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Greek colouring book 4



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  • 2. Greek clothing These are some of the styles that you would your hairThese are some women making clothles. The clothes are mainly made out of wool or linen. This is a himalys. It is a coat worn by women these are some different clothing worn by women.
  • 3. Greek Gods and Goddesses Zeus is the god of the upper world and is married to Hera. He is the father of many gods and demi gods Hera is the sister and wife of Zeus. She Is the protector of children,women and marrages. Hera and Zeus have three childrenHe is the brother of Hades and Zeus and is the god of the Sea. He lives in anunderwater palace Hades is the God of the Underworld. He is married to Persephone. His brothers are Poseidon and Zeus. This is athena. she is the child of metis and Zeus. She is the goddess of battlestatagy and wisdom. Her father calls her grey eyes.
  • 4. Aphrodite was born out of the foam of the sea. She is the goddess of love and beauty. She is married to Hephaestus the god of black smiths . She has cheated on her huband many times, she has children by Hermes and Ares Apollo is the child of leto and zeus .He is also the god of prophecy, the sun and sports . Apollo is artmeis’s twin This is Artmeis she is the child of leto and Zeus.She is the goddess of the moon, hunting and childbirth. Artmeis is Apollo’s twin. . This is Ares he is the child of Hera and Zeus. Ares is the god of war. Ares is also known for when he had an affair with Aphrodite, he was caught in an embarrassing position that everyone could see. He was once on trial for murder in Athens. RománGreek Name Responsibilities NameAphrodite Venus goddess of beauty and loveAres Mars god of warArtemis Diana goddess of hunting and childbirthAthena Minerva goddess of war, wisdom, and craftsDemeter Ceres Goddess of the harvest protector of women; wife ofHera Juno Zeus/JupiterHermes Mercury messenger of the godsHades Pluto god of the UnderworldPoseidon Neptune god of the seaZeus Jupiter king of the gods
  • 5. Greek Architecture:The Greeks had three architectural systems:The Doric: The Doric design is rather firm and its top or capital, is plain. This design was used in Greece and in southern Italy and Sicily. An example of a temple with this type of design is the Parthenon.The Ionic The Ionic design is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with scroll-liked designs (a volute); this design was found in Eastern Greece and the island. Examples of temples with this design are the Erechtheum, the temple of Apollo at Didyma and the temple of Athena Nike.The Corinthian The Corinthian design is seldom used in the Greek world. It is normally used in Roman temples. Its capital is very , decorated with acanthus leaves. Examples of temples with this type of design are the temple of Apollo in Bassae, the temple of Zeus in Athens and the Choragic monument of Lysicrates.  Greek homes were built with tiled roofs and mud bricks, the temples and monuments are made of marble.  Temple is where the Greeks would pray and make sacrifices to the god
  • 6. Famous Philosophers: Greek thinkers called themselves philosophers; they tried to find out how the universe worked. Some of themwere Hippocrates, Aristotle, Socrates, Plato and Archimedes. o Hippocrates founded a medical school where he practiced scientific medicine. Aristotle examined living creatures in nature, Plato was Aristotle’s teacher. He was also the one who invented the method of thinking called logic. Socrates is one of the top philosophers and he is also the founder of the western philosophy. One of his most important contributions is the “Socratic Method”, which taught the value of questioning beliefs in order to find new ideas and truths. Plato as I mentioned before was Aristotle’s teacher, he founded the school called “The Academy” in Athens, which was a school for philosophers. He was a student of Socrates and played a major part in the western culture. “The Republic”, and “Dialogues” were one of his books.
  • 7. Slavery Slavery played a significant role in Greek civilizations . There were more slaves than free people In Greece. slaves worked as domestic servants , farm workers, mine keepers and shop keepers’. There may have been up to 10-20 slaves in one rich Greek household . There are multiple ways a person could become a slave. They could be the child of a slave or been born into slavery. Slave women were included in some religious affairs and could be initiated as a part of the family Eleusian Mysteries . Traditionally syudy’s of ancient Greece focus on political , military and cultural achievements of men. Unfortunately most information on women was biased. In Greek cities there were groups of people with different rights appose to other people. Government TRADITION’S You’re probably asking yourselves …… if democracy was born in Greece why then do people have different rights. Well , in Greece people were initiated with achievements they made, but as I mentioned before women were notassociated with that. Athens is a democracy everyone is allowed to vote accept women, slaves etc . They were also not included in voting, banquets and other ceremonial occasions. Men were the law makers and held public assemblies to discuss voting and law
  • 8. Food TraditionsMuch of what the Greeks ate and drank was decided by their religious beliefs . some were often eaten because it was the favorite of a god they worshiped. Meat was never eaten unless it was sacrificed or hunted down. The Greeks did not believe in raising animals. Fish and sea food were very popular in Greece and still are. Figs, grapes and olives were also very popular in Greece. The Greek diet consisted of foods that were easily raised in the rocky terrain of Greece’s landscapes. Fish was the main source of protein In the Greek’s diets. Beef was very expensive, therefore it was rarely eaten. Wine was the main drink in Greece. It was watered down, because otherwise it was considered barbaric. Water was another possible choice if drink
  • 9. OlympicsThe Olympic Games, or Olympics, is an international multi-sport event taking place every four years andcomprising summer and winter games. Originally held in ancient Greece,they were revived by a French nobleman, Pierre Fredy, Baron deCoubertin in the late 19th century. The Games of the Olympiad,better known as the Summer Olympics, have been held every fourthyear since 1896, with the exception of the years during the World Wars. Aspecial edition for winter sports, the Olympic Winter Games, wasestablished in 1924. Originally these were held in the same year as theSummer Olympics, but starting with 1994 the Winter Games are inbetween, two years after the Games of the Olympiad.Ancient OlympicsThe Ancient Olympic Games were an athletic and religious celebration held in the Greek town of Olympia from(historically) as early as 776 BC to 393 AD.The historical origins of the Ancient Olympic Games are lost in the fog of time, but several legends and mythssurvive.One of these tells of the hero Heracles, who won a race at Olympia and then decreed that the race should be re-enacted every four years, while another claims that deity Zeus had instated the festival after his defeat of theTitan Cronus.Another myth tells of King Iphitos of Elis, who consulted the Pythia - the oracle of Delphi - to try and save hispeople from war in the 9th century BC. The prophetess advised him to organise games in honour of the gods.The Spartan adversary of Iphitos then decided to stop the war during these games, which were called Olympic,after Mount Olympus, the mountain on which the Greek gods were said to live.Other Greeks claimed the games were held in honour of Pelops, king of Olympiaand eponymous hero of the Peloponnesus. King Oenomaus had challenged his daughterHippodamias suitors to a race, under pain of killing the loser. The Fourteenth suitor,Pelops, invoked the help of Poseidon, his old lover, who provided him with divinehorses and chariot. Pelops then bribed Oenomaus charioteer Myrtilus, who switchedthe lynchpins from Oenomaus chariot with pins made of beeswax: predictably thelynchpins melted during the race and Oenomaus was killed. Pelops married the princess but not beforemurdering Myrtilus, whose curse later resulted in the fall of the house of Atreus and the suffering of Oedipus.
  • 10. Greek Art Although we know from written sources that the Greeks painted pictures from the Bronze Age through to the Roman conquest and beyond, most of them have been destroyed. It may seem strange that more of the older paintings survived than the more recent ones. This is because some of the Bronze Age paintings were buried by volcanoes (as at Pompeii) and others were buried by earthquakes, and so they were not destroyed and archaeologists were able to dig them up. The few later paintings that survive were mostly painted on the walls of tombs, underground, and that is how they survived safely.The earliest paintings we have from the Greek world are from theMinoan culture on the island of Crete. They were painted on the wallsof palaces where the rulers of Crete lived, around 1700-1400 BC, andwhen the Myceneans destroyed the palaces around 1400 BC, some ofthe pictures survived buried under the ruins of the palaces. (These pictures were not hung on the walls but painted directly on the walls: they were fresco paintings).Another set of pictures, about the same time, comes from the island of Thera (also calledSantorini), in the middle of the Aegean between Crete and Greece. The main city on Thera,Akrotiri, was buried by a volcanic eruption around 1600 BC (; archaeologists disagree). This isfrom a house in Akrotiri.
  • 11. SpartaSparta was a main city-states. It was/is located on the bank of the longest river touching the sea of the southcoast of Greece.Sparta was known for its land-based military dominance.Sparta was made later of Greek forces during the Greco-Persian war.A lot of the time, the Greek city-states fought against each other. When there if a large threat from anothercountry (such as Persia), Greece will come together and fight as one army Sparta’s inhabitance were classified as spartiates (had all rights), Mothakes (non Spartan, free, and raised as aSpartains), Perioikoi (freed men), and Helots (enslaved nonSpartains).Spartiates has top level battle training called agoge training. Best in battle were theSpartian Phalanxes.Spartan women had much more rights and equality to men than anywhere else in theclassical world.Every man must join the army. They live their whole life fighting and training.The Spartans life starts out as even babies where they are examined for their strength. If they do not meet therequirement, they are left out to die.At seven, boys were sent to school in barracks. For thirteen years they train with weapons. Eventually theygrow up and join the military.
  • 12. Greek war fair One of the most important parts of the army was its calvary. Being it that they have to provide their own weapons; most of the calvary units were rich. The ancients greeks warfare technology and tactics were very advance for their time. For example, they invented the first grenade. Made out of dry reed bundles and cloth and many other flamable items, they light it with fire and send it rolling down a hill. They have made a variety of weapons of war such as crossbows, war ships, catapulls, flame throwers, siege towers, spears, chariots, knives, war elefants and etc. What made the greek army unique was their armor. All of their helmets (if not most of them) were decorated with a colorful mohawk of horse hairs or metal. A hoplites shield (being a militayry unit) was most of the time different from the other hoplites.