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Andrew Cody & Dr Michael Hopkins Rapaport Fair Trade Conference
<ul><li>Labour issues </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Who receives the returns </li></ul><ul><li>...
Hundreds of Countries with a myriad of cultures and standards. Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
 
First Tier What makes a mining operation Ethical? Large Scale Miners-Small Scale Miners Labour issues <ul><li>Human Rights...
Gold Claims around the world
Metal Refining Process
Global Diamond Deposits
<ul><li>Afghanistan & Tajikistan </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></...
Pearl Harvest Pearl Farm
Ethical Trade Issues Facing First Tier - Mining  <ul><li>Labour issues </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li...
Child Labour in Mining <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li...
<ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li...
<ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li...
<ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees  </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li><...
Environmental Impacts <ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees  </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li><...
<ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
<ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
<ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
<ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
<ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues </li></ul>
203 Sovereign States Different Cultures Different Standards Different Rules
Other Problems  Associated with Implementing Ethical Trade <ul><li>Different Products- Gemstones & Metals </li></ul><ul><l...
Large miners will be easier to regulate
What about the thousands of small miners?
I can’t see this man being regulated easily!
 
 
2 nd  Tier <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Condi...
Third Tier <ul><li>Integrity-Deal only with Ethically Trading  miners & manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees </li></...
 
Responsible Jewellery Council Members <ul><li>Trade Associations </li></ul><ul><li>The American Gem Society </li></ul><ul>...
Responsible Jewellery Council Members <ul><li>Gold Refining Hedging or Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Argor-Heraeus SA </li></u...
Responsible Jewellery Council Members Current membership is approximately 90 organisations. <ul><li>Retail </li></ul><ul><...
But there are 100’s of thousands of businesses involved…
Are these people trading ethically?
Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for...
Are they ethical traders?
 
1200 Members If one third of members agreed to join CIBJO’s Ethical Trade System, then it would raise $200,000 revenue ann...
Austria Argentina Australia Brazil Belgium Canada China Egypt Finland Netherlands New Zealand Norway Portugal Russia Saudi...
The local organisation can administer the running of the Ethical Trade system within its country or region. CIBJO-world je...
<ul><li>International Colored Gemstone Association </li></ul><ul><li>Thai Gem & Jewellery Traders Association </li></ul><u...
Don’t set the bar too high initially.
World Jewellery Confederation ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009 ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confedera...
Entry or Benchmark level ETHICAL TRADER MANUFACTURER CAT 3 2009
Awarded to members whose standards are high. ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confederation
Highest level- may require donations to a charitable fund ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009
Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for...
Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for...
The people who suffer on the mines can’t afford to wait too long - let’s work together to try and make Ethical Trade a rea...
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Ft Ica Rap Basel 033009

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Transcript of "Ft Ica Rap Basel 033009"

  1. 1. Andrew Cody & Dr Michael Hopkins Rapaport Fair Trade Conference
  2. 2. <ul><li>Labour issues </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Who receives the returns </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hundreds of Countries with a myriad of cultures and standards. Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  4. 5. First Tier What makes a mining operation Ethical? Large Scale Miners-Small Scale Miners Labour issues <ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Community Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Community displacements </li></ul>Environmental issues <ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul>Who receives the returns <ul><li>Political? </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists? </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Money laundering </li></ul>Treatments <ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues-irradiation </li></ul><ul><li>Permancy of treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact </li></ul>
  5. 6. Gold Claims around the world
  6. 7. Metal Refining Process
  7. 8. Global Diamond Deposits
  8. 9. <ul><li>Afghanistan & Tajikistan </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul><ul><li>Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia & Somalia </li></ul><ul><li>Guatemala </li></ul><ul><li>Honduras </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Madagascar </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Mozambique </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Namibia </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Zambia </li></ul>Top 39 Gemstone Supplier Countries
  9. 10. Pearl Harvest Pearl Farm
  10. 11. Ethical Trade Issues Facing First Tier - Mining <ul><li>Labour issues </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Who receives the returns </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul>
  12. 13. Child Labour in Mining <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Wages & Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Safety conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Displacement of communities </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul>
  17. 18. Environmental Impacts <ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Chemical pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape scarring </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorists </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues </li></ul>
  24. 25. 203 Sovereign States Different Cultures Different Standards Different Rules
  25. 26. Other Problems Associated with Implementing Ethical Trade <ul><li>Different Products- Gemstones & Metals </li></ul><ul><li>Different Supplier Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Different Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Different Economic Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Different Labour Standards </li></ul>Each of the previously mentioned issues will vary according to :
  26. 27. Large miners will be easier to regulate
  27. 28. What about the thousands of small miners?
  28. 29. I can’t see this man being regulated easily!
  29. 32. 2 nd Tier <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Conditions* </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment disclosures* </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate Descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Full Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonisation </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul>
  30. 33. Third Tier <ul><li>Integrity-Deal only with Ethically Trading miners & manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>Full Disclosure of treatments </li></ul>Fourth Tier <ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Buys from a source he believes is ethical </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>Discloses Treatments </li></ul>
  31. 35. Responsible Jewellery Council Members <ul><li>Trade Associations </li></ul><ul><li>The American Gem Society </li></ul><ul><li>British Jewellers Association </li></ul><ul><li>Jewellers of America </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Jewelers and Suppliers of America Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>National Mining Association </li></ul><ul><li>The National Association of Goldsmiths </li></ul><ul><li>World Gold Council </li></ul><ul><li>Service Industries (inc. financial institutions) </li></ul><ul><li>Int. Diamond and Jewellery Group ABN-AMRO </li></ul><ul><li>The Assay Office </li></ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul><ul><li>AngloGold Ashanti </li></ul><ul><li>Arslanian Freres NV </li></ul><ul><li>Bonas & Co. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Dalumi Diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Diarough N.V. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimexon Diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>HRA Investments Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>I.Hennig & Co. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Lazare Kaplan International Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas Dimaonds NV / Isee2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rosy Blue N.V. </li></ul><ul><li>Rothschild Diamonds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Sima Diamond NV </li></ul><ul><li>Steinmetz </li></ul><ul><li>Suashish Diamonds </li></ul>
  32. 36. Responsible Jewellery Council Members <ul><li>Gold Refining Hedging or Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Argor-Heraeus SA </li></ul><ul><li>Metalor Tchnologies SA </li></ul><ul><li>PAMP SA </li></ul><ul><li>PX Precinox SA </li></ul><ul><li>Valcambi SA </li></ul><ul><li>Jewellery Manufacturing or Wholesale </li></ul><ul><li>AR & AR Jewellery Inc </li></ul><ul><li>Aurafin LLC </li></ul><ul><li>Baume & Mercier </li></ul><ul><li>Boite D’Or Gioielli S.R.L. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrera y Carrera </li></ul><ul><li>C&J Jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Cendres+M&eacute:taux SA </li></ul><ul><li>Christian Bernard </li></ul><ul><li>Colormasters Gem Corp </li></ul><ul><li>Cristofol Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Jewellery Manufacturing or Wholesale </li></ul><ul><li>DN Gems Corp </li></ul><ul><li>Gabriel & Co </li></ul><ul><li>Jaeger-LeCoultre </li></ul><ul><li>J.B. Jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Leo Schachter Diamonds LLC </li></ul><ul><li>Libman & Company Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Kristall Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Regal Imports Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Robertso Coin </li></ul><ul><li>Stubbs and Co </li></ul>
  33. 37. Responsible Jewellery Council Members Current membership is approximately 90 organisations. <ul><li>Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Argos Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Ben Bridge Jeweler </li></ul><ul><li>Borsheims </li></ul><ul><li>Boucheron </li></ul><ul><li>Brown Goldsmiths </li></ul><ul><li>Bulgari S.p.A </li></ul><ul><li>Cartier </li></ul><ul><li>Chanel Horlogerie/Joaillerie </li></ul><ul><li>Day’s Jewellery </li></ul><ul><li>Element Jewellery </li></ul><ul><li>Gomez & Molina Joyeros </li></ul><ul><li>Goodmans Jewelers Inc </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton Jewellers </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Kelsall Jewellery Design Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Winston </li></ul><ul><li>H. Cunningham Fine Jewelry Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Helzberg Diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Ice cool.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>JCPenney </li></ul><ul><li>Jewellery By Varouj Inc </li></ul><ul><li>Larter and Sons </li></ul><ul><li>Leber Jeweler Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Lux Bond & Green </li></ul><ul><li>Marissa D. Harvey </li></ul><ul><li>Montblanc </li></ul><ul><li>Moet Hennessy – Louis Vuitton </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas James </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget </li></ul><ul><li>Precious Metals </li></ul><ul><li>Reis-Nichols Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Signet Group plc. </li></ul><ul><li>Simms II Jewelers </li></ul><ul><li>Tiffany & Co. </li></ul><ul><li>Transparence S. A. </li></ul><ul><li>Van Cleef & Arpels </li></ul><ul><li>WhiteFlash.com </li></ul><ul><li>Zale Corporation </li></ul>
  34. 38. But there are 100’s of thousands of businesses involved…
  35. 39. Are these people trading ethically?
  36. 40. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  37. 41. Are they ethical traders?
  38. 43. 1200 Members If one third of members agreed to join CIBJO’s Ethical Trade System, then it would raise $200,000 revenue annually if the cost of joining was $500 US per business.
  39. 44. Austria Argentina Australia Brazil Belgium Canada China Egypt Finland Netherlands New Zealand Norway Portugal Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa South Korea France Germany Greece Hong Kong India Israel Italy Japan Mexico Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey UAE United Kingdom United States
  40. 45. The local organisation can administer the running of the Ethical Trade system within its country or region. CIBJO-world jewllery confederation, can oversee the local approved organisations and also arrange third party verification through responsible auditors.
  41. 46. <ul><li>International Colored Gemstone Association </li></ul><ul><li>Thai Gem & Jewellery Traders Association </li></ul><ul><li>Gemological Institute of America </li></ul><ul><li>Gemmological Association of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Jewellers Association of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Jewellery Association </li></ul><ul><li>American Gem Trade Association </li></ul><ul><li>The Gemmological Association of Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>British Jewellers Association </li></ul><ul><li>ETC </li></ul>Examples of Industry Codes of Ethics at work Codes of Ethics contain rules by which members must abide. ICA Code of Ethics Japan Jewellers Association Code of Ethics AGTA Code of Ethics Colored Diamond Association Code Of Ethics TGJTA Code of Ethics JAA Code of Ethics
  42. 47. Don’t set the bar too high initially.
  43. 48. World Jewellery Confederation ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009 ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confederation ETHICAL TRADER MANUFACTURER CAT 3 2009
  44. 49. Entry or Benchmark level ETHICAL TRADER MANUFACTURER CAT 3 2009
  45. 50. Awarded to members whose standards are high. ETHICAL TRADER MINER CAT 3 2009 World Jewellery Confederation
  46. 51. Highest level- may require donations to a charitable fund ETHICAL TRADER RETAILER CAT 3 2009
  47. 52. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! $ $ Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  48. 53. Rules & Regulations are extremely complex. Rules & Regulations are complex. Rules & Regulations are moderate and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. Rules & Regulations are simple and rules for Ethical Trade already exist. WANTS ETHICAL TRADE! Wholesale & Distribution Retailer CONSUMER
  49. 54. The people who suffer on the mines can’t afford to wait too long - let’s work together to try and make Ethical Trade a reality.
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