History• The Republic of India is a country in Asia. It is at the center of South Asia. India has more than 1.12 billion people, which is the second largest population in the world.• India has seven neighbours, Pakistan in the north-west, China and Nepal in the north, Bhutan and Bangladesh in the north-east, Myanmar in the east and Sri Lanka in the south.• India is the largest democracy in the world by population. The capital of India is New Delhi. India is a peninsula, bound by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal in the east.• India is a growing economy and has very low levels of poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition .It has one of the best education systems in the world.• India is a founding member of the World Trade Organisation(WTO), and has signed the Kyoto Protocol.• The national anthem of India, Jana-gana-mana, was composed by the great poet Rabindranath Tagore.
Climate• India has different climates.In the South, the climate is mainly tropical, which means it can get very hot in summer and cool in winter.• The northern part has a cooler climate, called sub-tropical.• The Himalayas can get extremely cold. There is very heavy rainfall along the west coast and in the Eastern Himalayan foothills.• The west is drier. Because of some of the deserts of India, all of India gets rain for four months of the year. That time is called the monsoon.
Economy• The economy of the country is growing.• Indias economy is diverse. Major industries include automobiles, cement, chemicals, consumer electronics, food processing, machinery, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, steel, transportation equipment, and textiles.• However despite economic growth, India suffers from poverty.
Languages• There are many different languages and cultures in India. There are two main language families in India, the Indo-Aryan and the Dravidian languages.• In the south of India, many people speak Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam. In the north, many people speak Chhattisgarhi, Punjabi, Bengali, Gujarati, and Marathi, Oriya, and Bihari.• India has 23 official languages• The constitution also recognises 21 other languages.• The number of dialects in India is as high as 1,652.
Religions• Several modern religions are linked to India, namely modern Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Ayyavazhi and Sikhism.• All of these religions have different schools (ways of thinking) and traditions that are related.• As a group they are called the Eastern religions. The Indian religions are similar to one another in many ways.
Religion in India ReligionPercent• Hinduism -81.0%• Islam -12.8%• Christianity-2.9%• Sikhism -1.9%• Buddhism-0.8%• Jainism-0.4%• Others -0.7%C
Indian Food• Bengali Food The specialty of Bengali food lies in the perfect blend of sweet and spicy flavors. Gujarati Food The traditional Gujarati food is primarily vegetarian and has a high nutritional value. Kashmiri Food Highly influenced by the traditional food of the Kashmiri pundits, it has now taken some of the features of the cooking style adopted in Central Asia, Persia and Afghanistan. Mughlai Cuisine Mughlai cuisine consists of the dishes that were prepared in the kitchens of the royal Mughal Emperors. Indian cuisine is predominantly influenced by the cooking style practiced during the Mughal era.
Punjabi FoodThe cuisine of Punjab has an enormous variety of mouth-wateringvegetarian as well as non vegetarian dishes. The spice contentranges from minimal to pleasant to high.Rajasthani FoodThe cuisine of Rajasthan is primarily vegetarian and offers afabulous variety of mouthwatering dishes. The spice content isquite high in comparison to other Indian cuisines.South Indian CuisineThe cuisine of South India is known for its light, low calorieappetizing dishes. The traditional food of South India is mainly ricebased.
National Fruit of India• Mango is one of the most widely grown fruits of the tropical countries.• In India, mango is cultivated almost in all parts, with the exception of hilly areas.• Mango is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India, they have hundreds of varieties of mangoes.• They are of different sizes, shapes and colors. In their mythology and history there are stories of mangoes.
Indian Clothing• Dhoti Dhoti kurta is the traditional Indian clothing of men. Kurta Kurta is a term used to refer to a long loose shirt, the length of which falls below or may be just above the knees of the wearer.• Indian Salwar Kameez Salwar kameez is the traditional Indian clothing for women. The fashion of Shalwar Kameez in India is not new. Since the past many few centuries, women have been wearing this wonderful attire. Indian Sari Sari is one of the most wonderful dresses worn by Indian women. Sherwani for Men Indian men spend lavishly on buying the sherwani suit for the special occasion of their wedding. Turban The hair turban is a headdress that basically consists of a long piece of unstitched cloth, which is wrapped around the head.
The Red Dot• The mark is a "tika" (which, when circular is also known as a "bindi") and is meant to signify that a woman is married. The traditional tika were made of vermilion paste, ash, or sandalwood, whereas now they are usually created with more conventional liquids or powders (or even stickers!). Apparently, the symbolism of the bindi is no longer strictly followed and they are largely used as "beauty accoutrements."
Indian way of greeting• Namaste’ or ‘namaskar’ is the Indian way of greeting each other. Wherever they are – on the street, in the house, in public transport, on vacation or on the phone.• The Meaning of Namaste: In Sanskrit the word is namah + te = namaste which means “I bow to you” - my greetings, salutations or prostration to you. The word ‘namaha’ can also be literally interpreted as "na ma" (not mine). It has a spiritual significance of negating or reducing ones ego in the presence of another.• When we greet one another with namaste, it means, ‘may our minds meet’, indicated by the folded palms placed before the chest.
• You can use this gesture to say: good morning, afternoon, evening, and even good bye (very convenient).• You may ask, "Do I have to say anything while doing this?" I would answer "Yes, depending on whom you are talking to." For example, if you are talking to a person that is Hindu, then you should said "Namaste." When you are speaking with a Muslim, it is best to said "Salaam Aleikum." Lastly, if the person you are talking to is Sikh, then your reply is "Sat Sri Akal."