA
    • Christian Bernard
    • Colormasters Gem Corp
    • Cristofol Paris
    • Jewellery Manufacturing or Wholesale
    • DN Gems Corp
    • Gabriel & Co
    • Jaeger-LeCoultre
    • J.B. Jewelry
    • Leo Schachter Diamonds LLC
    • Libman & Company Ltd
    • Kristall Inc.
    • Regal Imports Ltd
    • Robertso Coin
    • Stubbs and Co
  • 37. Responsible Jewellery Council Members Current membership is approximately 90 organisations.
    • Retail
    • Argos Ltd
    • Ben Bridge Jeweler
    • Borsheims
    • Boucheron
    • Brown Goldsmiths
    • Bulgari S.p.A
    • Cartier
    • Chanel Horlogerie/Joaillerie
    • Day’s Jewellery
    • Element Jewellery
    • Gomez & Molina Joyeros
    • Goodmans Jewelers Inc
    • Hamilton Jewellers
    • Harriet Kelsall Jewellery Design Ltd
    • Harry Winston
    • H. Cunningham Fine Jewelry Inc.
    • Helzberg Diamonds
    • Ice cool.co.uk
    • JCPenney
    • Jewellery By Varouj Inc
    • Larter and Sons
    • Leber Jeweler Inc.
    • Lux Bond & Green
    • Marissa D. Harvey
    • Montblanc
    • Moet Hennessy – Louis Vuitton
    • Nicholas James
    • Piaget
    • Precious Metals
    • Reis-Nichols Inc.
    • Signet Group plc.
    • Simms II Jewelers
    • Tiffany & Co.
    • Transparence S. A.
    • Van Cleef & Arpels
    • WhiteFlash.com
    • Zale Corporation
  • 38. But there are 100’s of thousands of businesses involved…
  • 39. Are these people trading ethically?
  • 40. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  • 41. Are they ethical traders?
  • 42.  
  • 43. 1200 Members If one third of members agreed to join CIBJO’s Ethical Trade System, then it would raise $200,000 revenue annually if the cost of joining was $500 US per business.
  • 44. Austria Argentina Australia Brazil Belgium Canada China Egypt Finland Netherlands New Zealand Norway Portugal Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa South Korea France Germany Greece Hong Kong India Israel Italy Japan Mexico Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey UAE United Kingdom United States
  • 45. The local organisation can administer the running of the Ethical Trade system within its country or region. CIBJO-world jewllery confederation, can oversee the local approved organisations and also arrange third party verification through responsible auditors.
  • 46.
    • International Colored Gemstone Association
    • Thai Gem & Jewellery Traders Association
    • Gemological Institute of America
    • Gemmological Association of Australia
    • Jewellers Association of Australia
    • Japan Jewellery Association
    • American Gem Trade Association
    • The Gemmological Association of Great Britain
    • British Jewellers Association
    • ETC
    Examples of Industry Codes of Ethics at work Codes of Ethics contain rules by which members must abide. ICA Code of Ethics Japan Jewellers Association Code of Ethics AGTA Code of Ethics Colored Diamond Association Code Of Ethics TGJTA Code of Ethics JAA Code of Ethics
  • 47. Don’t set the bar too high initially.
  • 48. World Jewellery Confederation ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009 ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confederation ETHICAL TRADER MANUFACTURER CAT 3 2009
  • 49. Entry or Benchmark level ETHICAL TRADER MANUFACTURER CAT 3 2009
  • 50. Awarded to members whose standards are high. ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confederation
  • 51. Highest level- may require donations to a charitable fund ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009
  • 52. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! $ $ Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  • 53. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  • 54. The people who suffer on the mines can’t afford to wait too long - let’s work together to try and make Ethical Trade a reality.