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Ch3 Ch3 Document Transcript

  • COURSES > BUSINESS, GOVERNMENT, AND SOCIETY:A MANAGERIAL PERSPECTIVE, TEXT AND CASES, 12/E- STEINER > CONTROL PANEL > POOLMANAGER > POOL CANVAS Pool CanvasAdd, modify, and remove questions. Select a question type from the Add Question drop-down list and click Go toadd questions. Use Creation Settings to establish which default options, such as feedback and images, areavailable for question creation. Add Multiple Choice Creation Settings Name Chapter 03 Business Power Description Questions which Blackboards assessment component is incapable of supporting are not included in the export. Instructions Add Question Here Question 1 True/False Question Business has little power in which to change U.S. society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question Here Question 2 True/False Question The strength to act or to compel another person to act is called power. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question Here Question 3 True/False Question Power is used in U.S. society to force change. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question Here Question 4 True/False
  • Question Power is sometimes used in U.S. society to prevent change. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 5 True/False Question Few societies have mechanisms to control power. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 6 True/False Question The force behind a companys actions is called its business power. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 7 True/False Question The broad agreement that permits a business to work in and with the society in which it is located is called a social contract. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 8 True/False Question Society gives businesses the power to use the resources of the society and convert these into goods and services that are desirable to society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 9 True/False
  • Question A social contract between business and society gives this relationship a moral basis for its operation. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 10 True/False Question When companies violate societys values, they breach the social contract that exists between these companies and society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 11 True/False Question On a deep level, corporate power creates many indirect effects on the society in which it operates. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 12 True/False Question The pluralist theory of business power is based on the dominance theory of the BGS relationship. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 13 True/False Question The pluralist theory of business power assumes that business power is excessive in society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct
  • Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 14 True/False Question Karl Marx believed that business power could be harnessed to benefit society largely through the market forces in the society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 15 True/False Question The pluralist theory of business power is the basis of the countervailing forces model of the BGS relationship. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 16 True/False Question Increases in business mergers are caused by changes in the economic environment of the society that create incentives to combine businesses. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 17 True/False Question Because of the trend toward global production today, the number of domestic firms and the scale of their activity have grown. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 18 True/False Question The power of the largest corporations exceeds the power of uncontrollable competitive forces to maintain their dominance.
  • Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 19 True/False Question The elite dominance theory of business power assumes that a small number of people act together in democratic ways to control society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 20 True/False Question C. Wright Mills believed strongly that the U.S. was a true democracy. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 21 True/False Question Thomas Dye believed that a small number of people in a society constitute a national institutional elite who rule the vast majority of the society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 22 True/False Question In a pluralistic society, business interests override the interests of the other institutions in the society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 23 True/False
  • Question The U.S. Constitution discourages pluralism. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 24 True/False Question Governments and laws regulate business activities and decide what behavior is "legitimate" in society. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 25 True/False Question In terms of social interest groups in U.S. society, the constitution has been the great counterweight to business power. Answer True False Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 26 Multiple Choice Question The force to act or to compel another person or entity to act is called: Answer Power. Legitimacy. The doctrine of natural rights. Pluralism. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 27 Multiple Choice Question This exists on a wide spectrum ranging from coercion at one extreme to weak influence at the other. Answer The doctrine of natural rights. Legitimacy. Power.
  • Pluralism. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 28 Multiple Choice Question What do corporations breach in exercising "power beyond right", when they endanger the public or act illegally? Answer Legitimacy. Governments and laws. Social interest groups. Social contract. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 29 Multiple Choice Question The basic origin of _____ is a grant of authority from society to convert resources efficiently into needed goods and services. Answer Pluralism. Economic power. Business power. Social contract. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 30 Multiple Choice Question The force behind a companys actions is called: Answer Pluralism. Economic power. Business power. Social contract. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 31 Multiple Choice Question The broad agreement that permits a business to have a working relationship with the society in which it operates is: Answer Pluralism. Economic power.
  • The doctrine of natural rights. A social contract. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 32 Multiple Choice Question The rightful use of business power is called: Answer Legitimacy. Pluralism. Elite power. Environmental power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 33 Multiple Choice Question In terms of levels of corporate power, on which of the following levels is business power the direct cause of visible, immediate changes, both great and small? Answer Deep level. Multiple levels. Mid level. Surface level. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 34 Multiple Choice Question On which of the following levels does corporate power shape society over time through the aggregate changes of industrial growth? Answer Deep level. Multiple levels. Mid level. Surface level. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 35 Multiple Choice Question At the surface level, the operation of a corporation may immediately and visibly affect its stakeholders. Identify the business power exercised. Answer
  • Technological power. Social power. Legal power. Economic power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 36 Multiple Choice Question The ability of a company to influence society by its control over resources is called: Answer Legal power. Economic power. Technological power. Social power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 37 Multiple Choice Question Identify the business power due to which industrialization engenders values that radiate freedom and erode authoritarian regimes on a deeper level around the world. Answer Technological power. Political power. Legal power. Economic power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 38 Multiple Choice Question The ability of a company to influence the consequences of physical innovations in society is called: Answer Social power. Pluralism. Technological power. The doctrine of natural rights. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 39 Multiple Choice
  • Question In 1914, Henry Ford used assembly lines to produce Model T cars. This is an example of: Answer Technological power. Pluralism. Legal power. Environmental power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 40 Multiple Choice Question The ability of a business to influence government is called: Answer Political power. Social power. The doctrine of natural rights. Technological power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 41 Multiple Choice Question When businesses hire lobbyists to influence legislation, they are attempting to use: Answer Political power. Social power. Cultural power. The doctrine of natural rights. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 42 Multiple Choice Question The ability of businesses to influence the laws of the society in which they operate is called: Answer Social power. Technological power. Legal power. Environmental power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 43 Multiple Choice
  • Question The ability of businesses to shape the values and habits of people in society is called: Answer Cultural power. Economic power. Technological power. Legal power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 44 Multiple Choice Question The impact of a company on nature is called its: Answer Technological power. Legal power. Environmental power. Social power. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 45 Multiple Choice Question If a production plant of a business pollutes the air that we breathe, it is an example of the plants: Answer Social power. Environmental power. Legal power. Legitimacy. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 46 Multiple Choice Question The idea that businesses have excessive power to influence U.S. society is based on which theory of business power? Answer Dominance theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Pluralist theory. Market capitalism theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 47 Multiple Choice
  • Question The dominance model of the BGS relationship is the basis for which theory of business power? Answer Pluralist theory. Dominance theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Market capitalism theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 48 Multiple Choice Question This business power theory is inadequately checked and, therefore, excessive. Answer Market capitalism theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Pluralist theory. Dominance theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 49 Multiple Choice Question This business power theory is counterbalanced and restricted and, therefore, not excessive. Answer Market capitalism theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Pluralist theory. Dominance theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 50 Multiple Choice Question Which theory of business power asserts that other institutions besides businesses such as markets, government and advocacy groups also have power? Answer Dominance theory. Elite dominance theory. Pluralist theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question Here
  • Question 51 Multiple Choice Question Which theory of business power is the basis for the countervailing forces model in the BGS relationship? Answer Dominance theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Pluralist theory. Elite dominance theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 52 Multiple Choice Question Which theory of business power postulates that a small number of people in society act together in undemocratic ways to influence society? Answer Elite dominance theory. Pluralist theory. Doctrine of natural rights. Social contract theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 53 Multiple Choice Question The theory of power elite is based on the writings of: Answer Immanuel Kant. C. Wright Mills. Bill Gates. Alexander Hamilton. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 54 Multiple Choice Question The theory of the existence of _____ is associated with the American sociologist, C. Wright Mills. Answer Dominance. Natural rights. Pluralism. Power elite. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question Here
  • Question 55 Multiple Choice Question The idea of a "national institutional elite" is based on the writings of: Answer Bill Gates. Immanuel Kant. Thomas Dye. Alexander Hamilton. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 56 Multiple Choice Question A society that has multiple groups that exercise power over the members of society is called a(n): Answer Socialist society. Communistic society. Pluralistic society. Power elite society. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 57 Multiple Choice Question The idea that all people were created equal and entitled to the same opportunities and protections offered by the society in which they live is called the: Answer Doctrine of natural rights. Pluralistic theory. Power elite theory. Dominance theory. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 58 Multiple Choice Question All of the following are true of the theory of pluralism EXCEPT: Answer American society is infused with democratic values. Strong forces in a free market society like America limit business power. American constitution encourages pluralism. America has limited range of business interests. Correct correct Feedback Incorrect
  • Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 59 Multiple Choice Question These represent every segment of society and use many methods to restrain business, including product boycotts and lawsuits. Answer Governments and laws. Social values. Markets and economic stakeholders. Social interest groups. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 60 Multiple Choice Question All of the following are the major boundaries on managerial power EXCEPT: Answer Governments and laws. Social interest groups. Social values. Elite dominance. Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 61 Fill in the Blank Question _____ is the strength to act or to compel others to act. Answer Power Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 62 Fill in the Blank Question _____ is the force behind a companys ability to change the society in which it operates. Answer Business power Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 63 Fill in the Blank Question _____ is the opposite of the legitimacy of the exercise of power beyond
  • its rightful use. Answer Tyranny Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 64 Fill in the Blank Question The actions of companies that are the direct cause of changes in society are called the _____ level of business power. Answer surface Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 65 Fill in the Blank Question The actions of companies that are the indirect cause of changes in society are called the _____ level of business power. Answer deep Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 66 Fill in the Blank Question _____ are the actions of a business that exercise power over employees, stockholders and consumers. Answer Power over individuals Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 67 Fill in the Blank Question The _____ theory of business power asserts that the power of business in society is excessive and is not checked adequately. Answer dominance Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 68 Fill in the Blank Question The _____ theory of business power asserts that other institutions besides businesses exercise significant power in society. Answer pluralist Correct Feedback correct
  • Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 69 Fill in the Blank Question _____ are small groups of people who exert great influence on the economy and government of the society in which they live. Answer power elite Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 70 Fill in the Blank Question A _____ society is one that has multiple institutions through which power is exercised. Answer pluralistic society Correct Feedback correct Incorrect Feedback incorrect Add Question HereQuestion 71 Essay Question Discuss what is meant by the concept of power and give two examples of how power is exercised in a society. Answer Power is the force or strength to act or to compel another entity to act. In human society, it is used to organize and control people and materials in order to achieve individual or collective goals. It exists on a wide spectrum ranging from coercion at one extreme to weak influence at the other. Its use in human society creates change. Although power is sometimes exerted to prevent change, such resistance is itself a force that alters history. There are many sources of power, including wealth, position, knowledge, law, arms, status and charisma. Add Question HereQuestion 72 Essay Question Discuss what is meant by the concept of business power and give two examples of how this power is exercised in a society. Answer Business power is the force behind an act by a company, industry or sector. The greater this force, the more the action creates change or influences the actions of other entities in society. Its basic origin is a grant of authority from society to convert resources efficiently into needed goods and services. Add Question HereQuestion 73 Essay Question Explain what is meant by the dominance theory of business power and discuss the type of BGS relationship on which it is based. Answer The dominance theory holds that business is preeminent in American
  • society, primarily because of its control of wealth and that its power is both excessive and inadequately checked. The dominance theory is the basis of the dominance model of the business-government-society relationship. Add Question HereQuestion 74 Essay Question Explain the elite dominance theory of business power and discuss its roots in the BGS relationship between business and society. Answer Elite dominance supports the dominance theory through the argument that there exist a small number of individuals who, by virtue of wealth and position, control the nation. The members of these elite are alleged to act in concert and in undemocratic ways. The modern impetus for the theory of elite dominance comes from the sociologist, C. Wright Mills. Add Question HereQuestion 75 Essay Question Which American sociologist asserted the theory of the power elite and how was this power supposedly exercised in American society? Answer The modern impetus for the theory of elite dominance comes from the sociologist, C. Wright Mills. Mills saw American society as a pyramid of power and status. At the top was a tiny elite in command of the economic, political and military domains. Mills was never specific about its numbers, but said it was small. Just below was a group of lieutenants who carried out the elites policies. They included professional managers of corporations, politicians beholden to the elite for their election and bureaucrats appointed by the politicians. The large base of the pyramid was composed of a mass of powerless citizens. Add Question HereQuestion 76 Essay Question Which sociologist defined the concept of the national institutional elite and how was their power supposedly exercised in American society? Answer Thomas R. Dye has tried to identify precisely which individuals constitute an American elite. Believing that power comes from leadership roles in corporations, government and other large organizations, he defines a "national institutional elite" composed of individuals who occupy the top positions in the institutional structure of American society. These are the individuals who possess the formal authority to formulate, direct and manage programs, policies and activities of the major corporate, governmental, legal, educational, civic and cultural institutions in the nation. Add Question HereQuestion 77 Essay Question Explain what is meant by a pluralistic society in terms of power. Answer A pluralistic society is one having multiple groups and institutions through which power is diffused. Within such a society no entity or interest has overriding power and each may check and balance others. The countervailing forces model illustrates how, in such a society,
  • business must interact with constraining forces in its environment. Add Question HereQuestion 78 Essay Question Explain what is meant by the concept of the doctrine of natural rights. Answer The doctrine of natural rights held that all persons were created equal and entitled to the same opportunities and protections. In America, laws apply equally to all. All interests have the right to be heard. To be legitimate, power must be exercised for the common good. Add Question HereQuestion 79 Essay Question Explain why the U.S. Constitution encourages pluralism in American society. Answer The Constitution encourages pluralism. Its guarantees of rights protect the freedom of individuals to form associations and freely to express and pursue interests. Thus, business is challenged by human rights, environmental and other groups. The Constitution diffuses political power through the three branches of the federal government and between the federal and state governments and to the people. This creates a remarkably open political system. Add Question HereQuestion 80 Essay Question Explain how social interest groups form boundaries on business power and give two examples of these boundaries. Answer Social interest groups represent every segment of society and use many methods to restrain business, including product boycotts, lawsuits, picket lines, media campaigns and lobbying for more regulation. Add Question Here