All about the french possessive


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All about the french possessive

  2. 2. This learning guide is divided into different parts with a quick summary after each topic. 1. Difference between English and French possessive adjectives • In English • In French 2. A step-by -step guide to possessive adjectives 3. Additional tips for possessive adjectives
  3. 3. When you need to express that a noun belongs to a person or thing, you use possessive adjectives. The possessive determiners basically tell you to whom or to what a certain object belongs to. Because it identifies or gives us a detail about the noun it refers to, it is therefore belonging to the group of words known as ADJECTIVES. A D J E C T I V E S
  4. 4. Possessive Adjectives in English In English, there are seven possessive adjectives: my, your (when talking to one person), your (when talking to more than one person), his, her, its, our, and their. • The choice of the possessive adjective in English depends on the gender of the owner and whether there is one or more owners. • The possessive adjective does not change to indicate that the thing being owned is plural or singular. (Example: My dog, my dogs) • In short, in English, the basis is the owner of the object. E N G L I S H
  5. 5. Possessive Adjectives in French In French, The Adjectifs possessifs (like all other kinds of adjectives) need to agree to the gender and quantity of the noun they're describing. The choice of the possessive adjective to use does not depend on the gender of the owner or how many owners there are. Instead, it all depends on the gender and number of the item being described. To put it simply, in French, you pick a possessive adjective based on WHO is talking, but it has to AGREE to the item being possessed. So the gender of the owner does not matter at all, but the gender of the item being referred to is what matters. Here's an example: My father = Mon père My mother = Ma mère F R E N C H
  6. 6. A step-by-step guide to possessive adjectives Step 1: Pick out the possessive adjective based on the subject. It could either be: • First person singular (je) – use mon, ma or mes (which means 'my') • “econd person singular (tu) – use ton, ta or tes (which means 'your') • Third person singular (il /elle) – use son, sa or ses (which means 'his / her') • First person plural (nous) – use notre or nos (which means 'our') • “econd person plural (vous) – use votre or vos (which means 'your') • Third person plural (ils / elles) – use leur or leurs (which means 'their') S T E P S
  7. 7. Step 2: Among the remaining options based on the choice you made for step 1, choose the possessive adjective based on the gender and number of the object that you're talking about. For example, you are talking about your dog (or chien in French). Use mon chien if there is only one dog and it is a male dog. If it is a female dog, use ma chienne. But if you have many dogs (whether they are all male, all female or a mix of both), you use mes chiens. What your gender is (male or female) won't matter at all. Step 3: Don't forget to check out the first letter of the noun or object! If it begins with a vowel or a silent H, use the masculine form of the possessive adjective (mon, ton, son). S T E P S
  8. 8. Additional tips for possessive adjectives 1. Possessive adjectives always come BEFORE the noun. 2. Possessi e adjecti es agree not ith the owner of the item being used in the sentence, but with the item itself. T I P S 3. In French, possessive adjectives are not used to point out body parts. Le, la l' or les are being used instead.
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