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Graphic Novels A-Z : Action Comics to Zatanna
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Graphic Novels A-Z : Action Comics to Zatanna

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A joint presentation at the 2013 SELA-SCLA joint conference.

A joint presentation at the 2013 SELA-SCLA joint conference.

Published in Entertainment & Humor
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  • 1. Graphic Novels A-Z (Action Comics to Zatanna) Tammy Ivins & Bryson Kopf © DC Comics
  • 2. Agenda 1. Introduction to the graphic novel format 2. Visual literacy and graphic novels 3. Reader’s advisory tips 4. Genre examples 5. Collection development challenges.
  • 3. Introduction to Graphic Novels
  • 4. What are Graphic Novels? a full-length... story published as a book in comic-strip format. - OED © Scott Adams and Dark Horse
  • 5. What genre are graphic novels?
  • 6. Lingo Graphic Novel ≈ Trade ≈ Collection Manga = Japanese Graphic Novels
  • 7. Who creates graphic novels?
  • 8. The Process © DC Comics
  • 9. Color is not needed © Kodansha & Image Comics
  • 10. … but color is an artform in itself. © Marvel & DC Comics
  • 11. Visual Literacy & Graphic Novels
  • 12. Visual Literacy = An ALA Initiative “Visual literacy is a set of abilities that enables an individual to effectively find, interpret, evaluate, use, and create images and visual media.”
  • 13. “Visual literacy skills equip a learner to understand and analyze the contextual, cultural, ethical, aesthetic, intellectual, and technical components involved in the production and use of visual materials.” www.ala.org/acrl/standards/visualliteracy
  • 14. Comics Are Ideal Images "are the vocabulary of the language called comics." - McCloud, S. (1994). Understanding comics. HarperCollins. Chicago
  • 15. 1 Example: How to read a Graphic Novel 2 3
  • 16. 1 2 3 © DC Comics
  • 17. 1 2 © DC Comics
  • 18. 1 3 2 4 © DC Comics
  • 19. Of course, Manga (Japanese graphic novels) are read backwards.
  • 20. Other Visual Literacy Discussion Topics ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Juxtaposition of images Iconic imagery Backgrounds Facial expression Portrayal of movement & action Implied events Conflict between action & words Mood & emotion Implied sound Passage of time
  • 21. More Reading Understanding Comics by Scott McCloud © HarperCollins
  • 22. A picture is worth a thousand words... © DC Comics
  • 23. … but a picture has 1000x the impact. © Avatar Press & Vintage Books
  • 24. Reader’s Advisory for Graphic Novels
  • 25. Getting patrons interested ● Find out if a patron is interested in a “nontext narrative formats” ● Think about visual style and plot! It is easier to connect readers by matching narratives and subjects. ● Connect users to GNs via other formats. Get feedback from the Patron! ● Repeat!
  • 26. Reader’s Advisory: Art Styles B&W Color © Fantagraphics & Pantheon
  • 27. Wordy vs. Terse © Marvel
  • 28. Realistic vs abstract © DC Comics
  • 29. Detailed vs cartoony © 2000 AD
  • 30. Linear panel layouts... © DC Comics
  • 31. ...vs complicated layouts © Jim Steranko
  • 32. Simple backgrounds... © Dark Horse Comics
  • 33. ...vs Lush backgrounds © Barry Windsor Smith
  • 34. Challenges ● Patrons/Staff not understanding format ● “Those are just for kids!” ● “They’re not ‘real’ reading!”
  • 35. Genre Examples for Graphic Novels © Dark Horse, Kodansha Comics, Viz Media, Image
  • 36. Genre Examples •Adventure/Action -The Adventures of Tintin (24 books) by Herge -The Losers (5 vol) by Andy Diggle (writer) & Jock (artist) •Mystery/Crime -Whiteout (2 vol) by Greg Rucka (writer) & Steve Leiber (artist) -Richard Stark’s Parker: The Hunter by Darwyn Cooke •General Fiction -Love and Rockets (series) by Gilbert and Jaime Hernandez -Ghost World by Daniel Clowes -Contract with God by Will Eisner
  • 37. Genre Examples •Romance -Blankets by Craig Thompson -Nana (series) by Ai Yazawa •Fantasy -Sandman (10 vol) by Neil Gaiman (writer) and many artists -Bone (series) by Jeff Smith -Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNICLE (series) by CLAMP -Oh My Goddess! (series) by Kosuke Fujishima
  • 38. Genre Examples •Science Fiction -Y: The Last Man (10 vol) by Brian K. Vaughn (writer) & Pia Guerra (art) -Akira by Otomo Kasuhiro -The Manhattan Projects (2 vol) by Jonathan Hickman (writer) & Nick Pitarra (art) •Horror -Black Hole by Charles Burns -The Walking Dead (17 vol) by Robert Kirkman (writer), Tony Moore & Charlie Adlard (art) - Locke & Key (6 volumes) by Joe Hill (writer) & Gabriel Rodriguez (art)
  • 39. Genre Examples •Historical -Maus (2 vol) by Art Spiegelman -Buddha (8 vol) by Osamu Tezuka -King by Ho Che Anderson •Humor -Tales Designed to Thrizzle by Michael Kupperman -Ouran High School Host Club (series) by Bisco Hatori
  • 40. Genre Examples •Superheroes -Watchmen by Alan Moore (writer) & Dave Gibbons (art) -All-Star Superman (2 vol) by Grant Morrison (writer) & Frank Quitely (art) -Wonder Woman, New 52 (3 vol) by Brian Azzarello (writer) & Cliff Chiang (art) •Non-Fiction -Palestine by Joe Sacco -Manga Guide to Molecular Biology by Masahara Takemura •Memoir -Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi -Marbles: Mania, Depression, Michelangelo, and me by Ellen Forney
  • 41. Shojo & Josei Manga Ouran High Host Club By Bisco Hatori Nana by Ai Yazawa © Viz Media
  • 42. Shonen & Seinen Manga Prince of Tennis by Takeshi Konomi © Viz Media, Dark Horse Chobits by CLAMP
  • 43. Magical Girl & Mecha Neon Genesis Evangelion by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto Sailor Moon by Naoko Takeuchi © Kodansha Comics, Viz Media
  • 44. Programming ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Art contest or classes Comic artist visits Costume party or contest Partner with a comic book store Discussion groups Free Comic Day (first Saturday in May) Movie/anime connections Exciting displays!!!
  • 45. Collection Development of Graphic Novels
  • 46. Arrangement Issues ● Age restrictions ○ Content ○ Reading Level ● Series are long ○ Expense ○ Space issues
  • 47. Tech-Services Issues ● Cataloging / Discovery ○ Many creators ○ Often shelved by format, not topic ○ LC & recreational reading ● Binding ○ Manga can be bulky ○ Most graphic novels take up more shelf space & height than other titles
  • 48. Selection Resources ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Booklist Publisher’s Weekly Library Journal NY Times Bestseller List The Comics Journal Online reviews and lists Follow Major Publishers Local comic book shops
  • 49. 500 Essential Graphic Novels by Gene Kannenberg © HarperCollins
  • 50. Major Awards • Eisner Awards • Harvey Awards • Ignatz Awards • Osamu Cultural Award • Shogakukan Award • Kodansha Award © DC Comics
  • 51. Slides & handout: tinyurl.com/scla13-gn Contact us: Tammy Ivins tivins@fmarion.edu Bryson Kopf bkopf@cumberland.lib.nc.us This presentation contains copyrighted materials used under the Multimedia Guidelines and Fair Use exemptions of U.S. Copyright law. Further use is prohibited.